|Publication number||US1051757 A|
|Publication date||Jan 28, 1913|
|Filing date||Sep 17, 1912|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1912|
|Publication number||US 1051757 A, US 1051757A, US-A-1051757, US1051757 A, US1051757A|
|Inventors||William M Powers|
|Original Assignee||William M Powers|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
W. M. POWERS.
APPLIOATION FILED SEPT.1'I,'IO12.
a 1L mm mm Mn Inventor l Attorneys WzZZzZ/l Mfilwm' W. M. POWERS.
APPLIOATION FILED SEPT. 17, 1912.
Inventor Attorneys 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
Patented Jan. 28, 1913.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
wILLIAm m. POWERS, or CHARLES cI'rY, IOWA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
atenteqqa ea 1913.
I Application file'd September 17, 1812. serial lqo. 720,852.
To alliohomitmay concern: I
Be it known that I, WILLIAM M. Pownxs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Charles City, in the county of Floyd and State of Iowa, have invented anew and useful Drain, of which the following is a specification.
v generally, and to enhance the utility of, devices of that type to which the present in-.
. in Fig. 6.
The device herei'h disclosed is a drain structure adapted to be employed for removing surplus water from the surface of the Soil and from points adjacent the surface'of the soil, the water being conducted downwardly.
The invention aims to provide novel means for supporting the casing portion of the drain and for supporting the closure for the, casing. h i Therinvention aims further to improve vention appertains.
With the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the'description proceeds, theinvention' resides in. the coi' hi "natlon and arrangement of parts and m5. he
.being removed; Fig. 3 is a perspective of the connecting element which is employed for uniting constituent portionsof the tiling; Fig. 4 is a perspective showing a por- .tion of one of the supporting arms; Fig. 5
is a perspective of the auxiliary frame whereby the closure for the casing is upheld; Fig. 6 is a vertical longitudinal section showing a modified form'of the inven tion' Fig. 7 is a transverse section on line 7-7 of Fig. 6; Figs. 8 and '9 are topplans showing modified forms of the invention; and Fig. 10 is a,top plan of the form shown In constructing a drainin accordance with thepresent invention, an opening 1 is made -in the surface of the soil, and in the bottom of the opening 1 are sunk tiles 2 and 3, the tile?) projecting upwardly above the bottom of the opening I. In connecting the adjacent endsthe tiles 2 wide, a ring 4 is provided, the same being equippeduponits inner and outer circumferences'with fingers 5 which extend upwardly and downwardly, the fingers 5 engaging theinner and outer surfaces ofthe tiles 2 and3,.to hold the tiles in alinement. I Disposed upon the upper end of the tile 3 is a ring 6, provided with downwardly extended arms 7, terminating in horizontal extensions 8 having upstanding elements 9 at their ends. The arms 8. preferably, although not necessarily, are of T-sha'pe in cross sect on, as shown in Fig.
4. Supported by the extensions 8 of. thearms '7 is a casing I'O'which preferably, although not necessarily, ,is rectangular in transverse contour. Set screws 11 are threaded into the upstanding elements 9, .the' setscrews 11 engaging the casing-l0 to hold the same in place. Superposedupon the casing 10 is a closure'12.
The invention further includes a frame adapted. to support the closure 12, the frame being denoted-generallyby the numeral 14,
and being shown. in clearest detail in-Fig. 5.
The frame 14 includesfa pluralityTof arms '15, each arm 15 comprising angularly disposed portions 16 and .17 the portions 16 being disposed in a common plane. The portions 17 of the arms 15 terminate at their having openings 19, adapted torecei've Securing elements 20 whereby the frame 14 may be secured to the ring 6. The portions.
16 of the frame thus cooperate .to receive and to support the central portion of .the .010-
shown, between which is interposed a ring In Figs. 6 and 7, a. modified as; of the invention is shown. -Referring specifically to Fig. 6, superposed tiles 21 and-22 are 23 having a marginal flange 24' which surrounds the outer faces of the adjacent ends of the tiles 2i. and 22.1 Projecting from the ring 24. are arms, each arm comprising a vertically extended portion 25 and a. li'ori, zontally extended portion 26. Fiir'ed tolancl upstanding from the ho'rizontally disposed portions 26 of the arms are elements 27 which are adapted to fit within and to prevent lateral movement of the casing28, the
casing 28 resting upon the portions 26 of the arms. If desired, the upstanding ele- 4 ments 27 may be extended through the portions 26 of the arms, and may be terminally 85 lower ends in laterally extended feet -18,
proyided with nuts 29 which constitute holdingfineans; although it is within the scope of the invention to fashion the elements 27 integrally with the horizontally extending portions 26 of the arms. The closure 30 is superposed upon the casing 28 and is suppointed out, the triangular casing will be equipped with a triangular closure 32, the
octagonal casing being provided with an octagonal closure 33.
Figs. 8 and 9 will serve to illustrate clearly, the fact that any desired contour may be given to the casings l0 and 28. In all forms of the invention, the outer face of the closure may be slanted to shed Water at its periphery, as indicated, generally, by
the reference characterfi t.
In practical operation, and referring particularly to Fig. 1, it is to be understood that the water will collect in the opening 1 and pass into the lower end of the casing 10, the water flowing over. the ring 6 and passing downwardly through the tiles 2- and 3, a vacuum more or less perfect,being formed in the casing whereby water will I be drawn from the soil.
--Iu the form shown in Fig. 6, the water passes between; the parts of 'the arms,
thence into the casing 28 and over the top of the tile 22. i 1 I 4 Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is:
1. In a device of the class described, a ring; arms projecting laterally fromthe ring, the arms being located at'a difierent elevation from that of the ring;- and upstanding elements upon the arms.
2. In a device of. he-class described, a ring; arms projecting laterally from the ring; a casing supported'uponthe arms; 8.0 5 frame upstanding from the ring; and a closure for the casing, supported by the -frame.
3. In a device of the class described, "a ring; arms projecting from the ring and 5 downwardly extended,. the arms being equipped at their ends with upstanding projections; and clamping meanslocated in the projections.
4:. In a device of the class described, a 6 ring; arms secured to the ring and down.- wardly extended therefrom, the arms. being terminally provided with upstanding. projections; clampingmeans in the projections; and a frame supported by the ring. 6
5. In a device of the class described, a ring; a casing; a closure for the casing; and means supported by the ring for engaging the casing and for engaging the "closure.
. In testimony that I claim the foregoing 7 as my own, I have hereto ailixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
' WILLIAM M; POWERS.
B. F. KLEMME, GEO. MAY. 1
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