US 1088896 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. E. GUEDRY.
APPLICATION FILED 11111.27. 1911.
1,088,896. Patented M3113, 1914.
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APPLICATION FILED 1111.27, 1911.
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J. E. GUEDRY.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 27. 1911.
1,088,896. Patented Mar.3,1914.
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UNTTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH E. GUEDRY, OF ST. AMANT, LOUISIANA.
To all who/2t t may concern Be it known that I, JOSEPH E. GUEDRY, a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Amant, in the parish of Ascension and State of Louisiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Clocks, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to clocks and more particularly to that form of clock known as calendar clock.
The primary object of this invent-ion is to devise attachments to be applied to ordinary clock works now in use, by means of which the latter may be converted into a calendar clock.
Another object of this invention is to produce a clock which will not only indicate the hour of the day but will also betoken the day of the week and the date of the month, the hour of rising and setting of the sun and the moon, and the daily character of the latter.
A further object of this invent-ion is to provide a dummy sun and a dummy moon so mounted on revoluble shafts and connected to the clock works that they will be automatically operated to appear before a glass and disappear therefrom at the proper moment.
A still further object is to provide means whereby the dummy moon may be rotated during its course so as to change its character automatically.
Another object of this invention is to provide date wheels provided with a suitable number of cogs and mounted upon axles and rollers operated by the clock mechanism, and connected to a date wheel so as to operate the latter before an opening to show date etc., printed upon the said roll; also provide a novel and compact casing with suitable openings, said casing being adapted to contain the entire clock mechanism.
In the drawings: Figure 1 is a front view of the device in its casing, Fig. 2 shows a view with the front of the casing removed, Fig. 3 is a rear view with the back of the casing removed, Fig. t is a view on the line 4 4 of Fig. 1, Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view on the line 5 5 of Fig. 1, Fig. 6 is a vert-ical sectional view on the line 6-6 of Fig. 1, Fig. 7 is a detail view of the date wheel and its connections, Fig. 8 is a detail view of the hour -hand wheel and axle and the belts connected thereto, and the sun and moon wheels, Fig. 9 is a detail view of Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed January 27, 1911.
Patented Mar. 3, 1914.
Serial No. 605,068.
the dummy sun and moon, and the arms and shafts to which they are connected, and the mechanism for changing the character of the dummy moon, and Fig. 10 is a detail view of the date roll, the rollers upon which it is wound and the rollers between which it passes. Fig. 11 is an enlarged detail view of the preferred form of dial and hands.
In the drawings: 10 designates a casing h-aving a central opening 11 for the reception of the clock face 12, and glass plated openings 13 and 14 to either side of the central opening 11, the purpose of which will later appear. The casing 10 may be provided with suitable mirrors 15 and shelves 16 if so desired, the former serving to improve the appearance of the casing and the latter being serviceable for such purposes as clock attachments, ornaments etc. When the clock works and the casing are constructed as illustrated, the rollers 17 are provided, by means of which the clock may be readily rolled along the floor from place to place wit-hout necessitating the stopping of the works, as this would require the resetting of the clock.
The main clock works may be of the usual type with the exception of the hour hand axle 1S, the minute hand axle 19 anda few minor parts. The hour hand axle is provided with two sets of points or pins 20 and 21, at suitable distances, the purpose of which will be later described. Belts 22 and 24k provided with spaced apertures 23 and respectively are adapted to be placed around the hour hand axle 1S, the points 2O projecting through the openings 23 of the belt 22, and the points 21 working in the apertures 25, of the belt 24.
A sun axle 26 carrying a wheel 27 provided with pins 28 has extending laterally therefrom, a sun arm 29 carrying the dummy sun 30. The sun axle 26 is solid. A hollow moon axle 31 carrying the wheel 32 provided with pins 33 is also provided with a laterally extending arm 34, which arm 34 is secured in such manner that it, may be rotated and is provided with a wheel 35 rigidly connected therewith, and provided with cogs 3G. The cogs 36 are 29 in number and are adapted to be engaged at times by a suitable projection to rotate the arm. At the outer free end of this arm is secured the dummy moon 37 which changes its character as the arm 84 is rotated by means of the wheel 35 coming in Contact with the projection or lug 38. .The projection 88 is secured to a supporting portion of the clock casing. rThe sun axle or shaft 26 is adapted to rotate within the hollow moon shaft 3l, and independently of the latter. The hour hand axle is hollow as usual, and the minute hand axle 19 is adapted to rotate within the hour hand. Upon the earth wheel e5, near the center thereof, is a pin elf which is adapted to have secured thereto one end of the earth string 42, the opposite end of the earth card string 4t2 is secured to a balance rod d3 which rod 413 has secured to the other end thereof one end of a cord ad, which cord all has its opposite end fastened to an earth card cord all. The earth wheel IVl5 is provided with three hundred and sixty-five cogs, which cogs are engaged by a tooth at the end of the date wheel shaft d8. rEhe date wheel shaft t6 makes one revolution every twenty-four hours, and at l2 midnight the tooth 47 engages the cogs t6 of the earth wheel 45 and turns the l latter one cog, thus it will be seen that the i earth wheel is compelled to make one revolution in three hundred sixty-live days. lt is thus observed that rotation of the earth wheel will cause vertical reciprocating -iovement of the slidably mounted earth card ad, thus changing the position of the horizon with relation to the dummy sun ano dummy moon. Secured upon the date axle t8 is a date wheel a9 having` ninety eogs numbered 50 upon its periphery. The date wheel t9 is provided with a solid portion 5l between its hub and its felly, upon whichsolid portion are located seven cogs designated by the numeral 52. The cogs 52 are adapted to engage a cog flange 53 near the end of the date roller axle 511, and to thereby operate the latter. Rigidly connect ed to the date roller axle 54 is the date roller 55 upon which the date roll 56 is wound and from which it is adapted to be unwound. The cogs 53 are seven in number, the purpose of which will later appear. A
small roller 57 is mounted above the larUe roller 55 and is adapted to press the date cloth 56 against the large roller 55 as it passes over the latter, so as to assist the cloth in` its travel between the two rollers. It will be understood that the days of the week, dates of the months, the rising' and setting of the sun and moon, etc., will be printed upon this date cloth 56 and arranged in such a manner that the reading will appear before the date glass in proper order. A bottom roller 5S may be suitably mounted in brackets, and the date cloth wound thereupon,
The back belt, or belt 22 works over the projections 20 of the axle 18 as before stated, and is connected with the teeth or projee tions 28 of the sun axle 26, while the front belt or belt 2e works over the projections 2l and is connected with and operates the moon axle 3l. In order to accomplish the desired result, the belts may be of different length and have the same number of perforations, or they may be provided with perforations differing in number.
