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Publication numberUS1046193 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 3, 1912
Filing dateDec 19, 1908
Priority dateDec 19, 1908
Publication numberUS 1046193 A, US 1046193A, US-A-1046193, US1046193 A, US1046193A
InventorsFrederick Julyan
Original AssigneeAmerican Multigraph Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Paper-folding machine.
US 1046193 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

" P. JULYAN. PAPER FOLDING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED DEG. 1 9, {908. 1 Q46, 1 9 3 Patented Dec. 3, 1912.




Patented D80. 3, 1912. 4 s nnms s'nm 2.-

' i'ys Jz r/ APPLICATION FILED BBQ. 19, 1908.

' mine/ 50,9:


. APPLICATION IIQLBD D110. 19, 1908,

1,04 ,193, Patented DQ134912.-

"*4 sums-sum a.



rammed Dec.3,1912

=5, IlQl S," have invented certain Improvments" in? Paper-Folding Machines, ofiwhich the following i's a specification, ref, erence being had to the-accompanying drawsheets-of of the sheet is can i. {the machine; I I

i 11 :l m hti negl have hereto f gre e zerted l'miimnrc'x tiLYAN, or CHICAGO, .ILLVINYOIYS, AssIqNonrY mnsnn *nssrenmnnrs, "r0 1mm AMERICAN MULTIGRAPH'COMPANY, or CLEVELAND, care, A CORPORATION I OF 9310. a

To all; 4127mm it mayconecm: f l- -.Be','itknown that I, Resonator; JULYAn, a citizen'qf the U nited States-residingatZChif -cago, in-the' county of .-C,oolr' and State of Illi.

" machines designed particularly :for folding suchas ncircqlars,letters, etc. It-relates to the same. general type. 'of ina- 1905, granted upon the appliciit-ion of.Frederick G. Nind and 'myself,'viz., a machine in which the initial sheet by a pair-of suitable folding rolls and the remainin t-wo 'folds tothe then oneethe edges of a plateextending longitudinally of the machine. strut-tell, this plate under which the sheet (if-paper passes antl over the edges of which .it turned is supported by anarm extending out from a cross-bar near the front'of the"v machine, said bar being connected 'to-a raised central portion of the plate that forms a housing for a series of small pressure rollmeans that carry the sheet through themachine; 'l he once-folded sheet, of paper as it passes through the machine hasits side p61 tions turned over this longitudinalhousing and it hasbeen'found that byreason thereof it will not be presented to the'pres'sing devices near'thedelivery end of the'l'nzichine in position to have imparted to it two parallel folds, asshould be the ease of course.- This is due to the fact'that the rear portion of the sheet is stilllembracing or, lying over thehousing at the time that the leading end ght between the two paperengaging rolls that actto move the sheet 50 through the final edge pressingdevices preparatoi y' to discharging it from the end of These two. paper-engaging PAPER-FOLDING mlcnrnn' g Speci flcat1on of Letters Patent. 'Applicationllle'd ma ner-19,1908, Seria1Ro,46 8,305.

new and useful %his.invention relates'to-improvementsin' v paper'of comparatively small size,

' j 1 1ally essumea chine show-n and descrlbedin IettersEPatent ,No. 752,853, dated February 23, 1Q0 1,igrant ed upon the applicat on Qf-Erederick G."

' Niud'and Charles Fpstrasburgenand Letters Patent No.-802,057, dated October 17,-" 20" told is imparted to the folded sheet y sha'rplybendingthem over In the machine as now-con ers that coiiperate with positively-driven' Patented D e. 3,1912.

' a constant-"pressureon the moving sheet and hence have not allowed the turned side; por- 5 .tions. of thesheet after it passes clear of said housing to settle eve'nl onito of the portion of the plate in front ofsaiclhousing'. V i

A leadin object of this invention to overcome t at'objection, and it" is acco'm- 6 'plished 'by providing that the upper roll,-'-

