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Publication numberUS1053344 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 18, 1913
Filing dateJan 25, 1908
Publication numberUS 1053344 A, US 1053344A, US-A-1053344, US1053344 A, US1053344A
InventorsAsbury
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
asbury
US 1053344 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. ASBURY.

CONTAINER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 25, 190B.

Patented- Feb' 18, 1,913.

3 SHEETSSHEET l ASBURY.

GONTALNER.

APPLICATION FILED JAN. 25, 190B.

Patented Feb. 18, 1913.

814/00 wtoz 35% wbo'oncv W, ASBURY.

OONTAlNER.

APPLICATION FILED JAZ\I.25,19O8v Patented Feb. 18, 1913.

1, 353 b fi,

3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.

U I ED srnrns orFIoE.

W LLIAM asnonY, or New Yonx, .1 1. Y... 'AssIeNon 1'0 THE-AMERICAN ssrn'ritnrrnr ANGE comr-AN'Y, A ooiu'ons'rron MAIN-E;

S ccification of Lettcrsratent. I .Pflt'nbed Feb, 18-, 1913.

Application file id January 25, mos. ermine-413,580.

Toad. w/wm it mag concern Be it known that I, WmuMrA'snonr, a subject. of the King of Great. Britain and- Ireland, residing. in the city, county, and

State of New York, have invented anew and useful Improvement in Containers, of which the following is IISIJBClfiCtilJlOIl.

This invention relates to improvements in,

containers and'fmore particularly in containers for; gasolene, kerosene, benzin, ether or other volatile or inflammable llquids, and

has for its object a container into which or front which such. liquids can be poured or Withdrawn and in which s'uch liqtiids can be kept or conveyed without danger of explosion.

The invent on 1s illustrated in the accompanying drawings which form .partof this specification.

' the split ring H shown in Fig. 4:.

Figure 1 is an elevation of a. vertical sec tioii. of a container made in-jaccordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is a plan view" from below of parts surrounding the lower 'end of the tube shown inFig. 1, the gauze shown in Fig.

1 being partlyremoved in- Fig. '2.

vertical section of a modified form' of a containe'r made in accordance with this inve'n-f t-ion. Fig. -5'is a plan view from below of parts surrounding the lower end of the tubeshown in Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a plan view of Fig. '7

is an elevation of a vertical section or. part "of a container made in accordance with this invention. Fig;'8 is.an"el'evntion., partly in vertical section, of a container made in acc'o'rdano; with llll'lS invention.

tadhed to the bottom of the containers shown in Figs. 1 and 4. Fig. 10 is an elevi1- Fig. I2 is an elevation of a vertical section showing the key ho'le into which the key" shown ill-Fag:- 12 fits, as shown. inEi'gS. ..l.

and l. v

Referrin' to the several figures of the drawings, is the body of the containerw'hich mey be of any 'snitable' seawateris :lpla-i'rview from above of the vtt-lve covering the upper endflof the tube 2 shown in Fig.1.- F-ig. 4:.is an elevation of a Fig. 9 is an elevation of 'theright side of the part at ient' size and forth and whichmay'be' made ..of any suitable material, such, as sheet metal.

Referring toFigs. 1 and 2, C C are col .lars, each of which may bQ PI'OVldQd with screw-threads t 0n'-tl1e outside and inside and with two flanges o and c. The. flanges c are, as shown, perforated by the parts or openingsD and provided internally with screwdhreads. The openings offthe container maybe provided with screw-threads and the collarsC-screw. into, or are other-f wise fitted to, the openings, as shown in across the openings D. F F are thimbles,

. each of which may be provided with screwthreads on the outside and with a-. flange, at one end. The tlii'nibles F screw into, or

are otherwise fitted to, the flanges 0 of the collars C. and the external parts of flanges f of thethimblvs F overlap and supportthe rings E of gauze.-

In constructing a container, according to thisinvention. .the parts C, E and F' arefirst adjusted in one opening of the container and one end of conduit" B is then ad justed in thimble- F. .as' shown in Fig: 1'.

"lben parts C, E and F. are adjusted in the other opening of thecontainer and to the other end of conduit B,- as shown in Fig. 1'.

