US 1096758 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. M. ROGERS.
APPLICATION FILED IEB.20, 1912.
1,096,758. Patented May 12, 1914.
3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
INVENTOR G Kiwi W F n .iffio ens' W mowers WITNESSES F. M. ROGERS.
APPLICATION FILED IEB.20, 1912.
1,096,758. Patented May 12, 191i 3 SHEETS-SHEBT-Z.
' WITNESSES 6L M N R f'fanSkJZ/Qoyera I er 2 S ATTORNEYS N 5 A INVENTOR Patented May 12, 191i 3 SHEET8-SHEBT 3.
INV ENTO)? ran/Z2, 6/6' ATTORNEYS P. M. ROGERS.
APPLICATION FILED 1113.20, 1912.
wmmsss 7 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ,rrnuxivrnoennaor SEATTLE, .wasmueron, essieuoa crown-rump r0 rosurn:
monomer AND. onermnnro CODY c.. cox, noun. or snnrrru, WASHINGTON,
Specification of Letters Patent.
tion. p .l
The object of the invention is to providea new and improved burial structure or-b'uilding,, arranged to permitof holding burlal servicestherein, to provide a. receiving vault ,forttemporarily receiving bodies, and to rovide thoroughly ventilatedcrypts as 1a. nal restingi placeafor the: bodies.
:For the. purpose mentioned, use. is made of a chapel, provided with a ifioor .opening adapted to be closed by an elevator platform for supporting a burial casket; the elevator extending in .a receivingvault.underneaththe chapel, and-wings extending outwardly from the chapel, ,each containing crypts; arranged in tiers .an'dadaptedlto receive burial caskets .andib'odies. j
A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in.the ,acoompanyingdraw ings forming a part of! this specification, in which similar characters. of. reference indicate. corresponding-,parts inrall; the views.
tFigure -1 is a perspective view .of the burial -.structure; :Fig. 2 isa ,sectional side elevation .ofithe samepiFig. 8 is -a sectional plan wiewof thesame; 'Fig. z l-is tastnansverse section of one. of the crypt-wings; and Fig. -5.is -.a sectional elevation of. the valves in the connections abetween adjacent crypt connections leading, to a vertical ventilatingcryptl duet.
:Onasuitablefoundation is erected a centralor a tower. structure A, .3 preferably polygonal in sectional. plan view, as plainly. in-' dicated in :Fig. :3, and a from a the side walls of the central ortower structure 'Ahextend outwardly crypt 'wings B .each vPIIOVIdQd;
with tiers of crypts B separated fromeach other by one longitudinal. central partitlon B and transverse partitionsrB so. that-each cryptiB has-an entrance opening at: the side wall OfthdWlIlglB, each. entrance opening being closed after the vcasket andbody are stored in acryptby a suitable .door 1B*. :The interiorof-each cry t:B.is rendered moistureproof, preferably ya coating of.asphaltum or other similar material.
The central or; tower structure 'A is prowhich auninister or other pcrson can.con-
duct the burial ,service. .In the middleuof tl18:=fl001 0f thechapel .-D isarranged-an openinggDsurrounded by .a nailing D and leading to a receiving vault 1F underneath the chapel D and provided with racks Gfor temporarily storing ,bodies prior :to the Y burial vserviceandprior; to placing thebodies in the cryptsB. The opening D is adapted totbe closed from underneath by an. elevatonplatform H adapted to carry .a:bier and the casket containing the ;-body over .which, the; burial .serviceyis to be held ,at the time. The elevator, platform;H is mounted -to,slide ,upand down on suitable guideways I -I arranged in the receiving vault F, and the, elevator platform H .is connected with chai-ns;H .extcnding upwardly and passing over pulleys H,,the.ter-minals of the chains supporting counterbalancing- Wei hts 'I-P- to normally holdthe elevator plat orm H in an. upper-most position so that theI platfonm closeslthe opening D. Qneend. of a chain !I is attachedto the elevator platform :Hand extends under guide pulleys I arranged .on
the floor of the receiving vaultzF, and the said chainI after passing over the last,pul
.ley-I extends upwardly through the floor of vthe chapelxD and'into the hollow altar E tO wind up on a windingnpmechanism "I -mounted, in=the laltanE.
.isdesired to doso. Into! ie-mixingehamber K discharge main ventilating ducts-O connected ,withthe crypts B the receiving-vault ,Ftocarrythegasesorifoul air !from the-crypts 1B .and the receiving vault f E into the j mixing chamber K; to. mix
therein with the fresh air comingintothe i1;05
mixing chamber fromthe} fresh ,air chamber J. The. gases passing .from the crypts 1B and vault F into the mixing chamberK are lighter: than: the iairtand; hencethe fresh; air
passingdrom the rfresh ,air chamber J into 110 Patented May 12,.1914.
the mixing chamber K mixes intimately with the gases and the mixture gradually passes by way of the opening L into the chamberJ and out of the same by the registers J into the open air. The outer ends of the registers J are provided with perforate covers J 2 to prevent ingress of air, dust, etc.
