US 1075249 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
. GAYNOR WOVEN TUBULAR TIE.
APPLICATION FILED SEPT.12, 1912.
www4@ Patented 001s. 7, 1913.
ATTORNEYS To a'ZZ whom 'it may concern:
unire eran JAMES CORNELL Gannon., on, rn'rnnson, NEW JERSEY.
Spelication of Eettes Ilatnt.
WOVEN mitnimmt 'rin retention oct. 7, reist?.
Application le September 1%, 191.2. Serial No; 719,94;
Be it known that I, JAMES dent ofPaterson, in the county of Passaic and State of New Jersey, have invented a new and Improved Woven Tubular Tie, of which the following is' a full,4 clear, fandi exact description.
This invention relates lto an improved weave and a product secured thereby, and
bers in continuous fabric.
i Another object of the invention is to provide a fabric in a continuous strip arranged with spaced tubular portions and an' extra or supplement-al portion opposite each tubular portion.
ln carrying out the objects of the inveni tion, a fabric is provided having the usual number of warp threads for making an ordinary tight weave, andalso is provided with the usual number of weftthreads'. At spaced intervals 'part of the warp threads are separated, and also the weft threads are separated`,s'o as to form two layers of fabric. rllhis double layer of fabric is provided at spaced intervals so that the same may be severed into independent tubular mem'- bers for forming nocht-ies and the like. In order to provide a illin member for the necktie or tubular portion of the fabric some of the warp threads are used together with an independent weft thread for weaving a third layer adjacent the double layer- 'of fabric.
From this it will be seen that the warp threads at spaced intervals form, to ether with the weft threads, a tight or ta eta weave, and between the tight weaves the warp threads are caused to diverge and form the warp threads or three independent v layers of fabric.
v Two of these layers are provided with weft threadsfromthe same shuttle that is used for makingthe tadeta weave, whiley the' third layer of yfabric is provided with weftfthreads ,from an independent shuttle. V,
A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification,
inxwhich similar characters of reference .in-y dicate corresponding parts in all the views, Figure 1 1s a planview showing a' n' ishedtubular necktieg. Fig. 2 is a'/ fragmentaryy perspective View ofa section of the fabric of which the/tie shown lFigi 1 forms a part; Fig. 3 is a section through C. Gnrrron,` a citizen of the United States, and a resi-1.
Fig. 2 approximately on the line 3- 3; Fig.
4 4, t-he'sanie being shown on an enlarged scale;A and Fig. 5 is a fragmentary plan view showin one' end of the fabric embodying the lnvention.
Referring to the acompanying drawings by numerals, 1 indicates a complete 'necktie provided with reinforcing strips 2 of fabric used' for givintghbody to t e tie. In weaving the necktie' 1 e warp threads 3 are caused to` extend inthe usual manner longitudinally of the fabric but the weft threads .4 are arranged in a new way for providing a pluralityl of taifeta or tight weaves 5 and independent layers of fabric 6 and 7.
in weaving the fabric any number of shuttles may .be used but the same shuttles which place the weft threads in the taeta weaves 5 place'the weft threads in the layindependent shuttles place the weft threads 8 in the filling or auxiliary layer 2 in position. The way the warp threads 3 are without: departing from the spirit of the invention provided the same form part of the layers 6, 7, and 8.- However, one way of the weaving has been shown in the accompanying drawings in which the rst pair` of warp threads 3 is woven back and forth in the tight weaves 5 in the usual manner and then is woven back and forth in the usual nianner in the layer?.V rllhe next succeeding pair of warp threads 3 is woven inthe layer 8 andythe' third pair of warp threads 3 Vis woven in thelayer 2;
It should ice-understood that any twol of the warp threads are woven back and forth in the usual manner in the tafeta orl tight weaves 5, and then separated so as .to eX- As, layer 2 is' only a filling layer for `pronot always necessary ory desirable to use each third pair of warp threads'for the portion may be used without departing from the 'spirit of the invention, enough of the` warp threads being used,` however, lto properly hold the -weft threads 8 in position; in placingthe weft threads 8 in position,` the shuttle is"l referably caused to turn back at point 9 d) ig; 1) so as not to provide a iiin'g in? the' neoli port-ion 10i of same, but each sixth pair or any other pro- 4 is a section through Fig. 1 on vthe line ers of-,fabric 6 and 7, While one or more arranged may be varied to a large extent tend into the respective layers 2,. 6, and Y7.