In Figs. 7'a'nrl 8, the. constri'lction and adj'ustment of parts A. B, C. D. E and "F are similar to the construction and arrangement and. contraction of conduit B.

tofthe exterior of the body of the container about the openings of the container. The collars G ere,.preferably, provided with rece's ses, aset g, and the body of the container in 'iich one is bent to correspond to and to fit into the recesses.- H H are rings a d-- justed to tlie'interior of the body'of the container -and provided withsciew-holes correspondiug to perforations in the body of the container and in the'collars G through which screws I pass into he screwholes of the rings H, binding the parts mentioned firmly together and making a gasketof the parts ofth'e body of the container between the collars -G and the rings H. The joint thus made is a solicl. tight- .joint. The rings: H,

Zilluslrated in Fig. (3 and, by dotted lines, in

' ,m be contracted until they become small- Fig. are split a sat J-tfo perniit the rings enough-to be insertedthrough the openings of. the container iii-'order'that they may be adjusted, as above described, tothe interior surface 'ofthe body of the container. As shown in Fig. 4, the conduit 13' may be'pro' k 'id'ed at one end,the upper end in Fig. 4, with a fiange'K restin while space is left at t e other. end ofthe conduit B to permit the longitudinal xpan sion and contraction thereof.

Referring to Figs.z1', 4, 9, lthand 12, L

is. a hollow, meta-l cast or pieceofsuitable .material proiided' with a central core .M

having a boreN extending through '-it. In the bore. N is arotatable stopper on cylinder O provirledwith an inlet-l for air and an outlet Q forliquids, the inlet and outlet be.-

, 111g separated as shown in ,Figs. 1 and k.

The rotatable cylii'nler O is .provided with a perforation R "which connnunica-tes' withas which communicates with theJi iIid-Q'ut-Iet' the air-inlet'P and with a-perforation S Q, and'the core M is provided with perforatious T and U corresponding, respectively, p v to'tlie perforations R and S, .but of smaller width, The cylinder 0 tapers at, one-end and the bore N of the cor c M correspond: rugly' tapers-to receive the tapering end of 1t li-e c vlindorO; shown in Firs. '1 and t.

V is. a cap secured to the coreM; as by screw-tlneatls; and covering the bore-N. The

rap V is provided with aperforation V cor responding to the air inlet P; and. isyso shaped, asclearly shown in" Fig.1 l2, as tore the bore N and because of such constant ccivc the key X'showniu Fig.1 1 and to per- "llllt theltev to turn within-it, thus forming part of a key-hole as well as a ehannelfor aint-hrough the rap V to the air-inlet 1?. As shown' in Fig; 12.. the end of the rota -,t.able cylinder O is prm idedvwith recesses Y Y which complcte'the key-hole and retime the sides of the end or end of thekey X when the key is inserted ,inthekey-holea A spring Z surrounds one end of the cvlinder O, between the .cap V'and the opposite ledge with which the cylinder 0 is provided, and by reason of the pressure exerted by the spring, the-tapered end of the cylinder 0 is constantly pressed into the, tapered'part of pressure and the greater width of the-perupon the collar G,

essee;

forati'o'ns R lands. the. proper adjpstlnent of the cylinder '0, and of its perforations R and S1 to the corresponding perforations T and- 'U. is notlost through wear of the tapered end-.01 the cylinder or other parts; lYhen the key'.X is inserted in the keyhole and turned, therotatable cylinder O'will revolve in one direction orin the other, as, desired,

and the perforations R and S .may be with. The cavity Z communicateswith the.

body of the container either through open-. .ings D, as shown in'Fig. 1, or through perforations. d in-eonduit' B, as shown in Fig. 4, The key-hole is, as shown, preferably, so constructed that thekey cannot be'with drawn until communication between the air-' the container has been shut off; hence, the key will alwaysbe isibl'e' when the cornmui'iication exists. As shown in-ithe drawings, Figs. -1, 7

and 8 and Fig.4. the collars'G andthe col- ;lars may be provided with internal screw; threads, asslmwn, or with external screwthrea'd-s; or with both; internal and I external screw-threads, as is the'case with the collars G,.as shown." for theattaeh'ment and '.ad-

ustment. to thecontainers at the openings thereof of the several caps or fittings, shown in the drawings, which are provided with ex-q "'t'ennall or internal screw-threads as required 'for the purpose ofsuch attachment and 'ad-' 'justmentz or theiseveral fittings may other:

the. containers at the openings thereof; In

-inlet P and liquid-outlet Q'and the body of.

-wise be suitably attached and adjusted to Figs-1,4 and 8 tlie'fitting 2 is'aialveand to the container-at the upponopening thereof and covering and protecting the same. -'lh'c pressure of the spring 3- u'pon the valve 4 is such as normally to maintain the valve in position upon it's"seat- 5, and "to permit the valve 4 to ris and has or airto escape from writhinthe contaii'ier before pressure of gas:

within. thecoritainer becomes st rong enough to. burst the container In Figs-lv and '4 the fitting L provided with the air-inle P and liquid-outlet Q above described is shown adjusted and attached to the container at'the lower opening 'tl-nereof.

opening and 7 is a cover attached-to the other opening of the container. In Fig. 8,

xthe fitting 8 is a reduction-nipple and 9 is a pipe or conduit connected therewith to convey the liquid from the container to another container provided with the fittings and openings of the container shown in Figs. 1

In Fig. 7, 16 is ablow-outplug or device attached to one .seen that the parts of the container described may, according to thisinvention, be fitted together without the employment of :seams or solder, [thereby avoiding the danger resulting "from the employment thereof. It will also be seen that the conduits B. are strongly supported at each end,

, being thereby protected against jars and the tionto the body of the container from the. air-inlet P is had only through the tube 1 which passes through the conduit "B, and

like and against pressure and blows ofjth'e liquid within the container during. transportation or.'at other=-times. The conduits B may be finely. perforated at the top and bottom of the sides, as shown at d d in Fig.

4 or they may be entirely closed along the s des, as shown in 1, 7 and 8, wherein openings D and g-auze E provide communi- -eating perforations, or they may be made of gauze, or finely perforated, as desired, but if perforations of conduits B themselves ate used, the perforations should, preferably, be at the top air-in et P, shown in Figs. land 4, should, preferably,- extend up through the 'cnnd'uit B soIthatits. upper end is higher. than the level of the liquid when the con- .tainerisiiull. I v

As'shown in Figs. 1 and 4, communicacoinmunication from the inlet P and outlet Q, to the body of the container is had only through the openings l) which are cov ered gauze E, makin fine perforations, as s' own -in Fig. l, or t ough the fine perfora tions d is shown'in Fig. 4.

When liquidis to be poured into thetcontainer the upper opening of thecontainer is uncovered, either by raising the valve 4' or by raising or removing any, other fitting covering the upper 0 min of the container and the perforations lt liquid-outlet Qand air-inlet I should, pref ii -ably, be closed, if the fitting L is attached the other" opening of the container. A

funnel ma; thenbe'placed in the'conduitB aridthe liquid poured inf The liquid descends throughthe conduit B and, after filling the cavity Z of the fitting L, entersthe body of the container either through,

the lower 0 enings'D shown in Figs. 1, 7 and 8, or through-the fine perforations d at the lower end of the conduit B, as shown in Fig. 4. While' the liquid enters, air passes out through the upper openings D and gauze E, as shown in Figs. 1,- 7 and 8, or throu h the fine perforations d at the upper en of the conduit B, asshown in Fig. 4. After the container has been filled,

and bottom of the sides,= as shown in' Ei -4. The tlllde weedin through the per orations T and R, to thean S leading to the:

to end. Where such conduit is rovidedwith fine perforations near its en 5 and is otherwise closed, gases generated within the of the container escape through the fine perforations atthe upper end where, in

the presence of flame within the conduit,

they ignite. In case fiameis present within the lower part of conduit B, as when, for exa1nple,-some burning foreign s'ubstance falls within the conduit and the foreign substance coming in contact with the inflammable liquid therein continues to burn at the lower -part of theconduit, heating the sides. thereof, vgases generated within the body -of the container will, as stated,

escape through the fine perforations at the upper end of the conduit, and, being ignited by t-he.fl:ime below, will, as shown .by tests,

cause the flame in .the lower part of the conduit to be extinguished, whereupon the sides of the lower part-of the. conduit will cool down and,'the'gases ceasing to be gen ,c -rated within the body of thecontainer and those generated having been consumed 'at the perforations near the upper part of the conduit, the flame at the perforations nearfthe upper part of the conduit will go out and danger of explosion will be avoided. When it is desired to draw liquid from a container provided at the lower opening thereof with the fitting L, shown in Figs.-

