US 1088227 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
0. v. JOHNSON.
Patented Feb. 24, 1914 INVENTOR Car/ 1 Jo/mson ATTORNEYS CARL v. JOHNSON, or GOLDFIELD, NEVADA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 24, 1914.
Application filed March 12, 1913. Serial No. 753,724.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, CARL V. JOHNS N, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Goldfield, in the county of Esmeralda and State of Nevada, have invented a new and Improved Bottle, of which thefollowing is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention has special reference to bottles and like vessels, adapted particularly for containing liquids or other perishable substance.
An essential object of the invention is to provide an improved, simple and inexpensive bottle or vessel for the above purposes which cannot be opened after being sealed by a cover, without first breaking the cover, and in which the cover cannot be replaced without detection. I
Another object of the invention is to provide a bottle of the above character having a cap or cover designed to be fitted over the ordinary neck of a bottle, and to provide a maximum amount of space within the cap or cover and exterior-1y of the bottle neck, for containing data concerning the filling of the bottle, or of other information concerning the goods therein.
In carrying out my invention it is further an object to provide in a bottle or vessel having a cap fitted over the ordinary neck, improved means for securing the cap in position and preventing it from being removed without detection, and which will permit the opening of the bottle for use by the public or those inexperienced, with convenience and safety.
With the above and other objects in view the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts to be hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
Reference is to be had to the accompanying drawings forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views, and in which- Figure 1 is a vertical sectional View of a bottle illustrating the preferred embodiment of the invention, the section being taken through the securing means for the cap; Fig. 2 is an elevation of the bottle, the same being shown in section at the upper part, and the section being taken at right-angles to Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary sectional view of the bottle, similar to Fig. 1 but with the cap broken off and Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the device shown in Fig. 8.
In illustrating the preferred embodiment of the invention there is shown a bottle 10, preferably of glass, and which is provided with a reduced neck portion 11 sealed by a cork or stopper 12, although I wish to have it understood that the form of the bottle or vessel may be'varied, as well as the form of the neck and the closing means for sealing the contents of the bottle.
In the present embodiment the body of the bottle adjacent to the neck portion or at its point of swell, is formed with extensions 13, such extensions being preferably located at diametrically opposed sides of the body and being two in number. These extensions are provided with horizontally alined upper faces, and are further formed with upwardly opening sockets or cups 14:, the upper portions of which are of uniform diameter or size, while the lower port-ions are enlarged relatively thereto and preferably made circular in contour, as indicated by the numeral 15.
A substantially dome-like or bell-shaped cap or cover 16 is provided to fit over the neck of the bottle, and is preferably of circular cross section at its upper part. The lower part of the cap is provided with opposed enlargements 17 forming a port-ion of substantially rectangular cross section to conform to the shape of the extensions 13. The enlargements 17 are each provided with depending lugs 18, and these lugs are of such size as to readily fit in the sockets above mentioned, but are further provided near the bases of the enlargements with reduced portions 19 providing ready-breaking points. This latter object is especially sought by forming the cap and its integral parts of glass or other fragile material.
In assembling the bottle, after the same is filled and the neck closed by the cork or stopper, a quantity of liquid cement indicated by the numeral 20 is poured into the sockets, or the lugs are dipped into the cement and then inserted in the sockets, enough cement being provided to extend as far up as the weakest or ready-breaking points of the lugs, and preferably sufficient to support the bottom faces of the enlargements slightly spaced from the top faces of the extensions. It is, of course, understood that such data or information as may be desired will be placed in the cap before the latter is attached to the body of the bottle, and when the cement is set the cap will serve the purpose of the ordinary neck and permit the bottle to be handled with convenience.
lVhen opening the bottle the same is grasped in one or both hands, and by striking the cap or cover against a table or other hard substance, with the lugs parallel to the object struck, the lugs will be caused to break at the top line of the cement and below the top faces of the extensions or shoulders 13, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. By this means no broken parts of the glass will be exposed to those using the bottle, and by providing such ready-breaking lugs all liability of the glass flying and thereby causing injury is obviated. Thus. the device will' permit the opening and use of the bottle by inexperienced persons with convenience and safety. j Y
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is v l. The combination with a vessel having a discharge opening and a closure for the opening; of a plurality of extensions on the body of the vessel adjacent to the neck portion, said extensions having sockets, a domelike cover fitted over the neck, and lugs depending from the cover and secured and inclosed in the sockets, said lugs having readybreaking points located below the faces of the extensions.
2. The combination with a vessel having a discharge opening and a closure for the opening; of a pair of extensions on the body of the vessel adjacent to the neck portion having horizontal top faces, said extensions having circular sockets communicatin with said faces, a cover fitted over and inlosing the neck, said cover having opposed enlargements at its lower edge, and substantially globular lugs depending from the enlargements and secured in the sockets, the faces of the cover around the lugs being spaced from the extensions, said cover providing an interior space above and surrounding the neck.
3. A bottle having a neck portion and diametrically opposed shoulders adjacent to said neck portion, said shoulders having upwardly opening sockets with enlarged lower portions, a cap having diametrically 0pposed enlargements at its bottom portion, lugs depending from the enlargements, said lugs having reduced portions providing ready-breaking points and being fitted in the sockets, and sealing means securing the said lugs in the sockets, said sealing means terminating at said ready-breaking points and below the top faces of the enlargements, whereby said lugs will be broken on the line below said faces when the cap is removed.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CARL V. JOHNSON.
\Vitnesses E. O. Rmenn, M. JOHNSON.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents. Washington, D. C.