US 1074491 A
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MARGARET COLVIN, 0F INVERNESS, SCOTLAND.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, MARGARET COLVIN, a subject of the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and residing at Inverness, Scotland, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Detergents,
of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a scouring,washing, cleansing, bleaching, purifying and toilet composition composed preferably of a mixture of citric acid, preferably in the form of the fresh juice of lemons, gelatin, paraflin wax, bran water, turpentine, infusions of orris-root and burdock root, and soap. The said about the proportions hereinafter specified to any variety of commercial soap while liquid and luke-warm in manufacture, or after the soap has been shredded and rendered liquid and hike-warm by heat and water. Experiment has demonstrated that the addition of these ingredients to the saponaceous mass increases its cleansing and bleaching qualities, modifies its causticity and renders it non-injurious to the finest textile fabrics, woolen, cotton, linen or silk, or to the most delicate human skin, while also serving to bulk the soap.
The following approximate proportions give good results 1. 5 fresh juice of lemons. 4.0 gelatin dissolved in hot water. 1. 0 paraffin wax melted. 10.0 infusion, of pound bran to one quart wa-.
1.0 infusion of 3 ounces orrisroot to one pint water.
1.0 infusion of 3 ounces burdock to one pint water. 2. 0 turpentine.
Composition, 20. Soap 79. 5
thoroughly incorporated by mixing. The
infusion of orris-root gives the soap a delimixture is added in or Specification of Letters Patent. Patentedsept. 30, 1913. Application filed April as, 1913. Serial No. 764,067.
cate aroma, and this infusion has a softening or mollifying effect, as does also the infusion of burdock root. These infusions may, however, be omitted, if desired. The lemon juice tends to neutralize the alkalinity of the compound so that delicate fabrics will not be injured and delicate skins will not be roughened or injuriously affected, as also to assist in removing stains. The preparation is then made up in the usual way as bars, tablets, pastes, creams, jellies, emulsions or otherwisewater being added as required for the diiferent forms into which the composition may be made up for use.
For the finer toilet preparations it is preferred to use a superfatted soap with a basis of tallow and to add the'other ingredients in substantially the same proportions in which these are added to the common soap, the mixing and making up into convenient forms for use being effected as above stated.
- Having now described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters. Patent of the United States is 1. An improved detergent composed of citric acid, gelatin, parailin wax, bran water, turpentine and commercial soap, in substantially the proportions stated.
:2. An improved detergent composed of citric acid, gelatin, paraffin Wax, bran water, turpentine, commercial soap and infusions of orris-root'and burdock root, in substantially the proportions stated.
3. An improved detergent composed of about 79.5 parts of commercial soap, 1.5 parts citric acid, 4 parts gelatin, 1 part parafiin wax, 10 parts infusion of one half pound bran to one quart of water and two parts of turpentine.
4. An improved detergent composed of about 79.5 parts of commercial soap, 1.5 parts citric acid, 4. parts gelatin, l-part paraifin wax, 10 parts infusion of one pound bran to one quart of water, two parts turpentine, 1 part infusion of 3 ounces orris-root to one pint of water, and 1 part nfusion of 3 ounces burdock root to one pint of water.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of half