US 1103227 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. M. STRATTON.
APPLIOATIOH ?ILED AUG. 30, 1913.
1303327., Patentea July 14, 1914.
/ 71 INVENTOR George nai/%011.
ATTORNEY THE NORRIS PETERS CO.. PHOTO-LITHO WASHINGTON, D4 C GEORGE M. STRATTON, OF NEW BBUNSWICK, NEW JERSEY.
Specficaton of Letters Patent.
Patented July lt, 191 1.
I Application filed. August 30, 1913. Serial No. ?87,451.
To all whom it may concem Be it known that I, GEORGE M. STRATTON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident ot' New Brunswick, in the county ot' Middlesex, State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ligature-Holders, of which the following is a speciication, reference being had to the accompanying drawing.
My invention principally relates to holders for surgical and other ligatures, and particularly to that style wherein ligatures are wouncl upon bobbins or spools within a sealed container, filled with an antiseptio fluid, from which receptacle the ligatures may be withdrawn as desired.
Among the 'principal objeots of my in-, vention are to provide a ligat-ure holder of simple and durable form, which may be readily and cheaply constructed, and within which the bob-bins or spools upon which the ligatures are wound may be assembled with a minimum outlay of time andexpense, and which shall reduce the liability of break-age of the various parts in assembling.
My invention `further includes all of the other various novel features and objects hereinafter more definitely specified.
In the accompanying drawing, Figure 1 is a central vertical section of 'a ligature holder, constructed in accordance with the principles of my invention, a portion thereof being shown in elevation for the sake of clearness; Fig. 2 is a transverse horizontal section taken upon the line 2-2 in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a central vertical section, also partly in elevation, of a slightly modified form of the clevice; and Fig. t is a transverse horizontal section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3.
Referring to the drawing, one form of my invention therein illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 consists in a bottle 1, preferably tormed of glass, or other suitable material, the exterior of which may be of cylindrcal form.` The upper end ot the bottle may beprovided with threads 2 upon its exterior, suitable tor the reception ot an internally threaded metallic cap 3 which serves as a bottle. The interior of the bottle may preferably be tormed slightly elliptical in section as clearly shown in Fig. 2, and with a plurality of steps or shoulders 5, G, 7. For this latter purpose, therefore, the bottle may be constructed with several dilierent internal diameters, being ot' maximum internal diameter at the top, and ot' minimum internal diameter at the bottom, as clearly shown in Fig. 1. Furthermore, it may be found de` sirable to form the interio-r of the bottle with a slight taper from top to bottom ;tor the purpose of permitting the ready withdrawal of the plunger used in forming the bottle when the same is being molded. It will be understood, of course, that the bot tle may be constructed with as many steps or shoulder-s 5, 6, 7 as may be desired, but in practice the bottles are usually formed with three shoulders as illustrated in Fig. 1 u For the purpose of holding the ligatures &which may be either of graduated sizes or all o'l' the same size, a plurality of spools 10 are provided, each having a suitable central cylindrical opening adapted tor the reception of the pivot rods 12, 13, let. These rods are graduated in length, so as to fit snugly between the walls of the interier of the bottle when resting upon the shoulders 5, 6, and 7 as clearly shown in Fig. l. In other words, the rod^12 is of such a length as to fit snugly between that portion of the walls of the bottle directly above the shoulder^5 when approximately parallel to the major aXis of the ellipse formed by the interior of the bottle at that point; and the rod 13 is adapted to fit above the shoulder G in like manner, as is the rod 14 above the shoulder 7. Resting upon the upper side of the rod 14, and preterably of such a height as to contact with the under-side of the pivot rod 13 is a cylindrical Separator 20, which may preferably be formed of glass or other suitable material, and in like manner above the pivot rods 13 and 12 are located similar separators 21 and 22, A stopper 2 1, ot rubber or other suitable material may be inserted in the mouth of the bottle, and rests against the upper end of the Separator 22. These separators serve to prevent the pivot rods from being clisplaced when the ligay eter than the Separator 21, which inturn will be of greater diameter than the separator 20, in order thateach may be properly positioned within the bottle.
