US 1046665 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. B. SMITH.
APPLIGATIVON FILED AUG.201908.
1,046,665. Patented Deo. 10,1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
F. B. SMITH.
APPLIOATION FILED AUG. zo, 190s.
Patented Dec. 10, 1912.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
nutren sTA'rEs @PATENT oFFicn.
FRANK BULKELEY SMITH, OF WORCESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.
T o al? whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FRANK BULKELEY SMITH, a `citizen of the United States, residing at Worcester, in the county of Worcester andState of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Nail-Package, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a new way of packing nails, particularly wire nails, for handling and transportation purposes.
Nails now are usually packed in wooden kegs. This way of handling nails is objectionable as the wooden kegs add consider ably to the cost, because the nails are indiscriminately piled or dumped therein o-ccasioning a loss of space, because it is diftcult to remove the nails from the keg, and because the kegs are usually destroyed and not used a second time. To overcome these difficulties, I have devised a new nail bundle. This consists in arranging the nails in convolutions to make up a circular bundle. On this circular bundle further convolutions of nails may be placed to make a second annular bundle superimposed upon the circular bundle and if desired this operation may be The invention will be understood by ref ferring to the accompanying two sheets of drawings in which- Figure -1 is a pers ctive view of the core and winding wires 1 lustrating the way the nails are formed into convolutions. Fig. '2 is an end view and Fig. 3 is a side view of the. first inside bundle which is formed. Fig. 4 is an end view showing an annular bundle superimposed upon the inside circular bundle. Fig. 5 is a diagrammatic end view showing three annular bundles superimposed upon the central bundle to make up a package. Fig. 6 is an elevation of the means employed to unite and hold a plurality of packages in one'complete package. Flg. 7
Specication of Letters Patent.
Application led August 20, 1908.
Patented Dec. 10, 1912.
Serial No. 449,406.
is an elevation showing a plurality of packages assembled or united by said means, in one complete package, and Fig. 8 is an elevation of a complete package showing a wrapper thereon. l
The invention will be best understood by a detail description of the parts shown in the various gures.
A designates a core, which may be made outV of a piece of pipe about the length of the nails which are to be packed.
B designates the winding wires, the ends of which are secured to the core A in any way as for example, by inserting the same into small holes bored therein. The core is rotated by any suitable means and the nails N are laid on the winding wires as shown in Fig. 1, the nails preferably alternating in position. As this operation takes place the nails will be wound into convolutions upon the core A as shown in Fig. 2. When the desired number` of nails is wound in this manner, tying wires C-C are wound around the bundle thus formed and the ends secured together so as to make up a bundle such as shown in Fig. 1. This is done without breaking or disturbing thel winding wires B. The operation of winding the nails in convolutions is then continued and a second bundle is then wound or superimposed upon the first bundle as shown in Fig. 4. This second bundle is then bound together by suitable tying wires C. This operation is continued as many times as desired to lay as many annular bundles on the first circular bundle as needed. In Fig. 5 three annular concentric bundles are shown superimposed on the rst or inside bundle to make up a package. The package shown in Fig. 5 represents a package comprising four bundles made by this method, and the two outer annular bundles are secured in place by tying wires C2 and C3, the wires Csholding all the bundles as one unitary structure when the winding wires B-B are cut off.
A plurality of these packages can be easily assembled together and handled as one complete package and for this purpose I provide a rod 10 as shown in Fig. 6, which rod has a head 11 and which rod is screw-threaded to receive a nut 12 on its end. The two i in place while this is done. After a plurality of packages are assembled -in this way, the upper disk 13 is placed on the rod 10 and the nut 12 is applied to the rod to hold the complete package together. If desired a wrapper ofheavy paper or other suitable material may be applied around the complete package as shown at 14.- A complete package made in this way is easy to handle and .c the lnails are very economically arranged so far as space is concerned.
The complete package is very cheaply made and the holding means shown in Fig. 6 can be used as many times as desired. Among other advantages is to be noted the easy way the nails can be removed. In the drawings a 100 pound complete package is shown for illustration. This package is made up of. ve superimposed packages as shown in Fig. 7 each of which weighs 20 pounds. Each package is made up of a central circular bundle and three superimposed annular bundles. These four bundles are preferably made to contain the same number of nails each so that each will weigh 5 pounds. When the nails are to be used the nut 12 is unscrewed and the disk 13 removed. If 20 pounds or a multiple thereof is desired one or more packages is removed from the rod. If live pounds or a multiple thereof is desired as many tying wires C-C are cut as is necessary to release the desired amount of nails. Thus the invention admirably fulfils the purposes hereinbefore above stated.
The invention may be practised in other ways by a skilled mechanic without departing from the scope of my invention as eX- pressed in the claims.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is 1. A nail package comprising a central core, binding wires secured at one end to said core and wound around the same to hold the nails on the core in a plurality of convolutions, a plurality of tying wires surrounding the nails at different distances from the core, each of said tying wires serving to tie together a quantity of nails between it and the core, or between it and the next tying wire so as to make up a plurality of concentric bundles.
2. A package for nails and similar articles comprising a core, a ekible binder secured at one end to the core and wound around the same for securing the articles to the core in a plurality of convolutions, and a series of independent eXible tying connections, each surrounding a plurality of convolutions of articles and securing them together in a plurality of substantially concentric bundles.
3. A nail package comprising a core, wireswound in convolutions thereon, nails held thereby, and tying wires binding the convolutions together to form a plurality of concentric bundles in the same plane.
4. A complete nail package comprising a plurality of packages each of which is formed on a central hollow core, winding wires holdingthe nails on said core in convolutions, tying wires supporting and tying said convolutions together to make up a plurality of concentric bundles, and means for tying said packages together in contact with each other comprising a rod passing through said cores and heads secured to said rod.
5. A complete nail package comprising a through said cores and heads secured to said rod, and a wrapper arranged bet-Ween said heads and covering the nails.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
FRANK BULKELEY SMITH.
FRANK F. DREssER, MARION E. GREEN.