US 1051850 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
T. T. SANDMARK. SURGICAL APPLIANCE.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 15, 1911.,
1,051,850; Patented Jan. 28, 1913.
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cc tion of the appliance shown in to provided with a longi 1.; er Es genomes 'r. SANDMARK, or re:
Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed June 15, 1911.
' TOWN SEND, WASHINGTON.
SURGI CAI I I :iLIANCE.
Patented Jan. 28, 1913. Serial No. 633,325.
To all whom z'ima concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS T. SAND- MARK, a. citizen of the ,United States, residing at Port Townsend, in the county of J cf- 5 ferson, State of Washington, have invented .certzli'n new and useful Improvements in Surgical Appliances; and I do hereby dc clare'the following to be a full, clear, and 'xact description of the invention, sucl. as
will enable others skilled in the art h which v it apperteins'to make and the slime.
his invention rehitcs to surgical applisnces. The object of the invention resides in the provision of a surgical appliance which may used with eiliciency in stoppingthe bleeding of the membranes of further object'of the invention resides in the provision of an appliance of the charnamed which includes an elastic inflateble member adapted to be inserted in the nasal assage in e deflated state and then inflates so as to press firmly eguinst the membrane of the nasal passage and thereby serve to close any abrasions of said membrane and stopping theflow of blood that may be issuing from such abrasions.
' With the above and other objects in view the invention consists in the details of construction and in the arrangement and combination of parts to'be hereinafter-more full described and particularly pointed out in t c appended claim.
In describing the invention in detail, refhad to the accompanying drawings, wherein like characters of reference denote corresponding parts in the several views, and in which- Figure 1 is an enlarged longitudinal seca partial inlisted state, and Fi 2, an elevation of the appliance on an enfiirged scale and having e pumping device of the type used in inflat- 1n' seme'connected therewith. L ll eferring to thcdrawings 10 indicates the inil'etsble member of the appliance and is odnstructed "preferably of very soft, thin, strong rubber. This member is formed with eno on end which is closed by a head 11 "tudinel bore 12 communicating with the interior of the member 10, The. inner end of the head 11 is provided with an angular enlargement forming a shoulderlld. This shoulder 13 is inserted the nasal passages;
within the open end of the member 10 and a clamping wire 14 the shoulder 13 serves to member 10 and the head 11 together. Disposed within the member 10 and having its terminals anchored in the head 11 is a U- shaped wire 15 which serves to prevent longitudinal collapse of the member-l0 as it is inserted in the nasal passage. The inner end of the bore 12 is closed by a valve 16 which is provided with a stem 17 extending through said bore beyond the outer end thereof. This stem is slidably mounted in a strut l8 spannin 'the bore 12. The valve 16 is normally held seated against the inner end of the headll, to close the bore 12, by menus of a spring 19, one end of which is secured to the strut 18 and the other end to thevnlvc 16. The member 10 is adapted for detachable connection with one end of a tube 20 which carries at its opposite end a rubber bulb 21, that by com rcssion lifts the valve 16 from its seat and orces air into the member 10 to ell'ect the desired inflation of the latter. It will of course be understood that the bulb 21 is of the type ordinarily employed for pumping air.
in use the member 10 is inserted in the nasal passage in a deflated state, the U- shaped wire 15 readily crmitting such insertion. The free end 0 the tube 20 is then secured in the outer end of the bore 12 and the bulb 21 o erutcd to inflzite the member 10. Durin ,t is inflation of the member 10 the walls t ereof willexpand so as to bear continuously against the membrane of the nasal passage and effectively close an abrasecurely bind the disposed outwardly of sions thereof and stop any flow of b 00d isto permit the air contained within the mcmber 10 to escape to the atmosphere.
It will be noted that the check rnlvc 16 engages the arms of the Ushnpcd wire 15 at the appliance.
diametrically opposite points so that said valve is guided by the arms of the U-shaped Wire during its movement.
lVhat is claimed is:
A surgical instrument comprising a head having an opening therethrough, an elongated elastic and flexible bulb fitted onto the head in communication with said opening, means communicating with said. opening for inflating said bulb, and a Wire loop fixedly secured to the head and extending approximately throughout the length of the elongated bulb, said Wire loop being equilateral and having substantially rectilinear sides and therefore properly related to the bulb when inflated for holding the latter extended and in the form of a flat strip, whereby the curvatures of the nasal cavities maybe easily penetrated.
In testimony whereofll affix my signature, in presence of two Witnesses. f
THOMAS T. SANDMABK.
E. K. YVYcnom, WM. S MGGrEE.