This clock may be provided with time pointers resembling arms and hands of a person. if so desired.
As th e above described attachments are all connected to and operated by the main parts of the ordinary clock, it is only necessary to employ the usual tool or key for winding the entire mechanism, and when not in use this implement may be positioned upon one of the shelves formed with the casing.
lt will be readily understood that after the springs are wound and the clock mechanism is started in motion the above described attachments will be controlled and automatically operated thereby.
It will be apparent that changes in the form, proportion, and minor details of construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacriticing any of theI advantages of this invention,
lt will be noted that the wheel 35 is provided with 25) cogs so that as they engage the projection or catch arm 59, the wheel caused to rotate one cog. hence at the end of 29 days, the wheel will make ay complete revolution during which revolution the dummy moon will have passed through all of its cb anges in character in regular order.
The dial is preferably formed of two disks a front disk 60, and a. back disk 6l. the back disk having the hours marked thereon, and the front disk havin g openings registering with the hour marks on the back disks, and the minutes marked upon its face. These disks are placed in contacting relation and behind them is adapted to move an arm 62 carrying the character upon its free end (I have illustrated a rosebud and a bird, with the open rose between them, the bud appearing in an opening 62 disposed above the uppermost hour mark opening about live minutes before the hour, the open rose on the hour, and the bird at about live minutes past the hour, but this arrangement is not essential.) The arm 62 is carried by wheel 63 having gear teeth on its periphery which are engaged and turned by means of a gear wheel 64C carried by a shaft 65 which extends into and is operated by the main clock works.
The circumference of the wheel 32 is slightly more than twice that of thc wheel on the hour hand axle; thus the moon in the travel around its axis is caused to lose l5 minutes in 21k hours.
In Fig. ll is illustrated the preferred form of dial and hands. Upon the face of the dial is represented the outline of a man and woman, the woman standing to the right of the man, their adjacent arms mounted on the hour and minute hand shafts, which shafts extend through the womans left shoulder and the mans right shoulder. The womans left arm is extended and in this hand she carries a pointer, the arm and pointer constituting` the hour hand of the clock; the mans right arm is extended and in his right hand he also carries a pointer, this arm and pointer constituting the minute hand of the clock. This manner of forming the hands of the clock is not essential, however, and therefore will not be specifically claimed. This view also illustrates the dial provided with the apertures in the front disks, through which apertures may be seen the hour marks upon the disk, rosebud, open rose and bird as they appear hourly before their opening.
lVhat is claimed is:
l. A clock comprising the combination of a main shaft, means for operating the shaft, a second shaft, a dummy sun rigidly connected with the second shaft and adapted to rotate therewith, connection between the main and the second shaft to rotate the latter, a dummy moon loosely mounted upon the second shaft, connection between the main shaft and the dummy moon to rotate the latter at a speed different to that of the dummy sun, and means for changing the character of the dummy moon during rotation of the latter.
2. In a clock, the combination of a main shaft, means for operating the main shaft, time indicating means controlled by the main shaft, date indicating means controlled by the main shaft, an auxiliary shaft rotated by the main shaft, a dummy sun carried by the auxiliary shaft adapted for movement across a glass to indicate the time of the rising and setting of the sun, a sleeve loosely mounted upon the auxiliary shaft, an arm projecting radially from the sleeve, said arm being rotatably connected to the sleeve and carrying a dummy moon, means connected with the main shaft and the sleeve for rotating the latter to move the dummy moon across the glass to indicate the rising and setting of the moon, and means for rotating the arm a predetermined distance each revolution of the sleeve to automatically change the character of the dummy moon.
3. A clock including a frame provided with a suitable opening, an earth card vertically, slidably mounted adjacent the opening, a dummy planet, means causing movement of the planet across the opening, a wheel, means for rotating the wheel once in a year, an eccentric pin on the wheel and a connection between the pin and card for vertically moving the same.
Ll. A clock including a shaft, means for rotating the shaft once a day, a date roller, a geared connection between the date roller and one end of the shaft, a wheel having three hundred and sixty live teeth, a pawl at the other end of the shaft whereby one rotation of the shaft will advance the wheel one step, a slidably mounted earth card and means connecting the wheel and earth card whereby rotation of the wheel will slide the earth card.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.
JOSEPH E. GUEDRY.
Vitnesses J. A. LANDRY, A. P. MARCHAND.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.