US 1065562 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
F. E. SPOERER.
- SHADOW PICTURE DEVICE.
APPLICATION FILED JULY '2, 1911.
Patented June 24,1913. 7
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FREDERICK E. .SPOEBER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FREDERICK E. SPoERER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented new and useful Improvements in Shadow-Picture Devices, of which the following is a specification, reference being bad to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof.
This invention relates to devices for producing silhouettes and shadow pictures.
It consists of the features and elements described and shown in the drawings as indicated in the claims.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a picture book embodying this invention. Fig.2 is a perspective view of one page of the book indicating its appearance before removal of the picture. Fig. 3 is a perspective view showing a picture removed from the book and in use as a form for making an enlarged shadow picture on a screen.
By reference to Figs. 1 and 2, it may be seen that the device illustrated therein is composed of three different types of leaves; namely, picture pages, black insert leaves and plain leaves containing printed matter. Fig. 2 illustrates a picture leaf, A, having printed thereon a picture, a portion of whose outline is perforated as at A the remainder of said outline being completely out through the leaf, as at A in order to facilitate the removal of that portion of the leaf bounded by the picture outline. In the present instance, the picture referred to represents an elephant, and it may be noted that the head and legs are those parts at which it is chosen to completely out through the outline, since these portions of the body being more slender than the remainder might become torn if subjected to strain in an attempt to separate them from the body of the page if the outlines were merely perforated as at A In addition to the body, B, of the animal represented, the page also contains an outline of a standard or ground, 0, to which the body, B. is intended to be pasted or otherwise affixed after the removal of both parts from the leaf, A. It may be understood that the particular use of these removed forms which is contemplated is that of employing them in connection with a source of light and a screen, D,-to produce an, enlarged shadow of the animal form 5 upon the screen, D, as indicated at E in Fig. 3, in which case the ground or stand- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed July 7, 1911.
Serial No. 687,857.
lost in the shadow reproduction the said Patented June 24,- 1913.
lugs, C are provided with outline perforations,C ,corresponding to, and replacing for the purpose of shadow-making those parts, B of the outline which might otherwise be lost from the shadow.
It may be understood that a book embodying this invention will be made up with a printed page, F, facing each picture page, A, as indicated in Fig. 1, said printed page containing verses or other matter relative to the picture which appears opposite. In order that the book may remain functionally intact the pictures still appearing notwithstanding the removal of the forms, B, from its pages, A, there is provided between each pair of picture leaves, A, a background sheet, G; preferably black, and the surface of one of the picture sheets, A, which faces this black sheet is gummed along the margin of two edges as at A so that when the body portions, B, have been removed from both sheets, A, of the pair adjacent to a given back-ground sheet, G, these two sheets, A, maybe glued together at their gummed margins so as to inclose the sheet, G, which then serves as a back-ground for the openings left by the removal of the body portions, B, thus presenting a silhouette effect in place of the original picture. Since the forms illustrated would usually be quite simple, such silhouettes would constitute practically as sufficient representations as would more complete outline views. For the purpose of further amusement, I prefer to leave one pair of edges of the two adjacent picture leaves, A, unconnected as at A to permit the insertion of additional background sheets of various colors, if desired, or to allow of insertion of a sheet of drawing paper upon which the outline of the object may be traced by following the cut edges, A and A for guidance.
In its simplest form, this invention may comprise a single sheet having the picture outlined and perforated and provided with an attached background sheet, As further the foregoin and finally developed, it consists of a book made up of alternating units or signatures of .the :tWo forms, the first and last of such units being of the form comprising the picture-bearing folder with the interposed double-faced background sheet and the exterior folder embracing the first, the other alternating units or signatures consisting of the single picture-bearing folder with the interposed, double-faced background sheet. It will be observed that when these two types of units or signatures are assembled alternating with each other as described, the first and last being of the form having the second folder embracing the first, the resulting book has a plain leaf interposedbetween each two adjacent picture-bearing pages and a background sheet inter osed at the opposite side of each picturecaring leaf from that which bears the picture.
l. A pictorial device-consisting of a sheet contain ng a picture and an outline of a base .or standard therefor, the outlines of said picture and of said base being perforated to facilitate the removal of said picture and base portions from the remainder.
of the sheet, the base portion being pro vided with lugs adapted to be lapped upon the picture portion for attachment thereto, and said base portion being provided with perforations arran ed to register with those portions of the picture outline which lie within the outline .of the base after attachment of the picture thereto. 4 t
2. In apicture book, picture leaves having outlines of pictures to be cut out, said leaves being disposed .in pairs back to back,
noeaeca and a background sheet interposed between the adjacent backs of each a1r of leaves in position to re 'ster with t e openings'left by removal 0 the picture portions from said leaves.
3. In a picture book, picture leaves having the outlines of their pictures perforated to facilitate removal 0 the picture portions from the remainder of the leaves, said leaves being disposed in airs back -to back, the back of one picture lliaf being gummed along its margin for attachment to the next picture leaf, and a background sheet interposed between the adjacent backs of each pair of leaves in position to register with the openings left by the removal of the picture portions from said leaves.
4. A picture device .comprising a 2-leaf folder and a background sheet interposed and secured between the leaves of such folder, :the outer edges of each leaf of the folder having outlined thereon a picture partly severed at the outlines to facilitate detachment from the leaf.
5. A pictorial device comprising a pair of leaves connected together back to back, and a background sheet interposed between them, the outer face of each leaf havin outlined thereon a picture partly severe at the outlines to facilitate detachment from the leaf.
6. In a picture book, picture leaves having .the outlines of their pictures perforated to facilitate removal'of the picture portions from the remainder :of the leaves, said leaves bein disposed in pairs back .to 'back, .one of sai picture leaves having its back marginally gummed along two of its free .edges for attachment to the adjacent pic- :ture leaf, and a background sheet interposed between the adjacent backs of each pair of leaves in position to register with the openings left by the removal of the picture portions from said leaves.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand, at Chicago, Illinois, this 27th [day of June, 1911.
FREDERICK E. SPOERER.
CHAs. D. BURTON, EDNA M. MAoINTosH.