viding a suitable padding ,for the tie, it is tie, said lining the tie 1. 1n forming the neck portion 10, the same may be made of the same width as the body portion of the tie, or may be of less width, as clearly shown in Fig. 1. After a strip of fabric 11 (Fig. 5) has been Woven, the various ties 1 may be removed by merely cutting the fabric along the line of the tafleta or tight weaves 5 Iso as to leave a part of the tight Weave 5 as an edge for a necktie. The various neckties are then turned sothat the edges 12 and 13 as well as the layer 2 will be placed within the layers 6 and 7, as shown in IFigs. 1 and 4. This completes the tie without requiring any sewing or the insertion of any extra filling matter.
ln forming the weave any desired configuration. may be produced in the usualmanner and any desired number of shuttles may be used. When the warp threads divide for forming the layers 6 and 7 the same number of shuttles may be used as when weaving the single layer or tightly woven portion 5, or additional shuttles may be inserted for supplying a larger number of weft threads. Of course it will be evident that a less number of shuttles could be used although the saine is not usually desirable.
Having thus described my invention l. claim as new and desire to secure'by Let-.
ters Patent 1. A" strip of Woven fabric comprising a or tadeta por' tions extending transversely of the strip; from o'ne edge to the other, and a. woven,
plurality or tightly woven tubular tie arranged "between each pair of said tight or tadeta portions, said ties extending parallel with said tight or tadeta portions and being woven with a double portion at the center and with more than a double portion at the ends whereby a llinfg structure is provided at the ends.
2. A strip of woven tubular ties, each of said ties extending transversely of the strip and each tie inthe weaving beingformed with a single tubular portion atithe central or neck portion of the tie and with tubular portions and lining portions between the neck portion of the tie and the edges of the strip, said lining portions being superimposed on the tubular end portions of the portions having a selvage edge at each end, and each of said ties having a selvage edge at each of the ends.
. 3. A strip ofV woven tubular ties, each of said ties extendin transversely of the strip and each tie in t eweaving being` formed with a single. tubular portion at the central or neck portion ofthe tie and with tubular n portions and liningportions between the acreage i posed on Lsaid tubular end portions and each and each tie in the weaving being formed with a single tubular portion at the central or neck portion of the tie and with-tubular end portions and woven lining portion between the neck portions of the tie and the edges of the strip,.said lining portions being superimposed on said tubular end portions each of said ties having salvage Iedges at each end and said` filling pbrtions having a selvage edge at each end of the tie. v
ln a weave of the class described, a
yplurality oil spaced tightly woven portions extending transversely of the strip being woven, a transversely arranged tubular'portion positioned between each of said tightly woven portions, the position of the tubular portions transversely of the strip causing the ends of the tubular portion to be formed with a selvage edge, and an extra woven lining arranged between each of said tightly Woven portions so as to'lieV adjacent said tubular portions, said lining being superimposed on the end portions of portion, said lining, being formed with a selvage edge/adjacent the selvage edge of the strip being woven.
6. A woven fabric :formed tubular in shape with a selvage at each end, said-fabric being restricted or reduced in size centrally, and an auxiliary woven layer having a selvage at each `end woven adjacent the tubular fabric and extending from the selvage of the fabric to the reduced central portion said auxiliary woven layer being superimposed on the end portions of the tubular fabric.
7. 1n a woven tubular. tie, a body portion formed with a pair of oppositely arranged woven layers merging together at opposite edges and at said edges forming a ta'eta woven portion, said tadeta woven portion extending transversely of-.the body, andan auxiliary woven layer arranged; adjacent said body portion with its warp threads extending through said tadeta woven yportion and :forming a partthereof, the weft threads of said filling layer forming aselvagefupon each edge oi", said body and extending from the opposite edges of said bodyto a point less, than half the width of the body.
ln testimony whereof l have signed my nameto this specification in the presence of two?l subscribing witnesses.
.ninas connnni. .sA-viven.
Witnesses I FLOYD C. Mnfr'rnnn, ld". A. Bann.