US 1094567 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J. HOFMAN N.
PNEUMATIC SPRING FOR VEHICLES.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 20, 1912.
Patented Apr. 28, 1914.
nnrrnn STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEF HOFMANN, 0F BAUMAROCHE, SWITZERLAND.
PNEUMATIC sraiive r03 VEHICLES.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that -I, Josnr Hor ANN, a citizen of the Republic of Switzerland, re-.- siding at Baumaroche, Switzerland, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pneumatic Springs for Vehicles; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such aswill enable others skilled in the art to w hich'it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the ac companying drawings, and to letters or figures of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to pneumatic springs for vehicles and the object of the invention is to so construct the pneumatic spring, that the frame and. the carriage body are prevented from being displaced with regard to the axles and the wheels by automatically diminishing the effective volume of the pneumatic spring when the vehicle drives through a curve or on a laterally inclined road.
Several constructions according to this invention are illustrated byway of example in the accompanying drawing in which-- Figure 1 shows parts of a vehicle with a construction according to this invention.- Figs. 2 to 6 show different forms of constructions of a detail. Fig. 7 shows the de vice mounted on a vehicle.
The casing of rigid material is mounted on the frame 20 of a car by the side of the wheel 1. A pipe 3 connects the casing to an air-chamber 4.. A completely air-tight chamber which is filled with air is formed within the casing by a diaphragm 21. The diaphragm rests ona plunger 22. .The pressure. exerted on the axle 23 of the ve icle is transmitted to the plunger by means of a rod 5. The pipe 3 is provided with a closing device 6 which is constructed so that it automatically disconnects the casing 2 from the air-chamber at as soon as the vehicle drives through a curve or on an inclined road, diminishing thus the effective volume of the pneumatic spring. Different forms of construction of such closing device are shown in Figs. 2 to 6.
In the construction according to Fig. 2 the pipe 3 is closed by means of a ball 7. B centrifugal action if the car drives throng a curve, or by gravity if the car drives on a' laterally inclined road, the ball 7 is moved in the direct-ion of the arr0w..into the positop with a port 25.
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Apr. 28, 1914. Application filed June 20, 1912. Serial No. 704,781.
tion shown in dotted lines, against a correspondmgly formed valve seat, whereby the pipe 3 is closed.
' In the construction according to Fig. 3 the valve-body 9 is secured to the rod 10, which is pivoted to an axle 11 within the pipe 3. By a force acting in the direction of the arrow the valve-body 9 is moved from the position shown in dotted lines into the position shown in full lines against the seat 12, closing hereby the pipe 3.
In the construction according to Fig. 4 a weight 13 is mounted on a pivot 14 and forms the lower arm of a double armed lever 15, the upper arm of which engages a spindle 17, slidably mounted in a bearing 16 and carrying a valve-body 18. By a force acting in the direction of the arrow, the valve-body 18 is moved from the position shown in dotted lines against the valve-seat 19, closing hereby the pipe 3'.
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section of a fourth construction of the closing device, of which Fig. 6 is a cross-section. In this form of construction the closing device is mounted at the end of the pipe '3 within the air-chamher 4. A pipe 24 connected to the pipe 3 projects into thechamber 4 and is closed at the end. The pipe 24 is provided on the On the pipe 24 is mounted a tubular rotary slide valve 26 having a port 27 corres onding with the port of the pipe 24. A weight 28 is secured to the valve 26. By a force acting on the weight in a direction to-the right or left (Fig. 6), the valve is turned and the pipe 3 closed.
I The device acts as follows: If the vehicle drives. through a curve or on a road which is inclined .in a direction at right angles with the direction of the road, the carriage body tends to become displaced with regard to the wheel axles, thatis to say to become inclined toward one side. By the device according to this invention the casing 2 is disconnected from the air chamber 4 as soon as f a force tending to move the carriage-body in the described manner begins to act. By this in each of the pipes 3 (Fig. 7). By the devices according to Figs. 2 to 4 the pipes are only closed on that side toward which the carriage body tends to incline, while by the construction according to Figs. 5 and 6 the casings 2 are disconnected from the airchambers on both sides of the vehicle. This is of advantage, because the air in the cas-- ings at one side of the vehicle is compressed, while the air in the casings of the other side of the vehicle is expanded. By this means the air cushions at both sides of the vehicle act to prevent the carriage body from being displaced.
1. In a pneumatic spring, air cushions, air chambers, pipes connecting the cushions with said air chambers and cut off members operable by gravity and centrifugal force and capable of closing said pipes to suddenly diminish the effective volume of the air cushions, said members being independent of the relative position of the members of the pneumatic spring.
2. In a pneumatic spring air cushions, air chambers, pipes connecting the cushions with said air chambers, valves provided on said pipes automatically closing the pipes by centrifugal action and gravity.
3. In a pneumatic spring, air cushions, air chambers, pipes connecting the cushions with said air chambers, a port divided in said pipe, a rotary slide valve having a corresponding port and a weight connected to said Valve.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention, I have signed my name in presence of two subscribing witnesses.
J OSEF HOFMANN. Witnesses: