|Publication number||US1066527 A|
|Publication date||Jul 8, 1913|
|Filing date||Aug 12, 1911|
|Priority date||Aug 12, 1911|
|Publication number||US 1066527 A, US 1066527A, US-A-1066527, US1066527 A, US1066527A|
|Inventors||Gustav A Rakowsky|
|Original Assignee||I K Lewis, Gustav A Rakowsky|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
G. A.. RAKOWSKY.
SIDE DUMP CAR.
wPLwATmN FILED AUG.12,1911.
LOQLS?. Patented July 8, 1913.
-2 SHEETS-'SHEET 1.
Ur. A. RAKOWSKY.
SIDE DUMP CAR.
APPLwATIoN FILED AUG. 12, 1911 Patented July 8, 1913.
2 SHEETB-SHEET 2.
ed out in the claims.
onirico 'sfrafrns PATENT oirFioEg.
GUSTAV A. RAKOWSKY, 0F DULUTH, MINNESOTA, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF T0 I. K.
LEWIS, OF DULUTH, MINNESOTA. l l
Specication of Letters Patent.
Application led August 12, 1911.
Patentied July8, 1913. sei-iai No. 643,664.
which will in no way interfere with the discharge of the load from' the car.
A further -olrlect is to provide means which will posit-ively prevent the car fromA tilting' toward the operator and dumpingy the Contents of the ear upon' him.
Other objects of the invention will appear from the following detailed description.
The invention consists Igenerally in various constructions and combinations. all as hereinafter described and particularly point- In the accompanying drawings formingr part of this siieeilication, Figure' l is an end elevation of a car embodyingr my invention, Fig. 2 is a similar View showingthe car tilted, Fig. 3 is a detail View of the device for locking the car body, Fig. 4 is a side elevation of the car.
In the drawings, 2 represents the truck frame, 3 a series of Standards or pedestals mounted at suitable intervals along:I the. eenter line of the car and 4 the car body, pivotally supported on the pedestals 3 at pivotal points 5, there being' a suitable number of these points according to the` capacity of the Car.-
VThe sides of |the car body are open.y to allow it. to discharge its contents upon either side of the ear. and gates are hinged at 6 on each side ot the car body, consisting of plates 7 which close the discharge. openings and have end wings S whichlap by the ends ot the car body on each side and at each end of the car. When the gates are tilted outwardly the plates 7 form eontinuations ot the.V bottom of the car 'body vwhile the wings S will. form continuations of the end -walls thereof, t-hcrebyguiiding and direeting the material discharged from the car body away from the truck frame andwheels, and to a considerable distance from the track. The gates operate quickly,.mov ingr faster than the. tilting body vbylneans of the mechanism hereinafterdescribed, so that under all circumstances the openings at the sides of the car will be unobstructed, the gates tilting on their hinges ahead of the material so that no matter how quickly the car body may be tilted, the gates will vin no way obstruct the. flow of the material therefrom. For the purpose otvcontrolling the movement. of these gates and thetiltingr of the ear l provide rock shafts 'mounted in bearings 10 upon each sideofrthe car, lengthwise thereof. Each 'of theseshafts .has an operating. lever 10', preferably mounted about midway of the shaft; At
suitable intervals-on the shaft.l strilts l1 are arranged, having anti-friction rollers12 at their upper ends which bear on the floorof the car body l and support it securely against premature tilting. Bars 13 arefpivotally vconnected at one end With the upper portions of the struts 11 and exjtend'transveisely of the car and are connected to arms 14 mounted on the rook shafts 9. These arms may be secured to the rock shaftsby any suitable means, and the rock shafts may be made polygonal in cross section to prevent the arms from turning thereon. When- 4the arms andthe bars are in line with 'one another, as indicated in Fig. l, they: will form a togglev mechanism which will -holfd the upright struts at the other side of the car rigidly in their locking position, and as the bars attached to the struts on one Aside of the car are connected to the rock sha-ft on the opposite side lof the'ear it follows that it willbe-impossible for the operai-.torv to dump the contents of theear upon'hirnself. As soon as the struts are removed from one side of the Car the load in the car will cause the body to tilt toward that side assuming that the greater portion of the load is on that `side of the body. pivot, and at that time.
the gale on that side of the ear will be -100 `f5`-pened by the mechanism which l will not' proceed to describe in detail.
