|Publication number||US1056811 A|
|Publication date||Mar 25, 1913|
|Filing date||Aug 22, 1912|
|Priority date||Aug 22, 1912|
|Publication number||US 1056811 A, US 1056811A, US-A-1056811, US1056811 A, US1056811A|
|Inventors||John Howard Mcelroy|
|Original Assignee||John Howard Mcelroy|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
J. H. MoELROY.
SHOWER BATH APPARATUS. APPLIGATION FILED JUNE 3, 1909. RENBWED AUG. 22, 1912. 1 9G5 1 q Patented Mar. 25, 1913.
JOHN HOWARD MCELROY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 25, 1913.
Application filed June 3, 1909, Serial No. 499,987. Renewed August 22, 1912. Serial No. 716,562.
To ((Z'l whom 2'15 may concern Be it known that I, JOHN HOWARD Mo- ELRoY, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shower- Bath Apparatus, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact specification.
My invent-ion is concerned with detachable shower nozzles, which are adapted to be instantly applied to and detached from the fixture of any ordinary bathtub, so that when it is in place a shower of water can be thrown throughout the tub, and it is designed to produce a device of the class described which shall be extremely simple and cheap in its construction.
It is further designed to produce devices of the class described which can be readily adjusted to elevate or depress the shower, as is desirable where they are used with different pressures.
It is further designed to produce a device of the class described which shall automatically regulate the size of the discharge apertures, so that when the pressure is light the apertures will be small, and when it is increased, the apertures will automatically increase in size, sothat under all conditions the shower will fill the tub.
, To illustrate my invention, I annex hereto a sheet of drawings, in which the same reference characters are used to designate identical parts in all the figures, of which,-
Figure 1 is a front elevation of the device, and Fig. 2 is a section on the line 22 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a sect-ion like Fig. 2, but showing a different construction, in which the cup is made of metal bycasting it; Fig. 4- is a view similar to Fig. 3, but illustrating a modified form, in which the metal cup is made out of very thin metal, by drawing it or otherwise; Fig. 5 is a view in section on the line 5 5 of Fig. 4; and Fig. 6 is a sectional View through the cup shown in Fig. 4 after it has been drawn, but before the nipple is inserted.
In carrying out my invention in all its forms, I preferably employ a nipple a made of soft rubber, which'is provided with a passage 79 therein which is of the shape' of the frustum of a cone and of a size so that it will allow it to be forced over the end of the discharge nozzle of an ordinary bathtub fixture, and will when thus forced over prevent the passage of any material quantity of water, even under pressure, bet-ween the nozzle and the nipple. The outer surface of the nipple a, where it is made separate, as is preferable, is preferably spherical, except where the body thereof is removed in forming the passage Z2, and this spherical surface fits very snugly in the concaved, annular bearing-surface 0 formed in the cup proper (Z. I preferably make the nipple separate so that it can be readily adjusted to vary the angle at which it will discharge the water into the tub. Where the cup (Z is made of rubber, as I prefer, it may be conveniently formed of the generally spherical shape except where the upper portion is cut. off to admit the nipple a and where it is extended inward adjacent the cut-off portion to form the concaved annular bearingsurface a. Apertures e for the exit of the water are quite numerous and small in diameter, and are formed on a surface curved in two planes, so that itspreads the water both vertically and horizontally,-as is necessary to satisfactorily fill the tub. 'I preferably make the body of the rubber cup d where the perforations e are formed thinner than the rest of the cup so that the pressure of the water will tend to expand the cup moi-eat that point than any other, and by this means, when the pressure is high and a large quantity of water can be discharged and still reach the end of the tub, the expansion of the thinner rubber at this point will allow the apertures to expand so a greater quantity of water "can escape, and where. the pressure is low there is practically no expansion of the apertures, and consequently a smaller quantity of water can get through the apertures, and the smaller quantity being discharged will fill the tub more satisfactorily than if a large quantity is being discharged, as will be readily understood that the lower the pressure the smaller must be the area of the exit apertures if the water is to be projected through them with sufficient force to reach the end of the tub. I may further increase this effect, and likewise the durability of the cup, by embedding canvas or some other suitable fibrous material in the body of the cup except where the perforations e are located.
