|Publication number||US1088123 A|
|Publication date||Feb 24, 1914|
|Filing date||May 3, 1913|
|Priority date||May 3, 1913|
|Publication number||US 1088123 A, US 1088123A, US-A-1088123, US1088123 A, US1088123A|
|Inventors||William H Browning|
|Original Assignee||William H Browning|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
w. H. BROWNING. FRUIT PRESSING APPARATUS. APPLICATION FILED MAY 3, 1913. 1,088,123. Patented Feb. 24, 1914.
2 SHEETS-BHEET 1.
w. H. BROWNING.
' FRUIT'PRESSI NG APPARATUS. v
APPLICATION FILED MAY 3, 1913.
2 BHEETS-BHEET 2.
WILL'IAM H. BROWNING, or BAKER crrr, onneon.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 24, 1914.
Application filed May 3, 1913. Serial No. 765,220.
To all whom it may concern: I
Be it known that 1, WILLIAM H. BROWN- ING, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Baker City, in the county of Baker and State of Oregon, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fruit-Pressing Apparatus, of which the following is a specification. A
This invention relates to certainnew and useful improvements in fruit pressing apparatus, and relates more particularly to juice therefrom, and in such a device to provide novel and efit'ective means for eflectually crushing and'pressing the apple or other fruit so as to most effectually extract the juice. v
A further object of my invention is to provide in such a device, apair of novel 'crushingjaws, access to each of which may readily be had for cleansing purposes, as well as to all other parts of the device.
, Other objects of my invention are to provide such a device as will be stron durable, efiect'ive for the purpose designed, and comparativelyinexpensive to manufacand ture, and with the above and other objects in view, the invention resides in the novel construction, combmat1on,. and arrangement of arts as will be hereinafter more particular y described, and then specifically claimed.
tion, and tion, of a be employed for designating like In describing the invention in detail, reference will be had tothe accompanying drawings forming a part of this application, andv wherein like numerals of reference will arts out the different views of the awview of the inner cage and the base or bottom die. Fig. 3 is an'enlargedcentral vertical sectional view of the same, a portion of the cage-wall being broken-away. Fig. 4 is a central vertical sectional View of the removable cage, the bottom being broken away. Fig. 5 is a front elevation of the machine with the press and lever removed. Fig; 6 is a central vert1cal-sectional view of the upper crushing die. Fig. 7 is a view in side -elevation of a press with a slightly modified form of container, and,.Fig. 8 is an enlarged top plan view of the central supporting post or stud for the inner cage and base or bottom die, the supporting base of the press being broken away;
My invention may assume difi'erent embodiments without departing from the spirit involved therein, the embodiment chosen for illustration comprising a base plate 10, which may be made from thin sheet or plate steelor other metal, or cast as desired, and is-generally made of a length considerably greater than its width. When made of relatively thin material, it is preferably corrugated to add strength thereto,-the corrugations also serving as run-ways for the juiceand in any event, said base plate is provided with a main run-way or groove 11 for conducting the juice from the press to a suitable receptacle to catch same. The said plate at its outer end has'a downwardly and outwardly projecting lip 12, so that when the plate is securely fastened to a support, as a table, this lip will overhang or project beyond the edge of said table as will be apparent from Fig. 1. V
The plate is secured to its support by means of a pair of clamp-arms as 14, the
free ends of which extend rearwardly underneath-the plateas' shown, and have thumbscrews as 15.
Positioned on the plate 10, is a container v or receptacle 16, open at its upper and lower ends, and having inwardly extending lugs 17 at its lower end, forming a support for the bottom die, which constitutesthe bottomof the innercage. The wall of the container directly above these lugs is curved as at 17' which tends to guide the inner cage centrally 'toitsseat.
The inner cage is designated as 18, and is received within the container or receptacle 16. Said inner cage is of such diameter, that when fitted withinthe container 16, a space will be provided entirely around the inner cage as shown, permitting the juice expressed from the fruit to flow readily down onto the base and to the receiver. The said inner-cage 18 has its-walls perforated as at- 18', and theseperfo'rations are preferably 'tible to filling up the pumice of crushed apples or like fruit-and also so that the upper die which works within the cage will have a tendency to clean out the perforations 5 as it descends, and carry any pumice stickingin the perforations with the die during suchdescent.
