US 1076290 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. O. KING.
APPLICATION FILED MAR.1B, 1910.
1 ,076,290. Patented Oct. 21, 1913,
3 SHEETS-SHEET i.
R. o. KING.
APPLICATION FILED MAB. 18, 1910.
Patented Oct. 21, 1913.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
R. O. KING.
PPLIUATION FILED MAB. 1a. 1910.
Patented Oct. 21, 1913.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
rafter and which of coperating brackets e and is provided with a screw nut e6 engaging with the far bracket. Each!V pair of brackets e receives the opposing ends of two truss rods e4, said rods being havin its nut e bearing against the outer side o one bracket and the other having its nut bearing against the outer side of the other bracket.v The jtwo sectionsv of the rafter and ridge coupling are made right sind left and can therefore be cast' alike and secured reversely to each other, thereby reducing the cost of 'manufacture and facilitating erection of the green house. At its lower end each inner rafter.D1 is connected with the upper end of each inner post B by means o a head F having a-socket f on of the post B, perforated ears f1 arranged on opposite sides of said head, a lower inner base or fitting composed of a socket f2 which' receives the lower end of the adjacent inner is provided at its lower end with aperforated ear j which is pivotally connected by a horizontal bolt f* 'with the perforated ear f1 on the adjacent side of the head F, as shown inA Figs. 1 and 11. The-lower end of each outer rafter D is connected with the upper end of a side post by means of4 a rafter base composed of :L socket G which receives the lower end of a rafter and is `provided with a perforated -ear g at its lower endz a post .top or cap having a socket H wllch receives the up# per end of the side post'and is provided with a perforated ear It atitsu per end which engages with one side of t e ear f] and is pivotally secured thereto by a hori zontal 'bolt g. "The sockets f and H are preferably secured to the upperl ends ofV their respective posts D1, as shown lin Figs. 1, 3 and c 11. `The opposlte endsofeach rafter may also be secured bly screw jolnts inthe top and base fittings. t e
reof, as shownin Figs; 1, 3, 9 and 11,
so as lto permit' of screwing these rafters into the sockets ofl the rafter tops and bases as far as required for adapting 'the'len-gth of the rafter to the'width stead of employing a screw joint between the rafterand its top and base, the socket of each of these fittings may be split, as shown atl in Fig. 14, and the rafter D2 may be held frictionally in said socket by a clamping screw z' connecting the parts of the socket 1 on opposite sideslof its split and drawing the same against said rafter. By means of the pivotal connection between the lower ends of the rafters and the top or heads of the posts the same can be relatively to the posts to"suit the latter.
For the purpose of holding each post'and rafter .in position relatively lto each other'. and producing a strong and rigid strucreadly turned the positionaof arranged side by side and one` tal bolt k2 to the upper bracket J while the lower swivel L its lower part which receives the upper end.
'such ad1ustment these Aside of .the rafters,
' lins. and glazed l. sa'shesw'a1 D by screw joints,
of the roof. In-.
stance, as shown in" ture, means are provided for bracing these parts on the inner'side of the corner between the same. This is ,preferabl ellected by upper and lower brackets J, J1 secured r,e spectively by clips j, jl tothe rafter, and post, upper and lower swivels K, L the upper one of which has a lower lnternally screw threadedjsocket k and an up l r' perforated ear k1 which is pivoted by a orizonhas an upper internally screwthreaded socket li and a lower perforated ear lli which is pivotally connected with the lower bracket J1 by a horizontal bolt l2, and an inclined brace J2 preferably consisting of'a tube -or ipe and provided at its upper and lower ens with external screw threads which Vwork in the threaded sockets 7c, l. The threads J 2 are right and le t and the, threadsof the sockets with whichl they coperate trend in t-he correspondin direction. It is therefore ossible by simp yturning the brace in one direction or the other to accurately shift the rater. apdpost into roper angular o'- sitioh relatively to eacli) other and a er parts are reliably held in osition. `'IPhe roof of the green house may,be"of any suitable' construction but :xs-.shown in the drawings the same preferably` comprises purlins N `secured lengthwise to g-the'upper roof'sash bars n secured the upper. side of the ur- .arranged a o ve the .purlins and sash bars. and extending transversely from. the ridgeto the side of the building.
transversely to -When the green house comprises 'a' plurality of sections,-a gutter o .is arranged lengthwise at the bottomofthevalley between the companion slopi same discharge-tie water from the -u p91* sides into said gutter.