1 and 4, the key X may be inserted into the key-hole and turned until theperforations S and R open respectively intothe per-' forations U and T,' whereupon liquid will flow out of the container thrOuglrtheliquidbutlet Q and air will simultaneously enter 'the container from the air-iniet P. The

utility of drawing liquid of a yolatile or inflammable character from a container'inthe manner described is clear, since the liquidis drawn from a container fully rotected as described. Heretofore, in draw ng volatileliquids from a container, sorpq opening of the container has ordinarily aeen uncovered for the admission of air and through the uncovered opening gas from zthe containei; has accumulated in some inclosed plac'e .or closet in which the contziiner-has been kept, thus creating a dangerous co'ndi tionapt to result in explqsion. In draw made in accordance with this invention, there is no leakage or accumulation of gas and .no danger resulting therefrom. The liquid-outlet- Q may be connected, as by screw-threads, with any suitable pipe or conduit-to convey the liquid withdrawn to any pointdesired.

.ing liquid, as descfibed. from acontainer mnnication to the body of the container from the duct can be had only through the collars CYC adjusted to the em .As shown in Figs. 1, 4-, 9 and '10, the fitting L may be prov ded with an opening g, stopped orclosecl by a cap-screw ger other suitable means, and'the cap g may be re-' moved, whci'r desired, either .to dr ain of? liquid, water or otherjtforeign matter from the container or to allow any desired connection to be made througl'ior by means of the-opening g.

As'slnm-n in Fig 'l and 4. fonexai'nple a duct extends through the body of the container and the openings thereof; This duct may-be construcl-cd 'in il'ifl'eront Ways nithout departing from the principle of this invention. As-sllown in Fig. 1, the duct.

may consist of'the conduit '1 together with and of the fitting L with its cavity as shown in Figyi'the dn'ct may i of the conduit B and of. the fitting I i with its cavity 1 Howeverconstructed, the duct extends from" one opening of the container to the other and prm'idednear its ends withperforations communicating with the i hotly of the coi'i'tainer. shown in Fig; 1,

perforations D may be made in those pal-.1 s" of the duct formed by the collars 'C C; or, 'as shon n in Fig.- 4, perforations (Z may be 'made near the ends of the conduit 1%.

As appears fronit'he foregoingdescription, com- ,line perforationsimpervious to flame, as the openings D covered-by gauze, shown in Fig.1, or the fine perforations (7, shown in Fig.4.

Coudnit I extendin from OIIQ-UHllillf" i P \1 of thevontaiiwrto the other, provides a (ontiinious or unobstructed channel from' one openingof the container to'the other. Protection is afforded to the body of the container because, as stated, COHIIIAULIiUH- tion can'be had froni conduit B to the lvodi of the co'ntainer only lln'ongh the'fineperforations. ini 'icrvih'ul's ti: ['l:.ine above described. Conduit B affords a channel through which litllliflzll'lity be poured into the containerandin which the/tube 1-fo1 the admission of air- 'an standf The fineperforat ions imperr ions to flame, connnunh (a-ting from the upper end of conduit B to the body of the container. permit. air and 'gasto escape whcn liqnid is poured'into the container and permit gas to escape and burn in the manner described and thusavoid danger of "explosion, due to the presence of flame Within conduit B. The. fine perforations impervious to. flame, connnunieating from, the lower end of conduit B to the body of the container, permit; liquid poured into conduit B mentor and fill the body of the-container and also protectthe body of the container against flame present withln conduit B. By aco1nbina tion of parts, in a manner such as that detainer, the channel of the duct being at all tiniesfree from; obstruct ons preventing the exit tln'rethrough of gaspassing through the perforationsfrom the body of the container,substantially as described.

