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Publication numberUS1096224 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 12, 1914
Filing dateMay 14, 1913
Priority dateMay 14, 1913
Publication numberUS 1096224 A, US 1096224A, US-A-1096224, US1096224 A, US1096224A
InventorsJoseph E Cochran
Original AssigneeNat Gas Process Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for use in manufacturing gas.
US 1096224 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented May 12, 1914.

2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

0 0 O 0 O C J. E. COCHRAN. APPARATUS PRYUSE IN MANUFACTURING GAS. y APPLICATION FILED MAY 14, 1913. 1,096,224.

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J. E. COCHRAN.

APPARATUS FOR USE IN MANUFACTURING GAS.

APPLIOATION HLBFMAY 14, 191s.

1,096,224. Patented May 12, 1914.

N 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.

' TED STAWENT orurcn JOSEPH E. COCHRAN, OF ELKHART, yINDIANA,'ASSIGNOR TO TI-IE NATIONAL GAS PROCESS COMPANY, OF ELKI-IART, INDIANA, A CORPORATION OF DELAWARE.

APPARATUS FOR USE IN MANUFACTURING GrAS.`

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented May 12, 1914.

Application filed May 14, 1913. Serial No. 767,608.

To all 'LU/wm it may concern Be it known that I, JOSEPH E. COCHRAN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Elkhart, in the county of Elkhart and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Use in Manufacturing Gas, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for use in manufacturing industrial and commercial gas, and which apparat-us embodies a condenser, a scrubber and a purifier, through which the gaseous fluid is successively passed, out of contact with outside moisture to condense, scrub and purify the gas, and one of the objects of the invention is to provide an improved apparatus of this class having a maximum cooling surface over which the fluid passes for effectively reducing the temperature of the fluid.

To the attainment of these ends and the accomplishment of other new and useful objects as will appear, the invention consists in the features of novelty, in substantially the construction, combination and arrangement of the severalparts hereinafter more fully described and claimed and shown in the accompanying drawings illustrating the invention and in which- Figure 1 is a top plan View partly broken away, with parts removed and partly in section of an improved apparatus of this class constructed in accordance with the principles of this invent-ion. Fig. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view taken on line 2-2, F ig. 1. Fig. ES is a sectional view taken on line 3--3, Fig. 2.

Referring more particularly to the drawings and in the present exemplification of this invention, the numeral 10 designates generally a closed casing having an inlet 11 for the gaseous fluid and an outlet 12. The easing or chamber .10 is divided by means of a plurality of hollow partitions 13, 14 and 15 into a plurality of compartments designated generally by the reference numerals 16, 17, 18, 19, and the partitions may be so arranged that the compartments may be of any desired relative size.

The compartment 16 constitutes a condensing chamber and within this compartment a plurality of hollow baille members 20 are arranged, that extend from the top to the bottom of the compartment, and from opposite sides thereof. The respective baffles terminate short of the opposite side of shown more clearly in F ig. 2, so that the gaseous fluid which enters the compartment 16, through the inlet 11 will flow -in a tortuous path through the compartment and wlll at the same time flow across and contact with the faces of the baffles. The baffles are also so arranged with respect to each other, that the passage between the adjacent baffles gradually decreases in size as it approaches the passage between the end of the baffle and the compartment wall, to reduce the stream of fluid as it flows over the baffles.

Leading from the compartment 16, preferably at points adjacent the top thereof are a plurality of outlet pipes 22 which extend into the vnext'adjacent compartment 17 and terminate adjacent the bottom of the compartment. Similar tubes 23 extend from points adjacent the top of the compartment 17 and project int-o the compartment 18, terminating at points adjacent the bottom of the latter. These tubular members 22, 23, form the inlets for Huid in the compartments 17 and 18, and the outlet for the fluid from the compartments 16 and 17. In the present form of this invention the compartments 17 and 18 constitute scrubbers and embody reticulated or perforated supports 24 arranged in the respective compartments and upon which supports masses of impurity removing agents, such as coke are arranged, and the supports 24 are so positioned that the extremities of the tubes or pipes 22, 23y will project therebelow. Y l/Vith this arrangement, the fluid entering the compartments 17, 18 will be discharged thereinto, below the respective impurity removing agent 25 and will flow through such agents on its passage out of the respective chambers.

