US 1060172 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. J. DYSINGER & J. G. HASKELL.
COMBINED BOTTLE CLOSURE AND STOPPER BXTRAGTOR. APPLICATION FILED MAY 16, 1912.
1 ,060, 1 72. Patented Apr. 29, 1913;
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GEORGE J. DYSINGER AND JOHNNIE C. HASKELL, OF GALENA, OREGON.
COMBINED BOTTLE-CLOSURE AND STOPPER-EXTRAGTOR.
T aZZ whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, GEORGE J. DYSINGER and JOHNNIE C. HASKELL, citizens of the United States, and residing at Galena, in the county of Grant and State of Oregon, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Combined Bottle-Closures and Stopper-Extractors, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to bottles and jars and more particularly to closures and stopper extractors for the same.
An object of the invention is to provide a clamping member for engagement around the neck of a bottle and beneath a flange of the latter for retaining a stopper in position in the neck of the bottle, the clamping member being connected in the stopper in such manner that it may be readily engaged by the finger and employed for extracting the stopper without the use of a corkscrew or the like.
Another object is to provide a combined clamping and extracting member together with means carried by an ordinary stopper, over which means said member is slidably engaged to allow the same to be readily clamped around the neck of a bottle within which the stopper is engaged to hold said stopper in position and the said member serving when released from the neck of said bottle as an extracting member to be engaged by a finger for extracting the stopper.
Another object is to provide a bottle or jar closure means and stopper extractor of the above stated character which may be readily employed in connection with bottles and jars of various types and which may be used an indefinite number of times.
Another object is to provide a device of this character, the combined clamping and extracting member of which has its opposite curved ends engaged around the bottle neck in such manner that said member may be readily forced from its clamping position around the bottle neck by applying pressure to said curved ends and forcing them back, after which the finger may be readily engaged beneath said member, and the stopper extracted.
Other objects and advantages will be hereinafter set forth and pointed out in the specification and claim.
In the accompanying drawings which form a part of this application, Figure 1' is a fragmentary perspective view of the up- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed May 16, 1912.
Patented Apr. 29,1913.
Serial No. 697,597.
per portionof a bottle neck, showing our combined closure and stopper extractor in position, with the finger engaged beneath clamping member for extracting the stopper, Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the upper end of the bottle with our closure applied thereto, the combined clamping and extracting member being shown in its clamping position around the neck of the bottle, Fig. 3 is a front elevation at right angles to Fig. 2, and, Fig. 4 is a detail fragmentary view of one of the curved ends of the combined clampin and extracting member, showing a slig 1tly modified form thereof.
Referring more particularly to the drawings in which similar reference characters designate corresponding parts throughout the several views, 1 represents the neck of an ordinary bottle and 2 a circular flange around the upper portion of the neck. The form of the neck and flange may be varied as desired, as this forms no part of our invent-ion, said invention residing in the closure and stopper extractor which will now be described in detail.
The ordinary stopper 3, formed of cork or other suitable material, is carried by the staple member A which is bent into substantially rectangular form and is composed of wire or like material, the inwardly bent ends 5 of said staple member being engaged in opposite sides of the stopper 3 while the long portions of said member are engaged vertically in the opposite edges of the stopper and are parallel to each other, the central portion of the member 4 extending across the top of the stopper and spaced slightly thereabo-ve.
Slidably engaged upon the central portion of the staple member 4 is the combined clamping and extracting member 6 which is also preferably formed of wire and is.
curved at its central portion where it is engaged over the member 4. From the curved central portion of the member 6, extend the parallel legs 7 which are bent at a right angle about one-third the distance from the curved portion of said member to the outer extremity or free extremities of said legs 7, as shown at 8. After being continued parallel to one another for some distance beyond the bend 8, as indicated by the numeral 9, the legs are bent in opposite di-- rections, as shown at 10 and extended in a forward direction, each end 11 being bent in the form of an arc, said ends being adapted for engagement upon opposite sides of a bottle neck 1 within which the stopper 3 is engaged to retain the latter in position.
When the stopper 3 is forced in position, with the central portion of the staple member 4 slightly above the bottle neck 1, as shown in the drawings, the combined clamping and extracting member may be readily swung and slid upon the central portion of the staple member 4 and the are shaped ends 11 of the legs 7 forced into their clamping position around opposite sides of the bottle neck 1, beneath the flange 2, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the extended portions 9 engaging vertically against the flanged upper end of the neck 1, and the main portions of the legs 7 resting upon the top of the stopper 3. It will be seen that when in this position, the combined closure and stopper extractor will prevent removal of the stopper 3, securely clamping the same in position. The combined clamping and extracting member 6 will also be prevented from riding around the neck of the bottle by means of the member 4: engaged between the legs 7, at the junction of its central portion with one of its long vertical portions, at which junction said member is engaged between the legs 7 when the member 6 is in itsclamping position.
The member 6 is forced into its clamping position by swinging the same upon the main portion of the member at until the extremities of the are shaped ends 11 engage the bottle neck 1 below the flange 2 and then pressing upon the extended portions 9 of the legs of said member, causing the legs to separate slightly, the legs returning to their normal positions in relation to one another upon the engagement of the are shaped ends 11 beneath the flange 2, as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. It will be evident that the main portions of the legs 7 will slide upon the staple member 4 until they reach the position shown in Figs. 2 and 3.
When it is desired to extract the stopper 3, it is simply necessary to press the thumbs against the free extremities of the are shaped ends 11, forcing them from around the neck 1, and engage a finger 12 beneath the extended portions 9 of the legs of the combined clamping and extracting member and pull upon said member, holding the bottle neck 1 with the other hand. lVhen the finger 12 is thus engaged beneath the ex- Copies of this patent may be obtained for tended portions 9, the main portions 7 and the are shaped portions 11 of the legs are upon opposite sides of the finger and prevent the member 6 from slipping off of the finger. Owing to the construction of the staple member 4 and the combined clamping and extracting member 6, the stopper 3 may be given a turn within the neck 1 during the extracting operation, by simply turning the member 6 while the neck 1 is held stationary.
In Fig. 4 there is shown a portion of one of the are shaped ends 11 of the legs 7 with its extremity 13 bent outwardly at an angle to the end 11. lVhen constructed in this modified form, the thumbs are engaged against the bent extremities 13 for forcing the legs from their clamping position around the neck 1.
It will thus be seen that this closure and stopper extractor may be employed upon various forms of bottles now in use, it simply being necessary to alter the form of the legs 7 without departing from the spirit of the invention. It will further be apparent that when this device is employed, the corkscrew and other extracting devices generally employed for extracting stoppers are dispensed with. Further, this device may be employed for an indefinite number of bottles, it simply being necessary to replace the stopper 3 should the same become worn or broken.
lVhat is claimed is:
In combination with a stopper for bottles having a staple embedded therein the cross bar of which is extended across and spaced from the upper surface of the stopper, of a combined clamping and extracting member constructed of a single length ofwire bent U- shaped at its central portion to provide parallel spaced legs which are connected to the cross bar at its bend and slidable thereon and adapted to contact with the upper surface of the stopper, said legs being bent vertically downwardly and also bent horizontally inwardly and curved outwardly in arc form so as to contact with the flange on the neck of a bottle.
In testimony whereof we affix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.
GEORGE J. DYSINGER. J OHNNIE C. HASKELL. Witnesses:
R. C. REITER, Nnns OGILVIE.
five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.