US 1056789 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. HELD. APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING OZONE.
APPLIOATION FILED AUG.10, 1911.
1,056,789, Patented Mar. '25, 1913;
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APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING OZONE.
APPLIOATION FILED AUG. 10, 1911.
Patented Mar. 25, 1913.
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/ S. HELD.
APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING OZONE.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 10, 1911.
1,056,789. Patented Mar.25,1913. s SHEETS-SHEET a.
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APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING To all whom it may. concern Be it known that I, Smornmn Hum, a subject of the Emperor of Austriaungary,3 residing at Chicago,in the county of Cook} and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatusfor Producing Ozone, of which the followbeing deemed unn ece'ssary. to either show or 1 ing is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements. in an apparatus for producing ozone, and particularly to the electrodes thereof, and it consists-in certain peculiarities of the con-'. struction, novel arrangement .and operation of the various part-s thereof, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth and specifically v claimed.
The principal object of the invention is toprovide an apparatus for producing ozone, or vozonizing air by means of the discharge of electric current of high potential, which shall be simple and inexpensive in construction, strong, durable, compact in form, efficlent in operation, and so made that it may be, if desired, readily connected to the ordinary 110 volt electric light circuit, and thus be conveniently used, or to any suitable source of electric supply for furnishing current of the required tension to the electrodes.
Another object is to so construct, arrange, and support the electrodes used to produce the electrical discharges, and their connecting parts, thatthey can be readily placed in operative position in the apparatus on easily removed therefrom for the purpose of permitting them to be cleaned.
A further object is to so support and arrange the electrodes that their number may be varied in a given sized apparatus to produce the resultrequired, thereby varying the capacityv of the machine by simply increasing or diminishing the number of electrodes. Still another object'is tolprovide means whereby the various elements of the apparatus willge compactly incased in their operative positions for shipment and use, without danger of impairment by accidental disconnection of the parts, particularly of the conductors leading from the transformer to the electrodes, and so that the machine can be electrically connected for use by persons who are not skilled electricians.
Other objects and advantages of the. in-
" vention will be disclosed in the subjoined description and explanation.
As the invention resides -mainly in the construction, arrangement, and mounting or suppor;t of .the electrodes and their connectmg parts, I have shown said parts only in dcta1l,.and willhereinafter particularly descrlbe the same, referring to the other parts of the apparatus in age'neral way only, it
and use the same I will now proceed to de-. scribe it referring to the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1, is a View partly in section and partly in elevation of an apparatus forproducing ozone embodying the invention. Fig. 2, is a detached side view of the supporting frame for the electrodes, showing the Patented Mas-25.19113.
latter mounted thereon and in electrical connection with the transformer, a portion of- -which .is shown. Fig. 3, is aside viewof a pair of the electrodes showing them sepunited by a piece of glass and illustrating the manner of holding the electrodes at slight distances from the pieces of glass, yet in parallelism therewith. Fig. 4, is a view of the supporting frame for the electrodes looking from one end thereof, and showing the electrodes mounted thereon. Fig. 5, is a fragmental perspective" viewof a portion of one of the electrodes showing the means employed for spacing the same from-the pieces of glass whichv are interposed between the electrodes, and Fig. 6, is a View in side elevation of a pair of electrodes illustrating a modification in their construction. v
Like-numerals of reference refer to corre sponding parts throughout thedifi'erentterial, but preferably of wood, and-rectangu lar in shape as shown; This casing is pro-' vided with a base 11, on which is mounted near one of its ends an electric motor"12, or
rotary converter, as the case may be, .of'the ordinary or any preferred construction, which drives a :Ean 13,.m9unted (m the shait.
the air as it passes through said opening.
Mounted on the base 11, of the casing at about its middle is a transformer 18, ofthe ordinary or any preferred construction, which is electrically connected to the motor 12, in the usual manner by means of conductors 19, and 20, the shaft of which motor may be provided with an interrupter of other group, while the reference numeral the ordinary kind, not shown.
Leading from a suitable source of electrical supply, not shown, and through suit able opemngs in the casing, which open-= ings are also not shown, and electricallyconnected to the motor in the usual manner are conductors 21, and 22, which supply I the apparatus with electrical energy.
Mounted on the base 11, near one end thereof, which will be termed the discharging end, is the supporting frame for the electrodes, which frame is designated as a whole, by the reference numeral 23, and includes a pair of uprights 24, and 25, which are firmly secured at their lower ends to thebase of the casing. Each of the uprights 24, and 25, of the electrode supporting frame is provided with upper and lower brackets or arms 26, and 27, respectively, which brackets are extended horizontally from said uprights and longitudinally with respect to the casing, so that the arms on one of said uprights will be inparallelism with the arms on the other upright, and a pair of said arms will be located near each made of insulating material.