The bottom die is designated as 19, and this die constitutes the bottom of the inner cage 18. It rests upon and is supported by the lugs 17 ofthe 'container 1'6, and the cage is also supported on the top of the container 16, by an outwardly extending annular flange 20, provided on the upper end of the the inner cage and the container at the upper end of the container, and prevents juice from squirting out at the top of the container from such space.
.The upper die is designated generally by the numeral 21 andis in the nature of a male die, while the lower or bottom die isin the nature of a female-die. Each of these dies have stepped angular faces forming relatively sha cutt' edges when the dies are presented ace to ce, the bottom .die having" its horizontally extending faces provided with vertical perforations 21, and its angularly disposed faces provided with horizontally-extending perforations 22, The upper die 21 is similarly provided, in its rim portion 23, with perforations 24;, while the core-portion 25 of this upper die may or may not be provided with such perforations. The outer or expfosgd faces ofthe haflile an angulari .oe greater t an e V inner faces,' go that i ll juice thereon -will readily drain 'ofi. i
The base portion 19' of the bottom die 19 isprovided with a central enlarged opening 19" which receives a post or stud 26 carried by the plate 10, and forms a support for the bottom die at the center thereof, preventing v any crushing down of the die under heavy pressure; The said central opemng ismade relativelfiynlarge, so as to permit the insertion of the ger therein to facilitate removal of any pumice that adheres to the die 19.-
This post is-shown in detail in Fig. 8 and has grooved sides so as not to seal the" opening 19", and is of a diameter slightly greater than theopening 19", being provided with seats 26" on which the base or bottom die rests. 85 The upper die 21 is carried on a piston rod or link 27 which extends from said die 21, and at its upper'end pivotally connected to a.lever 28, the forward end of which is pivotallysupported between a pair of for- 00 wardly-mclined uprights 29 mounted on 'the Elsie 10, near the forward end of the latter. os'ely fittingon the piston rod or link 27,
is a lid 30,- which when the die 21, which constitutes the piston,.descends within the cage 18, rests upon the top of the cage as inner cage. seals the space betweenshown in Fig. 1, and thus closes the upper of the juices may be suitably coated to prevent rust, .or made of material of rust resisting nature, as will be understood.
-As heretofore stated, the device is particularly adapted for household use, and is especially adapted for the extraction of the juice from apples for cider, and in such use, the elevating of the lever 28 carries 'die 21 out of the cage, so that an apple ma be placed within the latter in the cup 0 I he bottom die 19. As the lever descends, lid 30 closes the cage at the upper end, and as the apple is crushed by the dies, the expressed juice flows through the perforations of the cage and dies, and to the spout-12. The ready removability of the cage ermits the frequent emptying thereof as es'ired, after each crushing operation, or crushing o erations as wished.
In Fig. a modification of the device 'is that one section may be swun aside to permit removal of the cage, the hinged section being suitably fastened when closed in any desired manner. 7 Inthis construction, I provide the stationary section of the conseveral tainer with an upwardly-extending lip 16" which is slotted to receive the lever 28 for which it acts as a guide, and this lip is con-v cave transversely, so as to also act as a guide for the piston or upper die member when the latter is above the container. The construction of die-members, cage and other parts in this construction are the same as those shown in Fig. land are not illustrated in detail.
While the invention has been described in detail as to the various parts, it will be evident that in the practice of the invention, slight changes and alterations may be made without departing from the generals irit of the invention or the scope thereo as claimed. I
Havin In a fruit press, a supporting base, a post on the base having agrooved periphery and provided at its ,upper end with ,seats an open ended container mounted on the use surrounding the post and having a pluraliig of inwardly-extending lugs atits lower on fully described my invention, what I c aim'1s:
the inner wall of the container above the lugs being curved inwardly, a foraminous cage removably-mountedwithin the container and of materially less diameter than the container to form a space between the cage and container, a female crushing'die 1 constituting the bottom of said cage guided into position by said curved wall 0 the container and resting on the lugsof the conminer and the seats of said post-respectively, an outwardly extending. flange atthe up er end of said cage overl then per en of the container, a male 0 5 within the cage, a lever pivotally su ported from the base, and a rod eonmictmgt emale die to said lever.
' gd1e operative r In testimon whereof: aflixmy signature in presence 0 two witnesses.
' WILLIAM H. momma-.-
' 'A. A. HAYDEN, W. S.
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