US 1081313 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
ADJUSTABLE GARMENT FORM.
APPLIOATION FILED Nov. 5, 1912.
Batented Dec. 16, 1913.
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J.' SATIN, B. MOSBSSON & M. GARFINKBL.
ADJUSTABLE GARMBNT FORM.
APPLICATION FILED Nov. 5, 1.912.
1,081 ,3 1 3. Patented Dec. 16, 1913.
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lUNITED STATES A PATENT OFFICE.
JACOB SATIN, BERNARD MOSESSON, AND MANDEL GARFINKEL, OF BROOKLYN, NEW
YORK, ASSIGNORS T0 THE SIMPLEX ADJUSTABLE DRESS FORM NEW YORK.
CO., 0F BROOKLYN,
To all 'whom t may concern:
Be it known that we, JACOB SATIN, a subject of the Czar of Russia7 and BERNARD MosnssoN and MANDEL GARFINKEL, citizens of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Adjustable Garment- Forms7 of which the following is a specification.
The present invention relates to improvements in adjustable garment forms, and in particular to the neans for adjusting the sections of which said forms are composed.
Primarily, our object has been to provide such manipulative means aforesaid7 whereby a maximum expansion or contraction of said sections may be accomplished by a minimum amount of manipulation on the part oi' the operator.
The foregoing means comprehends the provision of neck adjusting mechanism, for instance7 capable of being expanded to the fullest extent by a single turn of a rotatable member, as well as independent bust and skirt adjusting nechanisms, susceptible of being similarly operated, the neck adjusting mechanism aforesaid cooperating with certain of the skirt adjusting means whereby said neck adjusting mechanisms may be moved and thereby relatively adjusting the bust portion with respect to the skirt portion of the form.
A further object of our device is the provision of indicating means in association with the neck or collar adjusting mechanism for enabling the operator to expand or contract the bust portion of the form a predetermined amount according to the standard sizes of bust measure.
Still another object in view is to provide independent adjusting means for the outer or shoulder sections of the bust portions of the form, whereby said sections may be simultaneously adjusted independently of the other bust and skirt mechanisms above mentioned.
For a full understanding of the present invention, reference is to be had to the following description and to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l is a front elevation of a garment form constructed in accordance with our invent-ion, said form being slightly expanded or opened. Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed November 5, 1912.
Patented Dec. 16, 1913. Serial No. 729,700.
view showing more clearly the adjusting means for the shoulder sections and skirt portion of the form. Fig. 3 is a sectional view on the plane indicated by the line 3-3 of F ig. 2. Fig. l is a horizontal sectional view on the line 4 -4 of Fig. 2, showing the neck or collar sections fully expanded. Fig. 5 is a similar section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 9 and showing the indicating means. Fig. 6 is a detail sectional view taken on the line 6-6 indicated in Fig. 4:. Fig. 7 is a detail view of the adjusting members for the skirt portion of the form. Fig. 8 is a partial vertical sectional View of the bust portion of the form7 looking toward the front of the same and showing the auxiliary connecting means for t-he bust sections. Fig. 9 is a detail fragmentary View showing the connecting members alone.
Throughout the following detail description and on the several figures of the drawings, similar parts are referred to by like reference characters.
Referring to the drawings and specilically describing the invention, a form constructed in accordance therewith comprises a plurality of sections, the number in the presentinstance being twelve, though it will be understood that this number may be varied and we therefore do not wish to be confined in this respect to the exact construction illustrated. The form is supported by the post or standard l` loosely mounted in the stand :2 and held rigid by means of the collar 2 and said form consists of the bust or upper portion A and the lower or' skirt portion B. These two body portions are connected by means of flexible metal slide straps 3 secured to the several sections hereinafter more specifically described.
The skirt portion B of the form consists of four separate sections, each terminating at its lower portion in a plurality of vertical stays t connected by means of the transverse stays 5, said stays being preferably composed of broad metal straps, as shown clearly in the drawings. These stay sections are held in proper relation to cach other by means of braces 6 at their Lipper portions and braces 7 at their lower portions, the braces 6 being connected with the adjustable sleeve 8 rigidly secured to the standard l by the set screw 9 and the members 7 being connected with a similar sleeve 10 secured in like manner to the stand 2.
rlhe skirt portion B is supported upon the standard 1 by the adjusting means now to be described.
Fixedly secured upon the standard 1 is a sleeve 11 provided at its upper and lower portions with right and left hand threads, upon which threaded portions are movably mounted the upper nut 12 and the lower nut 13. Pivotally connected with the upper nut 12 is a relatively long rib or expanding member' 14, there being one of said members for each of the skirt sections. These rib members 14 constitute levers and are connected with said sections by means of a connecting member 15 adjustably secured to a bracket 16 fastened to each section. The connecting member 15 for each of these rib members 14 is provided with a slot 15 and a bolt 17 passes through the bracket 16 and the slot of the connecting member 15. It is to be noted that the purpose of providing this adjustable connection is to effect a permanent adjustmentof the correct size of hip for the form, according to the adjustment desired by the operator, and when so adjusted, the sections may be allowed to remain permanently this size unless otherwise required. Other short braces or rib members 18 are connected to each of the members 14 and `pivotally connected at their other ends to the lower nut 13 upon the sleeve 11.
Itigidly secured to the topmost extremity of the standard 1 is a hand wheel 19, and it will be obvious from the foregoing description that a rotation of this hand wheel in one direction will cause the nuts 12 and 13 to approach each other on the sleeve 11 and simultaneously expand the hip sections of the skirt portion of the form and the stay portions of the skirt portion of the form may be expanded proportionately by manually lowering the adjustable collars 8 and 10. Rotating the wheel 19 in a reverse direction will contract the sections of the skirt portion in an apparent manner.
rEhe important feature of the skirt adjusting mechanism hereinbefore described is the relative lengths of the rib members 14 and 18, whereby the maximum amount of adjustment may be obtained by the minimum amount of rotation of the handwheel 19.
