US 1063949 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION NLE!) mv,
Pzmibea 3mm: ME, will C. EEDLNT.
Hummm ULEB uw. 19u,
igDiQfQ. Patented Jun@ 1o, 1913.
2 SHEETS-SHEET Y hat any other suitable power pleut may he CLARENCE E. BEDIENT, QF PLEASANT RIDGE, OHIO.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented J une 10, 1913.
Appliceion filed Eovemncr 20, i911. Serial No. 661,444.
vation ofv my new rxnt'z. with part of the side broken :iw-ay to disclose the powe and transmission; Fig` '2 is :i cross-se ion of said craft, tolte-n through the axle of the traction Wheel; Fig. 3 is n front devotion.: Fig. 4 is n view the, slip to guide the craft from the water onto the rniis,
The numeral 1 indicates th'e hull of inf; craft. This hull has striiifght. nerpeiuliculnr sides, andthe bottom is rounded un nt the bow and stern, is shown in Fig. i, 'Tl'ehull is complctelvcovered by the lu-lc 2. ,Hup ported on the stent-biens 3 is n passenger deck 4, the 'rear portion of seid pnssenger deck being provided with seats 5 for the carrying of passengers. On the. front part of the passenger deck i the motor (i. l have shown my craft equipped with n four cylinder gasolene engine, ont it is olnious employed. The power developed hv ssi motor is trnnsi'nitted 'from the "r-.inlr slmi'i by `means of the disk 8, to the friction wheel 9 and the main shaft it).` Fiorai the nuiin shaft it trnnsn'littcd by menus of the rhein ond-sprocket drives il to the counter shaft l2.-nnd from the couner shaft by n'wnujof bevel gears 13 to the drivirg shaft i4: trom the driving;l shaft, h secondary sprocket and chain drive l' to the propeller Shat i6, which is mounted in hearings 17 on :i standard 18 rit the stern. The propeller shaft. carries un :wir propeller' 19 of suitable diameter and pitch to propel the craft through the water at the speed developed by the motor 6.
In the longitudinal center of the hull, slightly forward of nmidship, is :i Tvell 20. Journaled in the si es of this well, and also the sides of the he i, is a shaft, or axle, Q1 non which s heavy, resilient tired Auvented :i ner: and 5 of which the folg Poner is transmitted to this shaft from the 'tt 12 by the chain and sprocket On the shaft 21 is a drum 24, together with the band 25 serves as n lm e for the Wheel 22, the said brake bes iner npr-rated by the pedal 26, the arm 27, huir und lever 29. A steering column is provided to operate the rudder 31.
Along the sides of the hull are fender strips 32 which protect the craft in making n hin-dino; and also serve to protectand guide the water, pvepnruiory to making n, trip 0n hind. :is hereinn'tter set forth. 0n thebotson: of the hull. along cach side, is a strip ot wood. or other .suitable material, 33: mounted in euch ot these strips is a. strip of hem-y rubber 34 to form a bearing for the cmft on the `rollers 35, upon .whichthe greater weight thereof rides when traveling on lend. `The weight is in'pzu'hhowever, supported; on land, by the Wheel 22,-up0n which the craft rests primarily to give said wheel efficiency in propelling the same.
In water my craftis propelled by the air propeller 19 und guided by the rudder 31. Un hind a track of rails is provided upon g which it rides, and by which its course is directed. This track is composed 'of three milf., the side rails being made up of a series of rollers 35, mounted atsuitable distnce-s in hearings 36 attached to stringers the mid stringere being fastened to ties 23S.. The middle rail 39 is made of wood, 0r :my otln isuitable material, and is grooved, i uhr-el 32 running` in the groove. One 5 f of the gjm-overl middle rail is to invii-:n.10 the trend. and thereby the etliciency of the traction of thc Wheel 22; a further ohinm is to help direct the movement of the croit. The rollers have Wide flanges 40: these flanges licep the craft on thernils. and also nssist in directing the course. Where the truck is straight, each roller has but one but where there is a curve each of the. rollers is provided with two flanges, as Shown in Fig. 4, to insure the stability of the craft in roundingr such curves. The track is built down into the water, themiddle rail extending further out., however, than the side rails. At the sides of the track, andA extending into the water beyondv the end thereof, are the guide wells 41; these walls flare outwardly at an: easy angle to the rails, and form a wher-l 2Q is mounted to turn in Suid Well.
