US 1082470 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. L. PHELAN.
APPLIOATIOH FILED APR. 22, 1913.
Patented D0023, 1913.
I V JAVZZzaua/L. PM ((071,
Witmcoom WILLIAM L. PHELAN, or NEW YORK, n. Y.
Specification of Letters Patent.
?atented Dec. 213, 191 3.
Application filed April 22, 1918. Serial No. 762,808.
To all whom it may concern: I
Be it known that I, WILLIAM L. PHELAN, a citizen of the United. States, residin at New York city, in the county of New ork andState of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Ties, of which the following is a specification.
The general object of the invention is to improve and simplify the construction and reduce the cost to manufacture ties such as are used in joining the blocks in solid or hollow walls. And to thisend the invention resides in forming the tie from a single piece of sheet metal.
Other objects will appear and be better understood from that embodiment of my invention of which the following is a speci lication, reference. being bad to the acc0mpauying drawings forming part hereof, in which Figure l is a detail vertical section of a hollow wall showing one embodiment of my device in use. Fig. 2 is a detail perspective view oi the tie.
The tie designated generally by a is adapted for use with hollow wall structures, such as is shown in section in Fig. 1 and indicated generally by b. The tie in this instance is ol such length as to admit of its spanning the space between the outer and inner sides formed by the blocks (Z-(Z, whereby to admit of its functioning as a stay for the outer and inner sides in addition to the binding properties possessed by the tie and hereinu'l'tor to be more fully described.
The tie a is stamped from a sheet of suit able metal and its body portion 5 is at the middle thereof, broadened as indicated by 6 and this for the purpose of providing buttons or shoulders 77, which,when embedded in the plastic material usually used. as a filler between the outer and inner sides of the wall, will effectively prevent any tend our-y to displace on the part of the tie.
'lhc pockets 88 arranged on tho opposite ends of the body 5 are of such widths as to receive between their upper sides 9-9 and lower sides 10-10 the blocks in the succeeding courses shown in Fig. 1. It will be observed that the side walls 9 of the upper pockets 8, have a'larger area of bearing surface than the corresponding walls 10 of the lower pockets 8, and this for the purpose of having these upper walls bear on the meeting ends of two blocks or on either sidev of the joint, while the walls 10 which have an area of bearing surface substantially half that of the walls 9, are arranged to bear on the middle portions of the lower blocks shown in Fig. 1 which break joint with the upper blocks shown in said figure.
With this construction-4t will be manifest that when the tie is positioned as shown in Fig. 1, corresponding blocks in the outer and inner sides will be effectively tied and reinforced.
What is claimed as new is:
A. wall tie comprising a metallic sheet which is initially oblong in plan, said sheet having at the opposite sides of its ends pockets formed by incising the ends of the sheet longitudinally and bending the material at the edges of the incisions alternately in opposite directions thereby providing end walls for the pockets, the inner walls of the pockets being formed by angular incisions made at the ed cos of the sheet and in the intermediate portions thereof, the inner ends of the incisions at the edges of the sheet being oppositely disposed to'the end portions of the incisions in the intermediate portions of the sbeetand the material between the inner portions of the incisions at the side edges of the sheet being bent out beyond one side of the-sheet andthe material between the end portions of the intermediate incisions bent out beyond the opposite side of the sheet.
in testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM L. PHELAN. Witnesses:
C. JAMES CRONIN, Goo. H. BYRNE.