US 1073519 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. A. RAABB. FABRIC HOLDER AND EXHIBITOR. APPLICATION FILED APR. 8, 1913.
1,073,51 9. Patented Sept; 16, 1913.
LE EB ATIORNEYS COLUMBIA PLANounAPn C0,. WASHINGTON, 0. c4
comprises a substantially rectangular frame,
FRANK A. RAABE, OF STANTON, NEBRASKA.
FABRIC HOLDER AND EXHIBITOR.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Sept. 16, 1913.
Application filed April 8, 1913. Serial No. 759,635.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, FRANK A. RAABE, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Stanton, in the county of Stanton and State of Nebraska, have made certain new and useful Improvements in Fabric Holders and Exhibitors, of which the following is a specification.
My invention is an improvement in fabric holders and exhibitors and has for its object to provide a device of the character specified, especially adapted for holding a plurality of rolls of fabric, as for instance silks, cloths, rugs, oilcloths or linoleum, and for retaining the said fabrics in rolled condition or for permitting the said fabrics to be displayed, without the necessity of moving the rolls from place to place, and wherein the rolling and unrolling is done mechanically.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a front view of the improved device; Fig. 2 is a section on the line 22 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a partial side view; Fig. 1 is a section on the line ir-' of Fig. 2; Fig. 5 is an enlarged longitudinal section of one of the rollers and its connections; Fig. 6 is a section on the line 6-43 of Fig. 5, and, Fig. 7 is a perspective view of one of the stop blocks.
The present embodiment of the invention consisting of a base 1, side bars 2 and 8 respectively connected with the base near the ends thereof, and a cross bar 4 connecting the upper ends of the side bars. The base 1 is of sufficient width to furnish a firm support, and the side bars 2 and 3 of the frame extend from the rear of the base, and the base extends beyond the said bars at each end, as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2. The side bar 2 is provided on its inner face, with a vertical series of hangers, each hanger being of resilient material and comprising a plate having one of its ends 1 secured to the side bar 2 by means of screws 5 or the like, and an inwardly offset portion 6 which carries a journal pin 7, the said journal pin having a head 8 secured to the portion (3 of the hanger in any suitable manner.
A block 9 in the form of a substantially rectangular frame is mounted for sliding movement on the inner face of the side bar 2 adjacent to each hanger, and each of the said blocks is provided at its base with a longitudinally extending slot 10, and the slot is engaged by screws 11, the said screws passing through the slot and being threaded into the side bar 2, to slidably connect the block with the side bar.
A series of rollers 12 is provided, each of the said rollers having at one end an opening 13 for receiving the journal pin 7 of a hanger, and at its opposite end each of the said rollers 12 is engaged by an annular lateral flange 1 1- on a ratchet wheel 15, each of the said ratchet wheels having an axial journal pin 16 extending in the opposite direction to the flange. Each ratchet wheel is also provided with a transverse key or lug 17 on its inner face, the said lug extending diametrically of the flange, and each of the said keys or lugs is seated in the material of the roller 12, to prevent rotation of the ratchet wheel with respect to the roller. The side bar 3 is provided with an opening for each journal pin 16 in alineinent with a journal pin 7 on the other bar 2, and the said journal pins 16 extend through the openings and beyond the outer face of the side bar 3.
A pawl 18 is pivoted to the side bar 3 adj acent to each ratchet wheel, by means of a screw 19 or the like, and each pawl is arranged to prevent movement of the roller in one direction. Each of the journal pins 16 has its outer end of polygonal shape as indicated at 20, to receive a crank 21, to rotate the roller, and each of the said pins iS provided with an annular groove 22 at the outer face of the side bar A plate 23 is engaged with the groove of each journal pin, each of the said plates bcing of approximately semi-circular shape, as shown more particularly in Fig. 3, and a screw 21 is provided for holding each plate to the side bar, the said screw passing through an opening in the plate. The plates 23 prevent longitudinal movement of the roller, while at the same time not interfering with the angular movement of the said roller. It will be noticed from an inspection of Fig. 5, that the groove of the journal pin is of greater width than the thickness of the plate, in order to lessen friction be tween the plate and the journal pin. Each roller 12 is preferably provided with a cas ing or facing in the shape of a tube 25 of paper, pastcboard, or the like, each of the said tubes 25 being of a cross section to lit the roller, and to permit the removal and replaccmcnt of the tubes. Each of the said tubes may be held in place by means of a split ring 26, the said ring embracing the A smoothin roller 29 is arran ed on thebase the said roller restin ina: 'roove 3O 7 B) CD extending longitudinally of the base on the..
upper face thereof, and just in front of the side bars 2 and 3, the said groove being a sufficient length to receive the roller. The roller is of such length that the ends thereof are approximately flush with the outer faces of the sidebars, and the said roller is held in place by means of bracket arms 31, each of. the said arms being. arched to fit the peripheral surface of the roller, and the saidarms are secured to the base at the ends of 'thegroove by means of a screw 32 or. the like.
