US 1054922 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A.E.KENNEY. OURTAINLESS SHOWER BATH.
APPLICATION FILED MAR; 9, 1912'.
Patented Max:3 1;19 13,
- InyentQra Atty:
UNITED smrrs PATENT O I E ANDREWVE. KENNEY, or NORTH rLAI vrmLn, NEW J RSEY,
. QURTAINLESS SHOWER-BATH.
shower baths, and has more particularly reference to means whereby an ordinary bath tub can be converted into ashower bath without necessitating the use of a curtain to prevent splashing of thewater outside the tub.
Heretcforeit has been customary to conduct thewate'r to a sprinkler head above the tub and. to discharge the spray downwardly in a substantially vertical direction inside a curtain. I
The objectof my invention is to provide shower means whereby the unsightly and unsanitary curtain may be eliminated and which maybe readily attached to or detached from the fixtures of standardbath tubs,,0r which may remain in-position, at least partially, without disfiguring the appearance of the tub. i
Ifhave found thatiby directing two evenly balanced streams on converging lines toward each other in a general horizontal and somewhat downwardly inclined direction from a point in" a plane aboveJihe walls of the tub, one stream will counteract the effect Accordingly the of the other so that the streams will be prevented from crossing the tublaterallyor extending longitudinally beyond the end of the tub: and will fall wholly within the confines of thetub, without s lashing outside thereof. Approximately -t e same result may be obtained by directing a single stream in a general horizontal direction at'a level above the level of the tub, from a point to one side of the longitudinal'medianline ofthe tub, in a'somewhat downwardly and inwardly inclined'dirjection. 'I prefenhowscribed above.
ever, to useqtwo streams of water as de-,;
JSpecification of Letters Patent. Application filed March 9, 1912. Serial No. 682,771.
both in a. well known manner.
, 'l v l t il broadly, in means forfid re'ctln'g .two or. morej -'streams of water 1n the abovedescribed end thereof and above the planeof the walls of the tub, and so disposed as to; direct the streams in an inwardly and somewhat downwardly inclined direction. Other features will appear as the specification proceeds.
I In the accompanying drawings the invene tion is disclosed in a concrete and preferred form. Y v Changes may of course be made without departing from the legitimate and intended scope of the invention as expressed in the accompanying claims.
In the drawings: Figure lis a plan view of the invention in its preferred embodiment, showing it in actual use in an ordinary tub. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same with the walls of the tub broken away to show a'preferred method of attaching the vdevice to the tub. Fig. 3 is-an enlarged-det-ail View on the line 3-3 of. Fig. 2.
Like reference characters refer to c0rrespending parts in the several views. p
-1 indicates a tub of the usual construc-' tion preferably of a jgreater length than Patented Mal-14,1913.
. m z'e wfll" v, the. two shower beans are arrange onopposlte sides of the'median line of the tub, at one width, provided atone end with a cold water faucet 2 and a hot water faucet 3,
together-withan inlet spigot 4 common to sake of convenience, it will be understood that the water supplyv willbe obtained from the faucets of the tub, but it is equally clear that the supply of water may beobtained from any other source that may be available.
is a hollow upright column, in the pres cut instance carried by a supporting bar 6 which rests upon the two faucets 3 and .to" sup- 2 and 3 and bridges the space therebetween. I 7 is a clamping bar ada ted to engageunderneaththe faucets 2 an port the upright column 5'properly inzpo-l sition. Suitable means for clamping the bars 6. and 7 to the faucets may. take the:
form of the bolts'8 and nuts 9.
"10 indicates two nozzles disposed n plane above the walls of the tub and locaic' d- V at oneend jo'f thetub and at opposite sides ofthe median line of ,the longitudinal axis thereof, as shown :in the. drawings. These "twonozzl'es 10 are disposed soils to direct the streams of wete'rin a general horizontal direction on slightly converging lines and on somewhat downwardly inclined lines. In the disclosure here made these two nozzles take the form of shower heads, as shown,
5 which are disposed at an angle toward each other, and in thepresent instance these shower heads are also inclined somewhat in a downward direction. -The two shower heads are of greater cross-sectional area 1 than the supply pipes 11 leading thereto and are perforated in the usual manner. The supply pipes ll'arein communication with the column -5. In the-specific form here disclosed'i .it= is preferred to have two sets of these showerheads in difi'erent horizontal planes, and in the drawings are illustrated a second set of shower heads 12 which connect by means of the supply pipes 13 to the column 5. The column 5 is in communication with a source of water supply here taking theform of the ordinary inlet spigot t of the tubbymeans ofthe flexible connection'14. In order-to separate the parts 'easily, the column 5- is composed of two pipe'sections 15 and lit-secured together-by means of the coupling ITwhich carries the lateral supply pipes 13. At the top of, the
pipe section 16 there isanother coupling 18 which'connectsthe said 'ipe section 16 with and 16 are threaded exteriorly soas toengage in interior threads in the coupling 17 and the pipe section 16 is further threaded so'as to" engage with interior threads inthe coupling 18. In this mannerthe attachmay be readily dismantled, If desired, the pipe section 15 may likewise be; in threaded engagement with the clamping bar 6. c -10 is turned on, two evenly balanced streams will issue from the nozzles 10. -'Th ese.'
