US 1075999 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
l APPLICATION FILED MAR. ll, 1913.
Patented Dot. 14, 1913.
Sos mcaton of Letters Patent.
temente@ om. :ieg teil3.
lpgillcaton filed March 11, i913. Seal No. 753,549.
lle it known that Lome lemiovmz? :i citizen of the United States7 residing m New i'oil city, county :zml Strate of New foi-lt7 have, invented certain new and useful nipifoveunuits in Faucets7 otwhich the tot lowinff is such :i full. elettr, :intl io- Seriotion ne; Will enable one skilled in thouzt to which il; eppeltnins 'to make and une` reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming pat el? this Soeei'iiication.
*My invention relate: to an improved faucet tot' Controlling the delivery oit liquids. und the ohjects ol' the invention ae to pl'oi/ifie a t'iple-aetion lfmeot means of which liquids ot two (litleient characters muv each delivered et fill. in pure Stute. o1' n mixture th' two lifuide may he delivered et wili.
A urthei' ohdioet of the invention to vary the pifopoftion at i et the liquids when n'iixed togethe: am: (leiveofl 'from the faucet.
"Vv uh these and @the-f objects in View :my invention .ff-onuists in the various novel and peeulinr aniimgements anti combinations ot the so ein its ot the eloviee, all as hete-K L' Het forth imo then *ed out y invention 'heiem z mi fnl sectional View ot niv iuicet, thfI valve ot in;r with ihm' having its pmt. which l to the tno supply pipes, iejg'istezh the Quino to Olivet :t mixture o'i.l is :i tot; pluri View oi the l. il is u horizontal the lifiniile.. ilvfiw :hown in il .vm-tionul View gli.
'which iSinxli neutral Eppoi' portion l"ill". fw il'io View show the two liiqui i to auch other in toi'min e VileV Aing nmhe's of ifuiehout,r omging S. in which im i 'lzxwiueu in whioh like i mite like, pmt net hnving valve `l n lollvv plug lvnlve, 3, which tapers (iownwarflly toward g its lower enel- ,where it is open l and where it. discharges .into the spout of the faucet. The upper and close@ end ot the plug valve il, is pzovidec'l. with a stem. G, which passes through a, sorewceip secured upon the upper end of the volte easing 2, and between this cap and. the upper @nel of the 'valve is placed a spring 8, t'o keeping the valve 'firmly set in its tupeting seat in the valve casing. The' valve easing is pmvideci with a lateral extension 9, through which passes two suppiyuluets l() and 1l, which in the present instance are :arranged in the Saune Vertical plane and are oi' the same cliznnete?. outer ends opening as supplyportey into the Valve Casing 27 and the plug' valve 37 is provided 'with two .similar passages o1' inlet ports l2 and lil, located one :above the other and adapted to register with the upper and lower supply duets l() und ill, respectively,
is to.say. when the, port l2, registers with the Supply fluct l0, the port 13, is Closed in respect to the supply duct 1l, and Vice versi. The plug Valve 3. is also provided with n third passage, oi? inlet port i14, which is snl'iciently large to register lwith both the Supply duets 'l0 :incl li siinultaneou'sly7 und nt which time the other two ports l2 and 13 are closed in respect to the Supplies.
rllhe plug vulve 3E in pifovided at :1 suitahh` point on its heini with :i pin lt), which is in twingo ol n siinihu pin l5, located on the Volvo (aiming so that the vulve nniy he turned almost through it full eiivlc in one direction, and then tui-ned hin-k :L siinilzu' distance. in the. other direction, though, ol course. these pins muy he omitted anni the vulve l hie o turning without limit.
They luteiul extension S), of Vthe faucet is closed at 17 at its en@ und it is provided with a sei'evwthieinl lil 'tot' Sci'ewing into u. Sitting li), which is 'provided-attivo Clio .lnetiiivulljf opposite points with threaded bosses or pi'ojeetionsw und 2l. Yespeetively, which receive (he 'hi'eudwi ends `o the liquid supply pipes; 22 :mtl 23, respectively. "i comu'iunicutes tno liquid Supply pipe 7 with the Supply duet l0, the 'faucet -throuh ii lateral }'ierforz1tion` Qn the extenaion l. and the pipe 255,wonnnunientes with the Supply duet 1l,v through n lateral poorution 25, likewise formed in the eX- tension 9. The fitting i9, n@ Well as the con- The two ducts und 1l have then` but not to so regifster at, the sinne time; thatnested liquidl supply pipes -22 and 23, respectively, are mounted 1n a stationary art indicated atY` 26, such as an ordinary Wa l or partition, and the extension 9, is provided with a :flange 27, which surrounds the eir-` tension and lies flatly againstthe Wall 26, when the parts are in position.