Bars 15 are pivotally connected at one end to the wings 8 of the gate on one side of the car and extending across the'sar are pivotally connected at their` opposite ends to the lower ends of links 1G whose upper ends are pivotally connected to the wings on that side of the car. The pivot pins 17 connecting the bars 15 and the links 16 are extending beyond the links and bars and are adapted to fit into seats 18 provided in castings 19 that are mounted on the truck frame. Pins Q0 are slidable in sockets in the cast ings 19 and are adapted to move inwardly over the pins 17 and lock them in the seats 1S. The outer ends of the` pins 9.0 have loops 2l. thereon to receive arms QZmouno ed on the roe-k shafts so that when the shafts are rocked the pins 2O at a predetermined point in the movement of the arms will be. actuated to release the pins 17 and allow the gate on the opposite side of the ear to swing outwardly as the car body tilts with the removal of the support on that side of the car. rlhis movement is indicated plainly in Fig. 2, where the bar l and the link 16 are shown released from the casting 19 and swinging upwardly to allow one of the gates to assume its open position. ,At the same time, as the car body tilts, the links attached to the opening gate will limit its tilting movement, as vindicated lin Fig. 2, though permitting it to swing to a point. where it will be entirely out of thepath of the material flowing from the car before the tilting of the car body is checked. At the same time that the bars and the links 16 are released by the rocking of the shaft, the supports on one side of the car will be Withdrawn so that the car body can. tilt away from the operator and discharge its contents. When the car dumps, the bars 1,5 attached to the gate on that side of the car in which the operator is stationed hold the gate on that side in place and prevent the load in the car from shoving the gate outwardly before the car dumps. As the car body tilts, the gate on the dumping side will swing outwardly and the bars connected with the gate being released at their inner ends, the gate will move faster than the car body and assume theposition indicated by fnll line-s in F ig. 2 when the car body reaches its dumping position. The gate will thus form' an inclined continuation of the floor of the car body and in no way retard the discharge of the material from the car. Willen the material has been discharged, the car body may be swung back to its normal horizontal position. The closing of the gate is caused by the car body coming to its normal position. ln the upright supports or struts should get out ot order the bars attached to the gates will prevent them from tilting until repairs have been made. ln some instances it may be desirable to .wary other material than ore and I may release the' locking bars and links allowing them to as snme the position shown by dotted lines in Fig. l, so that the gates will drop to form horizontal continnations of the car floor; then upon releasing the supports the car body may be tilted in either direction, as desired. In other respects the operation of the car is substantially as heretofore described.
l claim as my invention 1. The combination, with a truck frame, of a car body centrally pivo-ted thereon and having open sides, pivoted gates for 'closing said open sides, means for locking said car body against premature tilting, means for holding said gates in their closed position, and means arranged to release said locking and said holding meansto allow the ear body to tilt to one side and allow the gate on that side to swing to its open or dumping position.
9.. The combination, ith a truck frame, of a car body centrally pivoted thereon and having open sides, gates pivoted on said ar body and normally closing said opcnsiiles, supports for locking said car body against premature tilting, means for holding said gates in their closed position, and means for releasing Said ear body to tilt toward one side and tripping the holding means for the gate on that side to allow the ear and gate to swing `to their dumping position.
3. The combination, with a. car truck, of
a car body oentrally pivoted thereon and having opensides, gates pivo-ted on the door of the car body and adapted to close said open sides and swing to a dnmpinT posi tion to form a continuation of the oor of said car body, means4 for locking said ear body in a horizontal position, means for holding said gates in their closed position, i
and means for releasing said locking means to' allow theear body to tilt to one side and tripping said holding means to allow *he gate on that side to swing to a dumping position.
4. The combination, with a trilck` frame. of a ear body centrally pivoted thereon and having open sides, gates normally closing said open sides, rock shafts mounted an said truck frame, struts mounted on said rock shafts and adapted to swing to ari-upright position beneath said car body, arms secured tp said rock shafts, bars pivotally'connecting said arms on one side of the car with the struts on the opposite side of the car, said bars and arms forming a toggle connection between said struts and shafts, and means for rocking said shafts to release said struts or lock them in their upright position. z. rl`hc combination, with a. trank frame., of a car body centrally pivoted thereon and ris meats? adapted to tilt to either side, means for loeking said ear body against premature tilting1 gat-cs arranged to close the sides of said car body. bars pivotally connected at one end with the gate on one side` of the car, links pivotally connected'with the, other ends of said bars and with the gate on the other side of the car, means for locking the pivotal connections of said bars and links to hold said gates against. premature tilting, means for tripping the loekfor said ear body and means for releasing the pivotal connections of said bars and links to allow the simultaneous tilting of sa id ear body and the opening of said gate.
