US 1104625 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
APPLICATION FILED Patented July 21, 1914.
1&0456250 HY ai Ulm. fIH
u sa EVA CAPLAN, or Pnr'nannnrrrra, rnmsvrvanra.
Specification of Letters atent'.
Application filed April 8, 1912. Seriali met 689,148;
To @ZZ y107mm it may concern Be. it known that I, EVA CArLAN, a citizen of Russia, residing at Philadelphia, in the county of Philadelphia and State 0f Pennsylvania, have invented new and useful Improvements in Garments, of which the following is a specification.
My invention .relates to new and useful improvements in garments, and has for its object to so construct a device of this charactor as to cause the Waist band and yoke to snugly fit about the'person of the wearer Without leaving unsightly bulging portions as is the case when the parts of a skirt are overlapped'to cause them to lit the person Wearing the same.
A further object of the invention is to 'i provide a garment which will fit a relatively small person or a relatively large person without having to alter the garment in any manner.
A. further object ofthe invention is to provide a garment of non-elastic material having a pair of oppositely disposed relatively elastic gore pieces With a detachable elastic member disposed about the rear circumference of the waist line of the garment,- said detachable member permitting the garment to be laundried without the liability of rotting said elastic member.
A still further object of the invention is to provide a tool for reinserting the elastic member.
W'ith these ends in view, this invention consists in the details of construction and .combination of elements hereinafter set forth and then specifically designated by the claims.
ln order that those skilled in the art to which this invention appertains may understand how to make and use the same, l will describe its construction in detail referring by numeral to the accompanying drawing forming 'a part .of this specilication, in Which- Figure '1, is a. perspective view of a gar- 7nent made in accordance with my invention showing it as applied to a ladys skirt. Fig. 2, an enlarged interface view of a portion of a skirt showing the facing removed'.
4 Fig. 3, a face view. of the tool, and Fig. 4,
an edge vienT thereof.
ln carrying out my invention as here embodied, 2 represents the garment represented by a ladys skirt formed of any suitable material the upper portion of which is preferably of non-elastic' material, line of the garment atv each side thereot and preferably in the rear half of time cimeumference are the openings 3 `which aire bifurcated and extendi into the body of the garment forming arms or bays- 41. Across these openings are disposed the relatively elastic and pliable-gore pieces, preferably of. knitted fabric., 0n the' inside of thefgarment at the Waist line thc-:reelc isv shown the facing strip 6, which forms With the body of the# garment a pocket or cavity for the elastic strip or band 8, said elastic band is detachably mounted upon the garment by means of suitable clasps, the ends of the elastic bandcarrying the heads or button members 9, of the clasps which are adapted to eeoperate with the sockets l0 secured to1 the Waist line of the garment to the front of. the gore pieces jand.- just beyond' the openings l1 in the facing` 6. From this descripta-on it will be seen that the platte formed. by the contraction of the elastic band will allow the Waist line of the garment to vary con-- siderably so that said garment will fit a relatively thin person or a relatively stout person. It is a Well known fact that if elastic bands such as are used for this class of Work are placed in Water and especially hot Water used in laundry Work, said elastic bands readily and quickly rot and become useless, but with the use of my improvement here described, the elastic band may be readily removed When the garment is laundried and the elastic band replaced.
In order that the elastic band may be in-` serted, I employ a suitable tool shown in Figs. 8 and 4 and preferably consisting of a Hexible body 12, one end of Which carries sockets 13 similar to the sockets 10 secured to the garment, said sockets 13 adapted to receive the heads or button members 9, at one end of the elastic band. After the elastie band is secured to the tool, the latter is passed into the pocket or cavity formed by the facing 6, through one opening 11 and drawn from said pocket from the opposite opening 1l which will draw the elastic band into its place in the same manner as when bodkin is used and when the elastic band has reached the desired position, the ends thereof are fastened to the garn'ient by the clasps.
Since the elastic band passes entirely around the rear half of the circ unference of the waist line, it has been found necessary to open the garment at the front and thereret-temeer .nay ar, esta En the waistA l fore thc placket 14 is preferably formed at l plementary one side of the front half of the circumference of the waist line and this placket is fastened by clasps similar to those used with the elastic band, one portion carrying the head or button member 15 while the overlapping portion carries the sockets 16.
From this description, it will be noted that a garment tit the person of' the wearer and will vary with thegarments which may be worn in a garment made in accordance with Inv improvement and because of the detachable elastic band, the garment may be made of any material for the same may be laundried in the same manner as similar garments in use at the present time.
Of course l do not wish to be limited to the exact details of construction as here shown as these may be varied within the limits of the appended claims Without departing from the spirit of my invention.
Having thus fully described my invention, what 1 claim as new and useful, is-f 1. A skirt provided with a gore at each side, and in the rear half of the waist line a hem coincident .with the region of the gores and slotted forward thereof, a non-adjustable elastic band freely and removably contained within said hem, vice carried by each end of the band, a comprojecting through is produced thatl will snugly ,with capacity for ready a fastening defastening device attached to the waist line ofthe skirt forward of each of the gores and beyond the corresponding slot in the hem, whereby said band may be normallyinserted within the hem coincident with the region of the gore with its ends said slots and anchored to produce the desired tension by means of the complementary fastening devices but detachment and withdrawal for the purpose of permitting the laundrying of the skirt.
2.*In a` garment formed of substantially non-elastic material, gore pieces inserted in said garment' at the waisty line, said gore pieces being bifurcated at their lower eX- tremity, a circumferential pocket extending across the region of the gores portion of the waist line, a non-adjustable elastic band passed through the pocket, and means for detachably securing the ends of the elastic band to the skirt forward of the gore pieces.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto affixed my signature in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
HENRY Grinsen, HENRY GLASEB, Jr.
and the rear