US 1067784 A
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F. LLIRWINKB J. RTESSEYMAN HOPPER GAR.
APPLICATION FIL BD MAY 26, 1911.
Patented July 15,
4 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
WITNESSES F. L. IRWIN & J. E. TESSEYMAN.
' HOPPER GAR.
APPLIGATION FILED MAYZS, 1911.
T @l'iia W W ll W" l 2 4L 2 .tl in 1 1% g m LYLTNESSES: NM IN VENTORW 0 ATTORNEY.
- P. L. IRWIN JJ E. TESSEYMAN.
APPLICATION FILED MAYZG, 1911.
'E UWFX4ZB Patented July 15, 1913.
4 SHEETS-SHEBT 3.
WITNESSES: IN V EN T011 FHL. IRWIN & J. E. TESSEYMAN.
HOPPER GAR. APPLICATION FILED 11111120, 1911.
L@@%T/@% *fatented July 15, 19113.
4 SHBETSSHEBT 4.
I VITNESSES: INVENTORS 1 v h, 1 4% 7%WW 1 W A TTORNE Y.
FRANK L. IRWIN AND JOHN E. TESSiE'ZMAN. OF COLUMBUS, OHIO, ASSIGNORS [PO THEE RALSTON STEEL CAR COMPANY, OF COLUMBUS, OHIO, A CORPOIR-ATION OF OHIO.
recent To all err/1.0172, it may concern.
ie it known that we, FRANK L. IRWIN and .loim E. Tnssnriiixn, citizens of the United States,-residing at Columbus, in the county of Franklin and State of Ohio, have invent ed certain new and useful Improvements in Hopper-Cars, of which the following is a specification.
()ur invention relates to improvements in hopper cars of the type usually known as the twin-hopper car, and has especial reference tothe construction of a cross hood and its connection with the sides of the car, and of reinforcing the same.
The invention further consists in constructing 'a car of this style with the lower. edge of the plate girder sides arranged in a horizontal plane between the upper and lower edges of the center sill, the hopper bottoinbeing substantially in the saineplane as the bottom of the center sill.
Referring to the drawings which are here'- to attached and hereby made a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through one end of a car taken .on a line between the center sill and one side of the car, showing the center sill hood inside elevation and the cross hood in section; Fig. 2 is a vertical transverse section through the car shown in Fig. 1, along the line A-A, showing the cross hood in side elevation; Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section through the cross hood near the side of the car, showing the connection of the cross hood with the side stake and with the sideplate gird.er;Fig. 4t is a perspective showing the cross hood positioned upon the center girder, and the inside side stake connected therewith; Fig. 5 is a vertical transverse section through the cross hood, show ing the construction of the hood and the angle brace extending from one side thereof to the other; Fig. 6 is a vertical section along the median line of the apex of the cross hood in Fig. 2 through the center sill,
cross hood, and adjacent portion of the left side of the car, to show especially the means of uniting the cross hood to the side of the can-omitting the gusset25 hereinafter described. Fig. 7 is a section looking downward, along the line X-X in Fig; 6.
In the drawings, 1 indicates the center girder of a twin hopper car, the bolster construction being shown generally at 2, the end slope sheets at 3, the side of the car at Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented uly l5, lltlll Application filed May 26, 1911. Serial No. 629,713.
a, the center sill hood at the center girder 1, as seen especially in Figs. 2 and at, cont prises parallel oppositely disposed channels which are spaced apart as desired, the center. sill hood 5 being mounted thereon and secured thereto through the vertical web thereof, near the upper edge of the center girder, as shown at 6. The door construction is not shown in these drawings, for it forms no part of this invention, but the line of the doors when closed is seen at 7 in Fig. 1, the hopper lying between the. end slope sheets and the cross hood, and indicated generally at 7". As seen, the end slope sheets 3 direct the material near the end of the car into the hopper to the point of discharge, and one side of the cross hood will direct the material in the opposite direction into the same hopper, while the other side of the cross hood will guide the material into the hopper adjacent to the other end of the car, where the opposite end slope sheets (not shown) perform the function of guiding the material adjacent to the end of the car into the hopper. This style of car, therefore, calls for a cross hood arranged substantially at the middle of the car, and this cross hood extends from one,
side of the car transversely of the center :girder to the opposite side of the car, being struction disclosed herein, the cross hood comprises two oppositely disposed inclined sheets, 7 and 8, the lower edges of which are reinforced by angles 9, 9 and lie insubstantially the same horizontal plane as'the bottom of the center girder construction, as appears especially in F l. Sheet Sis bent at its upper end to form a flange 10 thereon at practiially a right angle with the sheet; the sheet 7 overlaps the flange 10 and is riveted thereto at 11, across the car. 1 The sheets are cutaway and applied to the center sill as appears in Fig. 4:, and an angle 12 is arranged with one flange secured to the center girder at 13, and the other flange secured to the sheet 8 at lat (see Fig. l), thereby forming a secure connection between the center girder and the pears in Fig. 1.
lower portion of the cross hood sheet 8 and is cut away to admit the center girder.
similarly connected to the center girder by the angle 15, through the rivets l6, asap- A bracing angle member ll is arranged in the cross hood between the side of the car and the center girder, having its ends bent and applied" to the inner faces of the sheets T and 8, as shown at 18 and 19, and being securely riveted thereto. It is apparent that the load has a tendency to crush the cross hood at this point, and the brace member 17 furnishes adequate support. A 'similarbracing angle member is provided for the cross hood on'the opposite side of the center sill, but it is not deemed necessary to show the same in, the drawings.
