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Publication numberUS1044860 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 19, 1912
Filing dateDec 28, 1911
Priority dateDec 28, 1911
Publication numberUS 1044860 A, US 1044860A, US-A-1044860, US1044860 A, US1044860A
InventorsWilbur F Cole
Original AssigneeWilbur F Cole
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined clod crusher and pulverizer.
US 1044860 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

-W.P.=C0LB.A l V Y COMBINED cnon GRUSHBRANDULVEBIZEB. l Alrmom'xon PILE-D mogza. 1911,.' u 11,044,860, Patented Nov. L9, 1912, n `4mularz'rsfwsmzxxi'iz.

. f. i, Sm. wv? Y* l V 31u/tumor@ v w. P. com.V ,7, COMBINED GL01) GBUSHER AND PULVERIZEB.

mm VQ.




` Patented Nov. 19, 1912.

WILBUR rf.' conn, or Gnovnn HILL, omo.


specification of Letters Patent. 'Patented NOV. 19, 1912 Application tiled December 28, 1911. Serial No'. 668,256.

To all who-m it may concern: E l

Be it knownthat L `WILBUR F. Conn, a

citizen of the United States, residing at p for crushing the clods.v

2li-vide a machine of the class described which Grover- Hill, 'in the county of Paulding,

State of Chio, have invented certain new and usefulImprovements in Combined Clod Crushers and `Pulverizers; and I do hereby declare the "following tobe a full, clear, and

exact description of the invention, such as 10l V will ena-ble others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

' -This 'invention relates to an improvement in machines for crushingand pulverizing clods.

`The. principal objectof the invention is `to proiiide a machine of thecharacter de-l scribed in which its lovvn Weight is employed Another obgect of the invention is to prorincludes arotary Crusher, a combined drive chain. and conveyor associated therewith for conveying the -crushed clods rearwardly to a conveyer, and a plurality of p'ulveriz-ing rolls disposed inclose proximity to the con- Veyl. j p Y A further objectv ofthe invention is to provide a'mac'hineA for the purpose described Whichcomprises a main frame, crushing and pulverizing means carried by thel frame and ground Wheels connected to the frame and incansfor raising and lowering the frame '.with respect to. the ground Wheels, whereby the crushing means may'either engage the clods or be disposed thereabove ,as the occasion may require.

gli still further object of the invent-ion is to providel a. machine of thecharacter de scribed, which is composed of arelatively few number of parts, and istherefore simple in construction and cheap to manufacture.

With these and other obj'eritsl in view, the invention consists in the construction and lnovel combination of parts herinafter described, illustrated in the acoinpanying drawings, and` pointed out in the' claims vhereto appgendied; it being understood thatV various changes inthe form, proportion, size and minor` details of construction Withinl .the scope of the claims, may be resorted to Without departingfrom the spirit or sacriicing any of the advantages vof the inven- In the draivings.: FigureV l is' a .top plan view Lof such a' machine, constructed in accordance with' my` invention, Fig. 2 is an elevation of the right hand side of the machine, showing the crusher in its inoperative or raised position, Fig. 3 is an elevation -of the left hand side of the machine, show* ing the Crusher in its operative'or lowered position, Fig. lis a vertical longitudinal sectional view through the machine, the' parts being shown in their operative positions, Fig. 5 is a detail View, partly in section and partly in elevation, showing `the raising and lowering means for the frame,A

and Fig. 6 isma detail view of one of the bearings of one of the pulverizing rolls.

Like reference numerals designate corresponding parts `in all the figures 'of the drawings. l

Referring to the drawings, the invention comprises a horizontal frame consisting of spaced side and end sills 5 5 and (5*6.v

