US 1103549 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
I. H. SPENCER.
DUST SEPARATOR. APPLIOATION FILED JANL17,'1912.
EJ035549. Patented July 14, 1914.
' Minx isms: INVENYTIOR.
cairn scars ca tea n. seasons. or weer nanrrosm, connnc'rrcp'r, assicnon r0 rm: srnncsn rename CLEANER COMEANY, or nanrronn. CONNECTICUT, a conrona'rron or Epcoification of Letters Patent.
Patented d My 14, this.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, lea, ll. SPENCER,- a citizen of the United States, and a resident of West Hartford, in the county of Hartford and State of Connecticut, have invented a new and Improved Dust-Sepa rotor, of which te following is a specification.
My invention relates to the class of devices employed for separating foreign mat ter from air to purify the latter, and more especially to that class of such devices as are used in connection with suction cleaning apparatus, and an object of my invention, among others, is to provide a device of this class which will efi'ectively relieve the air from such heavier matter and leave the latter. thereafter m'idisturbed and in such con dition that it may be readily removed with out being stirred up.
()no form of evico en'ibodying my invention and in the construction and use of which the objects herein set out, as wellas others, may be attained, is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which Figure 1 1s a view in side elevation of an apparatus exnl'iodying my invention, the apparatus being partially out and broken out in central lengthwise section, the general cross sectional form ot' such receiver an separator being round. 1
In the accompanying drawings the nunieral 3 denotes the casing of a suitable device for creating low ot a currentof air, the
articular form herein shown being a turpine including av shaft 4 extending through the casing and having fans 5 secured there to, the upper end of the shaft being'connected with a motor 6 for driving the turbine. An inlet 7 is provided for the casing; and an outlet 8 from the turbine may be connected with any suitable device, as a chimney or the like, into which air may be delivcred. The inlet '5 is connected with the outlet 9 of a separator ei obodying my inven tion.
In the use of cleaning apparatus it is important that the dust and iirt taken up in the cleaning operation shall be so deposited that it shall not thereafter be disturbed except for purposes of removal, and that it may be removed without being stirred up, and the importance of this will be seen when it is considered. that cleaning apparatus is lv emplo ed in the cleaning; of hospitale and like places where contagious dis cases are treated, and my improved device provides a separator which may be used with cleaning apparatus and the deposits so treated that they may be removed with safety." r j lathe preferred form oi separator em bodying my improvement and shown herein a separator base including a supporting neck 10 is provided having a lateral extension with a passage forming the outlet 9, this extension 12 having a flange 13 constructed to be attached to a flange surroundlog the inlet 7 of the casing 3.
A jacket 14, preferably tapering from a smaller diameter at the bottom toJa larger diameter at the top, issnpportedf sweaseparator base, tnisj acl'iet being secured with its small end in the supporting neck 10, said jacket rising from-said neck for asuitable distance and being closed at its upper end. A conducting pipe 15 is connected with the outlet 9 from the separator, in fact the opening through the pipe being: a can tinustion of tie outlet passage, this pipe extending straight inward for a short distance and then being curved and extending lengthwise of the jacket at about the axis thereof and terminating a short distance from the top of the jacket.
The tapered part 11 of the jacket 14 terminates at its lower end in an opening 16 into and through the neck 10 and-around the conducting pipe 15. A. separator inlet 17 extends preferably tangentially from its mouth to the interior of the jacket at its uppcrend, this inlet beinggradually elongated diametrically and terminating in a coni paratively narrow opening into the separa tor casing. A receptacle 18 is also support ed by the separator base, being. removably secured to a flange 19 extending: from the neck 10 and constituting a part of the separator base, any suitable means for removably securing the receptacle being employed. 100 In the structure herein shown a packing 20 is located between thecdge of the receptacle and the flange, and is secured preferably in a groove in the latter. The receptacle may have handles 21 by means of which it may 5 be moved. 'l he device is particularly adapted for use in connection with suction cleaning apparatus, theconnection with the hose and tools commonly employed being attached to the inlet 17 of the separator, All 110 of the dust and dirt is thoroughly collected by the apparatus in a manner to permit its removal Without being disturbed; The con struction of adevice to embody my invention need not necessarily herein shown.
I claimt l. A casing having nechanism for produc inga currentof air and with an opening lat erally therefrom, a separator base including a'supporting neck secured to said casing and ing, a conducting pipe projecting upward and having'its opening registering with the outlet from said neck, a separate; flfi lff supported on said separator base and pro-' jecting upwardly from said neck and surrounding said conducting pipe, and a receptacle supported by said Lcparator base and removably secured to and depending from said neck. I
3. A separator base including a supporting neck having an outlet laterally from one side thereof, a conducting pipe projecting upwardly from the neck and with its central passage registering with said outlet opening and located at an angle thereto, a jacket supported by the separator base and having its smalllowcr end extending into said neck, Said jacket tapering gradually upward from the neck and having an inlet located opposite the mouth to said conducting; pipe, and a receptacle supptu-ted by the separator base and ri-niovably secured to said neck.
4 A separator b se including a support avith said outlet, and a. jacket supported by said separator base and SOPHI'Cd to said neck and surrounding said ron-lucting pipe, said jacket having; an inlet, at its top opposite said pipe.
be exactly liked-hat 5. A separator baseincluding a support, mg neck having an opening at one side wltha conducting pipe registeringwith saidoperung and bent at an angle Within said neck and extending upwardly therefrom, a receptacle supported by said separator base :iiid removably secured to and dependingv fro'in'said neck, and a jacket supported by the separator base and secured to said neck and surroundin said conductin' i e said.
jacket having an inlet opening thereto opposite said pipe.
6. A separator ing neck having an opening at one side with a conducting-pipe registering with said opening'and bent at an angle Within said neck and extending upwardly therefrom, a receptacle supported by the separator base and'rernovably secured to and depending .trom said neck, and a jacket supported by said base and secured to said neck and tapering"v upwardly and outwardly therefrom and base including 'a supp'ortsurrounding said. ctmducting pipe, said acket having an inlet opening thereto oppo- 8. casing containing mechanism for proihu-iag a current of air and having a tube pro ecting laterally therefrom at a distance 't'roni the bottom, a separator base secured to said Pt(i 'jt}tlll'l tube and having a tube pro ecting upwardly therefrom, and a separator casing and a receptacle supported by and secured to'tlio opposite sides of said' separator base and in axial alineinent one with another.
9. i on drug containing mechanism for creating fill mn'roi'its, a ,pipe extending: later all thcrclr ni and having a. vertically arranged taro, a separator base having a pipe opt- 1in}: laterally therefrom and with a flange to lit said "taco, means for securing the flanges together. a jacket secured to and :nipporlml out-he upper side of said base, and a receptacle supported by and secured to the under side of said base.
IRA H. SlENGE'l-t.
Au'rnnn .li. JnNnINs, H. H. Kronannsou.