|Publication number||US1094013 A|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 1914|
|Filing date||Mar 21, 1910|
|Publication number||US 1094013 A, US 1094013A, US-A-1094013, US1094013 A, US1094013A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (15), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
TOILET 0R HAIR COME.
APPLIOATION FILED MAR. 21 1910.
1,094,01 3. Patented Apr. 21. 19m
4 J F/E/ H5 5 I @J 4 4 4- g B E: 5 CE 2 a3 a H54 H55 5-565 w c karzesE ewsovq CHARLES PETERSON, 0F DUBLIN, IRELAND.
TOILET 0R HAIR COMB.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Apr. 21, 1914.
Application filed March 21, 1910. Serial No. 550,771.
To aZ Z whom it may concern Be it known that I, CHARLES PETERSON, a sub ect of the King of Great Britain, re
siding at Dublin, Ireland, have invented new and useful Improvements in Toilet or Hair Combs, of which the following is a specification.
This invention has reference to an improved toilet or hair comb which is de signed more particularly for use by persons possessed of a large quantity of hair.
It is well known that very frequently hair is broken 01f or torn out when being combed by reason of the 'fact that the hair is jammed fairly tightly between the teeth of the comb and particularly is this the case if the teeth of the comb be thicker at their base than at their free ends. It is possible of course to in a way reduce this jamming or wedging of the hair between the teeth by making combs having their teeth spaced farther apart but although this method of overcoming the difficulty is very simple it is not really practicable inasmuch as the process of combing has to be prolonged for an inordinately lengthened period if the proper straightening out or combing of the hair is to be effected. That is to say the greater the number of teeth for a given length of comb the more thoroughly will the combing be effected. Further the points of the teeth should be in alinement to enable the proper dividing or parting of the hair to be readily elfected.
It has been proposed to remedy the defect indicated by making a comb with two convergent series of teeth, carried by a common back, which teeth alternate with each other and the points of which interdigitate and occupy a single line, but such a comb exerts only a slight combing action upon the hair owing to the fact that the shanks of the teeth diverge from the points and allow the hair to pass too freely between them.
My invention consists broadly in a comb in which the end portions or point ends of all the teeth are in alinement for a substantial portion of the length of the teeth and in which the other or shank portions of the said teeth diverge alternately to one side and the other. With a comb so constructed, jamming or wedging of the hair between the teeth is entirely obviated while at the same time the combing action is at least equivalent to that of an ordinary comb of the same length with an equal number of teeth of a length corresponding to that of the aforesaid alined portions of the teeth of my improved comb.
My improved comb may be made from a single blank bent on itself to form the de sired construction, or it may be made of two separate parts connected together and each having a row of teeth spaced a double distance apart.
Figure 1 is a plan view of a portion of a blank from which the comb is formed, in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2 is an end elevation of the complete comb; Fig. 3 is a detail of the comb in side elevation showing the lateral arrangement of the two series of teeth; Fig. 4 is a horizontal sec-- tional detail on the line AB, Fig 2, taken through the shank portion of the teeth; Fig. 5 is a similar section, taken through the point portion ofthe point, on the line CD, Fig. 2; Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 1, but showing tapered teeth; Fig. 7 is a detail in side elevation of the comb made from' the blank illustrated in Fig. 6. Fig. 8 is an end view of a comb of a different style from that shown in Fig. 2 but embodying my invention; Fig. 9 is a similar view of another style of comb embodying my invention; Fig.
10 is an end view of still a different style of comb embodying my invention.