acts upon the turned over or'side wings of the sheet-,eshallengage the pa er intermittently, thusgivingto the said 'sid wingsof the sheet opportnnity to-grad- 6 plate whereby t e sheetmay-have arted' to it"sha'rp creases'exactly, along .thel nes of a the crease justimparted-to it-by' the-edges of said' plate around .which ithas been 7 A still further object is to provide improvedmeansfor'moving the sheets through the: machine, *andTt-oyimprOve generally in various detailsof construction and operation 7 niachines'of this general characteris I aceom lish theseobjects by the means shown in the 'drawingsand hereinafter parf ticularlydescr'ibedr e i That which is believed -to'be 'new-will-be '8 pointed'out in the claims. -gnlthe drawings-;.F igure 1 is stop or p n mechanism for supp'ort-ing the piles of sheets adjacent tothe; p'airfof rolls thatimpart the s initial fold toveach sheet and-the means employed'for feeding not being'shown. 'Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section through the central portion cross sections taken substantially at lines 3'and respectively of Fig. 1. ,Fig." 5 sheetof paper as produced by the improved machine shown. Fig. 6 is a'detail, being a 9 cross-sectional view similar to thatof Fig. 3, but illustrating '8. modified construction whereina solid forwarding roll isemployed on top"of the sheet near the discharge end of the machine, and showing the means em- 1 ployed for giving. it an intermittent action on the sheet, andFig; 7 is an end view of the" devices of Fig. 6. g A Referring to the several figuresof the dra'wing's,ii n which corresponding parts are 1 indicated by like reterence.'characters:-'-10 of the machine. Figs.,3 and 4 are enlarged 9 IOPGIPOSItlQII on topof the vlew'of my improved machine,- the the sheets to 'such rolls s a perspective view of a' prope'rly folded 'consisting preferably of are-united by ahea-vy Fig. 1. At the the side bars are united indicates the side bars of the frame, the same angular-shaped pieces, the horizontal portions of which form the bed of' the machine, between which 'and the overlying plate hereinafter referred to the sheets of paper pass after receiving their first fold. The front ends of the side bars cross-head 11 which projects for a considerable dist-arl'ce at each side of the side bars, as clearly shown in other end of the machine, by a plate 12, the upper surface'of which is flush with the horizontal portions of the angular ,side ba'rs, such plate 12 forming really a portion of the bed plate of the machine. 'The cross head ll'has at each end two upwardly-project ing arms 13 to'the rear faces of which'is bolted or suitably secured a heavy cross-bar 14. The parts 10, 11, 12 and 13 are prefer- I ably formed of-a single casting, although they may of course be'separately made and suitably united.

15 indicates a plate preferably formed of a thin smooth sheet of steel arranged longitudinally of the machine and slightly above the bed. For the greater portion of its length, it is provided centrally with a long ingmay adyantageously be formed integral with the plate 15 by being struck up from the same. The

the bed plate of thejnriathine bya long bar 14 with which it may be integrally formed. This bracket 17 lies .over and incontact with the top face of thev housing 16, siich housing being secured to the bracket in any suitable manner.

.-horizontal portions .of the side bars.

.. while the other roll bars 10 18-19 indicate rolls in front of the cross bar 14, said'rolls being suitably, 'jo'urnaled and adapted to give the initial central fold to sheets that arfed between them. Any suitable means for rent of these rolls.may be employed, but as such means form'no part of my present invention I have not, deemed it necessary illustrate them. Preferably the roll 18 will be a comparatively large roll of yielding material and'cor'ru gated lengthwise as shown, 19 will besmooth and preferably of 1 metal.

20 indicates an endless belt the u -per part of-which moves in the space or sidt in" the bedof the machine between the edges of tithe T is belt'passes around two drums, one near the forward end of the machine, which is indicated by 21,- and one near-the rear or delivery-end of the machine-which is. indiand further 'o'urnaled in. a rearwardly-projecting'bracket 24 formed with orsecured to the cross headil (see Fig. 1).

advantageously holding the sheets in "'On tlie end of'this shaft 23 is'secured ing prolongations thereof.

driving 'wheel 25. This shaft. 23 also carries a gear wheel 26 which meshesvwith another gear wherebyihe two folding rolls 18-19 are suitably driven. On the oppositeend of the shaft 23 from that on which is located the operating-wheel or pulley 25 is secured a bevel gear 27 that meshes with another bevel gear 28 fast'on a shaft 29 which is parallel with and adjacent to one of the side bars. Through other bevel gears 30-3L the shaft 32, on which is mounted thedrum 22; is driven by the shaft 29. This shaft 32 is supported in bars 32? secured to the inner faces of the sidebars l0 and form- It is evident of course that'the side bars 10 might be long plate is held in position over ,wardly enoughand deep enoughto properly receive and support this shaft 32 and thus dispense with the separate bars 32 bolted to them.

33 indicates a series of small rollers suitablyjournaled in place beneaththe slot or space in the bed of the machine and arranged to suitably support the endless belt, 20 so as to maintainfits upper portion substantially horizontal. .The pins orfstuds-oh which these rollers are mo ntedare, in the construction shown, secured in longitudinal bars; that are secured to thevinner faces of the side bars 10, these bars being indicated. by 34:. I. i I I 35 indicates a series of pivoted arms,

lying within the housing 16, each arm having mounted in'its free end a small pressure roller 36 adapted to bear againstthe papercarried through the machine. by. the belt 20.

.The rollers are placed over theother rollers 33-,as shown. Each arm 35 is pressed dOWIl-' by. a small spring 37 the free end of which bears against the upper partof the housing 16. p p

.38 indicates arms rigidly secured to the cross head 11 of the machine and extending diagonally 'toward the rear and over the bed of the machine, one being located near each side thereof. Each 'arm 38 has. adjustably secured to it blades 39 which are adapted to come in contact with the side portions or wings of the sheets of paper being passed through the machine and turn them toward each other. shown, each of these blades 39 is secured to its respective rigid arm 38 by means of a set screw 40.' I have found it advantageous to make these blades or arms 39' adjustable so as to insure the proper turning of the sides of the sheets under varying conditions or kinds of aper.

4:1 indicates'vertical ide strl s set apart from each other adistance substantially equal to or a trifle greater than the width of the folded sheet, these guide strips being adjustable to aslight extent toward oraway from the longitudinal center of the machine.- This adjustabilityis accomplished by pr0-. vidin g each strip with a small slotted se- 130 of each of these guide strips 41 is secured apresser bar 44, which, at its rear end,

throughpasses a set-screw 43-into the side To the inner face w ch parallel with andbut slightly raised above v f the'plate 15 but which at its forward end is turned to stand a suitable distance above I such; plate.

The turned sides or Wings of the sheet enter at their edges beneath the projecting ends of these Presser bars, and as ,the sheet is f and more advanced they are pressed more between such-barsv and the plate,

3 l crease them sha ply so that th y will v W en? sharplyfolded when they leave the machine. sheet enters the machine, it will 'of-jcourse be 'folded once by the rollers l 819, and, as it passes between such roll-1.

' ers it will,.with its folded edge in advance,

pass beneath the 3 riedalong by the. belt. 20,

sides or wings the projecting of. the sheet will be turned j.turnedover toward each'other by the arms fhaspassed to point become substantially parallel with the 15, the rear 39 that form continuations'of such arms 38,

edges of 'the' plate. In this over condition, the sheet will be di- By the time thelea edge of the sheet plate portion of such sheet will be a still bulged out by reason of its still lying would be parallel.

over or surrounding-the rear portionof the housing .16 as is very clearly'shown in Fig. 4. It is necessary to provide further means for advancing the partially folded sheet, to the delivery end of the machine, and it has been customary to provide two ordinary to grip the sheet for this purthis the folded-over.sides of the sheet tightly gripped at the leading end and bulged out at the rear end there would be no opportu nity for they sheet as it'progressed to settle flatly and squarely so that the two side folds Indeed, the effect of such firm gripping on these overlying portions of the sheet. would be to make the two SldB folds out of, line with. each other.

1 -I'overcome this very seriou'sobjection by intermittently. In

. providing, in lieu of a solid roll orroller to engage the overlying portions'or flaps of the sheet, a device for engaging the sheet the construct-ion shown, except in Figs. 6 and 7, this device is in the form ofa toothed wheel or star wheel, the teeth at their outer ends being quite a distance apart so that as one tooth passes out,

of contact with sheet there will timefbefore the the upper part of the folded be a very brief interval of succeeding tooth strikes it,

and this intermittent contactingof the device 7 its discharge plate 15, and, as it is carthe arms 38 and will be to more sharply fold the sheet alon wherethe presser bars with the paper will be sutlicient to allow the turned over sides, as the sheet is drawn along, to settle by almost imperceptible but rapid movements so that the entire portions of the overlying wings or flapsof the paper will so settle into place that the sheet as a whole will be drawn perfectly straight toward the delivery end of the machine and have its two folds sharply made along the lines of the crease imparted by the paper having been turned over the ed es of, the plate 15. Such properly folde sheet is shown in Fig. 5 and designated ,A. This intermittently-acting device referred to is indicated by 45,.and it is secured to a shaft 4.6 that lies across and over the machine near end, such cated over the large roll 22, around which the endless belt 20 asses. The shaft 46 is provided at one en with a pinion 47 that engages a gear, 4.8fast on the shaft 32 upon which is mounted the drum 22.

49 and 50 indicate a pair of rolls through which the folded sheet passes and which aict tie lines which have been already crease and pressed upon.

