US 1105249 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J, L. BSTUS.
Ammim'rmd FLED JUNI! 27,1513.
Patented July 28, 1914,
am 4 ow 5 0 1. L 114 u mi alternating fluctuations in the level of the is' vloped and which is JAVIER LUIS BUSTOS, F SANTIAGQ DE CHXLE, HILE.
Specication of Letters Patent.
Patented July 8, 1914.
Application med June 27, 1913. SerlalNc. 776,149.
To all whom it may concern.'
. Be it known that L'JAvma Lors BUSTOS, a citizen of the Republic of (Dhile, residing in Santiago de Chile, in said Republic, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Tide-Motors, of which the following lis a specification.
This invention relates to an improved tidemotor, which is operated by the variations ofthe level of the sea-variaticns which are produced by the tides along the shore and natural inlets, and in all places where the waves do not merely wash' the shore, but -roll at considerable differences in their level.
u ',IIlxese fluctuations of level are taken advanf8. roughf'thc may reach fifteen meters. The
interval o time in which these differences of level may take place is sometime's delayed up to eight seconds, but in most cases one may count on an average of four seconds bej tweeii the rising and falling movements. 1
In lthe accompanying drawings, Figure 1 'is a side-,elevation of my improved tide-motor,
Fig. 2 a detail vertical section through the jshiftable cross-bar on line 2, 2, Fi l, and
*Si 3, a horizontal section on line 3, 3,
Flg. 1. v
Similar reference characters denote corlresp'cnding parte in the figures of the drawm KVVy apparatus is operated by means of the sea andis composed of the ,following mechanisms, a float 1 whose size or capacity is in proportion to the force which is to be degluided by means of rollers r at. diametrica ly-opposite points along vertical posts 6 and 7 that are anchored yinto the bottom of the sea. The top of the float 1 is connected by a piston-rod 20 kwi'th a pistou 21 of an air-compressing pump 2.l In order to prevent damage to the pump bythe quick rising of the sea-level or any interference with the working of the apparatus, ,an automatic system is used by means B5 of which the action of the pump'is regulated, and which consists of the following instrumentalities: a fixed cross-bar l5 which encircles and guides the upper end of the pump-cylinder 2 and a lower cross-bar 14 which is attached te the pump-cylinder and which is locked by two spring-bolts 8 in iti; ends into notches of the posts 6 and 7. To the top of the float 1 are attached two upright posts 9 having forked upper ends', and w ich engage fulcrumed lever 16, which have the object that, in case of arapid rising of the level of the water, the float, after having made a complete stroke of the piston, rises and lifts the pump-cylinder, after first withdrawing the spring-bolts from the notches of the posts 6 and 7, preventing thereby injury and damageto the parts. The spring-bolts 8 lock the cross-bar 145 of the pump-cylinder into one of the higher pairs of notches of the posts. On the descending of the fio-at 1 the cross-bar of the pump-cylinder is released by the withdrawing of the spring-bolts 8, which is' accomphshed b a chain 13 connecting the float with a fu crumed lever 11, the forked rearportion of which is connected by chains l0 with the lower ends of the fulcrumed levers 16. The lever 11 is fulcrumed'to a bracketarm 12 on'A the cross-bar 14, as shown in Fig.
2. The release of the spring-bolts produces a the lowering of the pump with the float' until it is returned into its lowermost position with the falling wave, producing thereby the lowering of the piston ready for the next compressing action of the same in the pumpcylinder. It is readily understood that at low tide the float, by its own weight. willl lower itself also, so as to lower the piston in the 'pump and suck in the air into the-"pumpcylinder. As thi-oubli a suction-valve 17 at the upper end of t e ump-cylinder 2 air is admitted when the piston descends, when Ythe float rises with the level of the water, the
air is compressed in the pump-cylinder and conducted through a flexible tube 3 having a check-valve 18 from the upper end of the pump-cylinder to a receiver 4, the size of which is proportioned with the size of the tide-motor. The compressed air is stored in the receiver and supplied by means of a tube 5 at any desired pressure to the motor, by which the compressed air in the receiver Ais utilized.
From the foregoing it is seen that the tide-motte consists mainly a pump for compressingr air, which pump is operated` by thc float am?. raised lowered lUO with the same. The compressed air is stored in the receiver for motive purposes. the receiver acting in the nature of a reservoir for the Stora e of power, in the same manner as a boiir acts for a steam-motor. The tide-motor is-of comparatively simple and eeCtive construction and can be used in many instances along the coast-line of the oceans, being operated automatically by the tides. By transforming the energy stored up in the receiver into electric energy, the power can be transmitted to great distances.
l claim: 1. A tide-motor, comprising upright posts anchored to the bottom of the sea, a float guided thereon, an air-compressing pump supported on said upright posts, means for locking releasing the pump from said posts by the upward motion of the float, and means for returning the pump by the downward motion of the float.
2. A tide-m0tor, comprising xcd upright guide-posts, a float guided thereon, an air pump supported slidingly on said upright posts, means for locking the pump to said posts, means for releasing the pump from saidposts by the upward motion of the float, means for returning the pump with the downward motion of the float, a receiver for the air compressed by the pump, and a flexible valved tube between the pump and receiver.
3. A tide-motor, comprising upright posts anchored to the bottom of the sea and provided with notches, a float guided thereon, an air-compressing pump guided in a crossbar, a cross-bar attached to the lower porthe pump to said posts, means for` lever-mechanism and the float for releasing the spring-bolts and returning the pump with the float into lower-most position.
4. A tido-motor, comprising a pair of nett-heil pests anchored into the bottomfof compressing pump above the bur for guiding the upper end of the pump, a cross-bar attached to the lower' end of the pump, spring-bolts in the ends of the lower i cross-liar adapted to engage the notches of' theposts, fulcrumed levers connected with the sca, a float guided on said osts, ankair-f; oat, a cross# the. springbolts, forked rods on the float fork imguging the levers, withdrawing the springnism supported on the. lower cross-bar,
chains connecting said lever-mechanism with the fulcrumed levers, and a chain con'- nec-ting the lever-mechanism withl thel float@ for releasing the spring-bolts and returning the pump willi the float into lowermo'st posi A Witnesses :V
A. F. URCH., A. Hairmron 'Wasn JAvIERLUisBUs'ToS.. l i
lolls and raising the pump, a lever-mecha?-