It will be understood that the nipple 11 fits snugly enough in the concaved annular bearing-surface so as to prevent any mate rial leakage of water, while it does not fit so tightly but what the nipple can be turned in the cup in order to make the desired vertical adjustment. It will also be understood that the downwardly-projecting portion f, which helps to form the bearing surface, is pressed against the nipple by the pressure of the water, and that the internal pressure of the nozzle of the fixture stretching the nipple a will assist in holding the two parts firmly together so as to prevent leakage between them.
In Fig. 3 I have illustrated a modified construction, in which the same nipple a is employed, but in which I make the cup at of metal, and preferably cast it. In this form the apertures e are preferably placed in a thin sheet-metal disk 9, which is, concaved to the proper degree to spread the water throughout the tub, and has the castmetal body-portion d cast about it by suitably supporting it in the mold.
In Fig. 4 I have illustrated still another modification, in which the cup portion r1 is made of sheet-metal which is first drawn into the shape shown in Fig. 6 and then has the perforations 6 cut therein, after which the outer edge It is turned over to complete the ,concaved annular bearing-surface 0, either with or without. the nipple 6 being in place. I may employ in connection with this form of cup, or even'with the form' shown in Figs. 1 and 2, a thin piece j of sheet-metal, or some other suitable elastic material, with an aperture 7.: formed therein of sufficient size to include all the perfopartial annulus shown, which springs into place and fits snugly against the inner face.
of the cup. If it is desired to reduce the quantity of water that can be discharged,
as may be necessary when an unusually lowcure by Letters Patent of the United States, 1s
combination with a cup having perforations '53 1. In a device of the class described, the
therein, of a nipple adj ustably mounted therein by which it may be attached to the nozzle of a bathtub fixture to direct the streams at different altitudes.
2. In a device of the class described, the
bearingsurface, of a nipple having the spherical exterior adapted to fit therein and be attached to the nozzle of a bathtub fixture.
4. In a device of the class described, the I combination with a cup having perforations thereln, and a spherlcally concaved annular bearing surface, of a soft rubber nipple having the spherical exterior adapted to fit therein and be attached to the nozzle of a bathtub fixture.
5. In a device ofthe class described, the combination with a cup having perforations therein, and a spherically concaved annular bearing surface, of a rubber nipple having the spherical exterior adapted to fit thereln and be attached to the nozzle of a bathtub p 'fixture. rations e, and th1s piece is formed into the 6. As a new and useful article of manufacture, a cup having perforations in a side thereof, together with an elastic nipple directly mounted in the top thereof andadapted to cooperate with the nozzle of abath- .tub fixture so that the cup will be directly supported by the nipple upon the nozzle in position to direct rays of sprays'of water through theperforations throughout .the
bath tub. Y
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and afiixed my seal, this 8th day of May, A. D. 1909.
' JOHN HOWARD MGELROY. [11. 8-]
IVitnesses F. E. BRoM,
.JNO. G. ELLIor'r.-
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2688499 *||Aug 22, 1950||Sep 7, 1954||Hanson Arnold E||Hose faucet connection|
|US2765197 *||Jun 20, 1955||Oct 2, 1956||All American Mfg Co||Theft-proof shower head|
|US2911691 *||Aug 29, 1955||Nov 10, 1959||Peterson Edwin F||Spray head core box blow tube|
|US3008649 *||Jul 21, 1958||Nov 14, 1961||Rau Swf Autozubehoer||Spray nozzle for windshield washing apparatus|
|US3206234 *||Jun 20, 1962||Sep 14, 1965||Modern Faucet Mfg Co||Shower head|
|US4221336 *||Oct 31, 1978||Sep 9, 1980||Diamond Harvey E||Nozzle with directionally variable outlet|
|US5545314 *||Jan 3, 1995||Aug 13, 1996||Parise; Michael C.||Shower water filter assembly|
|U.S. Classification||239/567, 210/449, 285/261, 239/596, 239/588, 239/587.4, 4/615, 285/8|