The bust portion A of the form is composed of four front and four rear sections, of which the numeral 2O indicates the collar or neck sections and the numeral 21 indicates the shoulder sections. Mounted loosely upon the upper portion of the standard 1 and beneath the hand wheel 19 is a sleeve 22 having thereon for manipulating purposes a hand wheel 23, said sleeve 22 being held in position by means of a pin 24 passing through the standard 1 and upon which a washer 25 is disposed, forming the bearing for said sleeve. |Ihe lower extremity of the sleeve 22 is threaded and upon this threaded portion is mounted the collar or neck adjusting mechanism about to be described.
Referring to Fig. 6, the numeral 26 indicates a disk having its upper surface provided with spiral cams 27, there being preferably four of said cams thereon. The disk 26 moreover, is interposed between the cas ing cheeks 28 and 29, and is provided with a sleeve 30 extending through the upper cheek 28, said sleeve being integrally connected with a rotatable operating member or wheel 31. Connected with each of the neck sections is a rack bar 32 projecting inwardly through the casing formed by the cheeks 28 and 29, which bars mesh with the spiral cams 27 on the disk 26. By rotating the wheel 31, the rack bars 32 will be caused to travel around the cams 27 in either expanding or contracting the neck sections of the bust portion of the form. The casing cheek 29 is threaded, and mounted upon the threaded portion of the sleeve 22 so that by rotation of the wheel 23, the neck sections 2O as well as the shoulder sections 21 which are connected with the latter, are caused to travel upwardly or downwardly upon said sleeve 22, thereby adjusting the bust portion of the form vertically with respect to the skirt portion. As shown in Fig. 5, the upper surface of the casing cheek 28 is provided with indicia and the wheel 31 is formed with an indicator 33, depending' therefrom in juxtaposed relation to the surface of the cheek 28. The indicating indicia above mentioned conforms to the standard bust measurements and affords means whereby the extent of expansion of the bust portion may be predetermined by the operator. In other words, rotation of the wheel 31 from its initial position indicated by the numeral 32 on the cheek 28, to the numeral 34, will correspond to the expansion of the bust form two inches. In order that this indicating indicia may serve the purpose above described, the cams 27 are formed with such a pitch that a complete revolution of the wheel 31 will expand the bust portion to its maximum extent and to distribute the stress incidental to the rotation, the quadruple cam heretofore described is provided, whereby the expanding and contracting of the bust portion is greatly facilitated, as will be readily appreciated.
In addition to the adjusting of the bust and skirt sections hereinbefore described, means is provided for independently adjusting the shoulder sections of the bust. To this end, we provide a sleeve 34 loosely mounted upon the standard 1, as most clearly shown in Figs. 2 and 8, and said sleeve is provided with laterally projecting arms formeel by fixedly mounting the sleeves 35 on the rod 3st at each side of the journal 35 in rear or' the sleeve Si. These sleeves 35 are threaded and have mounted thereupon the transverse bars 36, to the outer ext-remities of which are connected links 37. The links 37 are pivotally connected at their outer extremities to the shoulder sections 2l. In order therefore to independently adjust these shoulder sections 2l, a crank lever 38 is inserted upon the outer extremity of either of the arms 35, as shown in Fig. 3, and by rotation of the arms in their bearing 35', the cross bars Will be'caused to travel along the threaded portions oiI said arms, inwardly or outwardly accord ing to the direction of manipulation, and through the links 87, said sections 2l Will be moved in like manner. It will be understood that the adjustment of these shoulder sections may be accomplished Without necessitating the removal of the dress or garment from the form, by reason o' the insertion of the crank lever 38 through the arm holes i'or connection to the laterally projecting arms 35. The shoulder sections are connected to the neck sections by means of the flexible metallic slide straps 39 and in Figs. 8 and 9 We have also illustrated an auxiliary connecting means consisting of pairs of arms .LO adjustably connecting said sections through the Winged nuts al. lt will be obvious that We might dispense with the straps 39 and employ only the arms 40 and' said arms afford means for adjusting the shoulder sections in various directions when the nuts 4l are loosened, or the connection between said shoulder and neck sections may be made rigid by tightening the nuts al.
Having thus described the invention, What is claimed as newl is:
l. The combination With a support, of an adjustable garment form having a sectional bust portion, colla-r adjusting mechanism carried by the support for expanding and contracting the collar and incidentally the sections of the bust portion, said mechanism comprising a casing, a sleeve carried by the support upon which the casing is threaded, a rotatable member consisting ci' a disk having a spiral cam formed thereon, said disk being' mounted in the casing aforesaid, rack members connected with the bust sections and projecting into the casing and meshing with said spiral cam, and means for rotating the sleeve aforesaid to cause vertical movement of the casing and bust sections.
2. The combination .With a support, of an adjustable garment form comprising sectional bust and 'skirt portions, said bust portion comprising neck and shoulder seetions, means for adjusting the bust portion, a sleeve loosely mounted upon the support, laterally extending arms journaled in the sleeve, said arms being threaded in opposite directions, cross bars threaded upon the arms, link members connecting the bars and the shoulder sections, and means for operating the arms to adjust the shoulder sections through the links aforesaid.
In testimony whereof We allix our signatures in presence of two witnesses.
BERNARD MOSESSON. MANUEL GARFINKEL.
Vitnesses DANIEL LnvrN, Moens J. Hnennowrrz.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Iatentl, Washington, D. C.