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Publication numberUS1058881 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 15, 1913
Filing dateJun 14, 1912
Priority dateJun 14, 1912
Publication numberUS 1058881 A, US 1058881A, US-A-1058881, US1058881 A, US1058881A
InventorsJoseph Matushak
Original AssigneeFrank J Steyskal, Joseph Matushak
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1058881 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Apr. 15, 1913.

2 sHBETs-sHBET 1.


Patented A131115, 1913.





Specication of Letters Patent.

Patented Apr. 15, 1913.

To all whom it may concern Be it kn'own that I, JOSEPH citizen of the United States, residing at Wallington, lin ,the county of Bergen and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements 'in Doll-Carriages, of which the following is a specifica- My invention relates to new and useful improvements in toys and more partlcularly to doll carriages, and the object of my invention 'is to provide a doll carriage having a revolving plat-form and cage adapted to be actuated by the rotation of the wheels during the movement of the carriage.

A further object of my invention is to provide a dollvcarriage including a'wheeled body member having cradles mounted for rocking movement and adapted to be actuated by the movement of the carriage.

A still further object of my invention is to provide a direct drive between the rear axle of the carriage and the revolving platform and to provide means operable by the revolving of the platform for rocking the cradles.L

With these and other objects in view, my invention will be more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings and then specifically pointed out `in theclaims which are attached to and form a part of this application.

v In the drawings: Figure 1 -is a perspective view of my improved doll carriage; Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section of the same showing the drive mechanism between the rear axle and the revolving platform and also the mechanism by means of`v which the motion of the platform is transmitted to rock thecradles; Fig. 3 is a bottom plan view of the carriage, the casings over the driving mechanism `being removed to better show the parts; Fig. 4 is a det-ail perspective of 'one of the crank shafts operable by the rotation of the platform and transmitting power to the cradle.

Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and indicated in all the views of the drawings by the same reference characters.

The preferred embodiment of my inven- MATUSHAK, y

tion primarily includes a wheeled body member l0, a revolving platform and cage designated yas a' whole by the numeral 11 and cradles 12 and'l mounted for swinging movement vbetween the sides .of the body member.

More particularly the body member includes a base consisting of a'rectangular shapedy frame preferably formed of wood, having side members 14 and 15 and end members 16 and 17, the side members being preferably reinforced centrally by braces 18 secured to the inner faces of the side members and by transversely extending, spaced braces 19.. Secured upon this-frame is the Hoor ofthe carriage 20 and extending vertically upward from the frame are the side members 21 and end members 22 of the carriage, said floor, side Aand end members being also preferably formed of wood.

, J ournaled in suitable bearings 23 secured in alined relation upon the lower faces of the side members 14 and v15 of the carriage frame and adjacent the forward end thereof is a forwardaxle 24 `which is held against longitudinal movement through its bearings by collars 25 and set screws 26 and upon the ends of which are mounted the supporting wheels 27 which may be of any desired type and which are preferably provided with a rubber tread 28. j

Similarly journaled in bearings 29 carried by the rear portions of the side members of the yframe is a rear axle 30 maintained against longitudinal movement by collars 31 and set screws 32 and keyed or votherwise secured against rotation upon the free ends of this. axle, are the rear bearing wheels 33 also having rubber treads.

The floor of the carriage is provided centrally with a vertical bore through whichis passed one end of a sleeve 34 which is provided intermediate its length with a laterally directed flange 35 which seats in an annular recess formed in the central portion of a circular revolving platformBG. Screws or bolts 37 are passed through theflange and engage in the platform to lock the same against movement upon the sleeve. The platform is maintained in spaced relation above the floor of the carriage by means 'of .pertions of the side when the platform 36 friction 'rollers 38 which are keyed upon the inner ends of crank shafts 39 journaled in suitable bearings 40 carried by the ioor of the carriage. I

Extending through the sleeve 34, is a vertical and' preferably tubular shaft 41, the lower end of which carries a beveled gear 42 which meshes with'a beveled gear 43 carried by the forward end of a longitudinally extending drive shaft 44 which is journaled in bearings formed in the braces 19 and the rear end of which carries a beveled gear 45 meshing with a beveled gear 46 keyed upon the rear axle 30. The shaft 41 is locked against rotation in the sleeve by means of a set screw 47. It will thus be seen that upon the turning f the rear wheels of the carriage the motion will be transmitted through the axle, drive shaft and shaft 41 to rotate the platform 36. Extend ing vertically upward from the platform 36 and at right angles to each'other, are intersecting arch members 48. As shown, the free end of the shaft' 4 1 passes through the juncture of these arches and throughthe base 49, of a cylindrical cage 50.

