US 1097018 A
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.UNITED STATES. PATENT onirica.v
.romav HADFIELD, or
AKRON, OHIO, ASSIG'NOR TO THE HAIDFIELD RUBBER COMPANY, OF AKRON, OHIO, .A CORPORATION OF OHIO,
Application led .Tune 13, 1912. Serial No. 703,536.
ToaZZ 'whom t ma?) concern Be it known that I, JOHN Haumann, a citizen of the United States, residing at Akron, in the county of Summit and State of Ohio, have invented new and useful Improvements in Grloves,v of vwhich the follow ing is a specification.
This invention relates to improvementsin Vgloves, especially rubber gloves, and the object thereof is, broadly speaking, to provide a glove so constructed that ready fiexion of the fingers and thumb of the user is possible without restraint or tensionA being imposed by the `stretching of the gloves when bend ing ortiexing the fingers. j
-Briefly, gloves, especially rubber gloves manufactured for physicians and surgeons -use are constructed upon forms with the fingers of the form extended, and obviously, the glove produced thereon is an exact replica of this form and hence, the Gloves themselves are provided with normally-extended finger-portions. As these gloves are usually made, especially in the case of physi- .cians and surgeons gloves, `so as to fit the hand approximately snugly, to constitute a `reasonably perfect fit for the hand of the wearer when the lingers areV extended, but
-when the fingers are flexed or bent inwardly to grasp an object, such as a surgical instrument, the upper portions of the glove across the' back of the hand and over the backs of the fingers are stretched and drawn taut, requiring an effort on the part ofthe user or wearer to fiex his fingers, thereby stretching the portions of the gloves which cover the balls of the fingers sufficiently to put a tension on those portions, thereby straining the hand and dulling the sense of touch of the finger tips which reduces the freedom of movement and sensitiveness of the hand covered by the ordinary glove to a considerable degree. l
In view of the foregoing, it 1s a primary object of this invention to provide a glove normally constructed with the finger-sin the' be used with bulged or outwardly-projecting portions which lie opposite but out of contact with the opposing portions of the hand vto provide a certain amount of slackness at those points adjacent tothe-fingers i Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented May 19, 1914.
and joints to permit the ready movement of the fingers and thumb without imposing their sensitiveness with the foregoing and other Objcis in reference numeral 1 denotes the glove preferably of rubber and preferably produced by what is known as the dipping process, although it is obvious that gloves constructedof other material and' by other methods than bythe dipping method are entirely within the scope of this invention. The glove will be customarily provided with projections at the points which normally cover the knuckles 2 and joints 3 of the human hand, so that there will bein the finished product an excess of material at these points forming permanently outwardly-bulged portions designated in the drawing by thereference numeral 4. These outwardly-bulged portions will beof a size to permit free flexion of the fingers when the fingers are bent to grasp an object such, for instance, as a surgical instrument.
such. a stress or tension on them as to impair It will be obvious that the glove is bestv constructed on a. form having the finger portions extended as shown in the drawing, and with the bulges lying opposite to, but out of contact with those port-ions of the hands where the joints and knuckles are located and, of course, this refers equally well to the thumb portion of the glove.
It will be obvious that when a glove constructed in accordance with this invention is withdrawn from the form it will have a permanently setform and the excessive material which provides the buleorl portions 4 will remain equally permanen-. so much so that. when used on the hand, it may be bent freely Without stretching the finger portions, thereby enabling the fingers to be flexed or bent at will Without`stretching the covering of uniform thickness having over the knuckles the balls of the ingers',/Withy the result that bulged portions adapted to eliminate stress the material over the balls f the lingers is about the knuckles When the hand is closed. not strained sufficiently to decrease the sen- In testimony-whereof I have hereunto set 5` sitiveness of the lingers, thereby largely my hand in presence of two subscribingwit- 15 enhancing the value of the glove in use nesses.
^ especially in delicate surgical operations JOHN HADFIEL).
Where senstiveness is greatly needed. 'VVitnessesz I'claim: C. E. HUMPHREY,.
10 A seamless rubber glove of substantially A. L. MCCLINTOCK.