US 1067080 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED 1m11.11, 1913.
1,067,080. Patent-ea Ju1y8,1913. .9/ e
Y l n Attorneys PATENT GUSTV TORDAY, OF SOUTH BETHLEHEM, PENNSYLVANIA.
lthe body of the projectiley so as to tear a large hole in theobstacle encountered.
Another object ot the invention is to provide ,novel means for timing the explosion ot' the projectile.
1With the above and other objects in View, which will appear as the description proneeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that chane'es in the precise embodiment of inven tionlierein disclosed can be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing trom the spirit oi the invention.
In the drawing: Figure 1 shows the invention in longitudinal section; Fig. 2 is a transverse section on the line 22 ot Fig. 1, the line 1 1 on Fig. l indicating the cutting plane of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3 3 ot Fig. 1; Fig. 4L is a sectional side elevation showing the projectile in opened position; Fig. 5 afrag- 4mental side elevation ot' .one of the arms;
Fig. 6 is a' tragmental side elevation of one of the arms, the view point in Fig. 6 being 90o remote from the view point in Fig. 5; Fig. 7 is a top plan of the rotatable timing member; Fig. S is a bottom plan ot theQ-rotatable timing member; and Fig.' 9 is a bottom plan ofthe nose'oi the projectile.
In carrying out the invention there is provided a body 1 equipped with longitudinally extended recesses 2 extended between a rear disk 3 and a forward disk 4. which consti'tu'te'parts of the body 1. The forward disk #i is equipped witha. threaded boss 5.
The body 1 is provided with a central passage (3 which at its forward end extends into Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed March 1l, 1913.
iatented July 8, 1 913.
serial No. 753,579.
the boss 5, the passage G at its rear end projecting through the rear dish 3.
The body 1 of the projectile is provided with extensions which are adapted to swing laterally. rlhe extensions include tubular arms 7 located in the recesses 2, the bores ot the tubular arms 7 constituting longitudinal channels. The rear ends of the tubular arms 7 are provided with bearings S and each bearing S is equipped in its edge with a shoulder 9. Pins 10 extend through the bearings S and engage the body 1 to form a pivotal mounting for therear ends ot' the tubular arms 7. ably steel wires 11 are coiled in the arms 7. The rear ends of' the wires 11 extend through the bases of the arms 7 and are engaged as indicated at 12 with the shoulders 9. To the forward ends of the steel wires 11 balls 111 are connected, the balls 14 being located within the tubular arms 7 and constituting auxiliary projectiles.
The projectile comprises, as cooperating parts, the body 1 hereinbe'fore referred to, and a tubular case in which the rear end of the body 1 is inclosed. case 15 there is a chamber 16 which is adapt? ed to contain an explosive. The chamber 1G communica-tes with the central passage' G in the body 1. The ease 15 is equipped adjacent its base with a circumscribing `groove 17 in which is located a sott ring 18, ada-pted to engage the ritiing. 'The ring 1S may be made of copper or other i'naterial which will conform to the necessary extent to the riding. The case 15 is held upon the body 1 by means of screw bolts 3Q which engage the forward disk 1 ot the body 1 and the base of the case 15. The bolts 32am of suiiicient strength to hold the body 1 and the case 15 together while the ring 18 is engaged with the riiling so that the body and the case may rotate together. The bolts 32 however, are relatively weak, so that, after the projectile has lett the gun and after the charge in the chamberl has been tired, the bolts will separate and permit the case 15 to leave the body 1, whereupon, the tubular arms 17 will swing outwardly, intothe po sitions shown in Fig. 4L. The arms 7 constitute meansvior directing the lateral movement ot vthe-halls or projectile-14,:n1d constitute also, means Jfor directing the lateral Flexible elements, prefer-v In the base of the Cil v-ber 16.
flight of the steel wires 11. In operation, therefore, and after the projectile has been fired, the arms 7, the wires 11 and the balls lcwill be disposed in outstanding relation, as clearly shown in Fig. 4, 'and will serve to tear a large opening 'in any obstacle which may be encountered by the projectile.'
A means is provided for timing the exploson of the contents of the chamber 16. rI`his means includes a movable member or disk 19 whichis mounted uponn the boss 5.
The disk 19, in its rear face, is provided with an outer groove 2O and in its forward face provided with an inner groove 21 which 1s of less diameter than the outer groove 20. A 'passage 22 connects the grooves 2O and 21 at one end, and the outer groove 20 may be equipped with a vent 23, positioned as may be desired.
