US 1089878 A
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A. STEINHAUSER. STUDDING FASTENBR.
APPLICATION FILED 11.9, 1913 Patented Mar. 10, 1914.
INVENTOR ATTURNETS WITNESSES of my improved fasteners, 4.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALFRED STEINHAUSER, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, ALFRED STEINHAUSER, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city andvcounty of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new and useful Studding-Fastener, of which the following is a specification.
My invention consists of a fastener for studding, struts, braces or similar elements of frame construction which will dispense with the use of nails and the consequent danger of splitting the wood ofthe members to be joined and the uncertainty of griving nails obliquely through such memers.
It further consists of such a fastener having prongs projecting from its body-portion and adapted to be driven into one member of the frame-construction and prongs projecting in the opposite direction at its ends and adapted to be driven into the member to which said former member is to be joined.
It further consists of such a fastener in which the ends of the body-portion are bent from the plane of the body-portion to bring the points of the end-prongs into such plane.
It further consists of other novel features of construction, all as will be hereinafter fully set forth.
The annexed drawings and the following description set forth in detail one mechani cal form embodying the invention, such detail construction being but one of various mechanical forms in which the principle of the invention may be used.
In said annexed drawingsFigure 1 represents an elevation of a portion of a wall or partition andof a floor, illustrating the application of my improved fastener. Fig. 2 represents a section of a stud and strut with the fastener in place to have its endprongs driven into the stud. Fig. 3 represents a similar view of said parts with the end-prongs driven home. Fig. .4; represents a perspective view of one form of the fastener. Fig. 5 represents a plan view of another form of the fastener.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the figures.
Referring to the drawings, the reference numeral 1 indicates flooring or a portion of a floor-joist, upon which rest two studs, 2, or similar uprights, laterally braced by a strut or brace, '3, and all joined by means Said fas- Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 9, 1913.
Patented Mar. 10, 1914. Serial No. 760,015.
teners are preferably formed from sheetmetal, stamped out to form a flat body-port1o n, 5, having prongs, 6, struck out from 1t in one direction. Said prongs may all be struck out fromthe body of said body portlon, as illustrated in Fig. 4; of the drawings, or some of the prongs may be struck out from the side-edges of the body-portion, as illustrated in Fig. 5 of the drawing.
The fastener is preferably longer than it is wide, and the ends or extensions of the plate are preferably weakened, as by triangular openings, 7, cut out of the metal, to allow of the ends being bent, and said ends are preferably outwardly narrowed and have end-prongs, 8, bent in planes at substantially right angles to the planes of the ends to project in a direction opposite to that of the body-prongs. The side-edges of the several prongs are preferably formed with notches, 9, to provide bite in the wood when driven into the same. The ends are preferably so bent that the points of the end-prongs will be in about the plane of the face of the body-portion.
In practice, the fastener is placed against the ends of the stud, strut, brace or whatever frame-member the fastener is employed with, and the body-prongs are driven into such end. As the end-prongs are in about the plane of the faceof the body-portion. owing to the bend of the ends, the end of the stud or whatever member it may be can be squarely placed against the face of the floor or stud or other member to which it is to be joined, whereupon the end-prongs can be driven into said member, straightening the plate and securelyjoining the two frame-members.
By the use of this fastener, several framemembers can be securely joined without the use of nails obliquely driven through one member into the other, thus disposing of all danger of splitting such members by the oblique nails, and a. square and accurate joint will be made.
The use of the fastener simplifies labor, as one fastener takes the place of several nails, the body-prongs are driven into the end, of the frame-memher in one operation. and the end-prongs are driven into the face of the other frame-member in one operation, each. The fastener may be again removed by prying the end-prongs out and bending the ends to free such prongs from the face of the frame-member.
The Construction of the fastener is exceed-- ingly simple and inexpensive, as it is made from one single piece of sheet-metal and can be stamped out by a very simple operation.
Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed for the mode herein explained. Change may therefore be made as regards the mechanism thus disclosed, provided the principles of construction set forth respectively in .the following claims are employed.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is 1- l. A fastener for studding and similar frame elements, comprising a body-portion having prongs projecting in one direction only and extensions on said body portion having prongs projecting in one direction only and in the opposite direction to the body prongs.
2. A fastener for studding and similar frame elements, comprising a body-portion having prongs projecting in one direction and ends bent out of the plane of said body-portion and having end-prongs projecting in the opposite direction.
3. A fastener for studding and similar oeaeve frame elements, consisting of a single plate of sheet-metal forming a fiat body-portion having prongs struck out from it to project in one direction andend-portions bent out of the plane of said body-portion and having prongs struck out from them to project in the opposite direction. r
4. A fastener for studding and. similar frame elements, consisting of a single plate of sheet-metal forming a flat body-portion having prongs struck out from it to project in one direction and weakened endportions bent out of the plane of said body-portion and having prongs struck out from them to project in the opposite direction.
5. A fastener for s'tudding and similar frame elements, consisting of a single plate of sheet-metal forming a flat body-portion, prongs projecting therefrom in one direction only, and weakened extensions on said body portion having prongs projecting therefrom in one direction only and in the opposite direction to the first-mentioned prongs.
Witnesses: C. D. MOVAY, N. BUssINcER.