Located between the bars 33, on the up er side of the casing. Connecting the arms 26, is a horizontally disposed screw-threaded rod 28, and connecting the arms 27, is a similar rod 29, which rods are preferably made of fiber. Transversely uniting the uprights 24, and 25, are screw threaded rods 30, and 31, which are alsov preferably made of fiber and are located so that the rod 30, will lie in a plane with the rod 28, while the rod 31, will lie in a plane with the rod 29. Mo'vably mounted on the rods 28, and 30, and adjustably he (1 thereon by means of nuts 32,, are a pair of bars 33, which are preferably made of fiber or other non electric conducting material. Movably mounted and adjustably held on the rods 29, and 31, by means of nuts 34, on said rods are a pair of bars 35, which are also rods of the supporting frame for the e ectrodes, and between the bars 35, on the lower rods of said franie are a series of electrodes and a number of pieces of glass which are interposed between said electrodes, the whole being pressed toward each other and held in spaced relation to one another by means of the bars 33, and 35, which can be adjusted on their respective rods by means of the nuts 32, and 34, on said rods and by means of projections formed on the elec trodes as will be presently explained. The said electrodes are all of the same construction, but as one group thereof is in electric connection with one pole and the other, is in connection with the other pole, said groups will be designated by different characters, for instance, the reference numeral 36, designates the electrodes of one of the groups" and the numeral 37, the electrodes of the 38, deslgnates the pieces or plates of glass which are interposed between the electrodes and are located onthe outside of the outermost electrodes. As is clearly shown, in Fig. 3, of the drawings, each of the electrodes consists of a main or body portion 39, having at one of ends arms 40, and 41, which are disposed in opposite directions and at substantially right angles to the body of the electrode. Each of the arms 40, and 41, is provided with an'open slot or recess 42, to receive a pair of the rods of the supporting frame. These slots or recesses are preferably inclined in the same direction as is clearlyshown in Fig. 3, of the'drawing, to facilitate the positioning of the electrodes. At its opposite end from the i arms 40 and 41, the body 39, is provided with a longitudinal extension 43, which is preferably reduced as shown, and said extensions project beyond the ends of the glass pieces 38, or plates for the purpose to be presently explained. Each of the electrodes, which are preferably made of. aluminum, is provided with a series of projections 44, and 45, which are formed by indenting the electrodes on opposite sides, thus producing the projections 44, and 45, which are disposed on opposite sides of the electrodes, as will be clearly understood by reference to Figs. 3, 4, and 5, of thedrawings, so that when the electrodes and pieces of glass are placed in their operative positions on the supportingframe, said projections will rest against the surfaces of the glass pieces and hold them at a slight distance from the electrodes so as to permit the passage of airbe tween the glass plates and electrode. The projections 44, and 45, are preferably arran ed in groups, one group near each" of t e ends of the electrodes and the other 13.5
near the middle thereof as is clearly shown in Figs. 3, and 6, of the'drawings. Byforming the electrodes with indentations on oposite surfaces thereof and with corresponding projections, it. is evident that as these affording portions to which clamps maybe 1. In an apparatus for producing ozone, 5
' 5 orrecesses 42*, which are formed at right 4. Inan apparatus for producing ozone, .100
I 40 are provided with recesses 42, in their edges opposed surfaces, glass plates interposed be 105 5 My invention is hereinabove set forth as pressing the electrodes and glass plates to- 130 "stam projections'are integral with th'efelectrodes embodied 'in one, particular. form .of"onthey" are-not liable to "be misplaced or lost. stru'ction, but 'I do not limit .itihfireto, or.
--and besides they'can and should be made of to less, than all the possible forms in which uniformfl size sothat' uniform spaces bethe invention ashereinafter, claimed, m ay tween the glass pieces'and electrodes will be' be embodied and distinguished from any provided ,when said members are in their prior devices for like pur ose. operative positions. As before stated, the Having thus fully described my invention: extensions 48, of tlieelectro-des project be-. what I claim as new and desire to secureby yond theends of-the glass plates 28, thus Letters-Patent is-' attached, each of which "clamps consists of an electrode consisting of a flat piece of two metallic clamping members 46, which metal having an arm extended from two of are located on opposite edges of the ex'tenits opposed edges and provided on its opsions 43, ofthe electr de and of screw posed surfaces with projections, said arms 15 bolts 47 which are passed through suitable having slots toreceive supporting members.