Leading from the compartment 18 are tubular members 26 similar to the tubular members 22, 23, from points adjacent the top of the compartment 18 and extend into the compartment 19 and terminate short of the bottom thereof, for conducting the fluid from the compartment 18 into the compartment 19. Arranged in this compartment 19 is an apertured support 27 dividing the compartment into two other compartments one above the other. ln the loivermost compartment is arranged an impurity extracting agent or mass 2S such as semi-liquid lime and arranged above the support 27 is another impurity removing agent 29 such as eolie, lime, saw-dust or any suitable material and through both of which agents 2S, 29, the fluid passes on its Way out of the compartment 19 through the outlet 12.

Leading from the bottom of the compartment 1G are a series or outlets 30 which are connected with a manifold 31 in which latter may be arranged a controlling valve 32. Similar outlets lead from the compartments 17 and 18 and are connected with a manifold. Se in which may be arranged a controlling valve 35.

The hollow partitions and the hollow baffies 2O have communication with the outside air and any means may be provided for inducing circulation of a cooling medium therethrough. ln the present exemplification of this invention a series of inlets 36 are connected Vith the partitions and baffles, for the admission olf the cooling medium and series of flues 3T are also connected With the respective battles and partitions for inducing the circulation. It desired, a fan, not shown, may be provided for assisting in inducing this circulation.

lilith this improved construction, the gaseous fluid from the time that it is generated and enters the inlet 11, dees not come in contact, or commingle with any outside moisture, during its entire passage through the apparatus, thereby preserving all of the valuable properties of the fluid, which would be soluble to moisture, and which would be lost or carried away vvith the moisture should the latter commingle with the gas.

During the passage of the fluid through the compartment 1G it flo-Ws in a tortuous path formed by the baflles 2O and condensation takes place in this compartment caused by the cooling surfaces of the baffles through which the temperature reducing medium is circulating. F rom the compartment 1G it passes by means or' the pipes 22 into the scrubber 17 so as to pass through the impurity removing agent 15 to enter the pipes 23 to be conveyed thereby into the compartment 1S so that it will pass, through the impurity extracting agent 25 therein. During its passage through these compartments 17 and 18 it is maintained out of commingling relation with the temperature reducing medium circulating in the hollow partitions and also out of contact with outside moisture. From the compartment 18 the fluid passes by means of the pipes 2G in the lovcer chamber in the compartment 19 to be discharged into the impurity removing agent 28 in which latter the ends of the pipes 26 are submerged. T his agent 28 is moist When placed in the apparatus and after being once installed is maintained out ot contact With outside moisture during the entire time the fluid is passing through the apparatus. From this lowermost chamber` the fluid passes through the support 27 and the impurity removing agent 29 in the uppermost chamber of the compartment, and from thence through the outlet 12 to the point of consumption or storage. The heavier than gas particles Which have been deposited in the respective chambers may be removed through the outlet pipes 30, Obviously man-holes 3G may be provided wherever de sired, so that ready access may be had to the respective compartments.

While in the present exemplification of this invention, the preferred forms of construction and arrangements of the several parts have been shown and described, it is to be understood that various changes maj7 be made in the details of construction, and combination and arrangement oit' the several parts Without departing from the spirit of this invention.

W hat is claimed as new is 1. An apparatus for use in manufacturing` gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet i'or the fluid, partitions projecting into the chamber, said partitions each shaped to form an inclosed unobstructed space of substantially the same area as the partition, the said space being closed to the interior of the chamber, but open to the outside air, said partitions constituting baflles for the i'luid, said baffles cooperating with each other and the Walls oit' the chamber to form a tortuous and narrow passage for the fluid.

2. An :.rpparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the fluid, hollow shell like partitions projecting into the chamber, each partition being shaped to form an unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the partition and closed to the chamber, and means for inducing circulation or a temperature reducingmedium through the partitions.

3. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet ior the fluid, hollow shell-like partitions projecting inte the chamber, each being shaped to form an unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the partition, said partitions being arranged at an angle to each other and in staggered relation and being opened to the outside air.

l. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a. closed chamber having an inlet and au outlet for the fluid, hollow shell like baffle members projecting into the chamber, each member being shaped to form an unobstructed space, extending substantially the entire area of the member and closed to the chamber, and means common to a plurality of said battle members, for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium in the baille members.

5. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, one or more hollow shell like baffle members projecting into the chamber, each member shaped to form an unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the member, and being closed to the chamber, means for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium within the baille member or members, and an outlet for 'the heavier than gas products from the chamber.

6. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, one or more hollow shell like baille members projecting substantially across the chamber, each of said elementsbeing shaped to form an unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the element and out of communication with the chamber, and means for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium within the baffle element or elements.

7. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, and hollow shell like baflie elements projecting substantially across the chamber, each element being shaped to form an unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the element, said space being closed to the chamber, said baffle elements being spaced from each other in the direction of the flow of the fluid through the chamber and being arranged in staggered relation with respect to each other, said baffle elements being open to the outside air.

S. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, hollow baille elements projecting substantially across and out of communication with the chamber, said baille elements being spaced from each other in the direction of the flow of the fluid through the chamber and being arranged in staggered relation with respect to each other, said baffle elements being open to the outside air,and means for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium within the baille elements.

9. An ajparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, hollow partitions dividing the chamber into a plurality of compartments, separate from each other said inlet leading into one of the compartments and said outlet leading from another of the compartments, means form- 'ing communication between the respective compartments whereby the fluid will flow successively from one to the other of the compartments, hollow baille members within and extending substantially across one of the compartments and being closed to the compartment, impurity removing agents in others of the other compartments and through which agent the fluid passes, and means for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium through the hollow partitions and baille members.

10. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, hollow partitions dividing the chamber into a plurality of compartments separate from each other, said inlet leading into one of the compartments and said outlet leading from another of the compartments, means forming communication between the respective compartments whereby the fluid will flow successively from one to the other of the compartments, and out of contact with outside fluid or moisture, hollow shell-like baffle members arranged in staggered relation to each other within and extending substantially across one of the compartments and being closed to the compartment, impurity removing agents in others of the compartments and through which agent the fluid passes, and means for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium through the hollow partitions and baffle members.

11. An apparatus for use in maniifacturing gaps, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, hollow partitions dividing the chamber into a plurality of compartments separate from each other, said inlet leading into one of the compartments and said outlet leading from another of the compartments, means forming communication between the respective compartments whereby the fluid will flow successively from one to the other of the compartments, hollow shell-like baille members within and extending substantially across one of the compartments and being closed to the compartment, impurity removing agents in others of the compartments and through which agent the fluid passes, means for inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium through the hollow partitions and baffle members, and means whereby heavier than gas products deposited in the respective compartments may be removed.

12. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, a hollow partition dividing the chamber into compartments separate from each other and through which partitions a temperature reducing medium circulates, one of the compartments having an inlet and the other an outlet for the fluid, means forming communication between the compartments, one or more hollow baille members within and extending substantially across one of the compartments and out of connnunication therewith and through which members a temperature reducing medium circulates, means for inducing such circulation of the temperature reducing medium and an impurity removing agent arranged in one of the compartments and through which the fluid passes.

13. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the gaseous fluid, a hollow partition dividing the chamber into compartments and through which a temperature reducing medium circulates, one of the compartments having an inlet and the other an outlet for the fluid, means forming communication between the compartments, one or more hollow baflle members within and extending substantially across one of the compartments and out of conniiunication therewith and through which members a temperature reducing medium circulates, means for inducing such circulation of the temperature reducing medium, an impurity removing agent arranged in one of the compartments and through which the fluid passes, out olf contact with outside fluid, and an outlet leading from each of the compartments for the heavier than gas products depested in the respective compartments.

14. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas embodying a closed casing, hollow partitions dividing the casing into separated compartments one of the compartments having an inlet for the fluid and another compartment having a fluid outlet, means forming communication between the compartments for the fluid, and impurity removing agents arranged in the compartments, one of the compartments constituting a dry purifier and another compartment constituting another purifier for the fluid, said partitions being` open to the outside air.