Respectively formed in the side sills 5 intermediate Athe ends are alined bearings in Which are journaled the ends of transverse Shaft 7 .g Secured upon the shaft 'l' between the sills is a pair of spaced Wheels 8--8, each' of said Wheels including a rim 9. Secured tothe rims. 9 of the Wheels is -a plurality of transversely disposed land radially extending crusher' blades 10. Also connected to the rims 9 of the Wheels and arranged intermediate the blades 10 isa plurality of clips 11, each of said clips being of U-shaped formation, and having the cxtreinities 12 of their legs outwardly curved for a purpose hereinafter described. Extending forwardly of.` and Aconnected to the front end sills 6, by any suitable means, is a tongue 13 to which the usual draft elements maybe attached. A standard 14 is also se- ,cured'at its lower end to the front sills 6,

and supports the usual drivers seat 15 at its upper end. Also formed on the exterior faces of the rims 9 is a plurality of'sproclret teeth 16' adapted to be engagedby sprocket chains 17, said chains also being trained vover respective sprocket'ivheels 18 'which are carried -upon a countershaft 19, said shaft being' journaled in suitable bracket-s 20 located on the rear portion of the frame. Theends of this shaft 19 project beyond thc side sills 5 of the frame, vand hare secured thereon sprocket- Wheels 21 and 22 respectively.v The sprocket chains 17 areV connected by a plurality vof transversel bladesA 23, which are' spaced apart a'distance equal to the distance v scraper being each rod is an adjusting nut 43, by means between an adjacent pair of clips 11. These blades 23 each have their ends projecting be yond the respective chains 17 for engagement within an alined pair of clips 11. It will be observed in this connection that as the cleips 11 and the blades 23 are brought together, the curved ends 12 of said clips will 'permit of the blades 23 easily entering the same.

Depending from the rear ends of the side sills v5 are end walls 24 of a dirt-receiving compartment. A rear wall 25, preferably of sheet metal, connects the walls 24 and the rea-r sill 6'. A forward wall 26 is connected to the end walls 24 of the compartment, and

is disposed below the frame and in spaced relation thereto. The lower ends of the front and rear walls of said compartment are spaced apart to form a transverse opening 27 to permit of the egress of the pulverizeddirt, as will be hereinafter more fully explained.

A transverse shaft 28 has its ends journaled in suitable openings formed in the end walls 24 of the dirt compartment. This shaft has its ends extending exteriorly of the walls, and provided with sprocket wheels 29 and 30 respectively. Pivotally mounted upon the shaft 28 and depending therefrom in a forwardly inclined manner, is a conveyer frame including side sills 31-31. The forward ends of the sills are pointed, as shown by the reference numeral 32, and carried by said pointed ends is a transversely disposed scraper 33, said formed of sheet steel of V- shaped construction to lit the said pointed ends. This scraper is disposed below the crusher blades and slightly in rear of the center line thereof. Journaled in suitable openings formed in t-he side sills 31 of the frame and directly below the upper end of the scraper 33 is a shaft 34. Fixedly secured upon the shafts 28 and 34 are upper and lower rollers 35-36 respectively. Trained around these rollers is an endless `belt 37, constituting a conveyer and formed of any suitable material, said belt 4carrying a plurality of transversely disposed slats 38.

Brackets 39 are carried by the side sills 5 of the frame, and extending through each bracket is the threaded outer end 40 of a rod 41 which has its other end pivotally connected to the side sills 31 of the conveyer, as indicated by the reference numeral Associated with the threaded end 40 yof o f which the conveyer frame may be adjusted to or from the blades 23 of the ,sprocket chains 17.

Disposed within Vthe dirt-receiving compartment and below the upper end of the conveyer, 37, is a pair of crushing rolls 44 and 45 respectively. Each of these rolls is provided with a plurality of teeth 46, which are respectively disposed in staggered relation, so as to clearly pass one another when said rolls are rotated. These rolls are transversely disposed, and the roll 44 is formed with suitable trunnions 47 and 48 respectively, which are journaled in suitable openings in the side walls 24 of said dirt-conipartment. The trunnion 48 projects beyond said wall, and has fixedly secured thereon a sprocket wheel 49. The roll 45 is also 75/ formed with suitable t-runnions 50, and these trunnions project through and beyond elo11- gated bearings 51 formed in the side walls 24 of said compartment. A cap 52 isi-secured to the exterior face of each wall 24 .-f and around the respective trunnion 50. A sleeve 52a is mounted upon the projecting end of each trunnion and disposed between the sleeve and the wall of the cap is a coil spring 53. These springs 53 tend to urge the roll 45 toward the roll 44. o