In the transverse partitions B of the crypt wings B are arranged vertically-disposed ventilating ducts P connected with the adjacent crypts B by short pipes P (see Figs. 2, 3 and 5), to keep the crypts B ventilated. Each pipe P is preferably provided with a valve Q, formed by baflle plates, and a hood (see Fig. 5), so as to permit air to pass from the crypt B into the duct P, but to prevent return flow of air. The inner ends of the pipes P are preferably provided with a perforate cover P of woven wire or the like. ends of the crypt ducts Popen into horizontally-disposed copper pipes O forming part of the main ducts 0 arranged on top of the uppermost crypts B under the roofs of the wings B (see Figs. 2 and 4). I Into the inner ends of the pipes 0 open ducts R formed in the side walls of the "chapel D and leading into the receiving vault F. The outer ends of the pi es O terminate in pipes O, inclined upwar ly and inwardly under the roofs of the .wings B and leading to branch ducts O which open into the mixing'chamber K. The lower ends of the ."crypt ducts .P and the ducts R connect with air chambers S arranged under the bottom crypts B and each chamber S is connected at the outer end by a short duct S with the atmosphere so that fresh air can readily pass into the chambersS andreceiving vault F and up through theducts P and B so that the foul air is drawn out of the crypts B and the receiving vault'and passes by way of the members 0, O and O of the main ducts 0 into the mixing chamber K. The innermost crypts B, that is,those, ad jacent the chapel D, may have their doors B leading to the chapel D instead of to the outside.
From the foregoing it will be seen that a large intake of fresh air is provided under .neatheach wing B and the ducts are. so
arranged that a forced draft is produced to insure a proper ventilating of the crypts B as well as the receiving vaultv F.
The walls of the burial structure may be made of reinforced concrete, but I do not limit myself to this particular material as stone, brick or other building materials may be employed. I
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. In a structure of the character described, a main compartment, a fresh air.
The upper receiving chamber above the said compartment and having registers in the side walls, a mixing chamber above the said receiving chamber and communicating with the same,
main ventilating ducts openlng into the said mixing chamber, a receiving compartment below the. main compartment, the said mainventilating ducts communicating with the said receiving compartment, .a plurality of compartments at the sides of the main compartment, and ventilating ducts in the walls of the side compartments, said ducts com-- municating with the interior of the compartments and leading to th e said main ventilating ducts I 2. In a structure of the character de-' scribed, a main compartment, a fresh air receiving chamber above the said compartment and provided in its peripheral side wall with registers, a mixing chamber above the said receiving chamber and communieating with the same, main ventilating ducts opening into the said mixing chamber, a receiving compartment below the main compartment, the said mainventilating ducts communicating with the said receiving compartment; a plurality of compartments at the sides of the main compartment, and ventilating ducts in the walls of the side com 'partments and having valved branch pipes communicating with the interior of the com" partments, the said ducts leading to'the top of the compartments to connect with the said main ventilating ducts.- V
3. In .a structure of the character described, a main compartment, a fresh air receiving chamber abovethesaid compartment and provided in its side wall with registers, a mixing chamber above the said re ceiving" chamber and communicating with the same, mam ventllating ductsopening io's into the-said receivin chamber, a recelvingg compartment below e main compartment, the said main ventilating ducts opening into the said receiving compartment, a plurality of compartments at the sides of the main compartment, ventilating-ducts in the walls a i I of the side compartments. and communicating with the interior of the compartments I and leading to the top thereof to connect with the said main ventilating ducts, and
fresh air supply chambers underneath the side compartments and into wh 1ch open the ventilatingductsofthe said side compartments.
4. In'a structure of the character described, a'maincompartment, a fresh air receiving chamber above the said compartment, and provided in its side walls With 7 registers, a mixing chamber above the said receiving chamber and communicating with v the same,'main ventilating ducts'opening into the said receiving chamber,V-a plurality of compartments at the sides of the mam compartment, and ventilating ducts provicled with valved branch pipes communicating with the interior of the said side compartments.
5. In a structure of the character dc scribed, a main compartment, a fresh air receiving chamber above the said compartment and provided with registers, a mixing chamber above the said receiving chamber and communicating with the same, main ventilating ducts opening into the said receiving chamber, a plurality of compartments at the sides of the main compartment, ventilating ducts in the walls of the side compartments and communicating with the interior of the said side compartments and 15 In testimony whereof I have signed my 20 name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
FRANK M. ROGERS. Witnesses:
A. VIOLET LING, ADRIA E. PONZANELLE.