That portion ofthe base in front ofthe groove between the side bars 2 and 3 is cut away to the level of the groove, as indicated at 33, and the base is provided with a longitudinally extending slot 34 at the end adjacent to the side bar 3 in the said cut away portion. A guide consisting of a platecomposed of a portion 35 resting on the upper face of'the cutaway portion and a portion 36 ofiset: upwardly from the said face is connected to the slot for adjustment longitudinally of the base, and by means of a bolt 37 passing upwardly through the slot and the portion 35 of the plate, and engaged by a wing nut 38 above the said portion 35. The head'of the bolt. 37 is received in. a countersink or recess 39 in the-under face of the base at the slot,.to permit free movement of the bolt without interference with the surface upon which the device rests.
The rollers are adapted'toreceive fabric material of any character, the said material being rolled on the rollers by means of the crank 21. When it is desired to place material on roller, the crank is engagedwith the portion 20 of the journal pin of the sald roller, and the roller is rotated in a' direction to wind up the cloth. The pawls prevent reverse movement of the rollers.
Thecloth is fwound on the tube 25, and whenit is desired to exhibit the cloth from any particular roll, the free edge of the cloth is graspedand pulled outwardly, after the pawl adjacent to the roller has been lifted, to permit reverse movement of theroller. The rollers may beremoved, by sliding the block 9 rearwardly, as indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 6, to move the said block out of position to be engaged by the portion 6 of the adjacent hanger. been. so moved, the portion 6 of the hanger that carries the journal pin may be pressed wheel, and the ratchet wheel may be then After the block has.
moved laterally away from the said bar 3 to the journal"pin?v from the recess 13 of the roller. The screw 24 of the plate 23 adjacent tothesa-id roller has meanwhile been loosened, to permit the plate to be turned out of'engagement with the groove 22. The roller isnow moved longitudinally toward the side bar 2, and also swung laterally to permit the journal pin 16 to be withdrawn from the opening O.L the side bar. 2..-
During' the winding of the fabric on the rollers, the guide35-36 is adjusted so that the edge of the cloth will engage the web connecting the two portions 35-36 of the guide, andthe end of'the said cloth is first passed beneath the smoothing roller 29, before the said endis engaged with the roller.
As the cloth winds on the roller 12, the.
of the cut away. portion, to cause the cloth to wind smoothly and uniformly on the said roller 12, and the guide prevents lateral movement of the fabric, causing the same.
smoothing roller holds the cloth to the base to wind in such manner so that the end of" the roll of cloth is even and uniform.
The. roller 29 is of sufiicientweight to insure the smooth. rolling of'the fabric. The
clamp ring. 26 prevents angular movement of the tube'25 with respect to the roller and the saidtube-prevents injury to the cloth from the roller 12. The said tube alsofurnishes a support for the roll of cloth in case it. should'be desired to remove the said .7 roll'asa rollfrom the roller. The smoothing roller 2'9may befremoved from its groove,
by loosening the screws 32 enough to permit the brackets;3l to be swung outwardly from above the endsof the roller. The cut away portion 33' is of approximately the same length as that portion-of'a roller '12between the free edge of the flange 14 and the oppo siteend of the roller. That. is, the said cut away portion is of a length corresponding,
to the-width of the widest strip of fabric that may be woundupon the rollers 12.
I-cla1m: 1. A device of thecharacter specified,
comprising anopen supporting frame, a series of vertically spaced hangers secured to the frame at one side thereof, each hanger having a journal pin ofisetv inwardly 'toward the opposite side ofthe frame, a roller for each hanger,.eacl1 roller having an open? ing for the journal pinin one end, means 'at the opposite side of the frame for supporting the opposite end of each roller, and
-means in connection with thesaid-supportpreventmg reverse movement;
ing-means for f the roller.
2. In a device of, the character specified, comprising, an open. supporting frame and rollers journaled in the frame,each roller having at one end an axial opening,.a resilient hangersecured at one end to the supporting frame adj'acentto each roller and having at the other end a journal pin for opposite side of the frame to support the engaging the axial opening of the adjacent roller.
roller said end of the han er bein" offset 1 toward the roller, and a bihck slidhble on LRANK RAABE' the frame at the said end of each hanger Witnesses:
to prevent Withdrawal of the journal pin, RALPH H. TrrUs, each roller having means for engaging the FRANK Ml'r'rnns'lum'r.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. 0.