|Publication number||US1106559 A|
|Publication date||Aug 11, 1914|
|Filing date||Mar 10, 1914|
|Priority date||Mar 10, 1914|
|Publication number||US 1106559 A, US 1106559A, US-A-1106559, US1106559 A, US1106559A|
|Inventors||Ernest A Hamilton|
|Original Assignee||Scott Paper Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
E. A. HAMILTON. CABINET FOB. TOILET PAPER. APPLICATION 311.21) MAR. 10, 1914.
Patented Aug. 11, 1914.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
Witnesses B. A. HAMILTON. CABINET FOR TOILET PAPER. APPLIGATION I'ILED MAE. 10, 1914.
M. .2 Am P w w m m n .w a P m 5 5 9 6 Q 1 1 ta ans AN @lh FIEt ERNEST A. IIAIVIILTON, F PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR T 0 SCOTT PAPER COMPANY, ACORPORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
CABINET FOB TQILET-PAPER.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. ill, mil.
To all whom may concern: Be it known that I, ERNEST A. HAMILTON,
a citizen of the United States, and resident of Philadelphia, county of Philadelphia, and State of Pennsylvania, have invented an Improvement in Cabinets for Toilet Paper, of which the following is a specification.
My invention has reference to cabinets for dispensing toilet paper and consists of certain improvements which are fully set forth in the following specification and shown in the accompanying drawings which form a part thereof.
The object of my invention is to provide a cabinet for containing and dispensing toilet paper, having a front member adapted to be swung outwardly and dropped substantially below the cabinet proper to permit ready access to the interiorof the cabinet for refilling or other purposes.
It has for a further object to providean effective means operable by the aforesaid drop front member, when in closed position, for positioning and maintaining the package of paper in operative relation to the discharge opening and at the same time pre serving a constant pressure upon said package to-produce frictional engagement at all times with the dispensing roll or rolls.
In cabinets as heretofore constructed, the fronts thereof have been arranged to swing outward and upward and consequently in open position they seriously obstruct the free manipulation of the operative parts since it is generally necessary to hold them up with one hand and endeavor to fill the container or repair the same with one hand. In my present invention such disadvantages are eliminated since the drop front in open position is entirely out of the way, supports itselfand permits free use of bothhands. Furthermore when the frontfis lowered to disclose the operative parts the package and its parts are relieved of pressure and may be readily removed or manipulated as desired. Furthermore the discharge roll is so assembled and constructed that it may be quickly and readily detached or replaced without the use of tools or other implements.
Referring to the drawings: Figure 1 represents a sectional elevation of a cabinet em- 'ybodying my invention; Fig. 2 represents a section on line :rm of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 represents a front elevation of a portion of the cabinet; Fig. 4 represents a side elevation of a portion of the cabinetshowing the manner of supporting the drop front for thecontainer; Fig. 5 representsa transverse section of a portion of the upper part of the'container; Fig. 6 represents a perspective of the presser frame which forms one of the novel adjuncts of my invention; and Fig. 7 represents a detail of the lock mechanism.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts.
The main body of the container comprises a rear wall 1 integral with which are the sides 2, and bottom 3, the latter parts being pressed or bent into the desired form since the body portion is preferably of a comparatively thin metal. The rear wall 1, in the present instance, is provided with inturned lugs 4 arranged in pairs as shown in Fig. 1 and are formed by cutting and striking up the metal as will be readily apparent. In addition to the aforesaid lugs a tongue member 5' is also struck up from the rear wall 1 and formed with laterally projecting parts 6 which are adapted to cooperate with a locking device which will later be described. As here shown, the bottom 3 is preferably inclined and has its outer end downwardlyv turned as shown at 7 and reversely bent to encompass thepivot pin 8 for the drop front 9. This latter member is provided with ears 10 which are journaled upon the .pin 8 while the lower end of the drop front between said cars is turned upwardly and inward as. shown at 11 to form wit-hthe bottom a discharge opening '12 as will be apparent. is provided with a portion 13 angularly disposed with respect thereto to form the top of the container when the parts are. in closed position. It will further be noted, also, that the front 9 is provided with side portions 14, which in closed position of the front overlap the sides 2 and thus form an effective means for sealing the joints between the parts to prevent access or leakage to the interior of the container. In order to furtherinsurea leak-proof connection between the parts, the rear wall 1 is in- The drop front 9.
50 or pivoted ,upon the pins 26' by providing the wardly turned. as shown at 15' so that the top 13 well overlaps the upper portion of v the body.