In Figs. 3 and 4 is shown a slightly modh fied form of my invention in which the steps or shoulders 5, 6, and 7 in the interior ot' the bottle have been omitted, the bottle being 'merely tormed with a slght interior taper from top to bottom. In this form of Construction, the pivot rods 31, 32 and 33 are formed in graduated lengths as previously` described'in connection with the form of my invention illustrated in Figs. l and 2, but it is necessary to. make use of an additional Separator, which rests upon the bottom of the bottle beneath the lowermost pivot rod 33, inorder to provide'a support for the latter. The other separators 36, 37 and 38 are located between the several pivot rods, and the upper Separator 38 contacts with the 'underside of the stopper 24; in a manner similar to that previously described;
4 In assembling the various parts, the ligatures, having beenwound upon spools lO, the lowermost spool with its pivot rod positioned therein is inserted in 'the bottle in such a manner that the pivot rod' will rest V upon the upper face of the shoulder 7, or,
upon the separator 35, as the case may be, and a Separator* of the proper size being placed above the pivot rod, the next spool upon its pivot is introduced within the bottle, and so on until all the spools With their pivots and allthe separators have been introduced, in which position, owing to' the several' pivot rods being of approximately the length of the major axes ofthe various elliptical sections of the bottle, the several 'pivot rods will be constrained to lie in substantally the same vertical plane. The bottle may then be filled with an antiseptic liquid; the ligatures threaded through proper perforations in the stopper 24:, and the 'latter inserted in the mouth of the bottle so that its under side Contacts with the edge of the' uppermost Separator, after which cover 3 may be screwed in place.
When it is desired to make use of the ligatures, the cap 3 is removed, and one or more of the ligatures withdrawn through the stopper 24, thespools 10 rotating meanwhile upon the pivot rods, which latter are held in place vertically by the separators, 'and horizontallyby the elliptical 'ormation ot the interior of the bottle.
I do not desire to limit myself to the precise details of constructionor arrangement of that form of' my invention herein described, as it will be evident that various changes and modifioations may be readily i made therein, without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention as defined' in the appended claims. Having thus described my invention, wha
I claim and desire to protect by Letters Patent of the United States is:
. l. A holder for ligatures, orthe like, comprising a bottle having its interor elliptical in cross section, a plurality of spools maintained in spaced relation within said bottle and a plurality of separate, relatively short tubes between said spools.
2. A holder' for ligatures, or the like, comprising a bottle having an interior of ellipti cal cross section, and; formed wlth ,a plurality of horizontal,shoulders, straight pivot rods of graduated length resting upon -said shoulders, and spools rotatable upon said rods.
prising a bottle having its interior of elliptioal cross section and formed with'a plurality oi:'sl1oulders upon it's interier face, a plurality of straight pivot rods ot uniform diameter and of different lengths adapted to 3. Aiholder for ligatures, or the like, com
fit snugly within said bottle upon said shoulders, spools rotatable upon said pivot rods, and separate spacing means comprising a plurality of rings of varying diameter between said rods operative to hold said rods in spaced vertical relation. i j
4. A holder tor ligatures, or the like, comprising a bottle having its interior o'f'elliptical cross section, and for'ned with a plurality of horizontal shoulders, straight pivot rods graduated in lengthadapted to rest" upon said shoulders and to fit snugly within sad bottle, and spacng means comp'sing a plurality of unconnected c'ylindrical rings' between said rods operative to maintain said rods in spaced vertical `relation.
5. In a holder for ligatures orthej like,
the combination of a'bottle having a pluralty of different internal dianeters, the
cross section of theinterior of said bottle' ders formed therein, straight pivot ;rods
horizontally supported upon said shoulders, and a plurality of unconnected tubular spac ng means between said rods operative to maintain said rods in spaced vertical relaf tion.
7. In a holder for ligatures or the like, the combination of a bottle having a plurality of shoulders formed therein, the interior of said bottle being elliptical in' cross section', a plurality of straight pivot rods of' graduated length horizontall'y supported at their ends upon said shoulders, and'spacing means comprising a plurality of relatively short cylindrcal tubes between said rods, operative to maintain said rods in spaced Vertical relation, the length of any given pivot rod being approXimat-ely equal to the major aXis of the cross section of the bottle adjacent such rod, Whereby all of said rods are maintained in substantally the same vertcal plane.
8. In a holder :for ligatures or the like, the combination of a bottle having a plurality of horizontal shoulders formed upon its in-` ner side, a plurality of straight pivot rods of constant diameter resting upon said shoulders, spools rotatable upon said rods, a plurality of independent relatively short cylindrical spacing rings nterposed between said rods Whereby said rods are maintained in spaced vertical relation, and a stopper in contact With the uppernost of said rings.
9. A holder for lgatures, or the like, comjor nxis of such cross section adjacent such rod.
In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this 27th day of August, A. D. 1913.
GEORGE M. STRATTON.
MARY E. STRATTON, ETTA S. RUFFEE.
copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioncr of ratent,
Washington, D. C.