streams of water are projected in a general horizontal direction on-converging lines and in a somewhat inclined direction at; a point above the walls of the tub, 'so that onestream counteracts the effect of theother, whereby one stream will not (overpower the other and cross the tub laterally, nor will without producing any splash; .The same would appear at low: pressure or when the water-is turned on; only 7 will be understood that with higher pressure-and with thef wat'er-turnedon as fully as required, the same principle of operation will hold true "and the streams will, on-aecount of the particular disposition of the nozzles, fall wholly within the tub without creating any splash.
85,1: Another feature of the invention which is [the supply pipesll. T e pipe sections 15 It .will be understood that when the water.
the streams overshoot the tub longitudinally, but bot-h will fall whollywithin the tub partially, but it of considerable importance is in placing the nozzles of the upper pair the case in which two or more sets or pairs of nozzles are employed) offset from the vertical plane of the lower pair or pairs so that any drip- .ping from the uppernozzles will not strike' upon the lower nozzles. In the present em.- bodiment the upper nozzles are ofiset from the lower nozzles by spacing them closer together, as will be seen in the plan view. But it will be understood'that the same obj ect may be attained by extending them further out into the body of the tub, or in other ways offsetting the upper nozzles from the vertical plane of the lower nozzles.
The precise angles at which the nozzles are set may vary to suit different conditions, such as the different sizes and styles of tubs, different water pressures, etc. It may be stated as a general rule, however, that the angle of downward slant will be between the horizontal and a line sixty degrees from the horizontal, and the inward inclination' or angle'of convergence will be between a line parallel to the longitudinal median line of the tub and a line extending at forty-five degrees to suchparallel line.
'What is claimed, is:' t
1. In a shower bath, the combination with a tub, of a pair of nozzles'loca-ted in sub stantially the same horizontal plane and at a point above the rim of the tub, a second pair of nozzles located above the first pair in sub- .stantially 'the same horizontal plane, each pair citnozzles disposed to direct their 160 streamslon converging and downwardly in- ;cline'dfline's, whereby the streams from all the nozzles'willfall within the confines of the tub, 'andxmeans for supplying water to the nozzles, v
2i In'a' shower bath, the combination with aktub having'hot and cold water faucets. a supporting bar resting upon and bridging the space. betw'een the two faucets, a clamping-lbarena'aging beneath the two faucets, 11o
.mflans'for forcing the two bars together to clamp them upon the faucets. a hollow upright column rising from the supporting bar,- laterally extending arms carried by the :column, no zzles carried-by said arms disposed todirect their streams on converging .'and.. downwardly'inclined'lines so that the streams shall 'fall'withinthe confines of the tub, and a water supply connection between the" faucetsand theupright column.
. 3". Infalshower bath, the combination with a tub 'of 'a pa'ir of nozzles arranged in spaced relation' and disposed to direct their streams on convergi'ng lines downwardly inclined into the'tub so that such streams shall fall wholly within the confines of the tub, a second pair of. nozzles located above the first pair and disposed to direct their streams on converging and downwardly inclined lines so as to fall wholly within the confines of the tub, the second pair of noz- Signed et'NewYork cit in the county of zles being also disposed in spaced relation New York and State of ew York this 8th but ofi'set from thevertical plane of the dayof Mar'ch'A. D. 1912.
lower pair to prevent drip'pings from the v ANDREWV E. KENNEY. 5 upper pair of nozzlesfrom falling on the Witnesses:
lower pair of nozzles and being splashed by LOUISA E. SIMSON, such Contact. PHILIP S. MoLEAN,
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