US 1084094 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
FOUNTAIN SPRAY NOZZLE. APPLICATION FILED DEC. 27, 1912.
1,084,,094, Patented Jan. 13, 1914.
%%%M Yaw UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JACOB LOOSEN, OF OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO MARTIN PEEL, 0F OAKLAND, CALIFORNIA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 13, 1914.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAcoB Loosen, a subject of the Emperor of Germany, residing at Oakland, in the county of Alameda and State of California, have invented new and useful Improvements in Fountain Spray- Nozzles, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to fountain spray nozzles, and particularly to a portable nonrotary nozzle fountain.
The object of the present invention is to provide a substantial, cheap, portable fountain, having detachable, interchangeable, non-rotary nozzles which are so perforated as to effectually shower water over an area of peculiar or given shape.
The invention consists of the parts and the construction and combination of parts as hereinafter more fully described and claimed, having reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 is a perspective View of the improved fountain partly in section. Figs. 2, 3, and 4 show types of the improved spray nozzle, interchangeable on the fountain for showering areas of different form.
In its illustrated embodiment my invention consists of a peculiarly shaped sled or skid, consisting of two parallelly disposed, vertically arranged, spaced loop-shaped runners 22, preferably made of fiat stock; the rounded ends of the runners forming noses for the ready clearance of grass, bushes, or other similar obstacles in the path of the sled when drawn about. The upper portions of the loops or runners 2 are rigidly connected by a transverse tie or bearing member 3, which is centrally threaded as at 4.- for the reception of the lower end of the tubular standard or pipe section 5. The bearing plate 3 is preferably made of thin material so that the lower end of the standard 5 will project sufliciently to provide ample bearing for an elbow 6, externally threaded at- 7 for the reception of a hose and coupling, indicated in dotted lines. The upper end of the standard 5 is threaded as at 8 for the reception of a reducer or other connection 9, internally threaded as at 10.
One of the important features of my present invention is to provide a spray fountain which can be readily moved from place to place, and to provide in the fountain structure, spray-nozzles of which I show a plurahty of types; each being designed to efiectually irrigate areas of lawns or gardens of different contour or plan. In Fig. 1 I have shown one of the spray-nozzles 11 as being of substantially hemispherical form, with a substantially fiat diametric base or .bottom, to which is appropriately secured a threaded nlpple 12, adjustable in the reducer or permanent connection 9 of the fountain standard.
That type of spray-nozzle illustrated in Flg. 1 is shown as being provided with a number of substantially spirally arranged rows 13 of apertures 14, which I particularly prefer to form of gradually decreasing size, beginning largest at the base of each of the rows 13, and diminishing in size toward the upper portion or top of the hemisphere. This peculiar arrangement and area of the holes is of double function. First, by providing the lower portion of the hemispherical nozzle 11 with the largest apertures 14 then the water under pressure in the nozzle will send the lowermost sprays issuing from the apertures the greatest distance from the fountain; the gradually decreasing size of the holes of the spray proportionately decreasing the distance to WhlCh the spray is sent from the nozzle; and, secondly, arranglng the apertures in spiral rows, which results in avoiding large blank areas in a straight line from the base to the top of the spray-nozzle, the effect of which is to insure the shower or spray over the entire surface of a given area to be irrigated since the spiral arrangement of the apertures produces a rain-like uniform series of sprays which fall in vertical planes, each spray reaching a given part of the area to be showered, and avoiding the possibility of leaving large unshowered areas, such as would be the case if the apertures 14 were arranged in parallel, radial or concentric lines in the nozzle.
For the purpose of ornamenting, and also for reinforcing and locking the standard with its associated parts upon the sled or plate 3, a suitable jam or locking device 15 is here indicated as a polished or plated sleeve introduced above the plate 3 and below the connection 9, which latter, when screwed down tightly upon the jam member 15 holds the several parts in rigid relation.
In Fig. 2 I have shown a perspective view of a semi-cylindrical nozzle 11, which is particularly useful when interchanged with the nozzle 11 on the fountain for irrigating oblong areas; the apertures in the nozzle 11 being arranged in helical lines, or in staggered relation.
In Fig. 3 I have shown an interchangeable spray-nozzle 11 of semicylindrical form, in which the apertures are limited to an area of substantially rectangular boundaries in lan over the surface 0 the nozzle, and w ich nozzle when adjusted upon the fountain is particularly useful when irrigating rectangular areas. I
It is understood that I may design and provide interchangeable nozzles of the desired contour in which I arrange the apertures 14 in spiral or helical rows for the purpose of equally distributing the jets or sprays of water over the area to be irrigated.
By my peculiar construction of spray fountain I am enabled to efiectually irrigate areas of certain outlines and avoid the waste of water which commonly occurs while lawns and gardens are being sprayed with hand hose or with portable fountains having rotary spray devices, and which occurs when any fountain is used which is not particularly designed to limit its showering sprays to within certain given boundaries,
which, I effectually accomplish by my fountain by the simple interchanging of one or the other appropriately designed spraynozzles.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
A portable s rinkler of the class described comprising in ependent, endless, flat, oval, parallel runners having a connectin tie bolted across the center of the upper si es of the runners, a vertical tube screwed to the center of the tie and a connecting elbow below a convex perforated spray head with a coupling member attached to the top of the tube, and a sleeve surrounding the tube having its lower end abutting upon the tie plate and its upper end abutting the coupling member and compressed thereby upon the tieb plate to form a rigid support for the tu e.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
. JACOB LOOSEN. Witnesses:
JOHN H. HERRING, W. W. HEALEY.