2. container for liquids, provided with tnoopenings and a duct having a continu ous channel open at each end and adjust-ed to the container at each opening of the containen-extending from one opening to the other and havingperforations. near its ends communicating With the body of the cons taincr but otherwise closed, the ch'ann'elof the duct being at all tunes free from ob structions preventing the exit therethrough of gas passing through the perforations from'the body of the container, substantially as described.

3. Acontainer for liquids, provided with two openings-and a (lHClZ. l1{I Vi1'lg a continuous channel open at each end and adjusted to the container at each e 'ienin g of the con tainer, extending from one opening-to the otherand having fine-perfia-ations near its ends impervious to flame and communi- (ating'Wit-h the body of the. container but .o-therwisef elosecl, the channel of the duct being at all times free from obstructions preventing the exit therethrough of gas passing through the perforations from the body of the container, substantially as descrihcd. I

4. Ina container for liquids provided with. two openings, the combinationof a duct, having a continueus-channel open'at each .end and adjusted to the container'at each opening of the container, extendlng from one opening to the other and having perforations communicating with the body of the container, and a valve ad]ll5t6d to the exterior of the container at one of the .oponings' and over one end of the duct and free to rise on the outside of the container and uncover the duct, the channel of the duct being at; all times free from obstruc tions preventing the exit therethrough of gas passing, through the perforations from thebody of the container, substantially as described,

5. In a container for liquids provided with two openings, the combination of a duct, having a continuous channel open at; eachlend and adjustedto the container at each peningof the container, extendpierced by an ai r-inlet channel and a liquid- 7 .ing from one opening to the other and having perforations communicating with the body of the container, a valve adjusted to the exterior of the container at one of the openings and overone end of the duct and free to rise onthe outside of the container and uncover the duct,'said duct comprising a suitable provided wit-h a passage ad justed to the container at the other opening,

extending from one opening to the other and a collar adjusted to the container at an open ing thereof and at an end of the conduit.

the adjustmentof the collar at the end of the conduit being made so'that the collar is free from contact with the longitudinal extremity of the conduit. whereby the conduit will be free to expand and contract longitudinally, substantially as described.

7. In a container for liquids provided with an opening. the combination of a conduit adjusted to the container at the opening, a collar adjusted to the out-side of the con tainer at the opening thereof and to the-conduit, and a split ring adjusted about the opening to the inside of the container and to the collar. substantially as described.

8. In a container for liquids provided with two openings, the combination of a conduit extending from one opening to the other, a

collar adjusted to the container at an open;

iug thereof and to an end of the conduit and a split ring adjusted about the opening to the container and to the collar, substantially as described.

9. In a container for liquids provided with two openings. the combination of a conduit adjusted to the container at the openings and extending from one opening to the other, and a fitting covering one opening and adjusted to the container at the opening,

the fitting being pierced by an air-inlet channel. and a liquid-outlet channel, each communicating with the body of the container, substantially as described.

10. In a container for liquids provided with two openings, the combination ofa duct adjusted to the 'container at the openings, extending from one opening to the other and having perforations communicating with the body of the container, said ductv comprising a fitting adjusted to the container at one opening, the fitting "being outlet channel, each coinmunicatingwith the channel of the duct, substantially as dew scribed.

i 11. In a cointainer for liquids, the combination of a cap, provided with a core having a bore communicating at each end with the exterior of the container and two pcrforations through the core to the bore, each perforation communicating at one end with stan'tially as described.

the interior of the container and att'he other s end with the bore of the core, and a stopper located within the bore and pierced by- .two separated channels each communicating v with a perforation of-the'core andwith theexterior of. the container, substantially *as 7 described. 12. In a container for liquids, the combination of a cap provided with a core havin a bore communicatin at each end with the exterior of the container and two perfora tions through the core to the'bo're, each perforalt'ion communicating at one end with the interior ofthe container and at the other end with the bore of the core, and a rotatable stopper located within the bore and pierced by two s e ara-ted channels each commun'i' eating wit a perforation of the core and "with 'the exterior of the container, substan tially 'as described. 13. In a container for liquids, the combination of a cap provided with a-core having a bore communicating at each end with the exterior of the container tapered at one end, and two perforations through the core to the bore, each perforation communicating at one end with the interior of the container and at the other end with the bore of the core, and a rotatable cylinder correspondingly tapered at one end located within the bore and pierced by two separated'channelsleachcommunicating with a perforation of the core and with the exterior of the container, substantially as described.