. 16 designates a feed roll removably mounted in the drop front 9 by providing a bearing lug 17 in one of the side members 14- and into which the end of the roll spindle 18 .is adapted to seat. The opposite end of the spindle 18 is journaled in a slotted 'por- .tion 19 oflthe other side 14, and terminates in the knurled member 20 by which the roll is actuated. In the present instance the roll 16 is retained within the slot 19 by means of a pivoted pawl or latch 21 which when positioned over the. spindle 18 prevents its re moval from the slot, but when removed from this position allows the roll to be taken out.
22 designates a ratchet suitably formed on the spindle 18 and controlled by a pawl 23'pivoted to the inner side of the front and which pawl is retained in operative position by the action of gravity when the front is in its closed position as shown in Fig. 2, though obviously various equivalent structures may be employed to the same; end. The 'roll 16 is preferably provided with a suitable friction producing surface whereby the paper may be properly fed through or discharged from the opening 12 as the said roll is rotated in the proper direction.
24 designates a back plate having ears 25 formedthereon in pairs corresponding in I number'to the previously described ears 4- and adapted respectively to fit between the' said ears 4 where they are preferably secured by cotter pins26 which form substantially knife edgerbearings upon which the back .plate 24 is pivoted.
27 designates a suitable supportpr 'hook member which is adapted to receive a suitable cooperating part fixed to the package of paper 37 whereby the latter is duly supported'in position upon the back plate 24 and is suspended in proper contact relation with the roll 16. In order to create a suitable pressure of he paper package upon the roll, I have, in the present instance, provided a presser frame 28 which for' convenience is,
substantially yoke shaped and is suspended bearing openings 29 in the sides thereof. In assembled condition of this member it will be seen that'the major part thereof extends some distance below the pivot point 26 and thus forms the long arm of a lever bearing against the back plate 24:. while the short arms thereof areangularly disposed as shown at 30 toward the front plate 9 and terminate respectively in the path of movement of the spring pressed plungers 31 mounted in the guide cages 32 of the top 13. The springs 33 which control the respective plungers are so arranged as to normally project the plungers toward the rear wall 1 and consequently when the front plate 9 isbrought into its normal cl osed position thes plun ers will engage the upper extremities o? the presser plate and thus force the back plate 24 toward the roll 16, thereby always maintaining-a pressure upon the paper package sufiicient for the purpose intended, whether the package is of large or small size. Preferably the top 13' of the which is adapted to automatically engage the tongue 5 and snap into place behind the parts 6, whereby the two parts of the cabinet body are locked together to prevent the cabinet being opened by unauthorized persons, or the .contents tampered with. I 34 designates apertures formed in the side walls 2 and which are preferably closed contents of the container may be observed at any time. T a a I 36 designates suitable openings in the rear .wallby which the cabinet may besupported obviously but one manner of hanging the container and is shown only by way ofexample and as the preferred form at the present time. v
In-the operation of the container the package of paper is always under thecontrolof he spring pressed frame 28 which exerts a constant pressure to hold the paper in frictional engagement with the roll 16 and consequently rotation of the roll causes successive sheets of 'paper to be delivered the full width of the cabinet thus insuring accurate dispensing of the paper and eliminating abut-ments or shoulders which have a tendency to obstruct the free delivery of the paper. Furthermore, by hinging. or 'pivtainer when it hangs suspended out of the exposes all parts to viewand allows the cabinet to be easily .filled or repaired. It
form, mounted the spring pressed plungers the cabinet is opened, the'parts controlled by this plunger or plungers are relieved of the actuating pressure and" may be readily manipulated for any desired purpose; With front 9 carries a spring latching device upon a suitable fixture, vbu't'this constitutes,
with transparent material 35 so that the thtoughthe openin' '12; In the present A construction this disc arge opening extends oting the front at the bottom, it may be swung outwardly and down below the conway and permits free access to 'the interior,
will also be seen, ,as I have, in the preferred I upon the drop front member, that as soon as the front in lowered position a package of paper may 'be quickly and easilyv hung in proper position upon the back plate 24 so that by merely swinging the front to closed position the desired pressure is laced upon thlelpackage-to hold it against the feeding r0 As my present construction em'bodiesa two-part casing having struck up and bent portions, it is unnecessary to employ solder mo em for uniting or assembling the several parts therebyproviding a simple and economical construction wherein the finishing operation may be carried out at high temperature without impairing the assembled article.
