US 1096956 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
T. A. SAILOR.
PFLIATION YILED SBPT.6| 1912. 1,096,956. Patented May 19, 1914.
'UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
THOMAS A SAILOR, OF CENTRALIA, ILLINOIS,
To all whom it may concern Be it knownthat I, TI-IoMAs A. Sarnen, a citizen of the United States, residing at Centr-alia, in the county of Clinton, State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fillers; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
The present invention relates to certain novel and useful improvements in oil cans of the type adapted especially for use in filling lamps and burners in general, although I wish it to be understood that the invention is not limited in `its useful application to this particular purpose, but may be employed in any connection where its use will be found advantageous.
In the present instance, I have `in view the provision of a can wherein the discharge 'through the spout or outlet tube may be positively, instantly and conveniently con-I trolled. Furthermore I contemplate so constructing, assembling and correlating the discharge controlling mechanism relative to the body of the can and the discharge spout thereof, that such controlling mechanism while at all times capable of instantaneous operation will not be subjected to undue strain and wear and tear commonly incident to structures of this character, so that the life of my can is greatly prolonged and the necessity of frequent adjustments and repairs is avoided.
With the above recited objects and others of a similar nature in view, the invention consists in the construction, combination and arrangement of parts set forth in and falling within the scope of the appended claim.
In the accompanying drawing, like characters indicate like parts in all the views, and, Figure l is a vertical longitudinal sectional view taken through a can embodying my invention, and showing the discharge controlling valve in closed position. Fig. 2 is a similar view but showing the operating lever depressed and the valve moved to open position, with the outflow of the oil through the spout. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the support for the valve and its controlling mechanism together with such valve and controlling mechanism.` Fig. 4 is a cross Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed September 6, 1912.
Patented May 19, 1914.
Serial No. 718,968.
sectional view taken on the line lf-4 of Fig. 1.
In the preferred form of my invention as illustrated in the drawing, I show a can to the bottom of which is secured in any suitable manner an angular bracket provided at its upper free end with a rearwardly inclined terminal formed with an opening which forms a passage and a guide-way for a valve carrying rod and at the same time, this bent or inclined terminal constitutes an abutmentl for one end of a valve seating spring, the opposite end of the spring being connected to the valve rod. This angular bracket is also provided at one of its vertical side edges with an apertured lug forming a bearing for a rocking lever, one arm of the lever being connected to that end of the valve carrying rod which extends through the aperture at the top of the bracket, the other arm of the lever being connected with the lower end of a depressible operating rod, the upper portion of which extends through the to?) of the can and is formed with a suitable ingerpiece- Such a construction is briefly the essence of my invention and I will now proceed to describe the same in detail.
Referring now to the accompanying drawing, the letter A designates the can body of suitable form, in the present instance approximately cylindrical, while B is the handle, C the cover resting on the top flange c and D is the tapered discharge spout communieating with the body of the can at 1. In-
side the can I solder, rivet or otherwise sei cure the horizontal arm 3 of the right angle bracket 4, the vertical arm 5 of the bracket terminating in a rearwardly bent or inclined end portion 6 having an elongated slot 7 cut therein, said slot being surrounded by an annular bead or rib 8. The slot with its bead or rib is in alinement with the mouth or communication l of the spout so that a direct pull may be had upon the valve rod as hereafter described. This slot is also preferably fo-rmed to one side of the center of the rearwardly bent end in order that direct connection may be made between the valve rod and the rocking lever therefor. Formed preferably mid-way of the side of the vertical arm of the bracket which is adjacent to the slot is a lug 9 extending rearwardly and apertured for the reception of the pivot 10 of the rocking or bell-crank lever 11, the
arm 12 of said lever being connected at its free end by the pivot 13 to the end 1li of the valve rod 15 which projects through the slot in the bracket. The upper end of this rod 15 extends through the spout carrying a valve 16 for controlling the passage of the fluid through the spout. A coiled expansion spring 18 surrounds the lower portion of the valve rod which extends into the can, t-he lower end of the spring being seated at the :annular bead 8, While the upper end ot the spring is connected to the rod at 19. The free end of the Varm 20 of the rocking or bell-crank lever is pivotal-'ly connected at 21 to the lower end of the operating rod 22, the lat-ter extending through the sleeve 23 at the top flange c of the can body and is provided at its upper outer end with a finger grip 24.
From the above description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing the construction and operation of my device will be readily apparent. Assuming the can to contain a volume of oil., if it be desired to pour the saine therefrom, the operati-ng rod 22 is depressed which rocks the bell-crank and'draws the valve rod inward through the guide opening at the top of the bracket against the tension of the coil spring. When the desired quantity of oil has been poured from the can, the pressure on the operating rod is released and the expansion of the springv immediately seats the valve and closes the spout.
I am aware of th-e fact that in cans of this 1general class it has been hitherto proposed to mount a bell-crank vor rocking lever within the can and on the bottom thereof',`
one end of said lever being connected to 'anl operating `rod while the other end or arm was connected toa valve rod for opening the valve of the spout against the tension of a spring. Such a construction is shown in the patent to Bertram .jl-186,658, dated Jan. 30, 1877, and I do not broadly'claim such a con- Vstruct-ion.
But I believe myself to Vbe the first to have provided a support for the rocking lever which also constitutes a guide for the valve rod and a bearing for the valve s rino` thus insurin' the workin of the P s l g parts under ordinary stress and strain without the liability of-derangement or injury Y and consequently attaining the prolongation of the life of the can.
What I claim is: A y An oil can comprising a body portion having a spout provided with a valve seat, a1'
bracket having a horizontal arm secured to the bottom' of the body portion therewithin, said bracket including also -a vertical arm terminating at its. upper end in a rearwardly inclined portion having an elongated slot therein, said vertical portion ofthe bracket having a rearwardly bent lateral exy tension, ak'bell crank lever pivoted at the union of its arm to the lateral extension, a valve rod pivoted to one ofthe arms of the bell crank lever and extending through the elongated slot of the bracket, said rod projecting into the spout 'of theV can, a valve carried by the outer Vend of 'the-'rod and adapted to seat in the valve seat of the spout,
a helical spring surrounding the rod and connected therewith, said spring being seated against the rearwardly inclined end portion of the bracket and arranged to hold the rod normally with its valve in the seat, and an operating rod pivotally connected with the other arm or" the bell crank lever, and extending outwardly through the top of the can, for manipulation to move the bell crank lever upon its pivot, and bring the valve out of its seat, against the action of the spring.
THOMAS A. senior..
Witnesses JESSE POUNDS, Guo. R. KNIGHT.
vvCopies of this patent may 'be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. C.