14. In a container for liquids, the combination of a cap provided 'with a core having a bore communicating at each end with the exterior of the container tapered atone end and two perforations thro'u h the core to the bore, a rotatable cvlin er correspondingly ta ered atone end located 'withmthe bore an .pierced by two separate channels communicating respectively with the perforations of the core and wider respectively than the perforations of the core at the points of juncture,. and dspring Joressing against the other end of the cylin er, subby two separated channels each communi- I eating with a perforation of the core and with the exterior of the container, and a key adjusted to one end of the rotatable stopper, substantially as described.

16. In a container for liquids, the combination of a cap provided with a core havin a bore, communicating at each end wit the exterior. of, the, container, and-two perfora ti'ons through the core to the bore and a pipe adjusted to the core about one perforation and extending therefrom into the body of the container, each perforation comm'u'nleating at one end with the interior-of the 'containerand at the other end' with the bore of thecore,' substantially as described;-

' 17. Ina container for liquids, the combi nation of. a cap provided with aicore having abore' communicating at each end with the I exterior of the container and two, perforacore, substantiall 1.18.11; a container for liquidsi a hollow ftions throughthe core to the bore, a stopper located within t-hehore and pierced by two separated. channelseach communicating 'with. a vperfor'ation of the core-and with the e'. l'or ofthe container, and'a pipe adiusted to'the core about-one perforation and ending therefrom' into the body ofthe oj-ff'ainer, e'ach perforation communicating at ne end with the interior of the container and at theother end with the bore of the as described.

cap provided wit-h a core traversing the.

' -ca vity' ofthe hollow cap andhaving a bore,

communicating at each end with theex I t'eriorof'the container, and two perforations 326 through. the core to the bore, and with a.

rotatable stopper-located within the bore and pierced -byf two separate channels com- 'munlcati-ng respectively withthe. perfora-- tidns ofthe core, substantially as described."

4 With an opening, ahollow ca-p adjusted to 19. In a. container for liquids provided the container at the opening and covering the .same, the hollow cap being provided in' itsrslielk'with an" opening communicating from it's cavity, with the interior of the body .of the container-and with an openin' communieating .from its cavity with t e eX- terior 'of thecontainer and beingprovided also with a core traversing its cavit and having a'bore communlcatlng at, each end with the exterior of the container and two perforations through the. core; to the bore communicating with the interior of the container, and .a'r'otat-able plug within the bore substantiallyas described. I 20. In a container for liquids provided with two openings, the combination of .a

'tluet adjusted to the container at the open ings, extending from one opening to the other, and having perforations communicating with the body. of-the containen and :1

suitable fitting adjusted to and covering one -end of the duct said duct comprising a fitting adjusted to the container and provided \\'-'.ith a core having a bore and two-perform t-i'ons through the core tothc bore and with a rotatable stopper located within the bore and. pierced by two separaterhannels com lnnnicating respectively with the perforations of the core, substantially as described.

21. In a container for liquids provided- With two openings, the combination ofa duct adjusted to the conta ner at the opem pigs,- extending from one opening to the other, and havingperforations communicating with the body of the container, ,said

duct comprising a fitting adjusted to the container and provided with a 'core having a bore and two perforations through .lhe

core to the bor'e and'a'pipe extending through the duct and adjusted at one'end' I

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2829921 *Sep 2, 1955Apr 8, 1958Harold OsrowDispenser unit
US4114636 *Sep 30, 1976Sep 19, 1978Acf Industries, IncorporatedBottom operable air inlet and outlet valve
US5097976 *Oct 10, 1990Mar 24, 1992Montana Sulphur & Chemical Co.Fluid containment apparatus with well closure assembly
US5141013 *Oct 10, 1990Aug 25, 1992Montana Sulphur & Chemical Co.Fluid containment apparatus
US5386845 *Sep 24, 1993Feb 7, 1995Montana Sulphur & Chemical CompanyFluid transport apparatus with side recessed fitting well
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/153.3, 222/482, 137/588, 222/153.14, 222/516, 222/548, 137/625.18
Cooperative ClassificationA47K5/1204