US 1077345 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. J. HINES & W. F. HICKS. BARRETTE.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 30, 1911.
Patented Nov. 4, 1913.
nrrn s. ans an TQE.
WILLIAM J. HINES AND WALTER F; HICKS, F LEOMINSTER, MASSACl-IUSETTS, AS SIGNORS TO PURITAN COMB OOMFANY, OF LEOMINSTE'BJ," MASSACHUSETTS; A
CORPORATION OF MASSACHUSETTS.
Specification of Iietcers Yatent.
Patented Nov. 4, 1913.
To'aZZ whom it may concern I Be it known that we, NILLIAM J. Hn'vns and Wanna F. HICKS, citizens of the United States, both residing at Leominster, in the county of lVorcester and State of Massachusetts, have invented a new and useful Barrette, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a hair ornament,
of the barrette type.
The principal objects of the invention are to provide for holding a bow on a barette or hair ornament of similar character in such a way that the bow will not have to be untied frequently, thus preserving the form of the bow and prolonging the life of the ribbon; also to provide means of this character whereby a how can be formed of much less ribbon than is required for an ordinary bow; and to provide means whereby the how can be applied and removed readily without unduly creasing the ribbon.
Further objects and advantages of the in vention will appear hereinafter.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is an elevation of a preferred form of the invention showing a bow in place; Fig. 2 is a similar view of the barrette without the bow; Fig. 3 is a plan of the same; Fig. 4c is a sectional View on the line 44 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 5 is a similar view of a modification.
The invention is shown as applied to a hair ornament in the form of a barrette comprising a main body and a retaining pin 11 on the back. The bow A is formed of three thicknesses of ribbon and can conveniently be made of ribbon three-quarters of a yard in length instead of a yard and a quarter or more as is ordinarily required. This bow is held in position on the exposed face of the barrette body by a plate 12 having an opening in the center. In the first four figures this plate is pivoted to one edge of the body as by means of an integral tongue 13 extending around a bar 14 on the body and into a perforation 15 which separates the bar from the main body of the barrette. On the other side the plate 12 is provided with an undercut resilient tongue 16 adapted to be swung over the edge of the barrette body to hold the same when snapped into position with the ribbon thereunder. The end portion of the tongue is reversely bent and outturned to provide convenient means for disengaging the clasp. Another feature shown in these figuresis a projection 18 on th'e fa'ce of the barrette body in the center of the perforation in the plate 12. I Preferably it consists of a piece of celluloid cemented to the surface of the plate 12, but it ma be formed integrally with the back by die pressing. This is provided with rounded edges and is designed to project the ribbon forward at this point so as to improve the appearance thereof and more firmly hold it in position. However this feature can be eliminated if desired as indicated in Fig. 5.
The retaining pin 11 is shown pivoted in a novel way to the back of the barrette by means of a U-shaped wire member 22 both legs of which are bent outwardly at 23 so as to prevent their gripping the hair between them and the back of the body. The ends of the legs are held by a piece of celluloid or the like 24 cemented over them to the back of the plate 12. This prevents the catching of hair in this way which renders an article of this kind unsalable.
The main modification shown in Fig. 5 consists in providing a plate of the same shape substantially as the plate 12, but fixed at both ends as for instance, by being cemented to the surface of the body of the barrette. the ribbon has to be passed in from the end and is likely to be wrinkled on one side. Otherwise it serves the same purposes as the preferred form of the invention.
In the use of the invention as shown in the first four figures the ribbon A. is folded three times to resemble a bow and is gathered up at the center to further simulate that effect. The bow is then placed on the body of the barrette with the plate 12 in dotted line position in Fig. 2. The portion gathered in at the center must not be wider than the barrette body. With the bow in this position the plate or tongue 12 is forced over the barrette body until the tongue 16 springs around the edge, which holds it securely in position. In this way the bow practically covers the barrette body and it will retain its shape for a long time, not having to be untied or even taken off the barrette when it is removed from the hair.
With this form of the invention Although we have illustrated and described certain preferred embodiments of the invention, we are aware that many modifications can be made therein without departing from the scope of the invention as expressed in the claims. Therefore, we do not wish to be limited to all the details of 1gonstruction herein shown and described,
WVhat We do claim is 1. As an article of manufacture, a hair ornament comprising a curved main body of sheet material having a perforation near one edge, and a retaining means on the concave side thereof, said main body being provided with a plate of sheet material independent of said retaining means and on the convex side for holding a bow of ribbon on the exposed face thereof, said plate having an integral tongue at one end extending beyond the edge of the main body and into said perforation by which the plate is pivoted to the main body and having an under cut and out-turned integral resilient extension at the other end by which the plate may be detachably secured in holding position and may be released therefrom. I
2. As an article of manufacture, a hair ornament comprising a main body, a retaining means on one side, and a plate on the other side constituting means for holding a bow thereon, said plate having an opening therein extending substantially across the main body, and the body having a raised portion entirely under the opening and of smaller size and similar shape, said raised portion acting to project the central portion of the bow into the opening in the clamping plate.
In testimony whereof We have hereunto set our hands, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
WILLIAM J. HINES. WALTER F. HICKS.
F. J. LoTHRoP, E. A. KITTREDGE.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. 7 Washington, D. G.