US 1046018 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Dec. ,3, 1912.
2 SHBETS-SHEET 1.
J. G. REBER. PACKING 0R SHIPPING Box.
APPLICATION FILED APR.29, 1908.
Patented Dec.3, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN G. REBER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE SEFTON MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF ANDERSON, INDIANA, A CORPORATION OF INDIANA.
PACKING OR SHIPPING BOX.
Specification of Letters Patent.
, Patented Dec. 3, 1912.
Application filed April 29, 1908. Serial No. 429,920.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN G. REBER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, county of Cook, and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Packing or Shipping Boxes, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to packing or shipping boxes or the like, and the object thereof is to provide a box of this character formed of paper board and so constructed and arranged as to provide a maximum of strength and rigidity with a minimum of stock or material in order to adapt it for the packaging and shipping of goods.
The novel feature of my box resides more particularly in the construction of the ends or closures thereof which are so made as to not only provide the requisite strength and rigidity, but also at the same time to lock and seal the box after the goods have been introduced therein.
Various other novel and advantageous features of construction will be apparent from the description hereinafter given.
In the drawings Figure l is an elevation of my packing or shipping box; Fig. 2 a vertical section of such box; Fig. 3 a perspective of one of the covers or closures of the box with two of the metal strips broken away and one of the same entirely removed to show the flanges or extensions of the cover; F ,ig. 4 a perspective of the upper portion of the body of the box; Fig. a perspective of one of the metal strips which co- .operates with the covers or closures; Fig. 6
an end view of said metal strip; Fig. 7 a section of a portion of one of the covers before being inserted in place on the body of the box, and before the metal strip is clamped in place; Fig. 8 a similar view showing the cover attached to the body of the box and with the metal strip clampedin, place; Fig. 9 an enlarged section on the line S) of Fig. 2, and Fig. l0 a perspective of one of the cor-' nor fasteners attached to the corners of the body of the box.
fiefore proceeding with a detailed descriptionpf my invention, I will state that my invention concerns more particularly the con struction of covers or closures for the open.
ends of a box and that while I prefer to employ such invention at both ends of the box, yet, as will be understood, some measure of my invention may be obtained by employing my form ofclosure at one end only of the box, the other end being closed otherwise. However, for the purpose of a clear and definite description of my invention I will describe the same in its present embodiment, wherein both ends of the box are provided with similar covers or closures containing my invention.
, The body of the box which is made of any suitable paper board may be of any desired shape and dimensions but in the present instance the same is shown as a rectangular box having the four rectangular side walls 1, 2, 3 and 4, formed from a single blank and hinged together at their corners, the free edges of the walls 1 and 4 being secured together in suitable mannerin the present .instance by means of staples 5 passing through the side walls 1 and an extension 6 hingedto the side wall 4 and lying fiat against the inner side of the wall 1. shown, and by preference, the corners at both ends of the body of the box are provided with corner fasteners which are illus tratcd detached in Fig. 10 and as attached in'place in Fig. 4. Each fastener is made of a strip 7 of sheet metal, such as tin, and provided with two comparatively large dc pending tongues or flanges 7* revcrsely bent with respect to the strip 7 and adapted to fit over the top edges of the side walls of the body of the box. These tongues 7 are formed at the end portions of said strip and are separated by an open s ace at the middle of such strip whereat suc strip is bent to correspond with the corner of the box. When the corner fastener is bent and shaped as in Fig. 10, the same is ready for application to a corner of the box and the same fits thereupon, as' clearly illustrated in Fig. 4, the
tongues 7 fitting against the inner sides of two adjacent side walls. It will be understood that so far as my invention is broadly considered such fasteners may be omitted, but they are desirable, inasmuch as they serve to strengthen the body of the box at the corners thereof and assist the covers or closures in imparting strength and rigidity to the complete box.
Each closure consists of an end wall 8 formed of paper board and of a size to fit within an end of the body of the box. The end Wall is provided along each edge with extensions or flanges 8 hinged thereto, but
-separated from each other at their corand attached to the body of'the box.
ners, as clearly illustrated in Fig. '3. These flanges correspond in height to the depth or distance to which the end 8 is inserted into the body of the box so that when the cover is in place the flanges 8 which are of course outwardly directed, are flush with the outer edges of the ends of the body of the box.
Each flange 8 of the cover is provided with a separate strip 9 of suitable sheet metal, which is reversel'y folded along its middle longitudinal line as indicated in Fig. 5, the same being inverted U-shaped in cross section. Each metallic strip is placed over its flange 8 and permanently secured to the inner side or face thereof in any suitable manner-in the present instance by means of tongues 9 struck up from the .body of the metallic strip itself and clenched upon said flange, as indicated in Fig. 7.
A cover or closure made as described will now appear as in Fig. 3, with the exception,
of course, that the metal strips are applied to all of the flanges 8 and such cover is now ready to be applied to the body of the box, the metal strips which are now permanently attached to the cover being left open or flaring to permit the cover to be applied The coveris now ready to be .applied to the body of the box. If the cover. described is strips are bent by any to form the bottom of the box, it is applied thereto before the goods are introduced and a second or simllar cover or closure is ap- .plied to the other end of the box to serve as the top of the box after the goods are inupon the parts will assume the form and relation illustrated in Figs. 1, 2 and 8. In order to secure and lock and seal the ends of the box by means of such closures or covers, the outer portions or members of the metallic strips 9 may, if desired, be provided with tongues 9 which, in clamping the strips to the box, are driven through the sides of the box and the flanges 8 and clenched on the inner side thereof. Or
these strips may be clamped against the -possesses'great strength and rigidity in comparison with its weight and moreover, such box is securely locked and sealed at its ends by the same means which imparts such strength and rigidity and at the same time protects the ends of the box.
I claim: I
. As an article of manufacture, abox closure having outwardly turned flanges, each flange provided with a flexible metal strip folded throughout its length, the leaves of which flare at an angle to each other, one of the leaves being attached to the flangeof the cover andthe other standing outward away from the same and provided with tongues for engaging the box to which the coveris to be applied and securing the coverthereto.
JOHN G. REBER.