Disposed within the dirt-receiving compartment and arranged below the rolls 44 and 45, is a smooth roll 54. This roll is likewise transversely disposed, and is provided at its ends with trunnions 55, which are respectively journaled vin suitable openings formed in the side walls 24. One of the trunnions 55 projects-beyond the side wall 24, and has ixedly secured thereon a sprocket wheel 56. It will be observed inA this connection that the sprocket wheels 30, 49 and 56 are all disposed on the same side ofthe machine, and are arrangedin' alinement with the sprocket wheel 22. In order to drive the rolls, there is provided a sprocket chain 57 which is trained over the sprocket wheels 22, 30, 49 and 56, the chain being s o ltrained as to rotate the rolls 44l and 54 toward each other so as to force the dirt downwardly through the egress opening 27.

In order to actuate the conveyer belt 37, there is provided a sprocket chain 58 which is trained over the sprocket wheels 21 and 110 29 respectively.

Disposed between the roll 55 and the forward wall 26 of the casing of the compartment, is a curved plate 59, the u per end thereof being connected to ythe wall 26 by a 115 hinge 60 of any suitable construction. In l order to hold the plate 59 at any predetermined point from the roll 54, there is provided a plurality of set-screws 61 which project through the wall 26 of the com- 1:20

. by the side sill sponding o lowered i adapted to engage the rack 68.

i belt 37 is actuated.

scraper and over the conveyer belt 37, cartween.

a plurality of rack meshes with` a similar pinion 75, which 'is ycarried by one vend of a vertical shaft 76.

B .yrfmeans of' this construction it will be l that when the machine is being transported `2 of the drawings.

menace wheels 8 and also cause theblades 23, which are ca-rried'by the ,clips ll, to be Aforced into the ground, and thereby crush the clods with'which they come in contact.- As the4 machine moves along-the sprocket chain 17 is of course rotated, and through the medium of the sprocket wheel 2l thev convcyer At the same time. the sprocket chain'57 causes the rolls 4:4 and 5ft to be rotated in reversed directions. lt will thus be observedt-hat the blades 10 and 23 coperateyto crush the clods, and the blades 23 thereupon move over the point 33 of the rying the crushed dirt to said conveyer. This conveyor then deposits the dirt into the dirt-receiving compartment and between the Crusher rolls 44. and 45. 'lheserolls copassing therethrough the dirt drops bethe smooth roll 54k and the curved plate 59. As the dirt passes between the last'mentio-ned roll and the plate 59, it is pulverized and then the dirt passes downwardly and out through the egress opening 27 to the land.

In order to easily transport the machine from place to place, there is attached to the.

side sills 5 of the frame, brackets .65, each bracket including spaced vertical guide flanges 6G. Movably mounted between. the flanges is an arm 67,'which is formed with teeth 68. The lower end of the arm 67 is lformed with a stub axle 69, and mounted upon said axle is a. ground wheel 70. Suitable brackets 7l are carried of the frame, vand iournaled in said brackets `is a shaft '72 having at one end a pinion 73, which meshes with the rack 68. Carried by the other end ol' the shaft 72 is a bevel .pinion 74 which The last mentioned shaft has its lower end suitably journaled in a bearing 77, and "is held in its vertical position by means of a brace 78. Fixedly secured to the 'upper end. of the shaft 76 is an operating handle 79.

observed that upon rotation ofthe handle 759 the shafts 76 and 72 .will be actuated, and through the medium ozt the pinion 73, which meshes with therak 68, the'correground wheel can be raised or as desired.' ln order to securely hold the ground wheels in any adjusted position` l have provided a pawl 80 which is vpivo-tally mounted upon the arm 65 and.