it when cominginto the slip lending fromY such flange, and the rollers :ire mounted vi'th the flanges toward the inside of the rails,-
can, by moving is required, the
speed. When, howeventhe rate.' Itwill be" -sion being' .of e
the pedal moved toward the (i0 ing .on said rollers and* 5 propeller continuing to exercise some power,
owever, as hereinafter set forth. fhen the wheel vhas fully taken hold, the craft glides upon the rollers $55. The Wheel Q2 and the propellcr) do not operate inde- 10 pendcntly, but. both run at all times while the craft is in progress. However. by means of the familiar change spi-cd mechanism composed of the disk 8, friction wheel 9, lever 42, yoke 43 and her 44, the o/erator .lie nwcel toWardyJr1 away from the center-0 the disk, decrease or increase thespced oi' the propeller 19 and trac- .tion wheel Thus, when thefcra ft is on the-Water and a high speed of tl/le irropeller same may be obtained by moving the friction wheel awa'y from the center of the disk; thiswill give the required speed tothe propeller, the traction Wheel running free' f at' a.' correspondingly high Wheel enters the gro'oy'ed rail sind assumes the chief burden of propulsion, and no such requirement for high speed existsthe speed of the Wheel and propeller are both reduced to the desired understood, of course, that the propeller and vtraction wheel might bel made'to operate independently, but I prefer to halve'the propeller to operate at all times for thel sake of the i l-lusory cllect,:the impres` craft moved on landentirelyby an air propeller, the traction wheel being concealedgto thercasnal observer, in the well 20. Thegclutch, composed of the disk 8 and friction-"wheel 9, is operated by l5 -andconnections as shown in Fig. 1. .l Y
The operation of my new car or craft is as follows: The-motor having been started in-the usual 'man er, the 'friction Wheel is center of the disk, und 4the clutch thrown. This will start. both air propeller andtraction Wheel at low speed; if the start is made on the water, as T. prefer to do, beginning and 'ending each trip 50 on water, the speedn is increased tothe requisite degree torendr `the -air propeller effective; al;- the enjdy ofY the water passage, the craft enters The. slip, is guided onto the rails in 'the manner ahoy/reset' forth, and the tra'ction wheel takes'ii'p the chief burden of propulsion, ,the speed havimg; been previousl'y` reduced to the 'proper ratio. On land the vehicle will ridev on the traction Wheel and the rollers 35, .the ruhbcrstrips 34 bears giving, in connec- .tion with the resilient'- wheel; thedesired` sprinm By't-heooinpression of the resilient. 1
Loose@ tire of the traction Wheel, of such size that the front rest at all times, when on the rails, primarily thereon, compressing somewhat the tire thereof before the rubber strips rest, at. the front, upon the rollers, a highly cliciei'lt friction is maintained in the grooved rail; and the placing of seid ri-'heel just forward of amidship in the long the car, the front being in part supported the Wheel bei-ng of the hull must- :ind balanced on said wheel and the'rear lreing supported solely by the rubber strips on the rollers, will give an extremely smooth and gliding movement to the vehicle. During the progress along the rails, While the.
main burden of moving the `vehicle `vill fall on the traction wheel, the turning of the propeller is continued, mainly for the optical effect, as above set forth, but also', to nssist in some degree in the locomotion.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:
l. A device of the character specified comn prising n track composed of rollers, a hull, said hull being adapted to navigate upon water and to travel upon said track, and an air propeller to propel seid hull.4
2. A device of the character specied comprising a track composed of rollers, e hull, smid hull being adapted to navigate upon water and to travel upon said track, an air propeller to propel said hull when upon the water, and means to propel said hull on said track.
El. A device of the ch aracter specified comprising aI track composed of rollers, a hull, said hull being adapted to navigateupon. water and to travel upon said track, an air propeller to lpropel seid hull when upon the. water, a slip to guide said hull from the water onto saiditrack, and-means to propel said hull .from the water onto said track.
il. A device of the character specified comprising Aa, hull ad' pted to navigate upon Wa ter and to travelupon a track, a traction wheel mounted in said hull intermediate its said hull on said track,`
two sides to propel and means to support the sidesof said hull.
5. A device of the character specified comprising a hull adapted to navigate upon Water and to travel upon e track, ay traction Wheel mounted in said hull intermediate its two sides to propel said hull on said track, means topi-opel saidfhull when u'pon the Water,.and means to support the sides of said hull when on. said track.
CLARENCE BEDiENr Witnesses: l
ARTHUR H. EWALD, W. F. Conor,
itudinal center o