US 1054522 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. P. EXLINE.
. COVER FOR PASS BOOKS.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 29, 1912.
Patented Feb. 25, 1913.
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MARCUS PAGE nxnmn, or DALLAS, m xes.
COVER FOR PASS-BOOKS.
Dallas, in the county of Dallas and State of Texas, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Covers for Pass- Books; and I do hereby declare the following. to be a full, clear, and exact descrlptlon of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the 'art to which it appertains to make and use the same. i
This invention relates to improvements in pass-books, and has as an object to provide a cover for such'pass books having a. transparent portion through which printed matter contained in the book will be visible as the cover is closed.
A further object of the invention is to provide improved means of securing a transparent strip of material to the cover whlch will at once give the strongest construction and most pleasing appearance.
With these and other objects in view the invention comprises certain novel constructions, combinations and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
In the drawings, where corresponding parts are represented by similar reference characters; Figure 1 shows the upper portion of a book open with the invention applied to the cover. Fig. 2 is a section taken on line 2-2 through the cover shown in Fig. 1. Fig. 3 shows theplan of the celluloid blank before it is-applied to the cover. Fig. tishows a somewhat modified form of the blank. i i
I am aware that heretofore pass books of the same general character described in this application have been put upon the market, but I am also aware that there are certain objections inherent to the constructibn of such books which it is the object of this invention tocorrect. I
One of the objections found with the present form of pass book is, that the celluloid, or other transparent flexible material, is not held in place very securely for the reason that it'is very difficult for glue, mucilage or other securing fluids to grip the celluloid sufliciently to hold the same in The result of this is that the celluloid will work loose in time, due both to wearing and heat of the person carrying the book, and thus cause annoyance, Another Specification of Letters 'latent. i I Patented Feb. Application filed July 29, 1912. Serial No. 712.0%. s
objection due to the construction of these .books is the appearance on the inside cover of a raised portion extending around the opening in the cover, which raised portion 1s due tothe method of securing the cell-uloid in place. The present method of applying the celluloid is, to out an opening in the cover of the pass book, then place the celluloid over the opening so that the edges of the celluloid will overlap those of the cover opening and then secure the celluloid in place by fastening a cloth or paper to the inside of the book cover thus providing a means for holding the transparent material in place. Insomuch as this raised portion terminates in edges which are usually sharp due to the character of the celluloid, the fastening paper or cloth will in time be cut so that the celluloid will work loose. In order to overcome these objections applicant provides an opening in the cover around which is formed a depression and into which depression the celluloid fits. This construction gives a pleasing appearance and also provides a structure which will not out the securing paper. As shown in the. drawings, the cover of the book is provided with an opening 1 cut in any shape and so placed'upon the cover as to be opposite printed matter upon the first leaf of the book pro-per, so that as the cover is foldside of the cover'of the book and extend ing entirely around the opening 1 is a depression 2 of depth vequal to the thickness of the celluloid with which it is desired to cover the opening. It is to be understood that the showing in Fig. 2 is necessarily exaggerated in order that the construction may be clearly shown;
Designed to properly fit the depression 2 is a sheet of celluloid 3, having a solid imperforate part which is designed to completely cover the opening 1. After the celluloid 3 has been placed into depression 2, a backing comprising a strip of securing paper cover to hold the member 3 in place,.said
' cloth being provided with an opening which corresponds to the opening 1 in the cover. The celluloid member 3 has formed around the outer edges 3. series of com aratively large perforations 5, while extendmg within these perforations 5 is a series of much.
smaller perforations 6 which are. designed to fall just inside of the edges of opening 1 when the member 3 is placed in the depression 2. A suitable glue or mucilage is spread over the bottom of depression 2 before the celluloid 3 is placed therein and a similar adhesive coating is spread over. the lower side of the paper or cloth 4, so that as the whole is assembled there will be partof the paper 4 which is held to the book cover by the glue insomuch as said glue can freely pass through the openings 5 and 6. It will be seen that insomuch as the perforations 6 arearrange'd very close to the edges of the opening 1, by no ordinary accident will it be possible for the paper 4 or the cover of the book to become detached from the celluloid. The modified form shown in Fig. 4 is similar to the form shown in Fig. 3 with the single exception that the larger perforations 5 are replaced by serrations 7 formed on the outer edge of the blank 3. While these serrations permit the glue or other adhesive'to secure the paper 4 to the cowerof the book "zfiyet it is found the construction shown incan be such as to meet any demands which will in thefuture be made upon pass book manufacturers', the important part of the construction being the provision of several of the sizes of perforations, the smallest of which lie just inside of the edges of the opening 1.
1. A book cover provided with an opening, a transparent sheet having perforations around the periphery thereof, a backing provided with an opening registerin with the opening of the cover, part of tile backing being secured to the cover, and an adhesive passing through the perforations and binding the remaining part of the backing to'the cover and transparent sheet.
2. A book cover provided with an opening, the cover being provided with a depression around the opening, a transparent sheet located in the depression and-having perforations in the periphery thereof, a retain-v ing strip surrounding the depression, part of the strip being secured directly to the cover, and an adhesive passing through the perforations and binding the remaining part strip.
" A'book cover provided withan opening, the cover being provided with a depression around the opening, a sheet ofttansparent material located in the depression having perforations near its edges and having rows of perforations parallel to and just inside of the edges of the opening, a backing provided with an opening registering with the opening of the cover, and an adhesive passing through'the perforations and bind- .ing the backing to the cover? In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses. MARCUS PAGE EXLIN'E.
ALEX. L. BLACK,
'lVM'. I. aim.
strip to t-he'cover andtransparent