US 1062623 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented May 27, 1913.
JOHN K. WATERS, OF BANNING, CALIFORNIA.
Specfication of Letters Patent.
Application filed May 8, 1912.
Patented May 27 1913.
Serial No. 695,909.
To aZZ wii-om it may conoern:
Be it known that I, JOHN K. W TERS, a oitizen of the United States, residing at; Banning, in the county of Riverside and? State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Door-Hinges, of which the following is a speoification.
The general objeot of this invention is the provision of a door hinge having a removable pintle, the leaves of said hinge being construoted in a novel manner so that one of said leaves is slidable upon said pintle, means being mounted upon said pintle for engaging said leaves to retain the same in an adjusted position, whereby slamming of the door will be prevented after the same has been opened.
In oarrying out the Objects of the in- Vention generally stated above, it will be understood, of course, that the essential features thereof are susoeptible of changes in details and struotural arrangements, one preferred and praotioal embodiment being shown in the acoompanying drawings,
Figure 1 is a perspeotive view of the hinge, Showing the same in a looking position after the door has been swung open. Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one of the leaves of the hinge. Fig. 3 is a similar view of the other leaf of the hinge. Fig. 4 is an end elevation of the looking sleeve used in connection with the invention. Fig. 5 is an end view of one of the looking heads.
Referring more partioularly to the accompanying drawing in which like reference charaoters designate similar parts, it will be seen that the hinge oomprises a pair 'of leaves 5 and 6, each of said leaves being provided with a plurality of openings 7 for the reception of suitable fastening devices; The leaf 5 is provided on one longitudinal edge thereof with a pair of spaced bearing knuokles 8 and 9 having alined openings adapted to receive the removable pintle 10, one end of which is provided with a fiXed head 11 while the other end is adapted to be received with an Opening formed upon the head 12 oarried by the knuckle 9. The pintle is adapted to have mounted theneon between the knuokles 8 and 9, the elongated bearing knuckle 13 extending laterally from one of the longitudinal edges of the leaf 6. The end of the bearin knuckle 13 adjacent the oollar 9 is provide with a pair of tapered lugs 14 for a purpose which will be presently desoribed.
-A looking sleeve 15 is mounted upon the pintle 10 between the knuokles 9 and 13, said sleeve being provided with an *extension 16 having a fiat surface which is adapted to engage either of the flat surfaces 17 or 18 formed on the inner end of the knuckle 9. The looking sleeve 15 is also provided upon the edge adjaoent the knuckle 13 with a pair of tapered notches 19 which are adapted to reoeive the tapered lugs 14 on the said knuckle 13 when the hinge is in a looking position. When in its looking position it will be seen, by referring to Fig. 1, that the leaves 5 and 6 extend substantially at right angles to each other thus retaining the door in an open position and that the end of the looking sleeve oarrying the eX- tension 16 will be spaced from the inner end of the knuckle 8. Presuming that the leaf 6 is secured to the door, it will he seen that 'this section will have a slight longitudinal movement upon the pintle 10 so that when it is desired to close the door, a slight lifting movement may be applied thereto thus causing the looking sleeve to come into engagement with the knuckle 8. By reason of the tapered formation of the lugs 14 and notches 19, a Swinging movement imparted to the door will cause the lugs to disengage from the notches whereby the leaf 6 of the hinge will be free to rotate upon the pintle thus permitting the door to be swung to a closing position.
If it is desired to look the door in a substantially closing position, it is only neoessary to remove the pintle 9 and turn the looking sleeve so that the eXtension 16 thereof Will engage the other fiat surface of the knuckle 9 from that engaged by said extension as shown in Fig. 1. This reverse position of the looking sleeve will cause the door to be locked when the leaves of the hinge are substantially at an angle of 180 degrees to each other. The hinge may be used for looking a door in its position when used in connection with screen doors which are adapted to swing both inwardly and outwardly and it will thus be seen that the door will always be retain-ed in a looking closed position.
From the foregoing description taken in connection With the drawing it w1ll be seen that the lnvention oontemplates provldmg a hinge Which is simple in Construction thus reducing the cost of manufacture of the same to :L minimum and Which is effective in carrying out the purpose for, Which it is designed.
What is elaimed is A hinge comprising L pair of leaves, one of Which is provided With a pair of spaced knuckles, one of said knuckles being cut away to'provide a plurality of flat sul-faces, a removable pintle engaging said knuckles, the other leaf of said hinge havingaknuckle adapted to be interposed between the knuekles of the first mentioned leaf and slidable longit-udinally of said pintle, and
a locking sleeve mounted upon said pintle and adapted for nlocking relat-ion With the knuckie of the second mentioned leaf, said looking sleeve being provided With an eX- tension adapted for engagement With any one of the plumlity of flat surfaces formed upon one of the knuckles of the first mentioned leaf for releasably retaining said leaves in an adjusted position.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of tWo Witnesses.
JOHN K. WATERS. Witnesses:
Gopies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Oommissioner of Patents- Washington, D. G.