US 1088393 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Feb. 24, 1914.
O. E. BAOKUS.
APPLIUATION FILED SEPT. 20, 1913.
OSCAR E. BACKUS, OF MILVTAUKEE, WISCONSIN.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that 1, Oscar. E. BAGKUS, of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, have invented a Button, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to buttons or garment fastenings, and the object which I have in view is to produce a button or like fastening which can be readily attached to the garment or fabric without sewing.
A further object of the invention is to provide means whereby the button can be readily attached to any fabric and detached therefrom again if desired by a simple manipulation and without in any way injuring the fabric.
The essential principle of my button consists in providing it with a disengageable loop or bail which has a sharpened point adapted to be inserted in the fabric to which it is to be attached and which'is thereafter adapted to be engaged with the body of the button.
More exactly, the nature of my invention may be ascertained from the accompanying drawings illustrative thereof, taken in connection with the following description of said drawings; and the parts or combinations which I claim as new are more particularly set forth in my claims. Said drawings illustrate two forms or embodiments of my invention, the same being drawn to a scale somewhat larger than the ordinary or natural size, and herein Figure l is a bottom plan-view of the first form complete; Fig. 2 is an axial section thereof on the plane 2, the bail being shown in elevation; Fig. 3 is an axial section on the plane 3; Fig. 4% is a section on the plane 3 showing the bail in process of being inserted into the body of the button; Fig. 5 is a plan-view of the bottom-plate of the button separately; and Fig. 6 is a perspective view of the bail separately. Figs. 7 to 12 illustrate the second form of my button, and herein Fig. 7 is a bottom planview thereof complete; Fig. 8 is a sectional view on the plane 8 showing the bail in elevation; Fig. 9 is a transverse section on the plane 9; Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the bail separately; Fig. 11 is a plan-view of the bottom plate of this form, with an ad ditional feature adapting it for use with the bail shown in Fig. 12; and Fig. 12 is a per- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed. September 20, 1913.
Patented Feb. 24L, i914.
Serial No. 790,941.
spective View of the bail adapted for use with the plate in Fig. 11, being the same as that of Fig. 10 with an addition.
The reference letters refer each to the same part in each figure of the drawings.
Considering first the form of button shown in Figs. 1 to 6 inclusive, the body of the button as exhibited comprises a cupshaped body-plate a covered with fabric, leather, etc, b, and the bottonrplate c, be tween which and the edge of the plate a the fabric 5 is confined, but this has no relevancy to my invention and the body of the button may be formed in any manner whatever, provided it has the bottom-plate c or its equivalent. Said bottom-plate c is made of spring-metal and has formed therein a crooked slot (Z which is of such shape as to leave a tongue of metal 6, and opposite of the center of said tongue is formed a socket f adapted in size and shape to receive the L-shaped looped wire-bail g, which has one or both ends pointed, as shown. The socket f will, in any ordinary button, be naturally so disposed as to come in the center of the plate 0. The bail 9, when in position, is, it will be observed, confined between the opposite sides of the socket f, the left-hand side thereof being the spring-tongue c which abuts against the back or heel of the bail, so that it cannot be pulled out. It is, however, readily detached by depressing the tongue 6 with the finger, whereupon the bail can he slid out, as shown in Fig. a.
In use, the bail is first detached from the button and one end thereof engaged with or looped into the fabric, or whatever material the button is to be attached to; the portion of material so engaging being now slid to the center or bend of the hail, the latter is reinserted in the body of the button and snaps into place. Disengagement takes place by reversing the operation.
The second form of button illustrates another way of carrying out the same principle. The button here comprises the cupshaped body-plate a, covering material 6 and bottom-plate 0, combined with each other in any suitable manner, and the bail g, which engages with the plate 0. Said bail y is formed somewhat differently from the bail 9 because the ends thereof, 2', 7', instead of being parallel, are directed oppositely and in the plane of the loop instead of at right angles thereto. Correspondingly, there are two slots m disposed diametrically across the button in such way that the ends 2' and j can be dropped thereinto. These, however, do not form the sockets in which the shanks nof the bail 9 rest, but the sockets are shown at f, being circular to fit said shanks and formed between the stationary part of the plate 0 and the tongue 6 which is formed between the two outs d (see Fig. 11.)