15. ln apparatus for use in manufacturing gas embodying a closed casing, hollow partitions dividing` the casing into separated compartments one of' the compartments having an inlet for the fluid and another compartment having' a fluid outlet, means forming communication between the compartments for the fluid, impurity removing agents arranged in the compartments, and through which agents the fluid passes out of contact with outside fluid, and means inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium in the hollow partitions.

1G. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas embodying a closed casing, hollow partitions dividing the casing into separated compartments one of the compartments having an inlet for the fluid and an- :cesena/1 other compartment having a fluid outlet, means forming communication between the compartment-s for the fluid, impurity removing agents arranged in the compartments, and through which agents the fluid passes out ol' contact with outside fluid, means inducing circulation of a temperature reducing medium in the hollow partitions, and means whereby the heavier than gas products deposited in the compartments may be removed therefrom.

17. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a elo-sed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the fluid, and hollow shell like ballles projecting into and substantially across the chamber to form narrow passages between the baffles and chamber wall, each of said partitions being shaped to form an unobstructed space eX- tending substantially the entire area of the baille, closed to the chambers, but open to the outside air.

18. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the fluid, hollow shell-like partitions projecting into and closed to the chamber, said partitions being open to the outside air, said partitions being arranged in staggered relation to each other, and means whereby a cooling medium may be circulated through substantially the entire area of each of the partitions.

19.' An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the fluid, and hollow shell like baffles projecting into the chamber, said baffles extending substantially across the chamber' from opposite sides thereof' to form a tortuous passage Jfor the fluid through the chamber, each baille being shaped to form an unobstructed space eX- tending substantially the entire area of the baille, but closed to the chamber, and means whereby a cooling medium may be circulated within the ballles.

Q0. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying ay closed chamber, having an inlet and an outlet for the fluid, hollow shell like baille elements projecting into the chamber and each being shaped to ferm an inclu-sed unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area 0f the element and out of' communication with the chamber, said spaces adapted to receive therein a cooling medium, and said baffles being inclined with relation to each other to form passages for the fluid therebetween, gradually decreasing in size from the entrance to the outlet of the passage.

Q1. An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the fluid, hollow baille elements projecting into the chamber, said elements being each shaped to form an inclosed unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the element and closed to the chamber and in which space a cooling medium is circulated, said bailies being arranged at an angle with relation to each other to form passages for the iiuid therebetween, gradually decreasing in size from the entrance to the outlet thereof, the said baliles extending from one wall of the chamber toward and terminating short of the opposite Wall thereof.

An apparatus for use in manufacturing gas, embodying a closed chamber having an inlet and an outlet for the iiuid, hollow baiie elements projecting into the chamber, said elements being each shaped to form an inclosed unobstructed space extending substantially the entire area of the element and out of communication With the chamber, and

in which spaces a cooling medium is circulated, said battles being arranged at an inclination with relation to each other, 'to form passages for the fluid therebetween, gradually decreasing in size from the entrance to the outlet thereof, said baiiies extending from one Wall of the chamber toward and terminating short or" the opposite Wall thereof, and being also arranged in staggered relation With respect to each other.

In testimony wherecrp I have signed my naine to this specilication, in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses, on this 12th day of Way A. D. 1913.

JOSEPH E. COCHRAN.

Titnesses FRANK N. REED, FLORENCE E. SCHULTZ.

Copies of this patent may be obtained for ve cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5427610 *May 27, 1994Jun 27, 1995Nec Electronics, Inc.Plurality of baffles arranged sequentially along flow direction which have offsetting planar surfaces across exhaust stream
US5512088 *Jun 23, 1994Apr 30, 1996Interglobe Gas Technology, Inc.Filtering device for filtering moisture from a natural gas stream
US6572687 *Jul 25, 2001Jun 3, 2003Clearwater International LlcGas dryer
Classifications
U.S. Classification96/118, 96/126, 55/325, 55/323
Cooperative ClassificationF24F3/1411