Assuming that the pipe 22, supplies cold Water the course of which is indicated by the arrow marked C and that the pipe 23 supplies hot Water, asv indicated by the arrow marked H to, the respective supply ducts l0 and 1l, Fig. l shows the valve adjusted in such positionthat its mixing port 14, is open alike to both the cold and hot supplies l0 and il, and under this condition each of these liquids is disehareed alike 'into the hollow interior 'of the plug' valve 3, and passes thence throueh the loottom into the spout 5, and out o' thesame, thereby delivering from the faucet arnixture of hot and cold liquid, brione that is tepid. The mixing port lil oi'f'tlie valve is I so constructed by beinlgfslot-sliaped and dis- 25 f Wall of the plug' valve,that1it may he made lEn() the plug valve,
l through the yalve.'
other forni; simultaneously and-.completelybotlr .the y y posed diagonally instead of vertically in the' torea-dily vaiyetliey roportion between the amount Y o-fsvold :in hot liquid admitted This regulation of the proportionslof the two liquids isshown dia grammaticallyin Fig. 8, in which the mix nig-portie indicated at the left hand as uncovering .the Whole or the hot liquid supply 11', butonly partially uncovering the cold liquid supply l0, thereby fivin a 'eater proportion of the hot liqui in t emixture At the right' hand o1- Fl 8 the-reverse of this condition is iundicate4 By "shitting the valve slightly in one direction or'theother from the two positions:v indicated in tixediagram vin Fig. 8, other variations may he made in 'the proportions iof'the'liquids'thus mixed together. n f Y, :j In Fig. 7 Ishow amodiflcation in which the mixing port le ofthe pluc2r valve is arranged in vertical position in the periphery of the valve' instead of obliquel ,asin the arrangement uncovers and hot suppliesv land il.- y, I
I provide the valve stein @-.witli ahandle` 29, havingfour equidistant :arms 3l), 3l, 32 and 33, respectively, the ends of which are shaped so as to receive'a suitableinseription or label reading Closed LnfQold y Het & C, respectivelyfsiiidicated in Fig. -2Y.--'v.l"hese"four"'arxns are so vrelated to the location ofthe inlet ports 12, 13 and 14, of
that whenthe valve isadf' justed to open both of the supplies'ifmand 11 by means of theVm-ixing port 14, and thereby deliverffrom the faucet hot and cold or tepid liquid, thearm bearing the het and cold label points forwardly in the direction ,will open the mixing-port; ,another Aquarter turn supply, and a third quarter turnv 1n the saine "ter turn the valve may of the spout 5 of thefaucet. Similarly when nemesis the valve pdrt 12 registers With'tne cold lien uid supply l0, the 'arm bearing the word Cold s out 5, of the faucet, and in the same 1tray tlie arm marked Het comes in position over the spout 5 of the' faucet, andthe erin marked Closed comes in such 'positidn when thefaucctis operating under either ci' these conditions.
ln using my improved faucet "with the ordinary hot and cold water supplies in a building it will loe seen that In faucet reduces the, number oisuch devices byonehalf. This faucet also saves. a considerable quantity outv hot Water in some cases, for ere ample, Where it is customary to draw a vessel full of liotiwater, such Water is often too het when drawn from the ordinary faucet and some of it is thrown away and cold Water substituted for the part thus thrown away in order to get a lower temperature. With inyoiiaueet the temperature of the Water is regulated by adjlisting,J 'the valve as described so that the faucet itself delivers the Water at practically the desired temperature.- y
lt will thus be observed that my faucet is particularly well adapted for 'use with a kitchen sinlnes the ycup-shaped litting to which the two supply pipes are connected at. opposite pointev on the circumference thereof, is interinali"l Screivthreaded and receives the externally vscrew-threaded eirtension of the faucet which contains the ters supply ducts. This requires but a single opening in the Wall or part onwhich the faucet is mounted and permits its being readily :removed Whenever occasion requires. Furthermore, the turningo the valve limited to substantially artull circle either in the ,direction o the movement, of the hands of a clock, or in the reverse direction, the stop-device which thus limits the movement is herein shown as so arranged that when 'the valve L sition, (that is with the handle marked Closed pointing outwardly over the spout of the faucet), a quarter turn in the direction in which the hands of a clock move f in the saine direction will open the hot dinectionmvvill open the colt. supply, when the movement in this directionvvill be checked. -By reversin the mouement'otthe valve a quarter turn t e hot-supply be v opened; byanother uarter;turni"the-na'A ed supply/will be opened, and byuthird... nar? be brought intoc oecd Y' l Wish to be understood es not 'limitingfnsy invention to the exact construction ofthe several different parte of the .device herein shown, as it is manifest that various modiications may be made in suchpart's g 3@ is in a position directly abovetiie :will
ist v is adusted in closed noy however, departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A faucet comprising two independent supply-ducts arranged in superposed relation and provided'ivvith a rotary plug-valve having three separated inlet ports one of which is adapted to communicate with one of said supply-duets'while the other is closed,
.and another with the other of saidsupplyducts while the first mentioned supply-ductv is closed, and the third valve-port being elongated with its central line of length arranged obliquely to the vertical and adapted to register with both of said supply-ducts simultaneously and to open both of them equally when the valve is turned in either dlrection and also to vary the .uncovered area of the o )enings relatively to each other when turner in either direction, substantially as and for the purpose Set forth.
2. A faucet comprising a valve-casing provided with an externally threaded lateral tension havingtwo supply ducts communicating with .the valve-chamber and the eX- terior of the side of said extension, an in- -ternally threaded cup-shaped fitting mounted on said lateral extension and provided' with laterally projecting nipples registering with the respective supply duct openings in the side of said extension, and the valve provided with ports for eoperating, withy plane and communicating with the valvechamber an'd the exterior of the side of said extension and closed at the outer ends, an internally threaded cup -shaped fitting mounted on said lateral extension and pro vided with laterally projecting-nipples registering With the respective supply duct openings in the sideV of said extension, and the valve provided with ports for coperating with vsaid two supply-ducts, substantially as described.
InA testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of the two Subscribing' witnesses. i
LOUIS ABRAMOVITZ. Vitnesses z lViLLrs FowLnn,
K. O. HAsnL.