Referring especially to Fig. 3, the side girder is shown at 20, the lower edge 21 of which is arranged in a horizontal plane above the plane of the bottom of the hopper and center girder, and below the plane of the top of the center girder construction; this construction adds to the symmetry'of the car, saves material and labor and provides facilities for trussing and bracing the car at its sides which render it a valuable improvement. The cross hood is connected at its end to the side of the car by means of the bent angle member 22, which lies in the angle formed between the upper sides of the sheets 7 and S, and is secured thereto at 23 and to the side of the car 'at 24. Further, the cross hood and side of the sheets 7 and 8.
Theinside side stake is composed of two angle members 28 'and'29, having flanges 30 and 31 thereon applied to the side of the car and riveted thereto at'32 and 33, and havingthe wide flanges 34 and 34* which are riveted together, as shown at 35, throughout their length. The flange 34 on the side stake member 28 is bent at its lower end to form the flange 35 thereon to overlie the overlapping sheets 7 and 8, and rivets 36 secure together the flange 35, the sheets '7 and 8, the connecting angle member 22 and the angle gusset plate 25. The flange 34 on side stake member 29 is bent at its lower end to form the flange 37, overlying the sheet 8, and by means of rivets 23$ is secured to said sheet 8 and to the angle member 22. In this manner we securely bind together the end of the cross hood,
- the side of the car, and the inside side stake,
so that all parts are rigidly reinforced; referring to Figs. 2 and 3, it will be seen that the.
gusset member 25 is connected through the flange 25 by means of the rivets 26, to the outside side stake 39, through the flange 40 thereon. The end of the cross hood sheets is further reinforced by means of the flange 41 formed on the end sheet 41 of the hopper to overlie the cross hood sheet 7 as shown in Fig. 7, and is secured thereto at 42; the'end sheet is secured to the side of the car and the outside side stake by the rivets 26 which also secure thereto the gusset angle member 25. The lower edge of'the cross hood sheet 7 is further reinforced by the angle member 9, which is secured thereto by the rivets 43.
The center sill hood 5 as above stated is secured along its lower edges to the center girder or sill at 6 and meets the slope of the cross hood on an inclined line and is secured thereto by means of the lateral flanges 44 and 45 formed on the center sill hood, which flanges are secured to the cross hood sheet 8 by rivets, as shown at 46 and 47. In this manner the cross hood and the center sill hood are securely united to resist both longitudinal and transverse stresses. In a similar manner the center sill hood is united to the cross hood sheet 7* as shown in Fig. 1.
In Fig. 4 is shown the perspective of the cross hood and centei girder in which it appears clearly that the cross hood sheets 7 and 8 extend entirely across the car and are sill. The application of the inside side stake to the cross hood is also herein illustrated. lVe do not confine ourselves to the specific construction shown and dlsclosed herein,
but desire to have the advantage of all the variations and modifications which fall within the scope of the appended claims.
lVhat we claim is z 1. In a hopper car, a cross hood comprising one sheet bent downwardly along its up per side to form the ridge portion, and a second sheet secured along its upper edge to the lower edge of said ridge portion, and
means for securely connecting said cross hood to the center sill and sides of the car.
2. In a hopper car, a cross hood comprising a sloping sheet bent downwardly along its upper side to form the ridge portion of said hood, and a second sheet secured along its upper side to said downwardly bent portion of said first sheet, means for securing said sheets to the center sill of the car, and a gusset bracing member connecting the side of the car and said cross hood.
3. In a hopper car a cross hood comprising sloping sheets, one being bent to form the ridge of the hood, and the other being secured thereto along its upper side, an inside side stake applied to said hood and secured thereto, means for securing said hood to the side of the car, anda flanged gusset member interposed between the side of the car and'the cross hood and secured thereto.
ioeexee sill and extending from side to sideof the nd to.
oer, end secured-tothe cent/e1; sill the sides of the car and to the center sill hood, one of said sloping members being bent downwardly along its upper side to form the ridge o'fsaid hood; and the other sloping memberv being seeured along its upper side to said' downwerdly bent portion. l
5. In a ho'p'pencer hevinge'eenter girder, a cross hood comprisi oppositely inclined sheets, one of which is ent along its upper side to form the ridge of said hood, the
other being secured to said ridge vportion,
both bein secured to the center girder and sides of t e car, a bracing member secured to the side of thecei' and-applied to the under fees of the cross hood sheets and secured thereto and an inside side stake having' flanges donned thereon bent at their lowerends and applied to theouter face. of
the rid e of said cross hood, and beinglsecured t ereto.
In testimony whereof we eifixfour signetures in thepresence of two witnesses. FRANK L IRWIN.
JUHN E. TESSEYMAN Witnesses:
B. L. STAnNnn.