Fig. 1 of said drawings shows a portion of a flat strip of material-such as vulcanite from each longitudinal edge or side of which parts a are cut out so as to leave teeth 6, b projecting from a central part 0 and which teeth by pressing, cutting or any other suitable process may be shaped so as to have the desired sectional shape. The teeth on each side of the central part c are spaced apart twice (more or less) the distance that the teeth are to be in the finished comb and one set of teeth (1)) is to be opposite the spaces between the other set of teeth (5 I next bend the central part a transversely of its length until it has the form shown in edge or end view in Fig. 2 that is to say until the point ends of both sets of teeth 2), b are in alinement, the said teeth being also equidistant from each other as shown in side elevation in Fig. 3. As will be understood from a consideration of Figs. 2 and 3 although the point ends of the teeth are close together their shanks are farther apart as the shanks of each set of teeth are, so to speak, removed from between the shanks of the other set. In order to show how much the spaces between the teeth at the shank ends arein the example illustratedgreater than the spaces between the point ends of the teeth I have shown in Fig. 4t the position of the shanks of the teeth at the section on line A-B of Fig. 2 and in Fig. 5 the position of the point ends of the teeth at the section on line GD also of Fig. 2. The teeth shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 are shown of equal thickness throughout their length. Figs. 6 and 7 show similar views to Figs. 1 and 2 but the teeth in Figs. 6 and 7 are made of a tapering shape.
In Figs. 8 and 9 I have shown end views of other shapes of combs made in accordance with my invention, and the combs shown in these figures differ from each other merely in the shape which the shanks assume at or near the back.
In Fig. 10 I have illustrated still another embodiment of my invention wherein the comb is made of two separate parts each having a row of teeth spaced a double distance apart, said parts being connected by rivets 1".
What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is In a toilet or hair comb, a back and teeth extending therefrom, said teeth having straight bodies of considerable length which are parallel to each other and in alinement in the direction of the length of the comb whereby all teeth act alike on the hair, the straight bodies of the teeth being connected to the back by shank portions which extend outwardly from the bodies of the teeth and then inwardly toward the back, the shanks of alternate teeth being situated on one side of the central line of the comb and the shanks of the remaining teeth being situated on the other side whereby spaces of double width are presented between adjacent shanks on each side of the comb and the shanks of a djaeent teeth are widely separated so that the hair which has been raised by the points 01 the comb teeth and carried into the wide spaces will pass between the shanks in comparatively straight lines.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
Witnesses BARTHOLOME\V OSULLIVAN, MICHAEL OHANLON.
5 Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Iatents,
Washington, I). C.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4414992 *||Mar 29, 1982||Nov 15, 1983||Russell Joseph W||Hair fluffing device|
|US5318051 *||Jan 17, 1992||Jun 7, 1994||Sunbelt Precision Products, Inc.||Comb structure and method of making the same|
|US6343607||Jul 21, 2000||Feb 5, 2002||L'oreal||Product applicator, application system, and method of application for eyelashes|
|US6412496||Jul 21, 2000||Jul 2, 2002||L'oreal S.A.||Eyelash product applicator, applicator system and method|
|US6446637||Mar 21, 2001||Sep 10, 2002||L'oreal S.A.||Angled tooth applicator, system and method of product application|
|US6539950||Jul 21, 2000||Apr 1, 2003||L'oreal S.A.||Product applicator, applicator system, and method of application for eyelashes|
|US6546937||Mar 21, 2001||Apr 15, 2003||L'oreal||Applicator, system, and method of product application|
|US6581610||Jul 21, 2000||Jun 24, 2003||L'oreal S.A.||Applicator, applicator system, and method for applying a product to the eyelashes|
|US6814084||May 29, 2001||Nov 9, 2004||L'oreal S.A.||Application member, applicator, system, and method|
|US6866046||Mar 21, 2001||Mar 15, 2005||L'oréal||Applicator system and method|
|US7121284 *||Oct 23, 2002||Oct 17, 2006||L'oreal S.A.||Product applicator for eyelashes and/or eyebrows, and method of product application|
|US9532642 *||Oct 2, 2012||Jan 3, 2017||Geka Gmbh||Hollow mascara brush|
|US20030089379 *||Oct 23, 2002||May 15, 2003||Gueret Jean-Louis H.||Product applicator for eyelashes and/or eyebrows, and method of product application|
|US20140283868 *||Oct 2, 2012||Sep 25, 2014||Geka Gmbh||Hollow mascara brush|
|WO1993013689A1 *||Jan 19, 1993||Jul 22, 1993||Sunbelt Precision Products, Inc.||Comb structure and method of making the same|
|U.S. Classification||132/137, 132/138, 132/163|
|International Classification||A45D24/04, A45D24/02, A45D24/06|
|Cooperative Classification||A45D24/02, A45D24/04, A45D24/06|