US 1055528 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. R. HARDBNBERGH.
APPLIUATION FILED JUNE 17,1911.
Patented Mar. 11, 1913.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
G. R. HARDENBERGH.
APPLIUATlON FILED JUNEIT 1911. V
I! SHEETS SHEET f3 1 I @3 14: macs:
; Be it im w'n that 1, Gemini HARDEN- To i'all whom-a: mag/ concern neuron; a'citizen of the United States, resid- 'ing at Bayhead, county of Ocean, and State "of'New Jersey, have invented certain new -..and; Useful Improvements in Puzzle-Pic- "tures, of which'the following isa'full, clear,
1 and exact description.
I v T: .Th object of the'present,invention-is-to provide a puzzle-picture or game which 7 shall not only require for its solution considerable ingenuity but shall also test the extent'ofthesplayers observation and memory; thefpuzzle or game affording, when correctly arranged or solved, a pleasing and-- a artis'ticrepresentation ofbirds or other an'r-'.- mate or moving objects in the act of'execut-. ing a" characteristic.- evolution orv series of acts thus requiringthat the player shall haveaccu'ratelyobserved such objects ina state .of nature-or. shall have correctly de-.
' it"). duced the proper. sequence of their. move ments' froml'a general knowledge ofaauunal f 1 and. bird life The variousparts'of the p1c .25
ture are. not so made as,.to fit mechanically inone. andv only one way, as are the so- 5: called jig-sawi puzzles and the like, nor do the outlines .of the several. arts match I v 1 in any particular way, such t at-the' proper arrangement can he arrived at by fitting projections of one edgeinto corresponding notches of anotheryor by matching c0-lors,-- etc.-. On the contrary, the parts are of such. character that-an infinite variety of arrange-.. 3'5
I osition of one part to. another is concerned, .I-Q; ut are capablenevertheless of only one or .a" limited number of. arrangements which will afi'ord a true and correct representa ments are permissible so far as mere juxta tion oft-he objects-as .they appear in their natural habitat. It will thus be seen that" i the puzzle or game cannot be correctlys'olved by a mere mechanical operation of placing. one piece against another until two are found that'fit in contour and agree in color and the 1ike,-but that the player is calledupon. to exercise ariingenuity of. a higher as wellashis likez I In the .accom anying drawings I have illustrated an e ectlve' embodiment of my owledge ofnature and the scheme, exemplifying the idea in a hunting scene, representin a number of wild' ducks inthe act of hen inginto the decovs.
In the drawing, Figure 1 shows the backruzztn-rrc'runn.
- ent instance the Provided with the background and the a0 a ;cessory. parts the player, pieces; begins b Fig, 2 inwhatli 1 cram}. nannunnnnen, or BAYHEAD, new messy.
Serial no; 33,758. I.
with a distant horizon and the sky above. Fig. 2 shows, the completed stance a representation of an island with a growth of reeds or grass artially concealaiming his gun..-
ing a hunter in the act o Fig. 3 shows one of a number of decoys? which are to be arranged on detached,-oneof the parts .of. picture, in the present in-;
Patented Mari 11,1913.
ground, composed of an expanse of water Fig. 4 shows a number of Wild ducks in the different positions of wing and foot assumed by the, birds .in flying to and alightingv A among the decoys, Fig. 5"sh0ws the completed picture, with allthe parts properly arranged; a 1' The backgroundshown in Fig. 1 is formed preferably on" a sheet of stifl paper-board in -'any convenient manner, preferably bysome mechanicalprocess, and in colors. The de =tached portions of the picture,inthe prespartially concealed hunter, the. decoys, and the",ducks, --are on separate pieces of thinner material, preferably thin papergof good quality so as'notto be torn placing the, part shown in econsiders to be a suitable position. This part represents a small island,-and hence may go anywhere on the sheetof water, except that the direction in which the un is pointed .indicates that it should bep raced to the left rat-her. than to.- the-right. It may be placed on or below the horizon, and it may take considerable study before jsition of the picture, as well as the subse:
the player observes that the. compo quent arrangement, of the decoys and ducks.
position as to in arranging the of duckhunting willlknow at once that the decoys are'always placed as near to the' hunter as practicable, but here another factor comes in, namely, the matter of perspective. If placed too close to the island thedecoys .Will appear to be. larger than the hunter.
Hence they should be placed to the left on the back ground, but nearer to the lower margin of the picture than to the hunter. It will be seen, therefore, that'the decoys cannot be placed hap-hazard on the background, but that their position, as a group, must be considered with some care.
The ducks Fig. 4:, require still greater care and attention for their arrangement, as it will be observed that they exhibit several different positions. In the first place the player must remember that ducks habitually fly in single file or in converging lines, spreading out only as the flock alights on the water. Hence the birds represented in flying posture, as at C, Fig. 4, must be placed one behind the other, with due regard to the effect of perspective on their apparent size. He must also remember that in alighting among decoys the ducks always make a bend or turn before settling, and accordingly the observant player will be careful to arrange the ducks in such manner as to bring out this characteristic. Also, the ducks with lowered wings, shown at D in Fig. 4, are apparently, to a person unfamiliar with such matters, in the act of flying, whereas, on the contrary, they are in the act of checking their flight preparatory to alighting.
Hence these must be so placed as. to-indi=*" cate that although near thedecoys they are still some little distance above the surface of the water. The ducks E, with wings up and feet down, are in the act of alighting,
and must be so placed as to indicate the fact...
The completed picture, with the "parts arranged in a life-like and artistic manner, is shown in Fig. 5. A little study of this figure will make it apparent that while the parts can be arranged in an indefinite number of ways they must be placed substantially as shown to make the scene lifelike.
The reflections indicated at F in Fig. 5
may be part of the background, thereby giving a slight clue to where the different parts belong, or they may be attached to or form part of the objects themselves, or they may be in each case separate from the objects which they are supposed to accompany. In either the first or the last case the colors in which the parts are printed must be considered, as a red-headed reflection should not accompany a brown-headed or green-headed decoy, and vice versa.
From the foregoing it will be seen that my improved puzzle picture while affording entertainmentrequires no small care and thought for its correct solution. It has a certain educational value also, stimulating the faculty of observation, particularly in the case of a person who has experienced some difficulty in arranging the parts in proper position.
In solving the puzzle the parts may be merely laid loosely on the background, or aflixed thereto as desired. Where the fastening is to be temporary, pins may be employed for the purpose. For permanent fastening a suitable adhesive may be used.
When the puzzle is to be solved by children the loose objects may each be numbered or lettered on the back and their positions correspondingly numbered or lettered on the background, greatly simplifying the solution. However, even in this case some roomv plete the picture, said pieces representing various objects appropriate to the scene which is to be depicted, some of said pieces representing objects in the execution of movement or evolution characteristic of their kind and in postures characteristic of their positions in such evolution of movement.
2. lit-puzzle picture comprising a suitable background, a plurality of pieces adapted to be placed on the background to complete the picture, said pieces representing a group of the same class of objects appropriate to the scene which is to be depicted, said pieces representing such objects in the different positions or postures taken in the execution of a movement or evolution characteristic of their kind.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
GERARD R. HARDENBERGH.
Witnesses: CHARLorrE L. ()GSTON, FRANK F. OosroN.