The' latter 'is spf" ported on the upper sde'fofv the heds .-Flat the top ofthe -mner postsAQB, as shown in.. Figs. 1 .and 11. Below the of the posts .Balscigcarry a ilipparr" ol into which'liows .therwater offcondensation on if' the unclersidefotl the sashes. ofv
the'. adjacent 'roof sections` i .w
Arita edlengthwse at .the lower edge or. eave eouter roof section is'an eave barl to whichithe lower ends of theroof sash bars are secured. Between the cave bar and thev concrete lower a-rt a of the side wall are arran edt-he si esash'es'kz. This eave bar .may variouslyv constructed, for inmaybe-constructed in the form of an angle iron. having an u per flange p which is arranged inline wit ange.
at op osite ends of ithe brace roof sections, so ttul-tithel i ser thaheada' i Figs. 1 and 3, the same i the plane of theadjacentf 'i' n section and a lower flange p1 which dends from the inner edge of the upperA Lengthwisej belowV the innerv or 1an bracket the care drip pan ie provided with lower 'flange of the eave bar is arranger" a drip pan or guttiifr q-which catches the drippings from the undereide of the outer roof section.
The. eave bar and side drip pan are supeported on the corners oi' the side posts and rafters by means of brackets R each ofl which is provided at its upper end with lugs r which are secured to the inner side of the rlower flange of the ongle iron ea re bar and uiith lugs 'r1 'which are secured to the lowcr end o the adjacent sash bar while its lower l end is provided with a perforated ear Wi which is preferably arranged between the` ear I1. of the adjacent side post top and thei ear g of the adjacent rafter base, these Sevi eral ears being pivotally connected by thef bolt g. The ear r2 of the enve bracket and f the enr l of the rafter brace are preferably i interlocked so as to compel the same to a.lr ways turn together about the bolt g1 as am axis and thus keep the seats or faces r, of the bracket R with which the cave bar; and adjacent sash bar engage in such position relatively to the rafter that the plane; of the upper cave bar aan e and 'the rafters :are always parallel with t e rafter, thereby i permitting; of tnrnin the rafter -freely on the side post for adgusting the parts duringr the erertion of the building Without ref quiring any attention to keep the bracket; R in the proper position for holding the bar and sash bar. The preferred means for thus causing the ra'fter and earnI bracket to torn together are shown in Figs. 8, 12 'und 13 of tliedlrawings and consist of a(- coupling key or rib s arranged on one side of the ear of the cave bracket and engaging with a corresponding groove or recess s in the opposing side of the ear of the rafter base. The key s and groove s are formed integrally on their respective parts by casting and prevent asselnliling these partey in any bther position except the min-rect one in which the cave bracket stands in the proper poeition relnlively to the ruiter,
letnvcn the upper part of the eave brochet und ile lower rar the saine is pri "aided with :in opening f which entend.l in :i direction lengthwise of the cave bar and which is adapted to receive and support the eave drip pan or gutter g. Within the eave a drain openingr q1 in its bottom.
Below the drip pan (j the ear of the cave bracket is provided with a drain passage Q which extends from the drain opening q1 of ther pan downwardly to a drain opening 92 in the upper end of the socket H of the adjacent side post top. Any water dripping from the underside of the outer roof section into the eave pon or gutter passes ;-zu;-rczi.cly through lz u ing q1 of this furti-r or funn the drain prof-,l s of the en f l 5b drain opening of the top and into the side post from which latter the water is curried into the ground or to n sewer Yprovided for that purpose. The opening y2 of the post top is of suflicient area to per-init the Water to discharge into the saine from the drain passage of the cave bracket in the dilerent positions which the latter is likely to assume when erecting the building.
Instead of oonstructinglt/he eave bar ol' angle iron the same may be constructed in the form of a tube or pipe p2 and arranged inside of the corner between the roof and Wall o'f the building.y as shown in Figs. 15
and`16. In this case the drppings from the underside of the roof run down-the iuner side of the wall and the cave bar is oonnected with the post and rafter by s 'bracket R1 which is connected at its upper end with the adjacent roof sash bar p and side wall sash bar p4. Between the of the building the tubular eave bar is secured to the roof sash bar land wall sash bei by means of a loop or strap' p", as shown il Fig. 16. The threepiece corner lxtnne for connecting the post, rafter and cave hat is also applicable to a structure in which the eave bar consists of a Wooden bar a8 shown inFig. 17 the eave brneket i in thiscase being of suitable coastrmton to (it this kind of cave bar.
