|Publication number||US1093358 A|
|Publication date||Apr 14, 1914|
|Filing date||Apr 11, 1911|
|Priority date||Apr 11, 1911|
|Publication number||US 1093358 A, US 1093358A, US-A-1093358, US1093358 A, US1093358A|
|Inventors||Frederick A Schroeder|
|Original Assignee||John E Sheridan, Frederick A Schroeder|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
P. A. SGHROEDER. SHOE OLE-AT.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 11. 1911.
1,093,358. Paitented Apr. 14, 1914.
. INVENTOR 7 /www fl. 5W
@TATEd PATENT OFFIQEQ FREDERICK A. SCI-IROEDER, OF PARK RIDGE, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO JOHN E. SHERIDAN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, FREDERICK A. Someon- DER, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Park Ridge, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Shoe- Cleats, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to shoe cleats or anti-slipping devices, and more particularly to that class of such devices employed on shoes used in athletic contests and games to preventslippage by the participants, and colloquially known as spikes.
The principal objects of my present invention are a provision of an improved form of device characterized as above, which will readily enter the ground with a minimum amount of pressure, one which may be read ily removed therefrom without sensible dragging effort and thus one which while it will save the wearer from falling, will not retard his impetus; one which will have neither a cutting nor a tearing effect on the specially prepared surface or turf usually employed in the contests above referred to, and one wherein the gripping portion is firmly carried by the framing to which it is attached and not liable to bending or other movement relatively thereto; the provision of improved means for the attachment of the gripping member to the framing; and the provision of means for causing the device as a whole to firmly engage the sole of the shoe wherewith it is used; together with such other objects as may hereinafter appear.
I am aware that it has heretofore been proposed to use so-called spikes for the present purposes, such spikes being of one or two general classes; one wherein studs project from a plate; and another wherein projecting spurs are bent outward from the body of the plate. The first type of device is objectionable in that it is not only ineflicient in service but has a marked tendency to tear up the surface of the ground; and the second type of device is objectionable in this, that not only do the spurswhich are usually made in the form of a rectangular plate have to force their way into the ground with a subsequent drag in removal therefrom, but also in games such as base ball wherein the players at times come into close physical contact many accidents occur Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed April 11, 1911.
Patented Apr. 114e, 191%.
Serial No. 620,507.
resulting in wounds of considerable severity. Furthermore, bending of the spurs relatively to the framing may occur practically destroying such e-fliciency as the device may have had.
In the attainments of the objects and advantages above mentioned, and overcoming the disadvantages referred to, as well as gaining certain further benefits to be below disclosed, I have provided a construction I illustrated in preferred form in the accompanying drawing wherein Figure 1 is a view of the bottom of a shoe having applied thereto a device embodying my invention; and Fig. 2 is a view partly in section taken on the line II-II of Fig. 1.
Referring first to Fig. 1 of the drawing, it will be observed that I make use of a plate 10, preferably formed of steel and cut away as indicated at- 11 for the sake of lightness, such plate being here shown as triangular in shape and applied with one of its sides 12 across the ball of the shoe 13, with one of the angles 14 directed toward the toe of the shoe. A similar plate 10 in all substantial respects the same as that of the plate 10 save that of size, is applied on the heel 15. The plate 10 is likewise provided adjacent to each of its angular portions with holes drilled to receive screws as indicated at 16, and likewise with holes 1717 to receive the hollow rounded metallic loops or staples 18, which comprise the gripping portions proper. Each staple 18, which I preferably form of high speed tool steel and suitably temper after the device has been completed, may be provided with shoulders 19 adapted to abut against the surface 20 of the plate in order to assist in holding it in desired relation to the plate. For the purpose of fixing the staple 18 in position in the plate 10 I counter-bore the plate as indicated at 21 and rivet the ends 22 of the staple in position therein, preferably also brazing or On inspection of Fig. 2 of the drawing it will be observed that by virtue of the space 24 between the staple 18 and the plate 10, and the curvature of the projecting portion of such staple, the staple will be easily forced into the ground without much compression thereof and that such earth will have room to crumble into such space, and not be pressed aside and packed as is the case in the use of the tapered stud and the wedgeshaped spur constructions above referred to; that as the rounded staple presents no sharp edges or corners any danger of cutting of an opponent or other player in the event of collision is avoided; that by reason of the improved means for fixing the staples in the plate there is little liability that a staple will be bent from its original position relatively thereto or torn from its engagement therewith; and that by the provision of the'pointedrivet heads much of the strain which would be otherwise suffered by the screws 16 is removed therefrom, and consequently there is slight danger of the device as a whole being torn from the shoe.
Having thus described my invention and illustrated its use, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is the following:
1. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame provided with an anti-slipping staple permanently secured to the frame and having its closed end directed away from the frame, said staple having an unobstructed opening between its closed end and the frame.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame carrying an elongated anti-slipping staple having a rounded edge fixed in position relatively to the frame, said staple having an unobstructed opening between its closed end and the frame.
3. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame carrying an antislipping member having a rounded edge and also having an unobstructed opening between the edge and the frame, the axis of the opening extending substantially parallel with the frame.
4. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame provided with an anti-slipping staple permanently secured to the frame and having its closed portion directed away from the frame, said staple also having an unobstructed opening between its closed end and the frame and being provided adjacent to-its point of connection with said frame with shoulders, substantially as set forth. 7
5. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame provided with an anti-slipping staple permanently secured to the frame and having an unobstructed opening between its closed end and the frame, said frame being bored and counter-bored for the reception of said staple and the formation of rivet heads upon the ends thereof.
6. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a plate provided with an anti-slipping staple passing therethrough and having its closed end directed away therefrom, the ends of said staple engaging the plate and being pointed to engage with the sole or heel of the shoe.
'7. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame provided with an anti-slipping staple having its closed end directed away therefrom, said staple being provided adjacent to its point of connection with said frame on one side with shoulders, and on the opposite side with rivet heads, substantially as set forth.
8. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a frame provided with an anti-slipping staple having its closed end directed away therefrom, said staple be ing provided adjacent to its point of connection with said frame on one side with shoulders, and on the opposite side with rivet heads, said rivet heads beingformed with points to engage the sole or heel of the shoe, substantially as set forth.
9. As a new article of manufacture, a shoe cleat comprising a plate provided with an anti-slipping staple passing therethrough having its closed end directed away therefrom, the ends'of said staple being pointed to engage with the sole or heel of the shoe, and the said plate being provided with means for attaching the plate to the shoe and forcing such points thereinto.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name in the presence of the two Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.
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