From the foregoing, it will be observed from place to place, the ground wheels 70 are lowered to the position shown in Fig. When, however, 1t is intended to operate'the machine, the ground nected to the frame, and is disposed between the seat l5. and the crushing meansto prevent any accidental Contact with' the said means. A

'Vhat is claimed is l. A machine of the class described including a pair of wheels, clips projecting from the peripheries or' said wheels, transverse blades rigidlytsecured to the peripheries of thev'wheels and disposed intermediate the clips, a shatt, sprockets carried by the shaftfpand disposed in alinement with the wheels, respective wheels and sprockets, transverse bladescarried by the chains and, spaced apart for engagement with the clips of the wheels, a' conveyer disposed' below the chains, a scraper carried by the conveyor. pulverizing means dispos-ed adjacent the end of the conveyer opposite the scraper, and actuating means for the pulverizing means.l and the conveyer connected to said shaft.

2. A machine of the class described including a pairv of wheels, clips projecting from the peripheries of said wheels, transverse blades rigidly secured to the periphcries' of the wheels'and disposed intermediat'ethe clips, 'a shaft, sprockets carried by the shaft and 'disposed in alinement with the wheels, sprocket chains trained over the 4respective4 wheels andv sprockets, transverse bladesv carried by i apart forengagement with the clips of thev wheels, a conveyorl frame pivotally mounted at one "end belo-w the chains, 'a conveyer mounted upon fsald frame, a scraper carried by the frame and disposed. ,opposite the pivotthereoi", and meanstor adjust-ing the lconveyer with respect to the chains.

.A machine of the class/'described including a main frame, a. pair 'of wheels rotatably supported by said iframe, clips projecting' 'from the peripheries ot' said wheels, transverse blades rigidly secured to the peripheries of the wheels and disposed intermediate the clips, a shaft, sprockets carried' by the shaft and disposed in alinement'with the wheels, sprocketchains trained over the respective wheels and sprockets, 'transverse blades carried by the chains and spaced apart for engagement with the clips of the wheels, `a conveyor disposed below the chains, a scraper carried by the conveyor, ground wheels connected to the frame for respective vertical movement, and means for raising and lowering 'the frame with respect to said ground wheels.

4'. A.machine of the class described including a main trame', a pair of wheels ro- 'the chains 'andspaced sprocket chains trained over the tatably supported by said frame, clips project-ing from the' peripheries of said wheels,

transyerseblades rigidly secured to the peripheries 'of the wheels and disposed intermediate the clips, a shaft,'sprockets carried by the shaftand disposed in alinement with the lWheels, sprocket chains trained over the respective Wheels and sprockets, transverse blades carried by the chains and spaced apart for engagement with the clips of the Wheels, a conveyer disposed below the chains, a scraper carried by the conveyer, pulveiizing means 'disposed adjacent the end of the conveyer opposite the scraper` Aactuating means for thel pulverizing means and the conveyer connected to said shaft,

gronnd wheels connected to the frame for respective vertical movement, and means for raising and lowering the frame with reripheries of the .mediate the clips,

by the shaft and disposed in alinement with the wheels, sprocket chains trained over the respective Wheels and sprockets, transverse blades cariied by the chains and. spaced apart for engagement WithI the clips of the wheels, a dirt-receiving compartment lincluding end Walls depending from the frame in spaced relation to said` Wheels, a' conveyer frame disposed below the sprocket chains and pivotally connected to the Walls of said compartment, a scraper carried by the lower end of the conveyer frame, a conveyei' belt carried by the frame', means coni' necting the conveyer frame and the main frame for adjusting the former with respectl to the sprocket chains, and pulverizing means disposed in said dirt receiving compartment.

In testimony whereof, I affix my signature, in presence of two Witnesses.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2716932 *Dec 29, 1952Sep 6, 1955Henry GroundsRoot separator
US2751830 *Apr 11, 1951Jun 26, 1956Lukens Steel CoDigging and disintegrating machine for lump solids
US2753780 *Dec 26, 1951Jul 10, 1956Marvin D BrownSoil pulverizer and root separator
US3043030 *May 4, 1961Jul 10, 1962Templewood Hawksley LtdApparatus for removing sludge from sludge collecting beds
US5271470 *Apr 19, 1991Dec 21, 1993Billy R. KingPlow apparatus and method using acoustics
U.S. Classification172/33, 172/39, 172/100
Cooperative ClassificationA01B15/08