US 1102497 A
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J. E. GREEN. BOTTLE STOPPER REMOVER. APPLICATION FILED AUG. 26, 1912.
Patented July 7, 191i lhve nfiy r, John EGree n; I
/ I W I O I a nay.
THE NORRIS PETERS C0,, PHOTO-LITHO. WASHINGTON. D C.
JOHN E. GREEN, OF BOSTON, IVLASSACH'USIEYITS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July '7, 1914.
Application filed August 26, 1912. Serial No. 717,045.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, JOHN E. GREEN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Boston, in the county of Suffolk and Commonwealth of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stopper Removers, of which the following is a specification.
The object. of this invention is the construction of improved means for removing from bottles that type of stoppers known as the Frown stopper or Crown seal.
Referring to the drawings forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a perspective view of the stopper removing device alone. Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of the upper part of a bottle showing the device as it is when first introduced therein. Fig. 3 is a similar elevation showing the device after the stopper or seal has been applied.
The stopper remover embodying my invention comprises a fine wire bent over at midlength to form a loop 2, with its terminal sections 3 twisted together and attached to a hand-piece, as the ball 4; said loop being disposed to lie in a plane substantially parallel with the terminal sections 3. In applying this opening device, its loop 2 is hooked over the edge of a bottle-mouth, as shown in Fig. 2, with the terminal sections and ball hanging vertically down the outside of the bottle-neck. The crown cap 6 is then placed upon the bottle-mouth and crimped to tightly seal the same, in the usual manner; the effect of such crimping or sealing being to force the loop 2 up to a horizontal position and to embed it more or less into the cork or other comparatively soft layer of sealing material 7 as indicated in Fig. 3. That this is the effect upon the loop is evident when we observe that such crimping presses the edge of the seal-flange 9 in toward the bottle, and correspondingly presses the wire inward. This makes the edge of the bottle-n1outh the fulcrum of a lever the inner member of which is the wire loop. Hence as the outer member of the lever yields to the inward movement of the seal-flange, the inner member has to rise. By thus carrying the wire loop up into engagement with the cap, the wire is kept from hanging down in the contents of the bottle and thereby caused to rust. On the other hand, it is a most important feature to form the remover with a hook for enabling the same to be caught over the edge of the bottle-mouth, preliminary to applying the seal. This permits the device to be used in connection with present forms of seals, without in any way changing the latter. Hence the method of doing the work is first to fill the bottle with the specified liquid; then the remover is hooked into the open bottle-mouth, and the bottle passed to the machine which applies and seals the stoppers.
The especially valuable feature of this invention results from my discovery that while the wire can be originally hooked down into the bottle-mouth and thereby made to stay safely in place until the seal is applied, the effect of such application is to raise the loop up into engagement with the under surface of the seal, and so out of the contents of the bottle.
What I claim as my invention and for which I desire Letters Patent is as follows, to wit;
As a new article of manufacture, a bottle stopper remover comprising a wire bent to compose a loop and a handle section, the loop being disposed to present its plane substantially parallel with, but spaced from, said handle section, whereby the loop can be introduced within the mouth of a bottle with said handle section hanging without the same.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing invention, I have hereunto set my hand this 23rd day of August, 1912.
JOHN E. GREEN.
A. B. UPHAM, N. L. WHITTLESEY.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents,
Washington, D. G.