US 1045927 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. ZBLBNY & A. H. OSTBERG. HOPPBR SEAT FOR PASSENGER GARS APPLICATION YILED PEB. 12, 1912.
1,045,927. f f, f Patented De0.3,1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
lll ll sion.
HOHER-SEAT IO'R PASSENGER-CARS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed February 12, 1912. Serial No. 677,080.
'ALBERT H. Osrnnno, citizens of the United- States, residing at Aurora, in the county of Kane and vState of Illinois, have in-v vented certain new and useful Improvements in Hopper-Seats for Passenger-Cars, ot' which the tollowing is a specification.
Uur invention relates in general to toilet closets. and more particularly to hopper seats for passenger cars.
Our invention has for its object to provide a toilet closet or hopper with a seat which will automatically swin into a substantially vertical position when its lid is lifted, but which will be held in a horizontal closed position by the weight of the lid.
A. further object of our invention 'is to provide a toilet closet or hopper seat with a spring hinge, the tension of the spring being so related to the weight of the seat and lid that when the lid is lifted into a vertical position the spring will swing the seat to and retain it in a vertical position, but when the lid and seat are swung downwardly to closed positions they will remain closed, owing, to the tension of the spring being insutiicient to overcome their cornbincd weight, I
Our invention will be more fully described in connection with the accompanying drawings in which the saine is shown as embodied in a convenient and practical form, and in whichifigure l is a side elevational view. Fig. 2 is a plan view. Fig. 3 is an enlarged horlzontal sectional view through the hinge; F 4 a detail sectional view taken on thix liuc 411-4 ot' Fig.' and Fig. 5 is a detail sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 3. i
The saine reference characters are used to designate the saine parts in the several figures ot' the drawings.
hiterence letter A designates a closet bowl' E and l? designate eyes secured to the flange B in any suitable manner, as by.
means of screwthreadcd shanks c and f projecting through the Ilange B and engaged by clamping nuts, such as F.
A plate G is secured' to the rear under surface of the seat C and is provided with eyes G and Gr2 projecting into horizontal alinement with the eyes E and F.
H and H2 designate eyes projecting from the rear edge of the lid D and secured thereto by suitable fastening means. The eyes H and H2 lie outside of and aline with the eyes G and G2. A rod K extends lthrough alined holes in the pai s of eyes E and F, G and G2, and H and l 2, thereby pivotally connecting the seat C and lid D with the Harige B of the hopper A. Caps lo and k2 engage the screw-threaded ends of the rod K which project through the eyes H and H2.
A coiled spring L surrounds the rod K and is interposed between disks M and M2 located around the rod K adjacent the eyesA E and' F, respectively. One end Z of the spring L is bentv inwardly and engages a notch m in thc disk M', while the other end Z2 of the spring'tis also bent inwardly and engages a notch m2 formed in the por tion'of the disk M2 which projects within the adjacent end of the spring. The spring is therefore non-rotatably connected lat one end to the disk M and at its other end to the disk M2. A reliuced portion O of the disk M2 is non-rotatably secured within the eye F by a dowel pin 0.
The disk M is provided with a series of substantially radial recesses n, into any one of which a pin N is inserted, which projects beneath the adjacent edge of the seat C, preferably engaging `within a notch o formed in the plate Gr. The tension ot the spring may be adjusted by locating the pin N in different ones of the recesses n, So as to exert a suliicient lifting action upon the seat C to raise the saine when -the lid isl lifted, but insutlicient to raise the seat and lid when the lid is closed.
M designates a cylindrical casing inclosing the spring and supported at its ends upon annular seats formed in the inner surfaces of the disks M and M2, thereby serving to space said disks apa' lilroin the foregoing description it will be observed that we have invented an improveincnt in toilet closets or hoppers by means of which .the seat will be automatically lifted to -a substantially vertical position when the lid is raised, but will remain down when the lid is closed.
While we have described more or less pre Patented Dec. 3, MM2.
cisely the details of construction, we do not desire'to be understood as limiting our inion thereto, we contemplate changes n torni and in the proportion of parts, and e substr ution of equivalents as circumstances may suggest or render expedient without departing from the spirit of our intention. vWhat we claim as our invention is g A. The combination with a toilet closet 'er of seat, a pair of eyes secured seat, a pair of eyes secured to said 1 a rod extending through alined s in .irs of eyes, a coiled spring "minding said rod' between the eyes in ffsaid pairs, means iocking one end of said spring 'to one of the eyes on the hopper, and means secured to the other end of said spring -i,t ;,fhging said seat.
.The combination with a toilet closetl or nopperhof a seat, a pair of spaced eyes secured to said seat adjacent one edge thereof, r or spaced eyes secured tosaid hopper, rod extending through alined holes in said pairs of eyes, a disk surrounding said rod and non-rotatably secured to one of the hopper eyes, a second disk surrounding said rod, pin projecting from said second disk ng said seat, and a coiled spring g said rod and securedat its ends i sans. The combination with a toilet closet or or a seat, a pair of spaced eyes secured to said seat adjacent one edge thereof, a pair of spaced eyes secured to said hopper, a rod extending through alined holes in said pairs of eyes, a disk surround-I ing said rod and non-rotatably secured to one of the hopper eyes, a second disk surrounding said rod and having a series ot' substantially radial recesses therein, a pin removably engaging one of said recesses and engaging the adjacent edge of said seat, a coiledspring surrounding said rod and 'secured at its ends to said disks, and a tube inclosing said spring and supported at its ends upon said disks.
4. The combination with a toilet closet or hopper, or a seat, a pair of spaced eyes secured to said seat adjacent one edge thereof, a pair of spaced eyes secured to said hopper, means for pivotally connecting the eyes on the seat with the eyes on the hopper, a disk non-rotatably secured to one of the hopper eyes, a second disk adjacent the other of said hopper eyes, a pin projecting from said second disk and engaging said seat, and a coiled spring interposed between and secured to said disks.
In testimony whereof, we have subscribed our names.
FRANK ZELENY.` ALBERT H. os'rBnne.
ANDREW LIAN, LESTER I. MCCARTY.