US 1084848 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED NOVLZI, 1910.
Patented Jan. 20, Y1914.-
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
'u dal# 176721626 ETWf/fwyf. ATTY WIT R. DEMELE.
GUN. APPLICATION FILED NOV. 21, 1910.
' 1,084,848, Ptented Jaim-1914.
v/ 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
gun tothe shoulder of the user.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
RUDOLF DEMELE, or ROCHESTER, mvifonx.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Jan. 20,1914.
Application filed November 21, 1910. Serial No. 593,311.
axis of the barrel, that is at the forehead, to
provide an additional but removable stock bifurated so as to adapt it to engage against each shoulder of the userinY order to provide three supports against the body of the user for the rear of the gun and with the members'of such bfurcated stock adapted to be folded together to comprise in eEect a single stock to which there is pivotally connected a forward portion comprising substantially a pistol grip. `The entire stock may preferably also be detachably connected to the gun.
Another object is to provide means wheres by the binocular telescopes are adjustable to the different distances between the eyes of different users and in which also the mechanism for regulating the angle of the elevation of the gun for distances is Controlled by the focusing screw of the telescope.
In guns as usually heretofore constructed there 1s provided a stock comprising ashoulder piece adapted to rest against the shoulder of the user to steady and support the gun in use and to transmit the recoil ofthe I have found this method of construction objectionable on account of theslight swinging of the gun at the recoil, the axis of the gun and the line of direction of the recoilbeing considerably removed from the point of support of the gun at the shoulder.
I have-found that, in a properlyproportioned gun fired with the proper charge, the recoil resulting from the firing of the gun may be sustained at the forehead and justl above the eyes of the user, thus rc'ducin'g to' a minimum the distance between the point sustaining the recoil and the 'axis of the gun.
As usually constructed guns with telescopic sights areprovided with a single tele- @nope for use with one eye only so located as to require the user of the gun to assume an unnatural position in the act of firing the gun. I have found that this ,objectionable feature may be overcome by providing two telescopes or what is called a binocular telescope located slightly beneath the barrel of the gun and adapted to line up opposite the eyes of the user of the gun and along the line of vision in sighting the gun and in connection therewith I employ means whereby upon the operation of the focusing screw of the telescopes the elevation of the gun is automatically adjusted to the proper range .p
for which thetelescopes are focused.
Another feature of my present invention comprises an auxiliary stock fo'r the gun which is bifurcated and adapted to vengage against each shoulder of the user at substantially the usual -point thus providing three points of support for the gun and affording increased steadiness in the act ofl firing. I rovide means whereby the bifurcated sho der rest or stock may be folded together so as to present one or a single stock to facilitate carryingand transportation and also to adapt the gun to use at short range and I also provide for such short range use a ivota'l connection between the pistol grip orming part ofthe stock and the rear portion of the stock whereby the angle of the direction of the barrel relative to the main direction ofthe stock may be readily* adjusted within amode'rate range. The accompanying drawings illustrating.
a preferred embodiment Vof my invention are as follows:Y
Figure 1 is a right hand side view of the gun` showing therefore only the right hand forehead engaging piece and telescope as they are arrangedv for use andV enlarged view ofthe gun from the rear but with the grip member and the stock removed, while Fig. 4 shows in a similarly enlarged view, the rear telescope and gun supporting member A1 in vertical section taken along the line -Jy of Fig. V3, and a part of the connecting member S is `also shown in se'ction. The'breech of the gunis shown i'n this gure in side view, while in this gure the members for engaging the'forehead are v enlarged transverse sectional view ofthe ,thetrigg'er support-and actuating mecha- Vnism and, in this figure, a part ofthe conbeneath the fulcrum of the triggerof the gun removed. Fig. 5 is a plan'view of the gun with the .stock removed. Fig. 6 is an enlarged transverse sectional view of one of the telescope members taken along the lineI 1y1,of Fig. 5, while Fig. 7 is a similarly parts taken along the line'Z--yZ-'of Fig. 5 as 'viewed from the right. Fig. 8- is an enlarged plan view of the central part'of the gun showing the focusingmechanism and necting bar S is also seen comprising the support for the above mentioned mechanisms. y
Similar parts are designated by 'similar reference characters throughout the several figures of the drawings..