Assuming for the moment that the rightangled extension 0 on one leg of the bail is wanting, the button is operated in substantially the same way as described for the first form; namely, by depressing the tongue 0, then sliding the bail toward the left until the legs 2', thereof come opposite the slots m, m, then removing same, inserting the point t' in the fabric pushing the loop of fabric over onto the loop 70, reinserting the lugs 2', j, into the slots m, m, and thereby depressing the tongue 0 and finally sliding the bail to the right until the shanks a fall into the sockets f" and the tongue 6 snaps up again, confining said shanks. But the bail may be provided with the right-angled extension 0 in order to prevent it from ordinarily falling out and becoming lost. In this case, after depressing the tongue 6 and shifting the bail toward the left, it cannot be removed, but can only be revolved into the position shown in dotted-lines in Fig. 8; then the pointed end i can be inserted in the fabric and the bail replaced. If, however, it is desired to permit the bail to be removed intentionally, the latter when in the dotted-line position of Fig. 8 can be rotated about the ends as an axis so that the extension 0 registers with the slot m, which frees the bail.
If it is intended that the bail shall be held permanently attached to the body of the button, this can be done in several ways; for example, by turning up a small tongue 7) of metal from. the plate 0', as shown in Fig. 8, and thereby preventing the bail from being rotated about its ends when in the dotted-line position of that figure; or, as shown in Figs. 11 and 12, by providing the plate a with an additional slot 9, and the bail g with an additional extension 1" having a turned up end .9 engaging in said slot 9; so that the end of the bail is permanently engaged in the slot 9 and cannot be removed.
6f course there will be many other ways and shapes of bail and plate by which the same principle may be carried out, and I naturally consider these included in the scope of my invention so far as included in my claims, the above being merely shown as illustrations of the general principle involved.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A button having a back-plate provided with an opening therein forming a socket adapted to receive the shank of a bail a depressible spring-tongue forming one side of said socket and adapted to abut against the heel of the bail, and a bail having an intermediate loop and ends bent at right angles thereto and adapted to enter said socket by depressing said tongue and to be confined under said plate.
2. A button comprising a bail provided with an intermediate loop and ends bent at right angles thereto, a body-plate and a back-plate spaced apart from one another so as to leave a vacant space between them sufiicient for the legs of the bail, said bottom-plate being provided with an opening therein forming a socket adapted to receive the shank of the bail and the metal of said plate being out in two places on one side of said socket so as to form a tongue, said tongue being resilient and the end thereof thereby normally abutting against one side of the shank of the bail, being depressible so as to disengage said shank.
3. A button comprising a bail provided with an intermediate loop and ends bent at right angles thereto, a body-plate and a back-plate spaced apart from one another so as to leave a vacant space between them suflicient for the legs of the bail, said bot-- tom-plate being provided with an opening therein forming a socket adapted to receive the shank of the hail, the metal of said plate being cut in two places on one side of said socket so as to form a tongue, said tongue being resilient and the end thereof thereby normally abutting against one side of the shank of the bail and being depressible so as to disengage said shank, and means on said bail for preventing its complete detachment from said bottom-plate.
4. A button comprising a bail having a loop intermediate between its ends and having its ends bent at right angles to the shanks of said loop, one of said ends being pointed and the other provided with a right-angled extension, and a button body having a bottom-plate provided with a slot adapted to receive said ends and a socket in which said shanks are adapted to engage and the metal thereof cut away to form a depressible spring-tongue, the end of which forms one side of said socket and confines said shank therein; said right-angled extension being adapted to engage under the metal of said bottom-plate and to form a pivot about which said bail is adapted to rotate.
5. A button comprising a bail having loop intermediate between its ends and having its ends bent at right angles to the shanks of said loop, one of said ends being pointed and the other provided with a right-angled extension, and a button-body having a bottomadapted to rotate; and means for confining plate provided with a slot adapted to receive said extension in permanent engagement said ends and a socket in which said shanks with said bottom-plate.
are adapted to engage and the metal thereof In witness whereof I have hereunto set 5 cut away to form a depressible springmy hand in the presence of two witnesses. l5
tongue, the end of Which forms one side of OSCAR E BAOKUS said socket and confines said shank therein;
said right-angle extension being adapted to Witnesses:
engage under the metal of said bottom-plate W. O. MEILAHN, 1e and to form a pivot about which said bail is MARY FIBER.
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