Attention is further directed to the openings36 in View of the fact that as they are by preventing unscrupulous parties from formed in the rear wallof the casing, the fastening devices which pass therethrough and support. the container are inaccessible when the cabinet is closed and locked therestealing the cabinet. While I have in the preferred form of my invention, shown the holder and presser frame as two separate parts so that the former may be lifted out of the way when it is desired to fasten the cabinet .in position or detach it from the merated as desirable, and while I have in the present instance shown and described the preferred embodiment thereof which has been found in practice to give satisfactory and reliable results, it is to be understood that I do not restrict myself to the v I'claim and desire to protect by details, as the same are susceptible of modification in various particulars without de-, parting from the spirit or scope of the invention. 1
Having thus described my invention, what Letters Patent is 1. In a cabinet for dispensing sheets of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted thereto, a holder for the paper package hinged to the casing and free to fall thereinto by gravity, a friction feed roll mounted within the cabinet in front of the holder for thepaper package and adapted to disengage the sheets thereof in succession, and spring meansarranged between the front and the pivoted holder and made operative when the front is in closed posi tion to apply spring pressure upon the pivoted holder whereby it may press the paper package against the feed roll only when the front is in closed position.
2. In a-cabinet for dispensing a sheet of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted to said casing and forming therewith a discharge opening, a holder for the paper package pivoted to said casing, a friction feed roll rotatably mounted within said cabinet adjacent said opening, means for shifting said holder toward said friction roll to hold said paper in,frictional engage ment with said roll, and spring controlled means normally out of operative contact with the holder and shifting means and made operable by said front when moved to closed position.
I 3. Ina cabinet for dispensing a sheet of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted thereto, a. holder for the paper pack age pivoted to said casing and normally gravity actuated, a presser frame swingingly mounted adjacent said holder, a friction feed roll rotatably mounted within said cabinet, and means operated by said front when in closed position to place said frame under spring pressure whereby said holder is spring actuated by said. frame to maintain said package in contact with said roll.
4. In a cabinet for dispensing a sheet oi paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted to said casing and forming there-- with a discharge opening, a holder for the paper package pivoted to said casing, a friction feed roll rotatably mounted within said cabinet adjacent said opening, a spring pressed plunger carried by said front and means located in the path of movementof said plunger for shifting said holder toward said friction roll. whereby in closed'position of said front said paper package is maintained in frictional engagement with said roll. I j
5. In a cabinet for dispensing a sheet of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted to said casing and adapted to open downwardly, a holder for the paper package pivoted to said casing, a friction feed roll rotatably mounted within said cabinet adjacent said opening, means for shifting said holder toward said friction roll to hold said paper in frictional engagement with said roll. and spring controlled means normally independent of the holder but made operable by said front in' closed position for actuating said holder means.
6. In a cabinet for dispensing a sheet of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted to said casing and adapted to open downwardly, a holder for the paper package pivoted to said casing, a'presser frame swingingly mounted adjacent said holder, a friction feed roll rotatably mounted within said cabinet. and means operated by said front in closed position to place said frame under spring pressure whereby said holder is spring actuated to maintain said package in contact with said roll only when the front is closed upon the casing.
7. In a cabinet for dispensing a sheet of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted to said casing and adapted to open 'dmvnwardly and forming with said casing a discharge opening substantially the full width of said casing, a holder for the paper package pivoted to said casing, a presser frame swingingly mounted adjacent said holder, a friction feed roll rotatably mount ed within said cabinet, and a plurality of spring pressed plungers carried by said front and adapted in closed position of said front to engage said presser frame to shift said holder and maintain said paper package in frictional engagement with said roll.
8. In a cabinet for dispensing a sheet of paper, the combination of a casing, a front pivoted'to said casing, a holder for the paper package movably supported, a friction feed roll rotatably mounted Within the cabinet,
a frame pivoted to the casing and adapted to oscillate to actuate the holder for the paper package whereby the latter is forced ERNEST A. HAMILTON;
' Witnesses V R. M. HUNTER, E. W. SMITH.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2752611 *||Nov 8, 1950||Jul 3, 1956||Romeo Bacci||Paper seat-covering distributing device for hygienic pans|
|US2767409 *||Feb 26, 1952||Oct 23, 1956||Romeo Bacci||Paper seat-covering distributing device for hygienic pans|
|US3117694 *||May 16, 1960||Jan 14, 1964||Gothreau John R||Automatic dispenser of individual flat sheets from a stack|
|US4042147 *||Sep 29, 1976||Aug 16, 1977||Young Yee Lee||Tissue paper take-out device|
|US5921433 *||Dec 18, 1997||Jul 13, 1999||Medicart, L.L.C.||Medication dispenser with discharge channel formed by opposing doors|
|US6085936 *||May 20, 1999||Jul 11, 2000||Medicart, L.L.C.||Medication dispenser|
|U.S. Classification||221/26, 221/228, 221/41, 221/231, 221/209, 4/244.1, 221/43|