Referring to the drawings. Forcoperatively connecting the telescopes T and body, comprising the breechfan-d barrel, of the gun I provide front' and rear supporting or bracket members A 'and A1 respectively, connected by a longitudinali-y extending cross piece S secured thereto as indicated in Figs. l, 3, 4, 5 and 7. This connecting piece S is curved downwardly toward its rear end as indicated in Fig: l ,andis' `widened. ont
as seen. The forward bracket A, as seen in Fig. 7, has a U shaped opening at its upper edge to provide a pivotal support for the barrel of the gun, the barrel of the gun B being pivotally supported therein upon the screws b threaded through the lugs a.- The-breech B1 of the gun, as seen in Figs. 3 and 4, is shouldered and in the upper sidel of the short'rearward extension formed at the shoulder there is vseated a .coiled spring s, theupper end of which is seated in a recess in the cross piece a of the rear bracket A1, the operation of the spring s tending normally to hold the breech of the gun downwardly in its lowermost position against the bottom of the opening therefor in the bracket A1.
The body of the gun is therefore pivotally mounted in a frame comprising the bracketsA A and A1 and the connecting `bar` S. Through each of thesel brackets A and A1 there are formed circular openings for receiving the split or opened eccentrica Call exactly alike and' each provided with a knurled head c and each rotatable in the cor'- responding opening in the brackets A and A1. Through these brackets beneath the openings for theeccentrics C are provided openings extending downwardly and bounded by lugs a1 and a3 through which suitable set screws b1 extend for clamping',- in the manner clearly indicated, the eccentrics C inany desired position of angular adjustment. Through each of these eccentrica C there is eccentrically bored a hole for receiving similar eccentrics D, each of which r is also provided with a knurled head d to facilitate their angular adjustment. The eccentricities of theeccentrics C and D are made equal. A
The inner eccentric rings D are bored out eccentrically for receiving the outer teiesope tubes t carrying the eye pieces e. Within these tubes z5 inner tubes t1 are made to slide freely but not loosely, such tubes t1 carrying the enlargements e1 containing the usual object glasses. y
Any suitable construction may be made use of for preventing a lon 'tudinal movement of the tubes t. throug the cam rings D and also for preventing a similar movement vof the cam rings D within the cam rings C and also of the rings C within the brackets A and A1, such, for instance, as a grooved-construction, of one of each pair of such cooperating members adapted to receive a corresponding ridge or tongue on the other member, such constructions being well known in the art no further description thereof is believed to be necessary herein.
The connecting bar S carries a plate 0 having a bracket o within which there is revolubly mounted the-rear bearing of a screw N1 the other end of which is supported in a bearing o1 carried by the plate O while these bearings 0 and 01 are such as to prevent endwise movement of the screw N1. 0n the rear end of the screw N1 is seen a beveled gear ,q1-meshing with a similar beveled gear g carried by the hub of the focus. ing screw G which latter is revolubly supported on a stud extending laterally, to the right, with reference to the user of the gun, .from the bracket o. The brackets o and 01 maybe cast integrallyv with the plate O whiehfis secured to the upper side of the connecting bar S. Threaded over this screw -N1 1s seen a nut N having laterally extending bifurcated ears n engaging into the bifu-rcated lugs or ears n1 carried by the inner tubesftl' vof the telescopes, the construction beingsuc'h as clearly shown as to permit .'ofl'the'adjustment to and from each other of the telescopes without eii'ecting thelongitudinal adjustment of the tube t. The ears or lugs nl are carried 0n arrnssecured to the inner tubes t1- e'xtending outwardly through suitable longitudinally extending slots therefor in the outer tubes't. lBy the operation of the milled head G the focusing of the telescope is effected in the usual manner while the adjustment of the distances between the telescopes to compensate for the different distances between the eyes of different users is effected by operating the eccentrics C and D in opposite directions by means of the milled heads thereon c and (l, after, of course, having first unscrewed the screws 1' engaging through the lugs a1 and a".
Un the breech piece B1, on the right hand side thereof, is pivotally supported at r2, an`
adjustable arm R held in any desired position of adjustment by means of the thumb screw r1 threaded into the breach B1 and engaging through a slot therefor in an upwardly turned arm y' formed onthe rear end of the lever R while coperating with this lever R there is seen a roller U revolubly mounted on a stud on the inner edge of the right hand telescope tube t1 and near its rearward end and extending outwardly through a slot therefor in the outer tube t,
the action being such that `the movement to" the rear of the tube t1 permits the spring s .to force the breech of the gun downwardly while a'forward movement of such tube t1 operates to raise the breech of the gun against the action of the spring s.
From the construction thus far explained, it will be readily understood that the focusing of the telescope actuates the mechanism for raising and'lowering the gun for diiferl'ent ranges in accordance with the focus in the telescope and I have found it desirable to provide an adjustable relation between these mechanisms as already explained by means of the pivotally supported lever R and the means described for securing the same in any desired position of angular adjustment.