Various means may be emplo ed for stitiening or strengthening the ra ,ters depend ing on the span of the roof. The means frm this purpose shown in the drawings comprise a trilss for each rater oonssti of a strut u depending from the central part of each rafter, a coupling u1 arranged at the lower end 'of each strut, a single truss rod e: extendingfrom the coupling u to the top 195 of the rafter, a pair of truss rods el, yL arranged on opposite sides of euch corner brace and extending from the couping u* to the base of the rafter, and a connection w Y* extendingr from the truss coupling l of one raftcr to the other. I
My ix'nprovenlents in green house construction permit of making the parts in the shop at low cost, so that they can be easily and quickly assembled on the ground Without the necessity of any fitting. Furthermore, the different fixtures are of such char` acter that the owner can readily assemble the same with tubes or pipes furnished by himself as is frequently done by green house owners who are usually equipped with pipe and threading tools, thereby enabling a Superior green house to be erected at coniparatively low cost.
l claim as my invention: y
l. A building having n ridge, rafters arranged on opposite sides of the ridge, and a coupling having two sections which are capable of vertical rotary adjustment relatively to one another,1and each of which has an upwardly projecting art connected with the ridge and a latera ly projecting part connected with one of the rafters.
2. A building having a ridge, rafters arranged on opposite sides of the ridge and a coupling connecting said rafters witli each other and with the ridge comprising two sections each having an upright bracket secured at its upper end to said ridge and a socket projecting laterally from the lower end of the bracket and receiving the upper end of one of the rafters, said brackets overlapping each other transversely of the ridge, and a bolt connecting said brackets.
3. A building having a ridge, rafters. arranged on opposite sides of the ridge and a coupling connecting said rafters With each other and with the ridge comprising two sections each having an upright bracket Secured at its upper end to said ridge and a socket projecting laterally from the lower end of the bracket and receiving the upper end of oneof the rafters, said-brackets overla'ping each other transversely of .the ri ge, and truss rods passing through said brackets,--one having a screw nut bearing against the outer side of one bracket and the other having a screw nut bearing against thefouter side of the other bracket.
4| A building having a post, a rafter, an cave bar, a fitting comprising three sections which lare connected with each other and which are also connected respectively with the cave bar, post and rafter, and an adjustablebrace connecting the rafter and post.
5. A building having a post, a rafter, an eave bar, and a fitting comprising three sections which are connected with each other and which are also connected respectively with the post, rafter and eave bar.
6. A building having a post, a rafter, an cave bar, and means for pivotally connecting the post, rafter and cave bar comprising a top secured to the post and having an ear, a base secured to the rafter and having an ear, a bracket secured to the eave bar and having an ear, and a horizontal bolt connecting the several ears.
7. A building having a post, a rafter, an cave bar, a base secured to the rafter, a
vbracket fixedly connected with said base and with said eave bar, and a top secured to the post and pivotally connected with said bracket and base.
8. A building having a post, a rafter, an cave bar, and means for pivotally connecting the post, rafter and eave bar comprising a top secured to the post and having an ear, a base secured to the rafter and having an ear, a bracket secured to the eave bar and having an ear, a horizontal holt connecting the severalears, and means for interlocking said bracket and rafter base.
9. A building having a post, a rafter, an eave bar, and means for pivotally connecting the post, rafter and cave top secured to the post and having an ear, a base secured to the rafter andhaving an ear, a bracket secured to the cave bar and having an ear, a horizontal bolt connecting the several ears, and means for interlocking said bracket and rafter base consisting of a.
key arranged on the ear of the eave bracket and engaging with a groove or recess in rear of theA rafter base.
10, A building comprising a tubular post, a rafter connected with the post,-an cave bar, a gutter arranged on the inner side of the building, and a bracket which supports 'said glitter and eave bar and Which is4 rovided with a drain passage leading rom the gutter to the post.
11. A building comprising a tubular post, y
a top for said post consisting of a socket which receives the upper end of the post and is provided withv a drain opening leading to the interior of the post and an ear projecting upwardly from the socket, a rafter, a base for said rafter consisting of a socket vhich receives said rafter and provided with an ear, an cave b ar, a gutter having a drain opening, a bracket supporting saidreave bar and gutter and having an ear and a drain passage leading from said gutter drain opening to the drain opening of the post top', and a coupling bolt connecting the ears of the post top, rafter base and bracket. A
Witness my hand this 15th day of March, 1910.
ROBERT O. KING.V Witnesses:
Trino. L. Pore, ANNA HEIGIS.
bar comprising a