Fanciful representations of animals, such as horses', are mounted fupon the revolving platform 36 and are supported in place by pins 51 which pass through the upright portions of the arches and the inner ends of which are engaged in sockets formed in the bodies of the figures. If desired the staff 52 of a flag may be inserted in the upper4 end of the tubular shaft 41. In order to clearly and successively expose the figures of the animals to view, I have'cut away the central members of the body as shown at 53, and inserted arched frames 54 through which the fi ures are clearly visible. The cradles 12 an 13 are identical in construction and the description of one will therefore suiice for both. Each cradle member comprises a base, end walls 55, and downwardly converging side walls 56. Each ofthe end walls is provided with an out-- Wardly directed trunnion 5'( which seats in a suitable bearing formed upon the inner face of the side members of the carriage. As shown these cradles are so proportioned as to-exaetly fit between the side members of the carriage when extended transversely thereof and are Vpositioned one at the front and one at the rear of the carriage.

Extending rearwardly from the bottom pf the cradle I2 and forwardly from the botom ends of which are swingingly connected to one en .of links 59, the other ends of which are connected to the crank arms 60 of the crank shafts 39. As will be readily seen is revolved through the turning of the rear axle of the carriage it will act upon the supporting friction of the cradle 13 are arms 58 the free' by the body member, cradles mounted for wheels 38 to rotate the crank shafts which in turn will act through the links and lever arms to rock the cradles. The friction wheels 38 arepreferably provided with a tread of rubber or other suitable material 62 to'increase the friction between them and the platform. Dolls may beJplaced both in` the cage 50 and in the cradles/l2 and 13.

Extending upwardly and rearwardly from the side portions of the rear end of the carriage body, are standards 63 having rearwardly curved terminals cross brace 65 which forms a handle for moving the carriage along the ground. The gears 45 and 46 andthe gears 42 and 43 are preferably inclosed and 67 respectively.

From the foregoing description, taken in connection with the drawings, the operation of the toy will be apparent, and no description of the same is necessary.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new is:

1. A doll carriage including a Wheeled bodyfmember, a revoluble platform carried by the body member, cradles mounted for rocking movement in the body member, means operable by the movement of thecarriage for revolving the platform, and means operable by the movement of the platform for rocking the cradles.

2. A doll carriage including -a Wheeled body member, a vertically extending shaft rotatably mounted through the floor of said body member, means operable by the movement of the carriage for rotating said shaft,

` a platform carried by the shaft, oppositely disposed longitudinally extending cr shaftsfriction wheels carried by the adjacent ends of said crank shafts and supporting the platform, transversely extending cradles mounted for rocking movement in the end portions of the body member, and means coactin' between said cradles andI the crank arms ofP the crank shafts to transmit the motion of the platform to the cradles.

3. A doll carriage includin a wheeled body member, a revoluble plat orm carried by the body member, cradles mounted for rocln'ng movement in the body member, a live axle, a train ofgears operatin between said axle and the revoluble platfgorm, and means operable by the revolving of the platform for rocking the cradle.

V4. yA doll carriage including a wheeled member, a revoluble platform carried rocking movement in the body member, means operable by the movement of the carriage for revolvingl the platform, bearing wheels supporting t e platform, shafts upon which said wheels are keyed, and means operable by the rotation of said shafts for rocking the cradles.

64 connected by a said bearing wheels, cradles mounted for '5, A doll carriage including a wheeled operable by the revolving of the shafts for body member, shafts journaled ina the body rocking the cradles.- 10 member, bearing wheels carried by the In testimony whereof I affix my signature shafts, a revoluble platform supported upon in presence of two witnesses.

'JOSEPH MATUSHAK. [11. s] rocking movement 1n the body member, Witnesses: means operable by the movement of the ear- JAMES L. MABKAND, riage Jfor revolving the platform, and means FRANK J. STEYSKAL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2444906 *Oct 30, 1943Jul 13, 1948Assendrup Bernard JToy merry-go-round
US4365819 *Sep 22, 1980Dec 28, 1982Bart PhilipMerry-go-round stroller
US4753436 *Jul 31, 1987Jun 28, 1988Sinclair Josephine BCarousel mechanism
US7057530Feb 20, 2004Jun 6, 2006Young Ronald Alexander ScotWarning sign
US20040244670 *Feb 20, 2004Dec 9, 2004Young Ronald AlexanderWarning sign
U.S. Classification446/238, 446/448
Cooperative ClassificationA63H33/007