At m1 is seen a substitute for the usual trigger of the gun engaging through an opening therefor in the plate S and at its lower end articulating with the link M, the forward end of which articulates with the lower end of the auxiliary trigger J pivotally supported upon a stud secured in the bracket jl carried by the plate S as seen in Fig. 8, such stud engaging through the barrel or body j located at the center of the. trigger J. e v
I have sometimes found it desirable to provide a pistol grip, such as seen in Fig. 1 at P, having forwardly and rearwardly eX- tending members p2 and p3 adapted to be secured to the under side ofthe connecting bar S and provided with an upwardly extending ear 79 formed integrally therewith and upon which is pivotally supported a second trig- 'ger member p1 provided with a laterally extending pin fm engaging in a slot therefor in the under Side of the connecting link M and near its forward end whereby the gun may be fired by either the operation of the trigger J or the operation of the trigger 791. l
The rear bracket A1 carries laterally extending arms l, on itsupper edge terminating in curved plates H adapted to engage against the forehead of the user ofA the gun just above the eyes. These members H may be provided with suitable pads to engage against the forehead.
I have sometimes found it desirable to the gun comprising a bifurcated stock piece consisting of two main members V hinged as 'seen at 7c to a common connecting piece K which is bifurcated to engage over the eX- tension of the pistol grip P at .its lower end and is pivotally secured thereto by means of the screw L provided with a thumb nut Z to permit of any desired angular adjustment, within a. moderate range, of the members Vv and the pistol grip P. To each'member V, and on its under side, is pivotally connected one end of a link o such links being pivotally connected at their other ends by means of a-bolt o1 and having a thumb nut o2 to permit of the angular adjustment of the members V and the securing' of them in any desired position of such adjustment to provide for different widths between the shoulders of the users of the gun. The pivotal connection between the grip member P and the member K provides for different adjustments of the gun for different distances between the eye and shoulder of the user and by this means provision is also made, when the members V are folded together, for quick firing at short range at objects considerably above or below the eyeof the` user of the gun without'necessitating that the user assume an unnatural position in the firing of Y the gun.
In using my gun the telescopes are adjusted to the distances between the eyes in the manner already described, by operatingV the milled heads c and al and theproper adjustment is given to the lever R then by focusing the telescope by means of the milled head G, the desired elevation of the gun is given simultaneously with the focusing ,of the telescopes upon the mark or obj ect aimed at and the gun may be held by the hands of the user against the forehead, Iin a position 'substantially such as indicated in Fig. 1, without the use of either the pistol grip or the detachable stock ,pivotally connected thereto the firing being effected by the operation of the trigger J in the manner already explained; when, however, it is de- -sired to make use of the auxiliary stock and the pistol grip the same is attached and adjustment made in the manner already described and the gun may then be fired by the trigger ph 1 The usual front sight f1 and rear sightFA and adjusting plate therefor f may be provided also and to permit of their use the forehead pieces H arespaoed apart as seen in Fig. 3.
It is believed from the foregoing description of the operation of the several features of my gun that the method of using the same is sufficiently clear to call for no further explanation herein. I may mention, however, that when the gun is used without a stock it may be readily -held and sighted .by holding the outer tubes of the telescope and focusing the gun Very much as is done in tlie use of a field glass and after properly focusing the gun may be fired in the manner already described.
What I claim is:
l. A rifle or like. firearm provided with binocular refracting telescopic sighting. means'w-herein the eye piece of each te1escope is the relatively fixed and the object glass the relatively movable member for adjustment in focusing, the telescopes adjustable to di'fferentdistanees between the eyes of different users, independent of variations in the focusing means or the elevation determining means of the rifle and provided also with means for determining the elevation of the rifle under the control of the telescopic focusing means.
Genies of this patent mayhe obtained for 2. A rifle or like firearm provided with binocular refracting telescopic sighting means wherein the eye piece of each telescope is the relatively fixed and the object gla the relatively .movable member for adjustment in' focusing, the telescopes adjustable to different distances between the eyes of different users, independent of variations in the focusing means or the elevation determinin'g means of the rifie and provided also with means for adiustably determining the elevation of the rifle under the control of the telescopic focusing means.
3. `A` rifle or like firearm. provided with binocular refraeting telescopic sighting` means `,wherein the eye piece of each telef soope is the relatively fixed' and theobject glass the Yrelatively movable member for adjustment in focusing, the telescopes. adjustable to different distances between the eyes of different users, independent of variations in the focusing mea-ns, or the elevation determining means of the rifle and provided also with means for determining the eleva: tion of the rifle under the control of the telescopic focusing means and having a -member adapted to bear a substantially in the focusing means or the elevation determining means of the rifle and provided i also witlr means foradjustably determining the elevation of the rilie under the control of the telescopic focusing means and having a member adapted to bear a substantially fixed relation to the eye pilvid to engage against the forehead of tie L er to steady the gun and oppose the recoil thereof.
MARTHA M. NELSON, OSBORNE F. GURNEY.
ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.