G. The combination, with a truck frame, of a ear body centrally mounted thereon and adapted to tilt toward either side, gates pivoted on said carbody, means [or normally locking said,car body against premature movement, .bars pivotally connected with the gates on -both Sides of the car and extending diagonally across the car, links pivotally connected with both of said gates near the pivots of said bars and also pivotally connected with said bars on opposite sides of the car, means for locking the pivotal connections of said bars and links against premature movement., t-he release of the bars and links on one Side of the car allowing the gate to open 0n the opposite side of the car7 and the links 'connected with said last named gate limiting its opening movement. v
7. The. combination, wit-ha truck frame. of a car body centrally mounted thereon and haring open sides and adapted to tilt toward either side of the' car` gates pivoted on said car body, bars pivotally connected with said gates and extending diagonally across the car, links pivotally connected with said gates and also having pivotal connections with said bars, means mounted on the truck frame and havingr seats for the pivot. pins connectingf said. bars and links, means for lockingr said pins in said seats, means for locking said car against premature tilting mo ement, means for releasing said locking'means and said pivot pins to allow the ear body to tilt and the gates to swing open` l 8. The combination, with a truck frame of a ear body centrally pivoted thereon and adapted to tilt toward either side of the cai", gates mounted on said car body, rock shafts mounted on said truck frame, means actuated by the movement of 'said rock shafts` for locking Said car body in its horizontal position or releasing it, means pivotally connecting the gate on one sideof said car with the gate on the opposite side thereof, means for locking said pivotal Connection to hold said gates in their; closed position, and
means actuated by the rocking of said shafts vfor releasing said locking means to 'allow 65 said (Yates to swing to an open position.
9. AThe combination, with a truck frame,- of a ear body centrally pivotedthereon and adapted to dump to either side offtlie eaI-, gates for said car body, means for locking said car body against premature tilting, means operatively connecting the gate on one side of said car body with the gte on the other side thereof, means forl locking said gates in/their closed position and means for tripping said car body locking means and said gate locking means.
10. The combination, with a truck frame, of a car body centrally mounted thereon and` adapted'to tilt toward either Side, gates for said car body, means for locking said car body against premature tilting, means operatively connecting the gate on` one side of the car body with the gate on the other side of the car body, means for locking said gates against premature tilting, and means located on one side of the car for releasing titte gate on the opposite side of the car.
11. The combination, with a. cair txftt'ck, of a`car body centrally pivoted thertrand having open sides, gates pivotally C aected `With the floor of said car body an having end Wings adapted to lapby the end;"Wa lls of the car body, said gates, when strung t-o a vertical position, closing the v'open sides of the car and when swung to a. dumping position forming a continuation of thefloor' of the car, and said end Wings.preventing`the I discharge of the, material at. the ends di said gates, means for locking said car body' in a horizont-al position, means forholding said gates in their closed position, and means for tripping said locking means and 'releasing said holding means. ,l
` 12. The combination, with a 4truck frame, A of a car body mounted thereon andl adapted'V to tilt toward either side, gates for. said body, means operatively connect-ing the gate v on one side of the car body `with the gate, 1 on the other side of the carrbody, means fgrlw locking said gates againstl premature .movev, v
ment, and means operableen onel side of the .car for releasing the gate onthe opposite i side of the car.
13. The combinationfwith atriick frame, 115
of a car body centrally pivotedxith adapted t0 tilt toward either: pivoted on said car body, bars -.p.
ereon and#v otally conlneeted at one end with lthe gateonone side of the car, links pivotally connected with the' 120 gate o'n the other side of the car and also -pivotally connected with said bars, saidfjbars and links swinging upon their pivots Itoallow the gate on one Side of the-car to swing to an open position when the .car body is 125 tilted toward that side, and means for noi malty locking said bars and linksagainst Y premature movement.
14. The combination', with aA truck frame, of a car body centralyfpvoted thereon and 'venting premature movementof said gates. adapted to AKilt toward 'either side, gates In witness whereof, I have hereunto set` pivoted to said caxbody on e'ath sdefther'eof my hand this 28 day of July, 1911. and normally closingthe disc ar e openn v f f1 therein, a. toggle mechanism otally co GDSTAV RAKOWbk necting the gate `on one Sden; the car body Witnesses: with the ate on the opposite side of the car G. M. GILBERT, body, an means located below the-.car body M.y BUTCHART.
for locking said toggle mechanism and pre- 10
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4102448 *||Feb 4, 1977||Jul 25, 1978||S I Handling Systems, Inc.||Conveying apparatus including tilting support structures|