J The shaft 46 is'mounted in bearingsthat are secured to the free ends of arms 46*, the other ends of which arms are securely fas-' tened by screws, as shown in Fig. 1 or otherwise, to'the horizontal portions of the side bars 10. Through each arm 46*, near the said shaft bearings, passes a set-screw 46", the ends c-fwhich set-screws engage the side' bars 10 immediately beneath. By means of these screws the shaft can be adjusted higher or lower very slightly to regulate the degree of pressure with which the device 4:5 will bear upon the paper. Of course the adjustment can only be a slight one in view of the engagement of the pinion 47 on said shaft with the gear 48. I

In Figs. (5 and 7, I havesho'wn a modification in' the construction of the intermittently acting device that bears upon the upper portion of the folded sheet. In this construction I employ a solid roller 51. At the end of the shaft 46 opposite that which 'carries the pinion 47, I provide a slotted journal-bearing in which that end of the shaft 46 is mounted, and. tothe end of the said shaft .1 loosely secure an arm theothcr end of which arm engages a pin 54 placed cccentriczillyupon a pinion 55 that is, in mesh with n gear 56 on the projecting end of the shaft This mechanism will cause the roller 51 to intermittently engage the upper portion of the sheet and allow of the slight moving in of the folded over portions of the sheet so smooth and straight, the same as described for the other construction shown in the other figures. The bearing for the shaft 46 adjacent to the pinion 47 will necessarily have device .45 being loas-to lie perfectly shaft 46.

I is

to be enlarged slightly as shown in Fig. 6, to permit --of the slight rise and fall of the That I claim as myinvention and desire to secureby Letters

.1. In a paper-folding machine, the com bination with a plate having a raised central portion to form a housing and means for moving a sheet of paper said plate with the 'side portions of said sheet extending beyond the plate, of means for turning such side portions over theedges of the plate and over such central hOllSlIlg, pressure devices within the housing adapted to bear upon the central portion of the moving sheet, and means over the path of the sheet and beyond the rear end of said housing adapted to intermittently bear upon the turned over portions ofthe sheet.

2. In a paper-foldingmachine, the combination with a plate having a raised central portion to form a moving a'sheet ofvpaper along 'one face of said plate withflthe side portions of SEMI sheet extending beyond the plate, of means for. turning such side portions over the edges of the plate'and over such central housing,

pressure devices within the housing adapted to bear upon the central portion of the moving sheet, and rotating means over the path of the sh t and beyond the rear end of said housing adapted to intermittently bear .upon the turned over portions of the 'sheet and aid in. moving said sheet toward the deliv- I ing a sheet ery end of-the machine. I

3. In a paper-f ,lding machine, the combination witha' plate and means for mov face of'said' of paper along one platewith the, side portions of said sheet extending beyond the plate, of arms secured to the frame of the machine and adapted to cause the said side portions of the moving sheet to be turned upward, and another arm adjustably secured to named arms and adaptedto cause a further 1 turning of said side portions of'the sheet.

4. In a paper folding machine, the combination, with a plate having a'housi. 1g, of

means within. the housin" for movin a ace of sa d p atesheet of paper along one with the side portions of theshee'textending beyond the oppositefedges of the plate,

,over the edges 'of the plate to make a t panel fold, and a member acting intermitof a former. plate having along one face of a series of arms 'ivot-,

housing and means for each of said first means for turning both such side portions the sheet isaround said plate and while the line of fold of such panel is free to move inwardly.

5. In'a tentlyon one of the extreme panels while folding machine, the combination 7 an intermediatetrough-like housing, ally mounted Within such housing, rol s can ried by said arms, against said arms and the face of the trough; like portion of the housing. 1

6, In a folding machine, the combinationof a series of forwarding rolls, an endless belt traveling over the same, a series of rolls opposite the rolls mentioned and cooperating with the belt, a series of arms incline--- ment carryin the rolls last referred to, and a former p atehaving an intermediate trough-like housing, said arms being pivotally mounted, in said housing, and said belt in a In a folding machine, the combination, with a former plate'having an intermediate longitudinal trough-like housing projecting from it and open in the plane of the plate, a series of propelling rolls within the housing and effective at the openedge of the trough, cooperating movable propelling means on the other side of the plate, and means for folding the projecting portions of the sheet over the edges of the former plate, the housing being closed on-its outer side to protect the folded portions of the sheet fromsthe internal rolls.

8. In a foldin of a continuous ormer plate bent intermediately to present a central longitudinal hous: ing and two roje'cting portions in the-same plane, pro'pe ling rolls within the housin cooperating propellers -on of the former plate, and folding means for bending the projecting portions of a sheet.

across the edges of the former plate and over the housing. I i FREDERICK JULYANF -'Witnesses: I

ALBERT ADAMS, Fmwnmox G. Nun.

and springs heating i 7 5 being opposite an open entrance to-the hous- Z machine, the combination the opposite si e

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2473327 *Mar 20, 1945Jun 14, 1949Wade H BornImplement for winding and folding harvesting sheets
US5152738 *Sep 19, 1991Oct 6, 1992Reynolds Metals CompanyAdjustable film folding tooling assembly
U.S. Classification493/439, 493/442
Cooperative ClassificationB65H45/22