US 1044404 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. A. MAGILL. MACHINE FOR PUNGHI'NG HOLES IN THE GROUND FOR THE PURPOSE OF IRRIGATION.
APPLIGATION FILED DEC. 28, 1910. 1,044,404.
2 SEBETS SHEET 1.
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COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH 60.. WASHINGTON, D. c.
Patented 'Nov. 12, 1912.
J. A. MAGILL.
MACHINE FOR PUNGHING HOLES IN THE GROUND FOR THE PURPOSE 0]? IRRIGATION.
rrmonmn rum) 1130.23, 1910.
1,044,404. I Patented Nov. 12, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
LUddAEO L UNITED STATES PATENT OFFIQE;
JOSEPH A. MAG-ILL, F GOVAN, WASHINGTON.
MACHINE FOR PUNCI-IING HOLES IN THE GROUND FOR THE PURPOSE OF IRRIGATION.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 12,1912.
Application filed December 28, 1910. Serial No. 599,739.
To all whom it may concern:
lie it known that I, JOSEPH A. MAoILL,a citizen of the United States, residing at Govan, in the county of Lincoln and State of Washington, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Machines for Punching Holes in the Ground for the Furpose of Irrigation; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
This invention relates to land tilling devices and has for an object to provide a device adapted to puncture the surface of the land with depressions and openings adapted to receive and retain moisture.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device adapted to be moved over the surface of the land and embodying a plurality of devices for puncturing the surface of the land with cups or receiving depressions for preventing the too ready escape of surface water.
A. further object of the invention is to provide a mechanism consisting of a plurality of star wheels having penetrating removable bits and with means for regulating the pressure upon such wheels.
With these and other objects in view the invention comprises certain novel constructions, combinations and arrangements of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
In the drawings: Figure 1, is a top plan view of the improved improvement. Fig. 2, is a view of the improvement in end elevation as indicated by arrow 2 at Fig. 1. Fig. 3, is a view of the means for regulating the pressure upon the penetrating points. Fig. 4, is a view in'elevation of one of the star wheels with parts broken away. Fig. 5, is a perspective view of one of the bits. Fig. 6, is a view in elevation of one of the star wheels with a different form of bit. Fig. 7, is a view in edge elevation of the embodiment of the star wheel shown at Fig.6. Fig. 8, is a view in section of the star wheel shown and taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 6. Fig. 9, is a view in perspective of one of the bits removed.
Like characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.
A. frame-10 is provided of any approved length and other dimensions and provided w1th a tongue or pole 11 by which draft is applled. The frame 10 is provided with a plurality of strips 12 adjacent the ends of such frame between which are journaled star wheels shown as a whole at 13 upon a rigid axle. Between the inner strips 12 a plurality of bars 14 are mounted pivoted as at 15 and carrying sliding weights 16. Between such bars 14: other star wheels 13 are 1ournaled the action being that the star wheels pivoted between such bars may rise and fall as the unevenness of the soil re. quires and the weight exerted upon each of the star wheels may be varied by moving the welghts 16 nearer to or farther from their plvots.
The star wheels as shown at Fig. 4: comprise a hub 17 having integral studs or short spokes extending radially therefrom with blts 19 each provided with a socket 20 proportioned to receive the stud 18 and with a hole 21 adapted to receive a bolt or rivet 22 by which the bit is maintained in position upon the spoke 18.
Instead of constructing the star wheel as shown at Figs. 4 and 5 the spokes 18 may be made longer as shown at Figs. 6, 7 and 8 and terminate in an expanded or lozenge shaped p ortio-n 23 to receive the bit 19 shown in perspective at Fig. 9 to which it is secured by means of bolts 24 inserted through holes 25 in the sides of such bits.
Whatever the specific construction of the star wheels the frame and mounting is the same as shown at Figs. 1, 2, and 3 and the devlce is drawn over the surface. of the ground which results in puncturing thesurface wit-h a great number of V-shaped openings or depressions.
In the case of irrigated land or land which receives surface water from any source the puncturing of the surface is found of very great assistance for retaining the water and also as forming an opening to the soil which permits the ready absorption of the water by the soil.
1. In a device of the class described, a frame, star wheels journaled' adjacent opposite ends of the frame, auxiliary frames having their forward ends pivoted to the frame intermediate the star wheels and other star wheels journaled in the auxiliary frames.
2. In a device of the class described, a having similar spade points similarly ar- 10 frame, Wheels journaled in the opposite ranged. ends of the frame and provided about their In testimony whereof I afiix my signaperipheries With spade points in alinement ture in presence of two witnesses. With the circumference of the wheels, auxiliary frames having their forward ends JOSEPH MAGILL' pivoted to the forward part of the frame Witnesses:
intermediate the supporting Wheels, and H. E. SMITH,
other Wheels pivoted to the auxiliary frames V. A. BEOHT.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. C.