The body 1 is equipped in its forward end with a longitudinally extended priming bore 24, adapted to receive a cartridge or capsule 25. The cartridge 25 is held in'place, prior to the insertion of the projectile into the gun, by means of a pin 26 inserted into the body 1, as clearly shownifr Figs. 1 and 2.' Located at the basgof the' priming bore 24 is a .firing pin 27. `The outer groove 20 communicates with the priming bore 24 and the inner groove 2l ci'fmmunicates with a groove 28 formed in the base 29 .of the nose 30 of the; projectile, the nose' 30 being mounted unen the boss 5. The groove 28 communicates with a passage 33, located in the boss 5, the passage 3'3 communicating with the central passage 6 in ,th'e body 1 of the projectile. If desired, the nose 30 may be equipped with a chamber 31 which may contain 'an explosive.
L In practical operation, the timing mem'- beaor disk 19 may be rotated on the stud 5 so as to 'vary the position of the priming bore 24 withrespect to the outer groove 20, the position of the inner groove 21 being adjustedin this manner, with respect to the groove 28and the passage 33 Awhich constitutes an outletor the passage 6. 'Before the projectile is placed in the gun, the pin 26 is removed, and when the projectile is fired vout -of the gun, the cartridge 25 will move rearwardly and strike the firing pin 27, and thusI the cartridge will be exploded, the fire from the cartridge traversig 'the groove 20, the connecting passage' 22, the groove 21, the groove 28, the passage 33, the passage 6, and therebyex loding the contents of the chamhe grooves 20 and 21, together with the port 2 2, constituting a sinuous passage in the disk 19, the effective lengthy of which passage may be regulated, byrotating the disk 19 in the manner hereinbcfore setiforth. In this manner, the time which will elapse between the passage of the projectile from the mouth of the gun and the firing ot the contents of the chamber 16 may be regu.-
llllated. When the contents of the chamber 1Gl has been exploded, in the manner hereinbefore described, the case 15 will be forced rearwardly and the body 1 of the rojectile will be forced forwardly, thus ci? breaking of the bolts 32, whereupon the body portion of the projectile will pass out of the case 15. The arms 7 will then swing laterally and the balls 14 together with the wires l1 will shoot laterally along the arms 7 into 75 the protruding positions shown in Fig. 4
Having thus described the invention, what 'is claimed is 1. A device of the classv described comprising as eoperating parts; a body and a case inclosing the body, one of which cooperating parts isprovided in its hase with. an explosive chamber for which the other eoperatin g part constitutes a closure, wherebyv the case and the body may be separated when the explosive in the chamber is discharged; land an extension connected with the4 and housed within the case, the extension being adapted to'protrude beyond'the body after the body and the case 90 are separated. 2,. A device of the class described comprising as cooperating parts, a bodyv and a case inclosing the body, o-ne'of which cooperating parts is rovided in its base with an explosive cham er for which the otherl cooperating part constitutes a closure,` whereby the case and the body may be'sepf arated when the explosive in the chamber is discharged; frangible means for connecting 10| ing the movement of the auxiliary projectile 114 away from the body; and a flexible element connected withl the auxiliary projectile and with the body.'
4., A device of the class described cornprising a body; an arm pivoted to the body 11g and having av longitudinal channel; and a flexible element connected-with the body and adapted to move outward in the channel and along the arm.
5. A device of the class described, comv12( prising a body; an auxiliary projectile in the body; an arm pivotedto the body andconstitutingvmeans for directing the outward movement of the auxiliary projectile away from the body; a flexible element con- 12:
nectedl with the auxiliary projectile and with the body; and a removable cap in which the body and the arm is inelosed.
6. A device of the class described comprising a body v; an arm pivdted to the body 13( ecting a 70 and having'y a longitudinal channel; a lfexible element connected to the body and adapted to move outwardly in the channel and along the arm; and a removable cap in which the body andthe armv are inclosed.
7. A device of the class described comprising'a body; an auxiliary projectile in the body; an arm pivoted to the body and constituting means for 'directing the outward movement of the auxiliary projectile away from the body; a flexible element connecting the auxiliary projectile with the body; and a cap in which the body and the arm are inclosed, the space between the end of the body and the end ofthe cap con stituting an explosive chamber.v
8. A device of the classdescribed comprising a body; an auxiliary projectile in the body; an arm pivoted to the body and constituting means for directing the outward movement of the auxiliary projectile;
'body lengthiof said passagebeing adjusted when the timing member is moved. 9. A projectile of the class described comprising a body; a case surrounding-the-l body; a movable extension pivoted to'the and held within the case, the projectlle being provided with an explosive chamber located between the end of the body and the end. of the case; the body being provided with a priming bore; a timing member movable upon` the body and-having a passage forming a communication between the explosive chamber and the bore; a cartridge slidable in the bore; and a manually i opera-table' means for holding the Cartridge against sliding movement.
10. A device of the class described comprising a body; a tubulararm pivot-ed to the body and housed Within the body, the arm being adapted to swing outwardly, away from the body; an auxiliary projectile lo- .cated within the arm; and a flexible element located'withiu the arm, the fiexible element constituting means for securing the auxiliary projectile to the body.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
- FRANK ZIRo,
CHARLES A. GoRz'rowJE.