openings in the members 46, and are em- In an apparatus for producing ozone, ployed to secure said'members firmly against an electrode consisting of a flat piece of the edg'es 'of the'extensions 43, of the elecmetal having an arm extended from two of trodes, which can bedone tightening the its opposed edges and provided on its opgo nuts 48, on said bolts. Connected to one posed surfaces wit-h projections arranged in 5 of the bolts of one-of the clamps, at one groups, said 'projectionsbeing formed in- 3 end of the electrodes is a metal arm .49, tegral with the metal piece and said arms and connected to one of the boltsof the. having slots to receive supporting members. clamps at the other end of the electrodes is In an apparatus for producing ozone,
25 another metal arm 50, which arms are elec-' the combination with a frame, of a series trically connected by conductors 51, and 52, of electrodes mounted on the frame in ,parrespectively, to the transformer. allelism with one another, glass plates inter- In Fig. 6, of the drawings, I have shown posed between said electrodes, each of said a modification in the construction of the electrodes having projections formed inte- 30 electrodes, which is similar in every- .regral therewith on its opposed surfaces to spect to that shown in Figs. 3, and 5, of the contact with the interposed glass plates, and drawings, and above described, with the e means adjustably mounted on the frame for ception that the arms 40, and 41, in this pressing the electrodes and glass plates tomodified construction, is provided with slots ward one another.
angles with one of the edges of said arms, the combination with a frame, of a series of instead of being inclined as in the other electrodes mounted on the frame in par construction, and that the recesses 42, on allelism with one another and each having the arms of one of the groups of electrodes projections formed integral therewith on its opposite the arms of the other group of electween said electrodes, each of said electrodes trodes. This modified construction of the having an arm extended from two of its electrodes is especially intended for use opposed edges and provided with slots, supwhen the supporting rods 28, to 31, incluporting members on the frame located in 5 sive, of the frame 23, are'disposed horisaid slots, and means adjustably mounted zontally, while the other construction of the on said supporting members for pressing electrodes is better adapted for use, when the electrodes and glass plates toward one the supporting rods are vertically disposed, another. which positions they may be placed in when 5. In an apparatus for producing ozone,
50 the parts are being assembled and before the the combination with a frame having end frame is placed in position on the base of pieces, of a pair of parallel rods connecting the casing. It is obvious, however, that said end pieces near their ends, said rods either form of the electrodes may be embeing made of insulating material, a series ployed while the supporting rods are horiof electrodes transversely disposed between 55 zontally disposed, said rods and each having projections The operation is as follows: Air is drawn formed integral therewith on its opposed into the casing 11, through the opening 14, surfaces, glass plates interposed between therein, by means of the fan or blower 13, said electrodes, each of said electrodes havwhich forces or directs currents of air ing an arm extended from two of its op-,
60 through the spaces bet-ween the electrodes posed edges and provided with slots to reand glass plates which air is accordingly ceive said rods, each of said electrodes also ozonized and driven out of the casing having an extension at one of its ends pro- 1 through the opening 17, at its discharging jecting beyond the ends of the glass plates, end. means adjustably mounted on said rods for amotorjmounted within the casing, a frame mounted within the I casing, a seriesot electrodes mounted on the r frame in parallelism with one another, and
each having projections formed integral electrodes and: glass provided with 'slots, i on the therewith; on its opposed surfaces, glass plates interposed between said electrodes;
: r r e each of said-electrodes having an arm ex- 'tended fromtwo of its} opposed edgesand supportingimembers} frame located in said slots, Iconnec+ tions from said transformer" to the- -electrodes, and means adjustably mounted :on
said supporting members for pressing the other.
clamping members i 1 the electrodes i transversely disposed current to provided with slots plates toward one anj the combination with a. source ofcurrent, of
'atransfonnerl,a frame having end pieces, a
pieces neartheir ends, a series 0 Pair of Pa allel rods 'conneetin said end" i I electrodes between said rods and each having: pr'gfiections'formedintegral f therewith one its opposite surfaces, glass plates interposed between said electrodes each of said electrodes having an arm extended from two j of its opposed edges and to "receivesaid rods, lectrodeshaving an'extension atone ofits ends projectingbeyondi the e ends of the glass plates, i secured to the extensions on:
each: of said i the electrodes at each end of the glass plates, from said transformer to each clamps, and means adjustably mounted on said was for pressing the lectrodes i and glass plates toward one another. SIEGFRIED HELD.: r
Witnesses; e o r CHAs. C. TILLMAN, CHAS. E. Gon'ron.
clamping members a I conneetionsj Of SaId